Indiana Academic Standards Resource Guide Grade 4 Indiana in the Nation and the World Updated April 2016

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Indiana Academic Standards Resource Guide

Grade 4

Indiana in the Nation and the World

Updated April 2016

Indiana Department of Education

College and Career Readiness

Table of Contents
Appendix A: Teacher Resource Guide ……………………………………………………………. 3-14

Standard 1 – History ………………………………………………………………………. 4-8

Standard 2 – Civics and Government …………………………………………………… 9-10

Standard 3 – Geography …………………………………………………………………. 10-12

Standard 4 – Economics …………………………………………………………………. 12-14

Appendix B: Guide to Historic Sites in Indiana……………………………………………………... 15-35

Appendix C: Emblems and Symbols ………………………………………………………………... 36-37

Appendix D: Depth of Knowledge Chart ………………………………………………………… 38


GRADE 4 – Indiana in the Nation and the World

Updated April 2016

This Teacher Resource Guide has been developed to provide supporting materials to help educators successfully implement the social studies standards. These resources are provided to help you in your work to ensure all students meet the rigorous learning expectations set by the Academic Standards. Use of these resources is optional – teachers should decide which resource will work best in their school for their students.
This resource document is a living document and will be frequently updated. Please send any suggested links and report broken links to:

Bruce Blomberg

Social Studies Specialist

Indiana Department of Education

The links compiled and posted in this Resource Guide have been provided by the Department of Education and other sources. The DOE has not attempted to evaluate any posted materials. They are offered as samples for your reference only and are not intended to represent the best or only approach to any particular issue. The DOE does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of information contained on a linked website; does not endorse the views expressed or services offered by the sponsor of a linked website; and cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked websites.  Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked website.

  • Destination Indiana - Destination Indiana brings Indiana's history to life through thousands of images and hundreds of stories about our Hoosier heritage. These are the people and events of the past that made us who we are today, recreated through our vast collection of rare historical photographs and documents. These stories are yours to explore, share and cherish. You can also visit the Destination Indiana gallery in person as part of the Indiana Experience, at the Eugene and Marilyn Glick Indiana History Center in downtown Indianapolis.

  • Visit Indiana- 4th Grade Social Studies Currirulum This resource provides the tools you’ll need to connect your students with Indiana’s history through the lens of travel. Built on a Problem-Based Learning methodology, students develop flexible knowledge, effective problem-solving skills, self-directed learning and effective collaboration skills as they explore Indiana, its history and allure.

  • Hoosier History and Indiana State Parks An elementary school curriculum for exploring Hoosier history through the lens of Indiana State Parks’ development.

  • A Long Time Ago Want to learn more about Indiana, its history and the people that used to live here? Here are some things to get you started on that journey. Created by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

  • Treasures in the Wild The outdoors are a treasure chest full of natural wonders. Birds, animals, trees, fish, plants, bugs - there are so many wonderful living things outside in Indiana. Created by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources

  • Let’s Have Fun -Do you like coloring pages or puzzles or word searches? Well, everything from coloring pages to arts and crafts are here. They are fun and will help you learn more about Indiana and its outdoors!

  • Indiana Trivia-How Much do you Know? Trivia quiz on Indiana facts. Created by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources

  • History of Indiana

  • Center for History – Indiana History - If you want to learn more about Indiana history, you’ve come to the right place.  This section covers the history of the state of Indiana from pre-history through the mid-20th century.  Use the menu on the left to navigate to the section of Indiana history you would like to learn about.

  • Indiana (from the History Channel)

  • Indiana Facts and Trivia

  • ArtSmart: Indiana ArtSmart: Indiana, written by Susan O. Chavers in 1985 and copyrighted by the Art Museum of Greater Lafayette, is a visual means of learning about art appreciation and the culture and history of Indiana, 1800 to present day.

Continued on next page

  • 52 social studies passages to teach K-8 reading comprehension. >> From ReadWorks

  • K - 12th Grade Informational Articles

  • K - 12th Grade Passages with Vocabulary

  • Famous Hoosiers

  • U.S. History Timeline

  • Indiana Historical Bureau – Resources for Educators

  • Indiana Humanities Teacher Center

  • Indiana Historical Society – Indiana Statehood

  • Civics Resources

  • Civil Rights and Ethnic Education Resources

Standard 1 History

Students trace the historical periods, places, people, events and movements that have led to the development of

Indiana as a state.
Historical Knowledge

American Indians and the Arrival of Europeans to 1770
4.1.1 Identify and compare the major early cultures that existed in the region that became Indiana prior to contact with


Examples: Paleo-Indians such as the Hopewell, Adena and the Mississippian cultures


  • Prehistoric Indians of Indiana

  • Early Peoples of Indiana

  • Angel Mounds

4.1.2 Identify and describe historic Native American Indian groups that lived in Indiana at the time of early European

exploration, including ways these groups adapted to and interacted with the physical environment.

Examples: Miami, Shawnee, Potawatomi and Lenape (Delaware)


  • Native Americans in Indiana: Resistance and Removal

  • Indians of Indiana

  • Miami Nation of Indiana

  • Shawnee Indian Tribe Facts

  • Historical Indians of Indiana

  • The Lenape on the Wapahani River

  • Interactive Map Eiteljorg Museum – Interactive Map of Miami Indian settlement.

The American Revolution and the Indiana Territory: 1770s to 1816
4.1.3 Explain the importance of the Revolutionary War and other key events and people that influenced the development of Indiana as a state.

Examples: George Rogers Clark and the Fall of Vincennes (1779), development of the Northwest Territory,

Indiana becoming a U.S. Territory, Chief Little Turtle, Tecumseh, Tenskwatawa (the Prophet),

William Henry Harrison, and the Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)


  • George Rogers Clark

  • George Rogers Clark history

  • The World of George Rogers Clark

  • Battle of Vincennes

  • British Surrender Fort Sackville

  • Northwest Territory 1787

  • Northwest Ordinance

  • Little Turtle

  • Tecumseh

  • History of the Battle of Tippecanoe

4.1.4 Summarize and explain the significance of key documents in Indiana’s development from a United States territory to statehood.

Examples: The Land Ordinance of 1784; The Northwest Ordinance (1787), which made Indiana part of the

United States territory; and the 1816 Indiana Constitution, which established the first state



  • Northwest Ordinance

  • Northwest Territory 1787

  • Indiana Constitution - 1816

  • A Cultural Exploration of the Myaamia Removal Route

  • The Path to Statehood

Statehood: 1816 to 1851

4.1.5 Identify and explain the causes of the removal of Native American Indian groups in the state and their resettlement during the 1830s


Indian Removal

Native Americans in Indiana: Resistance and Removal

4.1.6 Explain how key individuals and events influenced the early growth and development of Indiana.

Examples: Indiana’s first governor, Jonathan Jennings; Robert Owen and the New Harmony settlement;

moving the state capitol from Corydon to Indianapolis; development of roads and canals in

Indiana; and the Indiana Constitution of 1851


Indiana governor Jonathan Jennings

New Harmony, Indiana

Historic New Harmony

Robert Owen

Moving the State Capital to Indianapolis

Canals in Indiana

Indiana Constitution (1851)

Corydon Capitol State Historic Site

Vincennes State Historic Sites

The Path to Statehood

  • The Fall Creek Massacre examines a crucial incident in the evolution of Native American civil rights. The video program tells the story of the murder of nine Native Americans by white settlers in Madison County, Indiana, on March 22, 1824. It focuses on the arrest of the perpetrators and their subsequent trials and executions. This was the first documented case in which white Americans were convicted, sentenced to capital punishment, and executed for the murder of Native Americans, under the laws of the United States.

    • The 26-minute video program is available for viewing at  The password is: Indiana

    • A link to the downloadable teacher guide appears just after the description of the video. The guide contains activities for engaging students in the video and that allow students to explore primary documents to learn more about the story and the context in which it occurs.

The Civil War Era and Later Development: 1850 to 1900
4.1.7 Explain the roles of various individuals, groups, and movements in the social conflicts leading to the Civil War.

Examples: Levi and Catherine Coffin, abolition and anti-slavery groups, The Underground Railroad, and

the Liberia colonization movement


  • Levi Coffin

  • Underground Railroad in Indiana

  • The Underground Railroad in the Ohio River Valley (Game)

  • The Colonization Movement

  • “Back to Africa?” The Colonization Movement in Early America

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

  • Mary Bateman Clark: A Woman of Colour and Courage explores the pursuit of freedom and equality—a theme central to American history and to the complex and changing notions of race, slavery, and the law that existed in antebellum America, even in the North. This program examines the legal status of indentured servitude in antebellum Indiana through the biography of Mary Bateman Clark, who was freed in a precedent-setting case heard before the Indiana Supreme Court.

    • The 56-minute video program is available for viewing at  The password is: Indiana.

    • A link to the downloadable teacher guide appears just after the description of the video. The guide contains activities for engaging students in the video and that allow students to explore primary documents to learn more about the story and the context in which it occurs.

4.1.8 Summarize the impact of Abraham Lincoln’s presidency on Indiana and describe the participation of Indiana

citizens in the Civil War.

Examples: Indiana’s volunteer soldiers, the Twenty-eighth Regiment of the United States Colored Troops,

Camp Morton, John Hunt Morgan, The Battle of Corydon, Lew Wallace, Benjamin Harrison, and women and children on the home front


  • 28th Regiment, United States colored Troops

  • Indiana Civil War Camps

  • The Battle of Corydon

  • Benjamin Harrison – Civil War

  • Indiana Female Freedmen Teachers: Investigating the Myth of the Yankee Schoolmarm, 1862-1875

  • Confederate Prisoners in Enemy Memory

  • The Gray Eagle

  • The Stager Cipher – Secret Codes in the Civil War

4.1.9 Give examples of Indiana’s increasing agricultural, industrial, political and business development in the nineteenth century.

Examples: Growth of railroads and urban centers, such as Indianapolis, South Bend, Evansville, Fort

Wayne and Gary; President Benjamin Harrison; expansion of the educational system and

universities; the growth of labor unions; and the start of Eli Lilly’s pharmaceutical business


  • Indianapolis: City of Immigrants

  • American President: Benjamin Harrison

  • Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site

  • Eli Lilly

  • Eli Lilly & Company founded

  • Fueling a Region: Indiana’s Gas Boom

  • A Legacy Etched in Glass: The Ball Brothers in Muncie

  • Historic Muncie: Preserving Middletown’s Neighborhoods

Growth and Development: 1900 to 1950
4.1.10 Describe the participation of Indiana citizens in World War I and World War II.

Examples: Home front activities such as planting victory gardens, air raid drills and rationing; the use of

Indiana steel mills to manufacture weapons; contribution of troops; and the war reports of Ernie



  • World War I (Indiana Historical Society)

  • World War II (Indiana Historical Society)

  • Indiana War Memorial Museum

  • Duck and Cover Video

  • Ernie Pyle (Indiana Historical Society)

4.1.11 Identify and describe important events and movements that changed life in Indiana in the early twentieth century.

Examples: Women’s suffrage, the Great Depression, World War I, African-American migration from the

South and World War II


  • The women’s suffrage movement in Indiana

  • Women’s Suffrage (Short Video)

  • Indiana’s First Woman’s Rights Convention

  • The Great Depression (Indianapolis Public Library)

  • Indianapolis at the time of the Great Migration

  • World War II (Indiana Historical Society)

  • Indiana History – Indiana and Another World War (1940-1950)

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

4.1.12 Describe the transformation of Indiana through immigration and through developments in agriculture, industry and transportation.

Examples: The impact of improved farming methods on Indiana agriculture; the development of Indiana’s

automobile industry such as the Studebaker and the Duesenberg; the glass industry; the Ball

Brothers; the growth of the steel industry in northern Indiana; and immigrant influence on cities

and coal mining regions of the state


  • Immigration Timeline (Indiana Historical Society)

  • Indiana Farming: Yesterday and Today (Conner Prairie)

  • The Studebaker National Museum

  • Studebaker History Timeline

  • Duesenberg site lives on

  • Stutz Bearcat

  • Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing

  • A Legacy Etched in Glass: The Ball Brothers in Muncie

  • Northwest Indiana Steel History Project

Contemporary Indiana: 1950 – Present

4.1.13 Identify and describe important events and movements that changed life in Indiana from the mid- twentieth century to the present.

Examples: The civil rights movement and school integration in Indiana; Indiana’s participation in the

Korean War; Asian and Hispanic immigration; and growth in advanced manufacturing and the life

sciences industry.


  • History of the Civil Rights Movement

  • Robert F. Kennedy’s Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination Speech (delivered in Indianapolis)

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

4.1.14 Research Indiana’s modern growth emphasizing manufacturing, new technologies, transportation and global


Examples: Use Indiana government Web sites and other online resources to learn about the development

of the interstate highway system, establishment of ports in Indiana, aerospace engineering, and

pharmaceutical and high-tech industries.

Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, Research
4.1.15 Create and interpret timelines that show relationships among people, events, and movements in the history of Indiana.

Examples: Immigration patterns such as the settlement of the French and Germans, and automobile



  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

  • The Path to Statehood

4.1.16 Identify different opinions in historical documents and other information resources and identify the central question each narrative addresses.

Examples: Identify different opinions regarding Indiana’s participation in the Civil War, using political

cartoons, newspaper editorials and writings found in digitalized collections of local and state

libraries, museums and historic sites.


  • In My Other Life Edsitement

  • What Makes a Hero? Edsitement

4.1.17 Construct a brief narrative about an event in Indiana history using primary and secondary sources.

Examples: The first Indianapolis 500 mile race in 1911, The Battle of Tippecanoe 1811, The Ohio River

Flood of 1913 and the 1965 Palm Sunday tornadoes

primary source: developed by people who experienced the events being studied (i.e., autobiographies, diaries, letters, government documents)

secondary source: developed by people who have researched events but did not experience them directly (i.e., articles, biographies, Internet resources, nonfiction books)


  • First Indianapolis 500 held

  • One Hundred Years of the Indy 500

  • History of the Battle of Tippecanoe

  • The Great Flood of 1913 100 Years Later

  • 1965 Palm Sunday tornadoes

  • RetroIndy: Indiana tornadoes

  • Cardinal Scholar map collection

  • Indiana Memory

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

4.1.18 Research and describe the contributions of important Indiana artists and writers to the state’s cultural


Examples: Painters: T.C. Steele, the Hoosier Group and Robert Indiana; Authors: James Whitcomb Riley

and Gene Stratton Porter; Musicians: Cole Porter, Hoagy Carmichael, Wes Montgomery, Joshua Bell and John Mellencamp; Other entertainers: Red Skelton and David Letterman


Famous Hoosiers

T.C. Steele

T.C. Steele (State Museum)

James Whitcomb Riley

Gene Stratton-Porter

Cole Porter

Hoagy Carmichael

Wes Montgomery

Standard 2 Civics and Government

Students describe the components and characteristics of Indiana’s constitutional form of government; explain the levels and three branches of Indiana’s government; understand citizenship rights and responsibilities; investigate civic and political issues and problems; use inquiry and communication skills to report findings in charts, graphs, written and verbal forms; and demonstrate responsible citizenship by exercising civic virtues and participation skills.
Foundations of Government

4.2.1 Explain the major purposes of Indiana’s Constitution as stated in the Preamble.


  • The Makings of the Indiana Constitution (1816 & 1851 Preamble)

  • Elements of the Constitution

  • Indiana Statehood Provides details about the process, the people, and the times that led to Indiana's acceptance as the nineteenth state on December 11, 1816.

  • Indiana Constitution of 1851 Describes the rewriting of the Constitution and why, the constitutional convention of 1851, its members, and the differences between the two Indiana Constitutions, women's rights, and African-American immigration

4.2.2 Describe individual rights, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to public education, which

people have under Article I of Indiana’s Constitution.


  • Indiana Constitution – Article 1

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage

  • Civil Rights and Ethnic Education Resources

Functions of Government

4.2.3 Identify and explain the major responsibilities of the legislative (Article 4), executive (Article 5), and judicial branches (Article 7) of state government as written in the Indiana Constitution.


  • Article 4 - Legislative

  • Article 5 - Executive

  • Article 7 - Judicial

4.2.4 Identify major state offices, the duties and powers associated with them, and how they are chosen, such as by election or appointment.

Examples: Governor, lieutenant governor, chief justice, state senators and state representatives.


  • Quick Facts: Indiana -Ben’s Guide to Government/Indiana page

  • General Indiana Facts -General facts about Indiana, including Indiana’s government; famous Hoosiers.

  • Make Your Voice Heard

Roles of Citizens
4.2.5 Give examples of how citizens can participate in their state government and explain the right and responsibility of voting.


  • Voting: A Right and a Responsibility

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage (Children’s Museum)

  • Civics Resources

4.2.6 Define and provide examples of civic virtues* in a democracy.

Examples: Individual responsibility, self-discipline/self-governance, civility, respect for the rights and dignity

of all individuals, honesty, respect for the law, courage, compassion, patriotism, fairness and

commitment to the common good

  • civic virtues: behaviors that contribute to the healthy functioning of a democracy


  • Civics Resources

  • What is Civic Virtue?

  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage (Children’s Museum)

  • 1836 Prairietown (Conner Prairie)

4.2.7 Use a variety of resources to take a position or recommend a course of action on a public issue relating to Indiana’s

past or present.

Examples: Use local, state and federal Web sites, as well as newspapers, television and video images, to

research and write an editorial related to Indiana’s environment.


  • Children in the Civil Rights Movement: Facing Racism, Finding Courage (Children’s Museum)

  • Make Your Voice Heard

Standard 3 Geography

Students explain how the Earth/sun relationship influences the climate of Indiana; identify the components of Earth’s physical systems; describe the major physical and cultural characteristics of Indiana; give examples of how people have adapted to and modified their environment, past and present; identify regions of Indiana, and compare the geographic characteristics of Indiana with states and regions in other parts of the world.

The World in Spatial Terms

4.3.1 Use latitude and longitude to identify physical and human features of Indiana.

Examples: transportation routes and bodies of water (lakes and rivers)


  • Introduction to Latitude and Longitude

4.3.2 Estimate distances between two places on a map when referring to relative locations.


  • Measuring Distances on a Map

Places and Regions

4.3.3 Locate Indiana on a map as one of the 50 United States. Identify and describe the location of the state capital, major cities and rivers in Indiana.


  • Locate the States

  • Map of Major Indiana Cities

  • Indiana Rivers

  • Indiana Maps

4.3.4 Map and describe the physical regions of Indiana and identify major natural resources and crop regions.

Examples: Northern Lakes and Moraines, Central Till Plain and Southern Lowlands


Physical Systems

4.3.5 Explain how glaciers shaped Indiana’s landscape and environment.


  • How Glaciers Shaped Indiana

4.3.6 Describe Indiana’s landforms (lithosphere*), water features (hydrosphere*), and plants and animals (biosphere*).

  • lithosphere: the soil and rock that form Earth’s surface

  • hydrosphere: all the water on Earth’s surface, including the hydrologic cycle (precipitation, evaporation, and condensation

  • biosphere: all plants and animals


  • Geography of Indiana Review Game

  • Physical Systems in Indiana

  • China’s Terra Cotta Warriors (Children’s Museum)

4.3.7 Explain the effect of the Earth/sun relationship on the climate of Indiana.

Examples: Describe seasonal changes and use USDA hardiness zone maps to select plants and trees for

a community park.


A Brief Understanding of Weather and Climate (K-3) Part of the Global Climate Change

Educators' Guide from the National Council for Geographic Education

4.3.8 Identify the challenges in the physical landscape of Indiana to early settlers and modern day economic development.

Examples: Forest growth and transportation routes

Human Systems
4.3.9 Explain the importance of major transportation routes, including rivers, in the exploration, settlement and growth of Indiana and in the state’s location as a crossroad of America.
4.3.10 Identify immigration patterns and describe the impact diverse ethnic and cultural groups has had and has on Indiana.

  • E pluribus unum (out of many, one)

  • Ellis Island was opened (January 1, 1892) during the administration of President Benjamin Harrison (Indiana’s only President)

4.3.11 Examine Indiana’s international relationships with states and regions in other parts of the world.

Examples: Describe cultural exchanges between Indiana and other states and provinces, such as Rio Grande do

Sul, Brazil, or Zhejiang Province, China.

Environment and Society
4.3.12 Create maps of Indiana at different times in history showing regions and major physical and cultural features; give examples of how people in Indiana have modified their environment over time.


  • -In this lesson, students will be asked to consider the unique physical and human characteristics of their home region and to create guidebooks that describe these features to visitors to the region. In the process, they will gain an awareness of the human and environmental factors that make places unique.

4.3.13 Read and interpret texts (written, graphs, maps, timelines, etc.) to answer geographic questions about Indiana in the past and present.

Standard 4 Economics

Students study and compare the characteristics of Indiana’s changing economy in the past and present.
Economics Websites

  • EconEdLink
    Internet based, on-line lesson plans for all grades K-12.

  • Economics Education Web
    Lots of great lesson plans linked to different economic concepts K-5.

  • Teaching Economics through Literature  Compiled  by James Madison University-Economics Education
    Literature activities and lesson plans for teachers and kids links economics lesson plans to popular children's literature titles.  The ideas are easy and practical and fit well into the elementary curriculum.

  • Kids Zone – Department of the Treasury
    Fun games and cartoons for the kids and a number of "coin-centric" lesson plans for teachers.

    The U.S. government has created a variety of youth education materials that are free or charge and can be downloaded
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