CHAPTER I: THE GEOGRAPHY AND PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF INDIA 10
BOOK I. ANCIENT INDIA
The Geography and Prehistoric Civilization of India The Foundations of Hindu India : The Vedic Age . The Epic Age : The Rise of Buddhism and Jainism . The Rise of the Empire of Magadha
Early Foreign Invaders of North-Western India The Golden Age of Hinduism : The Guptas : Harsha The Rajput Kingdoms of Northern India
The Kingdoms of the Deccan and Gujarat The Tamil Kingdoms of Southern India
BOOK II. MEDIEVAL INDIA
The Muslim Conquest of Northern India, 117 The Slave Kings of Delhi, 1206-90 The Khilji Dynasty, 1290-1320 . The Tughlak Dynasty, 1321-88 . The Saiyid and Lodi Dynasties, 1413-152 The Mohammedan Kingdoms of Bengal, Gujarat and the Deccan and the Coming of the Portuguese, 1340-1687 .
III The Hindu Empire of Vijayanagar, 1336-1646
IV The Foundation of the Mogul Empire : Babur, Sher
Shah and Humayun, 1526-56
V The Mogul Empire at its zenith : Jalal-ud-din Akbar, 1556-1606
79 94 109
VI The Mogul Empire at its zenith : Jahangir and Shahjahan, 1605-66
ly Seventeenth Century). Indian Thirteenth Centm7). (Indian
Tomb of Altams1). (Oxford University Press: Sharp, Delhi) Tomb of Tughlak Shall. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. Inclia) Gateway of Small Golden Mosque, Gaur (c. A.D. 1500). (Kogan
:Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd.) . •
Ataladevi Mosque, Jaunpur (A.D. 1408). (A rchaeological Survey of India) .
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS is
Window Screen of Sidi Saiyid's Mosque, Ahmadabad (c. A.D. 1500). (Archaeological Survey of India) . . . 146
Map of the Bahmani Kingdom in A.D. 1480 ; Khandesh and the five Sultanates of the Deccan, namely, Bijapur, Bidar, Golkonda, Ahmadnagar, and Berar in A.D. 1566 after the battle of Talikota. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) . . 148
Gol Guxnbaz, Bijapur, the Tomb of Muhammad _A dil Shah (mid Seventeenth Century). (Indian Railways Bureau) .
Aerial View of Karachi Port. (Karachi Port Trust) . 322
Lord Dalhousie. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) . 324
Lord Canning. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) . 331
Sir Henry Lawrence. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) 334
Pruning Tea. (Indian Tea Association, London) 343
Sir John Lawrence. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) . 344
Sir Robert Sandeman. (Oxford University Press: Dunbar, Paladins of India) . . . 348
Lord Ripon. (Spencer Arnold Esq., London) . . 351
Map of the Burmese Wars, 1826, 1852, 1885. (Clarendon Press,
Oxford Hist. India) . 355
G. K. Gokhale. (Elliott & Fry Ltd., London) . 357
Lord Curzon. (Clarendon Press, Oxford Hist. India) 360
Pathans, North-West Frontier Province. (Director Public
Information, New Delhi) 361
The Khyber Pass. (Central Press, London) 362
Lmproved Plough at work with a Tractor at Pusa 366
Drying Jute. (Oxford University Press: Gangulee, The Indian
Peasant) . . . . . . . 370
Memorial. Arch, New Delhi (erected to the memory of the Indian soldiers who fell in the Great War). (Indian Railways Bureau) Lord Chelmsford. (Elliott & Fry Ltd., London) Chamber of Princes, New Delhi. (Indian Railways Bureau) The Golden Temple, Amritsar. (Indian Railways Bureau) Mahatma Gandhi. (Spencer Arnold Esq., London) View of Sukkur Barrage. (Indian Railways Bureau) Electric Train on the Bhor Ghat between Bombay and Poona.
(GIP. Railway) .
The publisher& thanks are due to all those listed above for courtesy in providing copyright illustrations ; also to H. Hargreaves Esq., formerly Director-General of the Indian Archaeological Survey, for expert assistance in their selection.
THE need of a short history of India, incorporating the latest archaeological discoveries and bringing the history of the country down to the present day, has long been felt. The admirable works of the late Dr V. A. Smith, the pioneer of Indian studies, are now, both in point of fact and in general outlook, out of date, and the whole subject requires to be re-stated. The present work is intended to fill the gap. It is written primarily for the use of the student preparing for the matriculation examination of the Indian universities, and is based on the syllabuses issued by them. In view, however, of the greatly increased interest in India which is now being displayed by the English public, it is hoped that it may also appeal to the general reader who requires a simple, non-technical account of the country and its peoples.