Hdbr staging system Carnegie Staging System



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HDBR Staging system
Carnegie Staging System
R O'Rahilly and F Müller, Developmental Stages in Human Embryos, Carnegie Institution of Washinton Publication, 637, 1987. ISBN 0-87279-666-3.
Bullen P and Wilson D (1997) The Carnegie Staging of Human Embryos: a Practical Guide. In "Molecular Genetics of Early Human Development" Ed. Strachan T, Lindsay S and Wilson DI. Bios Scientific Publishers.



CS

Somite stage

Days post ovulation

Crown rump length (mm)

Morphological land marks

9

1-3

19-21

1.5-2.0

Head fold present.

10

4-12

22

2.0-3.5

Mainly open neural groove..First and second branchial arches visible.

11

13-21

24

2.5-4.5

Anterior neuropore closing, posterior open. Otic placodes present. Optic vesicles formed.

12

21-29

26

3-5

No limb buds present or minimal upper limb buds. Anteriorl neuropore closed, posterior neuropore may be open. Otic pits present. Three pairs of branchial arches visible.

13

30+

28

4-6

Embryo has C-shaped curve. Posterior neuropore closed. 4 limb buds present - upper limb buds flipper like. Four pairs of branchial arches visible. Otic vesicles present. Lens placodes distinct. Attenuated tail present.

14




32

5-7

Tappering upper limbs paddle-shaped, no hand plate. Open lens pits and nasal pits visible. Optic cups present.

15




33

7-9

Hand plates formed. Lens pit closed. Nasal pits prominent. Lower limbs paddle-shaped. Cervical sinuses visible.

16




37

11-14

Foot plates formed. Pigment visible in retina. Auricular hillocks developing.

17




41

11-14

Digital rays clearly visible in hand plates. Full round foot plate. Auricle hillocks outline future auricle of external ear. Trunk beginning to straighten. Cerebral vesicles prominent.

18




44

13-17

Notches between the digital rays in the hand. Digital rays may be visible in foot plates. Elbow region may be visible. Eyelids forming.

19




47.5

17-20

Limbs extend ventrally forward.Trunk elongating and straightening. Midgut herniation prominent. Prominent toe rays (without notches).

20




50.5

21-23

Upper limbs longer and bent at elbows. Fingers distinct but webbed (not just notches). Hands well apart. Notches between the digital rays in the feet. Scalp vascular plexus appears.

21




52

22-24

Hands and feet approach each other. Fingers free with tactile pads and longer. Toes distinct but webbed, may touch. Stubby tail present.

22




54

25-27

Fingers are touching/overlap. Toes free and longer. Eyelids and auricles or external ears more developed.

23




56.5

28-30

Head more rounded and shows human characteristics. External genitalia still have sexless appearance. Distinct bulge still present in umbilical cord caused by herniation of intestines. Vascular plexus at vertex. Limbs generally more mature. Foot length less than 5mm.



Written by DG and SNL 13 12 2012





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