I V course / educ years The plan of lectures on medical biology and genetics for the students of I course of stomatology faculty



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The plan of lectures on history of medicine

for the students of I course of stomatology faculty (10 hours)


N

Themes

Hours

1

History of Medicine as science, history of its emergence, division into the periods, basic principles, sources of studying. Emergence of elements of doctoring at a primitive-communal system

2

2

In slaveholding countries (Egypt, China, India, Babylon, Rome, Greece, Media, Atropatena) – emergence of medicine, and philosophical course of its development

2

3

In period of feudalism – characteristics of development of medicine in different world countries

2

4

In Middle Ages – main couses of development of medicine in Azerbaijan (famous doctors-philosophers of Azerbaijan)

2

5

Development of medicine on the eve of emergence of capitalism – in Renaissance – and in period of capitalism. Medicine problems in modern world. Medicine and healthcare in independent Azerbaijan Republic after 1991

2

 

The plan of seminar on right basis



for the students of I course of stomatology faculty


N

Themes

Hours

1

The concept of “medical rights”. History, subject and method

2

2

The bases of the theory of the state and rights. The bases of constitutional right

2

3

The law of the Azerbaijan Republic on public health care

2

4

The principles of public health care: rendering free medical services in combination with paid medical activity

2

5

Reproductive human rights as subsective constitutional law. Legal questions of transplantation

2

6

The bases of labor legal relationship in medical activity

2

7

The bases of criminal law. Crimes committed in the sphere of health care and the methods for their prevention

2

8

The bases of family and property rigths

2

9

The crimes connected with illicit trafficing in drugs and psychotropic substances

2

10

Legal bases of medical insurance

2

11

The problems of protection of the patient`s rights

2

12

Ecological problems of environmental protection during the modern period. Legal responsibility for ecological offenses

2

13

The law of the Azerbaijan Repablic on sanitary and epidemiologic improvement

2

14

Legal bases on pharmacentical activity

2

15

The law of the Azerbaijan Republic on fight against corruption and criminal liability in connection with corruption

2



The plan of lectures on economic theory

for the students of I course of stomatology faculty


N

Themes

Hours

1

G.Aliev – Heydar Aliyev is founder of the national economy. Economic theory and its role for modern development of the community. Economic theory subject and method

2

2

History of economic thought in Azerbaijan

2

3

Economic system. Property relations. Privatization – related matters

2

4

Production, its factors and reproduction

2

5

Goods production and money

2

6

Market and market economics. Demand and suggestion. Competition and monopoly. National economics and national market

2

7

Scientific-technical progress and scientific-technical revolution. Improvement of material-technical basis of health

2

8

Agricultural relations. Basic directions of agricultural reforms hold within Azerbaijan

2

9

Unemployment and employment. Demography policy

2

10

Formation and distribution of population`s profits. Standart of living

2

11

Financial relation. Budget and tax systems. Credit system and banks. Financing of health

2

12

Firm (enterprise) and its activity mechanism. Management, enterpreneurship. Management of health

2

13

Global economic issues. Ecology and well-being of human. Ecology and economics

2

14

Azerbaijan in the world economics integration

2

15

World economics and international market. International trade. Exchange relationships

2



The plan of seminar on economic theory

for the students of I course of stomatology faculty


N

Themes

Hours

1

G.Aliev – Heydar Aliyev is founder of the national economy. Economic theory and its role for modern development of the community. Economic theory subject and method

2

2

History of economic thought in Azerbaijan

2

3

Economic system. Property relations. Privatization – related matters

2

4

Production, its factors and reproduction

2

5

Goods production and money

2

6

Market and market economics. Demand and suggestion. Competition and monopoly. National economics and national market

2

7

Scientific-technical progress and scientific-technical revolution. Improvement of material-technical basis of health

2

8

Agricultural relations. Basic directions of agricultural reforms hold within Azerbaijan

2

9

Unemployment and employment. Demography policy

2

10

Formation and distribution of population`s profits. Standart of living

2

11

Financial relation. Budget and tax systems. Credit system and banks. Financing of health

2

12

Firm (enterprise) and its activity mechanism. Management, enterpreneurship. Management of health

2

13

Global economic issues. Ecology and well-being of human. Ecology and economics

2

14

Azerbaijan in the world economics integration

2

15

World economics and international market. International trade. Exchange relationships

2



The plan of lectures on “Normal Physiology” for the students

of II course stomatology faculty (autumn term)


N

Themes

Hours

1.

Respiration. Mechanism of inspiration and expiration. Negative pressure in pleural cavity and its significance. Volumes, self-regulation of respiration. Functional systems maintaining the normal level of gases necessary for the metabolism of organism. Transport of gases by the blood. Respiratory coefficient, oxygen capacity of blood. Respiratory center. Neuro-humoral regulation of respiration. Role of cerebral cortex in the regulation of respiration. Hypoxia. Respiration under different atmospheric pressures. Periodic respiration. Compensation of functions at the base of functional system of respiration.

2

2.

Digestion. Functional system of digestion. Systemic mechanisms of hunger and satiety. Digestion in the oral cavity. Morphophysiological action of chewing. Mechanism of saliva excretion. Swallowing. Digestion in the stomach. Methods of investigation of the gastric juice secretion. Composition of gastric juice. Phases of gastric juice secretion. Inhibitory mechanism of gastric secretion. Evacuation of food from the stomach into duodenum. Digestion in duodenum, composition of intestinal secretion, methods of its getting. Mechanism of absorption. Parietal digestion. Digestion in small and large intestines. Functional system regulating the defecation. Functions of liver.

Substances and energy metabolism as a base of vital processes of organism. Biocalorimetry. Energy balance. Respiratory coefficient. Basal metabolism.

2

3.

Significance of excretory system. Information about nephrons. Mechanism of urine formation: filtration, reabsorption, secretion. Amount, content and physical-chemical peculiarities of urine. Functional system of urine formation. Self regulation of renal blood flow. Mechanism of urine excretion. Functional system regulating the urine excretion. Methods of functional estimation of the renal activity. Artificial kidney. Neuro-humoral regulation of renal activity. Mammary and sweating glands. Functional system of perspiration.

Physical and chemical regulation of temperature. Neuro-humoral regulation of body temperature. Physiological basis of hipo- and hypertermia. Functional system maintaining stability of body temperature, its mechanism of self-regulation. Dynamics of functional system maintaining of body temperature in optimal state at different conditions.

2

4.

Hormones. General functions. Effects of hormones. Effect of hormones on the target cells. Hypophysis. Thyroid and parathyroid glands, functions. Hormones of cortical and medullary substances of suprarenal glands. Pancreas. Sexual glands. Thymus. Epiphysis. Biologically active substances of tissue. Role of endocrine glands in the functional systems of organism.

2

5.

General peculiarities of analyser. Role of analysers in systemic organization of behavior. Tactile, vestibular, olfactory and gustatory analysers. Visual reception. Optic system of eye. Structure of retina and its functions, myopia and hypermetropia. Electroretinography. Hearing analyzer. Pain reception. Neurochemical mechanisms. Antinociceptive system.

2

6.

Movement. Feedback afferentation in the regulation of movement. Vegetative and endocrine providings of behavioral acts. Systemic architectonics of behavioral acts. Congenital and acquired behaviors.

Higher nervous activity. Conditined and unconditined reflexes. Inhibition of conditioned reflex activity. Afferent synthesis, taking of decision, acceptor of action result. Activity, estimation of its result. Medical aspects of systemic organization of behavior. Types of higher nervous activity, experimental neurosis.

2

7.

Classification of motivation, common peculiarities of biological motivations, theories about motivations, motivation and emotion, motivation and memory. Pathological motivation.

Systemic mechanism of emotion, physiological basis, theories about emotions. Emotional stress. Architectonics of psychical activity. Dynamics of mental activity. Memory and types. Formation of memory engram.

Biological significance of sleep, objective manifestations, theories about that, neuro-physiological bases of sleep, role of biologically active substances in the mechanism of sleep, sleep disorders, situations like sleep.

General characteristics of sexual functions. Sexual hormones, hormonal functions of male and female organisms, systemic mechanisms of formation of sexual desire, executive mechanisms of sexual functional system. Fertility.



2



The plan of practical training on “Normal Physiology” for the students

of II course stomatology faculty (autumn term)


N

Themes

Hours

1

Respiration. Mechanism of inspiration and expiration.

- Model Action of the ribs. Donders model.

- Recording of respiratory movements under various physiological conditions (pneumography).

- Determination of vital capacity and minute respiratory volume

of the lungs (spyrometry).


4

2

Transport of gases by the blood.

- Determination of oxyhemoglobin content in the blood. Spectral analysis.

- Detection of carbon dioxide in expired air.


4

3

Digestion in the oral cavity and in the stomach.

- Observation of salivary secretion in dog.

- Observation of salivary secretion under influence of cholinepotentiating substances in rabbit..

- Observation of gastric juice secretion in dog.

- Analyses of gastric juice secretion.


4

4

Functions of liver. Digestion in the small and large intestines.

- Study of role of liver in carbohydrate metabolism at devisceration condition.

- Observation of absorption in acute experiment (Heidenhain experiment).

- Observation of isolated small intestine contractions (Magnus experiment).



4


5

Metabolism. Temperature regulation.

- Counting of basal metabolism according to the table.

- Determination of energy expenditure by complete gaseous method.

- Measuring of body temperature.



4

6

Independent work. Solving the test, situational tasks and crosswords on “Respiratory system”, “Digestion”, “Metabolism”, “Temperature regulation”.

Concluding session.

4


7

Excretory system.

- Observation of urine excretion in acute and chronic experiments.

- The study of inhibitory action of pituitrin on urine excretion.

- Investigation of sweating in human (by MInor).



4

8

Hormones. Role of hormones in the functional systems of the organism.

- Influence of adrenaline and acetylcholine on the frog eye pupil.

- Influence of insulin on the sugar content of the blood.


4


9

Independent work. Solving the tests, situational tasks and crosswords on and “Excretion”, “Endocrine glands”.

Concluding session.

4


10

Analysers.

- Determination of dependence between the stimulation strength and intensity of sensation (Weber- Fechner law).

- Determination of tactile and of gustatory senses.


4


11

- Determination of visual acuity.

- Determination of visual field.

- Determination of hearing acuity.


4


12

Higher Nervous Activity.

- Elaboration of various conditioned reflexes in animals.

- Observation of conditioned salivary secretion by the influence of word irritation in human.

- Study the effect of motivation on short-term memory of human.

- Observation of changes in vegetative and EEG parameters during the conditioned intensive emotion formed by the influence of word irritation in human.


4

13

Motivations and emotions.

- Elaboration of self-stimulation reaction observed during the electrical stimulation of dorso-lateral nuclei of hypothalamus in rabbit. - Elaboration of alimentary behavior during the stimulation of ventro-lateral nuclei of hypothalamus in rabbit.



4


14

Independent work. Solving the tests, crosswords and situational tasks on “Analyzers”, “Higher nervous activity”, “Motivations and Emotions”.

Concluding session.

4

15

Total lesson

5


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