Hominin Evolution (based on R. Klein, B. Wood), compiled by Charles J. Vella, 9/2012



Download 4.65 Mb.
Page1/12
Date conversion16.05.2018
Size4.65 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12

Hominin Evolution (based on R. Klein, B. Wood), compiled by Charles J. Vella, 9/2012


Hominin

Time

Locations

Features

Found

Described

Brain Size

Co-exist

Type Specimen




MYA






















Sahelanthropus

tchadensis

7-6

Biochro.


Toros-Menalla, Chad

Cranium,

2 mand.; no PC bones



2001

Michael Brunet 2001

300-370 cc




2001

TM 266-01-060-1



Orrorin

tugenensis

6-5.7

Potas-Argon



Tugen Hills, Lukeino, Kenya

Molar, thick enamel,

apelike





Brigitte Senut & Martin Pickford







2001

BAR1000’00



Ardipithecus kadabba

5.8-5.2

Alaya/M. Awash Ethiopia

Mandibles,

teeth, PC bones; large canines






Yohannes Haile-Selassie 2001







2004

ALA-VP-2/10



Ardipithecus ramidus

5.7-4.3

Aramis, Gona & Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Partial skeleton, teeth, cranium underside, jaws, limbs




Tim White, Berhane Asfaw,

Gen Suwa

1994








1994

ARA-VP-6/1



Australopithecus anamensis

4.3-3.9

E. Turkana, Allia Bay, & Kanapoi, & M. Awash Kenya

Larger canines

1965

Patterson



Maeve Leakey, Feibel and Ian

McDougall 1995









1995

KNM-KP 29281



Australopithecus afarensis

3.7-2.8

radiometric



Hadar, Ethiopia; Laetoli, Tanz.

Skull, some skeleton, crania, lower jaws, limbs

1974

Lucy


Don Johanson 1978

(446)

387-550 cc






1978

LH 4 mandible



Australopithecus

bahrelghazli

(= afarensis)

3.5-3.0

Bahr el Ghazal, Koro Toro, Chad




1993

Michael Brunet

1997








1997

KT 12/H1



















































































Hominin

Time

Locations

Features

Found

Described

Brain Size

Co-exist

Type Specimen

Kenyanthropus platyops (flat face)

3.5-3.2

Argon


W. Turkana, Ethiopia

Small ear hole; thick enamel

1999 Justus Erus

Maeve Leakey

2001


400-560 cc




2001

KNM-WT 40000



Australopithecus africanus

3-2.4

Gladysvale, Makapansgar,

Sterkfontein,

Taung,

S. Africa



1st African Hominin fossil

1924

Raymond Dart

1925


(461)

400-560 cc






1925

Taung 1 cranium






























Australopithecus garhi

2.5

Bouri, M. Awash, W. Turkana,

Ethiopia


Long legs, large molars

1999

Berhane Asfaw

1999


450 cc




1999

BOU-VP-12/130






























Paranthropus aethiopicus

2.7-2.3

W. Turkana, Omo, Ethiopia







Camille Arambourg & Yves Coppens 1968

410 cc




1968

Omo 18.18






























Australopithecus sediba

1.98-1.78

Malapa, South Africa

Precision grip; modern ankle; primitive heel; asym. brain hem.

Matthew Berger

2008


Lee Berger, DeRuiter 201-0

420-450 cc


































Paranthropus boisei

2.3-1.2/.7

Koobi Fora,

E. Turkana, Kenya; Omo, Ethiopia; Oldovai, Tanz.



Large jaws, molars, sagittal crest

B. Wood: meat



Mary Leakey 1959

Louis Leakey

(530)

430-545 cc






1959

OH 5





























Hominin

Time

Location

Features

Found

Described

Brain Size

Co-exist

Type Specimen




























Paranthropus robustus

2.0-1.0

Swartkraus; all South AF







Robert Broom 1938

(521)

530 or 476 cc






1938

TM 1517





























Homo habilis

2.4-1.6

Oldovai, E. Turkana, Koobi For a, Kenya

Teeth, craniums, hand bones, left foot

1964, Leakey

Louis Leakey

1964


630 cc (510-750)




1964

OH 7





























Homo rudolfensis

2.4-1.8

Olduvai, E. Turkana,

Koobi Fora



= Homo habilis




Valery Alexeev

752 cc




1986

KNM-ER 1470



Homo gautengensis

1.9-.6

Sterkfontein, S. Africa







Curnoe 2010







Stw 53




























Homo ergaster

1.8-1.5

W. Turkana, Koobi Fora, Kenya

= early African Homo erectus




Colin Groves & Vratislav Mazak

871 cc




1975

KNM-ER 992






























Homo erectus

1.9-50T

Dmanisi, Georgia;

E. Africa; Java; Trinil, Indonesia



Teeth, femur, skullcap;

Out of Africa 2M



1890/1

Eugene Dubois

870 cc (730-1250 cc)




1894

Trinil 2 calotte






1.7-1.8

Dmanisi, Georgia

Oldowan tools






















W. Turkana

Almost complete skeleton = Turkana Boy

KNM-WT 15000








































Hominin

Time

Location

Features

Found

Described

Brain Size

Co-exist

Type Specimen

(Sinanthropus pekinensis)( = Homo erectus)










1927

Davidson Black







1927

Zhoukoudian (Choukoutien) teeth
























































  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2016
send message

    Main page