How to administer ear drops: Wash your hands



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How to administer ear drops:

  • Wash your hands.

  • Rub the medicine bottle between the palms of your hands or place in warm water to warm the drops.

  • Feel a drop to make sure the drops aren’t too hot or too cold.

  • Put on gloves.

  • Ask child to lie down or sit with the affected ear facing up.

  • Observe for any discharge (think yellow or green substance), pus (cloudy), or blood. If there is any, do not give the medicine to the child.

  • If there is drainage (clear liquid) remove it with a clean tissue or cotton topped applicator. Do NOT clean any more than the outer ear.

  • Place the wrist of the hand you will be using to give the medicine on the cheek or head.

  • Place the dropper/nozzle above the child’s ear canal.


For Children under Age 3:

  • Gently pull the outer flap of the affected ear DOWNWARD and backward to straighten the ear canal.

  • Look for the ear canal to open.


For Children over Age 3:

  • Gently pull the outer flap of the affected ear UPWARD and backward to straighten the ear canal.

  • Look for the ear canal to open.

  • Squeeze the dropper slowly and firmly to release the appropriate amount of medicine on the side of the ear canal.

  • Ask the child to remain lying down for about 1-2 minutes so the medicine will be absorbed.

  • Gently rub the skin in front of the ear to help the drug flow to the inside of the ear.

  • Place a cotton ball in the child’s affected ear to avoid leakage of medicine. Replace the cotton ball each time the medicine is given. Avoid inserting Q-tips into the ear.

  • Rinse the dropper tip in water after each use before capping or returning it to the bottle.

  • Replace the cap immediately after use.

  • Remove gloves, wash your hands and document the time the medication was given.

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/at-home/medication-safety/Pages/How-to-Give-Ear-Drops.aspx

How to administer eye drops/ointment:



  • Wash your hands and wear gloves.

  • Lay the child on his back on a flat surface if possible

  • Place a pillow under the child’s shoulders or a rolled up towel under his neck so that his head is tilted back or…

  • Ask the child to tilt his head back and up.

  • Apply eye ointment or eye drops.

Eye Drops

  • Bring refrigerated meds to room temperature. Rub the medicine bottle between the palms of your hands to warm the drops.

  • Shake the bottle if the label instructs you to.

  • Put on gloves

  • Tell the child to look up and to the other side. The eye drops should flow away from your child’s nose.

  • Place the wrist of the hand you will be using to give the drops on your child’s forehead.

  • Bring the dropper close (within 1 inch) of the eye.

  • Drop the medicine in the lower eyelid, away from the tear ducts, which are located in the lower inner corner of the eye.

Eye ointments

  • Wash hands and put on gloves.

  • Tell the child to look up and to the other side. The eye ointment should flow away from the child’s nose.

  • Place the wrist of the hand you will be using to give the ointment on your child’s forehead.

  • Pull down slightly and gently on the skin below the eye, just above the cheekbone.

  • Bring the tube close (within 1 inch) of the eye.

  • Apply a thin line of ointment along the lower eyelid.

  • Rotate the tube when you reach the edge of the outer eye. This will help detach the ointment from the tube.


With both eye drops and eye ointment…

  • Ask the child to close or blink his eyes for a minute to allow the eye drops or ointment to be dispersed throughout the eye.

  • Wipe away any excess medication or tearing with a clean tissue.

  • Rinse the dropper with water OR wipe the tip of the ointment tube with a clean tissue.

  • Replace the dropper to the bottle OR the cap on the tube immediately after each use.

  • Remove gloves, wash your hands and document the medication was given.


https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/at-home/medication-safety/Pages/How-to-Give-Eye-Drops-and-Eye-Ointment.aspx

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