Bart Dopheide, Director of Product Development GC EUROPE & General Manager International Marketing GCC
“Minimum Intervention” (MI) – approach to dental treatment
Even today, most patients and dentists believe that by restoring a decayed tooth with a filling, they have controlled dental caries. Unfortunately, this traditional surgical way of “drilling and filling” only treats the symptoms and not the disease itself. D
ental caries is an infectious disease requiring a susceptible host, an established cariogenic microbial flora that is sustained by a diet high in sugar content. All three factors must be present before dental caries can cause localized demineralization of dental hard tissues. The disease can affect enamel, dentine and cementum. The effects of dental caries can be put on a scale ranging from a reversible loss of mineral at the ultra structural level to obvious cavitations. The above effects are the symptoms of the disease.
As our understanding of the disease improves, we are seeing dentistry moving from the traditional surgical, to a modern medical approach in the management of dental caries. The comprehensive management of dental caries will therefore involve the early detection of potential caries risk factors, a control of the disease and if still needed the repair of its damage.
This is described as the Minimum Intervention (MI) approach to the treatment of dental caries. By working according to the Minimum Intervention principles the dentist will strive to obtain maximal oral health conditions for his patients.
In this medical, rather than surgical model of dental care, the dentist will endeavor to diagnose with new tools and treat the real cause of dental caries. Based upon a proper diagnosis the modern dentist should be capable of choosing the most suitable measure to control caries progression in an individual, with the ultimate goal of minimizing surgical intervention. When required, the dentist will restore the decayed tooth by using new biomimetic materials that chemically adhere to both enamel and dentine, seal the cavity against bacterial ingress and then supply apatite forming ions such as calcium, phosphate, strontium and fluoride ions to reconstitute the mineral content of diseased tissues. This will allow the dentist to keep his cavity preparation to a minimum.
The fillings done according to the principles of MI will consequently be more conservative and assist in the maintenance of the physical as well as biological integrity of the tooth. Combining this with a proper diagnosis and diligent preventative program will ensure maximum oral health to the patient.
GC International and her affiliates world wide are committed to the concept of Minimum Intervention as described above and it will focus its resources in support of research as well as educational activities to promote this concept.
GC’s MI activities
Since 1999 GC is seeking ways to promote the MI concept and to develop state of the art products. Together with several experts in the field of remineralisation and prevention a specialised cariology group within GC is focusing research activities in the field of MI.
During several symposia organized by our Dental Care Company (Berlin 2001, Siena 2002, Paris 2003 and others) Minimum Intervention dentistry was promoted to audiences varying from dental practitioners to university researchers. We also have high expectations about the outcome of the forthcoming MI Symposium to be held in Cologne on November 5, 2005.
IDS 2005 is chosen by GC EUROPE to be the official platform to introduce GC’s Minimum Intervention concept to the European dental world.
GC and Minimum Intervention
As part of the commitment to the concept and principles of MI dentistry, GC already offers or will do so in the future:
A range of MI products such as diagnostic tests for bacteria and saliva that can identify patients at risk from caries,
Preventative measures such as CPP-ACP based products (Recaldent™) that help to maintain mineral balance,
Bioactive restorative materials that both restore and protect,
Educational material for the dental team as well as patients will also be forthcoming.
GC Tooth Mousse is a water based, sugar free dental topical crème containing Recaldent™ CPP-ACP (Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate).
Characteristics and benefits
Delivers Recaldent™ (CPP-ACP) to restore mineral balance in the oral environment
Provides extra protection for teeth
Helps neutralize acid challenges from acidogenic bacteria in plaque and other internal and external acid sources
Tastes delicious and makes teeth feel smoother and cleaner
2. GC Saliva-Check Buffer
Saliva involves testing both of stimulated and unstimulated saliva. The function and characteristics of these two forms of saliva are different. By evaluating both, the results become a very useful diagnostic and powerful communication tool.
Chemical adhesion to tooth structure, no need for etching and bonding
Optional Command set with VLC unit for early protection against de-hydration
Translucent pink shade that allows visible control during recalls
Easy to apply low viscosity
Very high level of fluoride release
4. GC Gradia Direct
GC Gradia Direct is a micro-filled resin hybrid composite developed from the proven Gradia laboratory system – for both single-shade and a multi-shade type of procedures.
Characteristics & Benefits
One restoration system for all your needs
Novel diversified particle structure for more than a good "chameleon effect”
A clever yet simple shade system
System consists of Standard, Outside Special and Inside Special shades
Light curable and radiopaque for easy diagnosis
Unique concept for easier restorations with excellent aesthetics and mechanical properties
5. GC G-Bond
GC G-Bond Bond is a state of the art, self-etching, easy-to-use, light-cured adhesive which utilizes both chemical and micro-mechanical adhesion principles. The two functional monomers, 4-MET and Phosphoric Acid Ester, combine with nanofilled particles to form a unique and stable nanofilled interface with the dentine: the Nano Interaction Zone (NIZ).
Characteristics & Benefits
Mild etching of enamel and dentine allows the tubules to stay closed providing a very low risk of post-operative sensitivity
Presence of two different functional monomers creates chemical adhesion to the tooth surface
Simultaneous demineralization and monomer infiltration results in a better seal of the hybrid layer, resulting in less risk of nano-leakage
One component system with a simplified handling technique which saves time - 30 seconds procedure
Ease of use with low sensitivity to dentine moisture control ensuring reliable adhesion
Available in bottle and in unit dose for hygienic application
TD dentistry is “fill and drill” oriented and consequently a repeat restoration cycle is observed. Minimum Intervention dentistry strives to diagnose and treat the cause and not the symptoms. This will keep the teeth healthier and longer in place. Within a few years, surgical repair of caries may be the last course of treatment rather than the first. And caries prevention may become a major income stream in the future rather than surgical intervention.
Therefore GC is focussing research and educational activities to promote and make MI dentistry possible. So from now on several unique products to let dentists work according to the MI principle are available from GC.