are considered part of layer 2 except
a. flexor digitorum longus
b. flexor digitorum brevis
c. flexor hallucis longus
d. quadratus plantae
GROSS ANATOMY 205 FINAL WRITTEN EXAMINATION 12/12/95
Multiple Choice (select the one best answer).
1. All of the following muscles help to elevate the larynx during the act of swallowing. Which muscle also depresses (lowers) the hyoid bone?
d. anterior digastric
2. Which of the following lymph nodes drains the oropharynx and often are referred to as the "tonsillar nodes" because they
become inflammed in cases of tonsillitis?
c. subdigastric or jugulo-digastric
d. bifurcation or jugulo-carotid
3. Damage to the facial (VII) nerve near the geniculate ganglion results in all of the following symptoms except
a. absence of blinking reflex on affected side
b. absence of lacrimal secretion on affected side
c. corner of mouth pulled to affected side
d. hyperacusia or sensitivity to loud sounds
e. reduced secretion of saliva into oral cavity
4. When the middle meningeal artery is ruptured but the meninges remain intact, blood enters the
a. subdural space
b. epidural space
c. subarachnoid space
d. cavernous sinus
e. sigmoid sinus
5. Which of the following muscles causes abduction of the vocal cords during quiet breathing?
c. posterior cricoarytenoids
d. lateral cricoarytenoids
e. oblique interarytenoids
6. All of the following structures are located within the carotid sheath except
a. internal jugular vein
d. the tegmen tympani is a thin plate of bone that separates the middle ear
from the middle cranial fossa
e. the spiral organ of Corti rests on the basilar membrane within the scala
tympani of the cochlea
44. Which of the following conditions is least likely to result from the spread of infection from otitis media, an inflammation of
the middle ear?
45. The labyrinthine artery supplies blood to the inner ear and is a branch of which of the following arteries?
a. internal carotid
b. superior cerebellar
c. posterior cerebral
46-50. Each of the following glands receives its blood supply from branches of one of the arteries listed on the right. Match
each gland with the most appropriate artery.
46. parotid __A___ a. external carotid
47. prostate __C___ b. internal carotid
48. lacrimal __B___ c. inferior vesical
49. parathyroid __E___ d. internal pudendal
50. greater vestibular __D___ e. thyrocervical
GROSS ANATOMY Final Written Examination 12/10/91
1. A large malignant tumor of bone invades the floor of the middle
cranial fossa. Knowing the anatomy of the middle cranial fossa, you
look for symptoms that would indicate tumor invasion in all of the
following structures, except:
A. foramen spinosum.
B. internal auditory meatus.
C. foramen lace rum.
D. foramen ovale.
E. foramen rotundum.
2. A patient suffers from a dry and painful right cornea, numbness of the right nasal cavity as well as a loss of sensation along the right
side of the palate in the oral cavity. Which of the following could be the cause of these symptoms?
A. a small tumor pressing on the trigeminal ganglion.
B. a growth in the pterygopalatine fossa that compresses the pterygopalatine ganglion.
C. a loss of cell bodies in the pterygopalatine ganglion.
D. compression of the geniculate ganglion.
E. a tumor that compresses the structures in the superior orbital fissure.
3. The following statements about the drainage of the paranasal sinuses are correct, except:
A. The sphenoid sinus drains into the sphenoethmoidal recess.
B. The maxillary sinus drains into the middle meatus.
C. The frontal sinus drains into the inferior meatus.
D. The posterior ethmoidal sinus drains into the superior meatus.
E. The anterior ethmoidal sinus drains into the ethmoidal infundibulum/middle meatus.
4. Each of the following statements regarding veins in the head and neck is true, except:
A. The retromandibular and facial veins unite to form the common facial vein.
B. The external jugular vein lies superficial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
C. The internal jugular vein is formed by the union of the inferior petrosal and sigmoid sinuses.
D. The straight sinus is formed by the union of the superior and inferior sagittal sinuses.
E. The facial vein lies superficial to the submandibular gland in the submandibular triangle.
6. Your room mate finally indicates that he has been rather subdued
because he has had a persistent headache for about two weeks.
Having Just started your ophthalmology clerkship, you examine his
eyes and find that he has bilateral papilledema (edema of the
optic disc) and congested retinal veins. You immediately suspect
some intracranial pathology that has increased his cerebrospinal
fluid pressure. The reason for your diagnosis is:
A. Since the retina is an outgrowth of the brain it reflects all neuropathology of the brain by developing papilledema.
B. Since the optic nerve is covered with the meninges, an increase in the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid will compress the optic nerve and the venous drainage of the retina leading to papilledema.
C. Since the opthalmic artery is so small, increased intracranial pressure compromises blood flow through it as it enters the orbit.
D. Since the vitreous humor communicates with the subarachnoid
space, its pressure rises when cerebrospinal fluid pressure rises.