Historic costumes and textiles of india



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Department of Costume Design and Fashion

HISTORIC COSTUMES AND TEXTILES OF INDIA

Unit 1

Part-A

1

The beginning of dress was in the form of
(1) painting (2) cutting (3) body decoration

Answer: (3) body decoration






2

----- are the colorful sari dyed by tie and dye process
(1) bhandhini (2) patola (3) kalamkari

Answer: (3) kalamkari









3

---- is mostly used as a wedding sari in Kathiawar and gujarat
(1) patola (2) kalamkari (3) bhandini

Answer: (1) patola 









4

---- refers to a method of painting natural dyes onto cotton or silk fabric using pen
(1) kalamkari (2) bhandini (3) patola

Answer: (1) kalamkari 









5

five yards piece of --- could be placed in a match box
(1) patola (2) dacca muslin (3) ikkat

Answer: (2) dacca muslin 









6

In--- saris the pallos were the most ornamental portions
(1) baluchar buttedar (2) pochampalli (3) chanderi

Answer: (1) baluchar buttedar 









7

-- are the famous silk brocades of Hyderabad
(1) ikkat (2) himrus (3) chanderi

Answer: (3) chanderi









8

---- were known as kani shawls
(1) himrus (2) kashmir shawls (3) amrus

Answer: (2) kashmir shawls 









9

Designs such as temple model, parrot, elephant, swan are used in ----
(1) pochampalli (2) bhandini (3) baluchar buttedar

Answer: (1) pochampalli 









10

when silk thread is used exclusively for weaving himru , the fabric is known as
(1) amru (2) chanderi (3) kashmiri shawls

Answer: (1) amru 









11

The fabric woven in ---- a place near Gwalior have earned a name for its fine quality
(1) dacca (2) chanderi (3) himrus

Answer: (1) dacca









12

The ---- with the woven in patterns are known as jamdani
(1) dacca muslin (2) banaras (3) chanderi

Answer: (2) banaras 









13

The --- saris are woven in 9 yard length and very much valued by the Maharashtra ladies
(1) chanderi (2) ikkat (3) muslin

Answer: (1) chanderi 









14

----- is a fabric probably used during winter
(1) himrus (2) baluchar buttedar (3) pochampalli

Answer: (1) himrus 









15

Fabric stage tie & dye is ----
(1) bhandani (2) kani shawls (3) jamdhani

Answer: (1) bhandani 









16

In ----- shawls leasf motif is incorporated
(1) chinnar (2) kani shawls (3) pashminar

Answer: (1) chinnar 









17

----- are known as floor coverings
(1) namdha (2) gabha (3) pashminar

Answer: (2) gabha 









18

----- saris are called as superior silk of the world
(1) kanchepuram (2) chanderi (3) pochampalli

Answer: (1) kanchepuram 









19

---- are the two stages of dress coverings
(1) body decoration and ornamentation (2) painting and cutting (3) colored clay and blood marks

Answer: (1) body decoration and ornamentation 









20

---- are finest fabric have 1000 to 1800 warp yarns
(1) royal muslin (2) kancepuram (3) patola

Answer: (1)  royal muslin 








21


if 2 rows of butties in broders are weaved , it is known as----
(1) dokad (2) sekhad (3) tukhad

Answer: (1) dokad 









22

---- are yarn stage dyeing
(1) ikkat (2) muslin (3) bhandini

Answer: (1) ikkat 









23

what color the american indians use to decorate their body while going for war
(1) ochre (2) grey (3) blue and yellow

Answer: (3) blue and yellow










24

---- is a poetic name given to muslin
(1) abi-rawan (2) jamawars (3) buttedar

Answer: abi-rawan









25

Primitive men stain his body with his own blood using
(1) sharp stones or bones (2) needles (3) coloured clay

Answer: (1) sharp stones or bones 








PART –B

Answer any FIVE questions 5*5=25

1 Write short notes on dyed and printed textiles of India- Bhandhani, Patola?

2 Give neat elaboration of Beginning of costumes?

3 Explain about Decca Muslin?

4 Write about silk saree of kancheepuram?

5.List the features of growth in dress out of painting,cutting in costumes

6.Explain in details about Banarasi /Chanderi brocades?

Answer ALL question 3*8=24

1.Briefly explain Ikkat, kalamkari, Patola,Bhandhani?

2.State woven textile of India-Decca Muslin,Banarasi/Chanderi brocedes,himrus and amrus?

3.Write short notes on Kashmir shawls,pochampalli,silk sarees of Kanchipuram?



Unit 2

Part-A

1------- is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle , thread or yarn.


(1) tacking (2) embroidery (3) smocking

Answer: (2) embroidery 

2----- embroidery uses narrow ribbon in silk or silk/organza blends
(1) ribbon (2) satin (3) Chinese

Answer: (2) satin


3------ embroidery is a time taking process and need high experience for a better result

(1) machine embroidery (2) hand embroidery (3) none


Answer: (2)  machine embroidery 
4----- decorate fabrics that mimic the elaborate hand embroidery
(1) hand embroidery (2) smocking (3) machine embroidery

Answer: (3) machine embroidery

5------ embroidery has become world famous for its shawls.
(1) kashmir (2) kutch (3) Kathiawar

Answer: (1) kashmir


6----- is a gold work which is done on brocades and silks
(1) doria (2) talaibar (3) murri

Answer: (2) talaibar 


7in ----- embroidery the motives are based on nautre
(1) kashida (2) phulkari (3) chikankari

Answer: (1) kashida 

8----- is the most important world famous embroidery textiles from punjab
(1) phulkari (2) kutch (3) mirror work

Answer: phulkari 


9----- is a name given for the floral designs or dots
(1) herring bone (2) butta (3) none

Answer: (2) butta 

10------- is the shawl having the surface decoration which is used by the bride during "pera"
(1) chaddar (2) bagh (3) chope

Answer: (1) chaddar 


11----- is little longer than usual shawl, where only the edges along selvedges were embroidered with golden yellow coloured silk
(1) bagh (2) chope (3) halwan

Answer: (2) chope 


12------ is a phulkari of blue colour, worked on black khaddar
(1) nilak (2) tilpatra (3) subha

Answer: (1) nilak


13------ is the folk embroidery of malva region of punjab depicts the pure rural life
(1) darwaza (2) thirma (3) sainchi phulkari

Answer: (3) sainchi phulkari


14----- is the white embroidery done on white cotton or in muslin
(1) chikankari (2) kathiawar (3) kashidha

Answer: (1) chikankari 


15---- is done with satin stitch on reverse side of the fabric
(1) simplyfied bakhia (2) bakhia (3) none

Answer: (2) bakhia 

16----- is also known as shadow work
(1) phulkari (2) chikankari (3) kasuti

Answer: (1) phulkari 


17----- is a chikankari work which is very unique and forms net like appearance where the holes are made by needle without cutting the fabric
(1) jaalis work (2) simplyfied bhakia (3) taipchi

Answer: (1) jaalis work 


18----- is a very minute satin stitch in which a knot is formed
(1) jaali (2) murri (3) phanda

Answer: (2) murri 


19----- is a smaller shortened form of murri, which is very difficult and requires very good craftmenship
(1) bhakia (2) taipchi (3) phanda

Answer: (3) phanda

20------- can be translated as "patched cloth"
(1) kasuti (2) kantha (3) phulkari

Answer: (2) kantha 


21------ is a form of embroidery that comes from the state of karnataka
(1) kasuti (2) murgi (3) kashidha

Answer: (1) kasuti 


22------ state embroidery resembles mirror work
(1) karnataka (2) gujarat (3) tamilnadu

Answer: (2) gujarat 


23Hindu motifs are predominant in ----- embroidery
(1) kasuti (2) kashmir (3) kantha

Answer: (1) kasuti 


24------ is an embroidery which is done only by white colour thread
(1) chikankari (2) kantha (3) kashidha

Answer: (1) chikankari 


25once ancient civilizations discovered that they could use ------ to tie separate pieces of fur and make complete body covering.
(1) leaves (2) thread (3) none

Answer: (1) leaves 



Part-B

Answer any FIVE questions 5*5=25

1 Write short notes on Traditional costumes of various states?

2 Give neat elaboration of costumes in Tamilnadu?

3 Explain about Kerala Costumes?

4 Write about Andhra Pradesh costumes?

5.Explain details about Karanataka?

6.Explain in details about Nagaland and west Bengal?

Answer ALL question 3*8=24

1.Briefly explain the costumes of different states of India?

2.Give the Tamil nadu ,Andhra Pradesh,Assam,Orrisa costumes?

3.Write short notes on Orissa,Bihar,Mizarom,Nagaland and West Bengal costume



Unit 3




1.In Kerala the principal article of dress both for men and women is ------
(1) lungi (2) mundu (3) none

Answer: (2) mundu 










2.The traditional upper garment for men in kerala is ------ which is a short piece of cloth which is thrown over the shoulder
(1) torthumundu (2) kurtha (3) vesti

Answer: (1) torthumundu 












3.In tamilnadu, dothi is known as -----
(1) angavastram (2) vesti (3) neriyatu

Answer: (2) vesti 













4.A scraf is also known as ----- which s used for the upper part of the body
(1) kamarband (2) angavastram (3) rettaivesti

Answer: (2) angavastram 












5.In tamilnadu the sari is known as -----
(1) pudavai (2) cera (3) kosavu

Answer: (1) pudavai 












6.In karnataka men use a dhothi called -----
(1) panche (2) dhotara (3) angavastra

Answer: (2) dhotara 












7.Kuppasa is called as ----- in karnataka
(1) blouse (2) sari (3) dhothi

Answer: (1) blouse 












8.For an upper garment ---- is being replaced by a shirt in andhra pradesh
(1) jubba (2) dhothi (3) angavastra

Answer: (1) jubba 












9.Most of the men in coastal region of andhra pradesh use a scraf called ------
(1) pyjamas (2) kanduva (3) chira

Answer: (2) kanduva 












10.In andhra grown up girls wear long skirt with ----- refers to a half saree
(1) pamila (2) chera (3) pera

Answer: (1) pamila 












11.Men in assam wear mill-made dhuties and small or big sized -----
(1) sola (2) eri-chaddar (3) headgear

Answer: (1) sola 












12.Women in assam use long skirt upto the ankles known as -----
(1) mekhela (2) riha (3) darrang

Answer: (1) mekhela 












13.Oddisi is the traditional dance of ------
(1) rajastan (2) orissa (3) asssam

Answer: (2) orissa 












14.Orrissa is recognized in india for its --------
(1) handloom (2) embroidery (3) none

Answer: (1) handloom 












15.------ is a well known handloom society in orissa
(1) oddisy (2) sambalpuri (3) none

Answer: (2) sambalpuri 












16.----- are the ideal costumes chosen for special occasions for men
(1) pyjamas (2) churidars (3) sherwani

Answer: (3) sherwani












17.---- is a forehead adorning little ornament in bihar which added to the hair partitioning area
(1) tikli (2) chutti (3) none

Answer: (1) tikli 












18.---- has two parts of straight long shirt type clothing and a shirt that is worn above which is used in mizoram
(1) chapcha kut (2) puanchei (3) mim kut

Answer: (2) puanchei 












19.Lusei man contrives a piece of cloth as a turban or -----
(1) pagri (2) puan (3) both a & b

Answer: (1) pagri 












20.he original inhabitants of sikkim are said to be -----
(1) lusei (2) lepchas (3) none

Answer: (2) lepchas 












21.The male lepcha wears a dress called as ---- made of cotton , which is stripped
(1) pagi (2) ikkat (3) fauna

Answer: (1) pagi 












22.The language speaken by the bhutanese is -----
(1) sikkimese (2) urudu (3) hindi

Answer: (1) sikkimese












23.In bhutia house called as --- is usually of rectangular shape.
(1) lepchas (2) khin (3) bakhu

Answer: (2) khin 












24.The traditional dress of male in bhutan s known as -----
(1) bakhu (2) bhutia (3) lepcha

Answer: (1) bakhu 

25 the nepalese wear a shawl known as -- -- --

(1)bhutias (2) majetro(3)pallu

Answer: (2) majetro











PART –B

Answer any FIVE questions 5*5=25

1 Write short notes on Himachal Pradesh costumes?

2 Explain about Uttar Pradesh costumes?

3 Explain and draw the costumes used by the Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir?

4 Explain about Rajasthan costumes?

5.Draw the various costumes of 4 different states?

6.Explain in details about Haryana?

7. 6.Explain in details about Maharastra?



Answer ALL question 3*8=24

1. Write about any 5 traditional costume of different state of India?

2. Explain in details about costumes of Uttarprasdesh,Jammu Kashmir?

3. Explain in details about Costumes of Gujarat ,Madhyapradesh?



Unit 4

Part-A

1.In maharastra , men wear dhoti and shirt with a headdress known as ------


(1) pheta (2) choli (3) patka

Answer: (1) pheta 

2 .Maharastrian women wear the maratha --- of nine yards and a short sleeved blouse
(1) sadi (2) padar (3) ghagra

Answer: (1) sadi

3 For ceremonial occasions men prefer to dress after indian style in a spacious looking long coat, called -----
(1) chudidars (2) ackan (3) padar

Answer: (2) ackan 

4The ----- is a type of necklace is very popular with maharastrian women
(1) kolhapuri saaj (2) patlya (3) bangdya

Answer: (1) kolhapuri saaj 

5__________ state costumes are extremely bright , colorful and elegant.
(1) kashmir (2) rajastan (3) assam

Answer: (2) rajastan 6_______ can be loosely translated as body protector, which is a garment mostly made of cotton


(1) angarkha (2) patka (3) patlya

Answer: (1) angarkha 

7___________ was a garment worn by people of upper classes and royal families.
(1) patli (2) patka (3) none

Answer: (2) patka 

8 The _____ is a speciality of rajastan costume
(1) odhni (2) patka (3) both a & b

Answer: (1) odhni 

9______ is a leather shoes made up of camel , goat or sheep skin which are worn by both males and females
(1) jooties (2) mina (3) bhil

Answer: (1) jooties 

10All- white attire is a symbol for men in ----- state
(1) andhra pradesh (2) haryana (3) goa

Answer: (2) haryana 

11The _______ is thought of as a matter of honour for the rajputs.
(1) turbans (2) salwars (3) vesti

Answer: (1) turbans 

12Jewellery plays a considerable part in the costumes of ____
(1) tamilnadu (2) uttar pradesh (3) assam

Answer: (2) uttar pradesh 

13The ____ is the most commonly worn garment among men in kashmiri men
(1) pheran (2) churidhar (3) kurtha

Answer: (1) pheran 

14Most of the garments are made of wool and silk with intricate embroideries in ______
(1) rajastan (2) jaipur (3) Kashmir

Answer: (3) Kashmir

15____ is a grab among the men, especially used in srinagar
(1) khan-dress (2) pheran (3) none

Answer: (1) khan-dress 

16------ are made from traditional woollen textiles which are obtained from ibex sheep
(1) chinnar shawls (2) pashminar shawls (3) gabha

Answer: (2) pashminar shawls 

17The -------- is the prominent attire for kashmiri women.
(1) pheran (2) ihungi (3) both a & b

Answer: (1) pheran 

18The hindu women in kashmir wear a headdress called -------
(1) kantha (2) taranga (3) none

Answer: (2) taranga 

19The muslim men in kashmir wear lace-free shoes known as --------
(1) gurgabis (2) kasida (3) chinnar

Answer: (1) gurgabis 

20Mirror work is famous art of ____
(1) gujarat (2) punjab (3) tamilnadu

Answer: (1) gujarat 

21------ is being used by girls as a under garment which is richly embroided
(1) chaturthi (2) gharga (3) none

Answer: (2) gharga 

22Dothi in gujarat was called as -----------
(1) vesti (2) mundu (3) kaccha

Answer: (3) kaccha

23Head dress consisted of performed turban known as _____ in gujarat
(1) sopha (2) angvastra (3) upvastra

Answer: (1) sopha 


24The portion of the sari which covering the head is called as _______
(1) bagh (2) lagger (3) none

Answer: (2) lagger 

25The fabric is painted with molten wax and is dyed with cold dyes to produce a cloth type called ______
(1) bathik (2) kalamkari (3) bhandhini

Answer: (1) bathik 



PART –B

Answer any FIVE questions 5*5=25

1 Write short notes on Indian Jewellery?

2 What are the Jewelleries used in the period of Indus valley civilations?

3 Explain about jewellary used by Maurya period?

4 Give the benefites of jeweler used by the Indus Valley Civilization?

5.Write short notes on Symbolic Jewellery of south India?

6.Explain about Tribal Jewellery?

7.Write about Gupta period Indian Jewellary ?



Answer ALL question 3*8=24

1. Write about symbolic Jewellery of south Indian,Mughal period?

2. Explain in details Jewelleries used in the Indus Valley Civilasation period?

3. Explain in Temple Jewellary of South Indian Tribal jewellery?



Unit 5
Part-A

1 A ------- is a piece of attractive mineral which is cut and polished to make jewellery or other adornments


(1) gems (2) stones (3) none

Answer: (1) gems 

2------- is the red variety of the species corundum
(1) heliodor (2) ruby (3) diamond

Answer: (2) ruby 

3----- is a polymorph of the element carbon
(1) diamond (2) ruby (3) sapphire

Answer: (1) diamond 


4----- is the gem of sun which improves the concentration of mind and gives lustre to the skin
(1) red beryl (2) morganite (3) ruby

Answer:  (3) ruby

5------ gem gives wealth and prosperity
(1) yellow sapphire (2) emerald (3) ruby

Answer:  (1) yellow sapphire 

6------ is the favoured gem of ganesha and known as stone for mercury
(1) diamond (2) emerald (3) none

Answer:  (2) emerald 

7----- is the gem of venus which gives glamour and radiance which makes one stand apart from the crowd
(1) white sapphire (2) moonga (3) both a & b

Answer:  (1) white sapphire 

8----- is the most talked about gem and gives status , influence in society.
(1) gold (2) blue sappire (3) ruby

Answer:  (2) blue sappire 

9wearing of ----- brings out depression and gives a calm and vibrant feeling.
(1) pearl (2) emerald (3) both a & b

Answer:  (1) pearl 

10---- gem is known as gem of ketu
(1) cats eye (2) gomedh (3) pearl

Answer: (2) gomedh   


11------ is the most obvious and attractive feature of gemstones
(1) cut (2) color (3) polish

Answer: (1) cut 

12-----------can improve gemstone color or clarity
(1) heat (2) cutting (3) cooling

Answer: (1) heat 

13----- is defined as those gem material where there is no easy means of separating the natural form the artificial component
(1) hybrid (2) chemical (3) none

Answer: (1) hybrid 

14------------ was the luxury items exported from india in indus valley civilization
(1) food (2) jewellery (3) cloth

Answer: (2) jewellery 

15---------- were often encrusted with ratna or jewels
(1) gold and silver (2) diamond and pearl (3) none

Answer: (1) gold and silver 

16the ear rings are also called as ----- in mauryan period
(1) vangi (2) kundala (3) haram

Answer: (2) kundala 

17bracelets were known as ---- in mauryan period
(1) valaya (2) keyura (3) kundala

Answer: (1) valaya 


18in post ---- period jewelry in india became more stylized and sterotypical
(1) chola (2) mauryan (3) gupta

Answer: (1) valaya 

19golden leg ornaments in pre-pallava period is known as ---
(1) kuzhai (2) silambu (3) kanchi

Answer: (2) silambu 

20No ---------- ornament was found in pallava or the early chola aperiod
(1) nose (2) leg (3) head

Answer: (1) nose 

21neckalce often without a pendant which is called as-------- depicted on both male and female figures.
(1) murri (2) thooku (3) none

Answer: (2) thooku 

22---------- jewellery in india is quite rich and unique style , which is made the product that are naturally available
(1) tribal (2) temple (3) both a & b

Answer: (1) tribal 

23the bhutia tribe of sikkim usually make jewelleries use of -----
(1) ivory , brass (2) gold , silver (3) none

Answer: (2) gold , silver 

24the tribes of bastar make jewellery out of------
(1) grass beads and cane (2) silver and gold (3) bamboo

Answer: (1) grass beads and cane 

25the tribes of rajastan is known for its colorful heavy jewelery. they use ------
(1) brass , chains (2) copper, feathers (3) shells, metal mesh, coins

Answer: (3) shells, metal mesh, coins



PART –B

Answer any FIVE questions 5*5=25

1 Write short notes on tradition embroidery of Indian?

2 Describe about origin of embroidery and stitches?

3 Define Embroidery of kashmir?

4 Write short on Phulkari of Punjab?

5.Explain about Gujarat ,Kutch,and Kashmiri?

6.Write short notes about Embroidery of Rajasthan?

7.Write Short note on Kasuti of Karnataka ?



Answer ALL question 3*8=24

1. Explain about chickenkari work of Lucknow,Kantha of Bengal of type and colour of Fabric and thread?

2. Details about Gujarat ,Kutch and Kashmiri and Rajasthan Embroidery?

3.a Explain about origin of Embroidery and stitches ?



b. Pulkari of Punjab





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