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World records[edit]


The world record for the largest concrete pour in a single project is the Three Gorges Dam in Hubei Province, China by the Three Gorges Corporation. The amount of concrete used in the construction of the dam is estimated at 16 million cubic meters over 17 years. The previous record was 12.3 million cubic meters held by Itaipu hydropower station in Brazil.[74][75][75][76]

The world record for concrete pumping was set on 7 August 2009 during the construction of the Parbati Hydroelectric Project, near the village of Suind, Himachal Pradesh, India, when the concrete mix was pumped through a vertical height of 715 m (2,346 ft).[77][78]

The world record for the largest continuously poured concrete raft was achieved in August 2007 in Abu Dhabi by contracting firm Al Habtoor-CCC Joint Venture and the concrete supplier is Unibeton Ready Mix.[79][80] The pour (a part of the foundation for the Abu Dhabi's Landmark Tower) was 16,000 cubic meters of concrete poured within a two-day period.[81] The previous record, 13,200 cubic meters poured in 54 hours despite a severe tropical storm requiring the site to be covered with tarpaulins to allow work to continue, was achieved in 1992 by joint Japanese and South Korean consortiums Hazama Corporation and the Samsung C&T Corporation for the construction of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[82]

The world record for largest continuously poured concrete floor was completed 8 November 1997, in Louisville, Kentucky by design-build firm EXXCEL Project Management. The monolithic placement consisted of 225,000 square feet (20,900 m2) of concrete placed within a 30-hour period, finished to a flatness tolerance of FF 54.60 and a levelness tolerance of FL 43.83. This surpassed the previous record by 50% in total volume and 7.5% in total area.[83][84]



The record for the largest continuously placed underwater concrete pour was completed 18 October 2010, in New Orleans, Louisiana by contractor C. J. Mahan Construction Company, LLC of Grove City, Ohio. The placement consisted of 10,251 cubic yards of concrete placed in a 58.5 hour period using two concrete pumps and two dedicated concrete batch plants. Upon curing, this placement allows the 50,180-square-foot (4,662 m2) cofferdam to be dewatered approximately 26 feet (7.9 m) below sea level to allow the construction of the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal Sill & Monolith Project to be completed in the dry.[85]

See also[edit]


  • Anthropic rock

  • Biorock

  • Brutalist architecture, encouraging visible concrete surfaces

  • Bunding

  • Cement accelerator

  • Concrete canoe

  • Concrete leveling

  • Concrete mixer

  • Concrete masonry unit

  • Concrete moisture meter

  • Concrete plant

  • Concrete recycling

  • Concrete step barrier

  • Concrete sealers

  • Construction

  • Diamond grinding of pavement

  • Efflorescence

  • Fireproofing

  • Foam Index

  • Form liner

  • High performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites

  • High Reactivity Metakaolin

  • International Grooving & Grinding Association

  • LiTraCon

  • Mortar

  • Plasticizer

  • Prefabrication

  • Pykrete, a composite material of ice and cellulose

  • Rammed earth

  • Shallow foundation

  • Silica fume

  • Translucent concrete

  • Whitetopping

  • World of Concrete

References[edit]

Notes[edit]


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    7. ^ Heinrich Schliemann with Wilhelm Dörpfeld and Felix Adler, Tiryns: The Prehistoric Palace of the Kings of Tiryns, The Results of the Latest Excavations, (New York, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1885), pages 203-204, 215, and 190.

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    9. ^ Jacobsen T and Lloyd S, (1935) Sennacherib's Aqueduct at Jerwan, Oriental Institute Publications 24, Chicago University Press

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    13. ^ Henry Cowan: The Masterbuilders, New York 1977, p. 56, ISBN 978-0-471-02740-9

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    35. ^ a b U.S. Federal Highway Administration (14 June 1999). "Admixtures". Retrieved 25 January 2007. 

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    38. ^ Paving the way to greenhouse gas reductions. Web.mit.edu (2011-08-28). Retrieved on 2013-02-19.

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    40. ^ U.S. Federal Highway Administration. "Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag". Retrieved 24 January 2007. 

    41. ^ U.S. Federal Highway Administration. "Silica Fume". Retrieved 24 January 2007. 

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    44. ^ U.S. Patent 5,443,313 – Method for producing construction mixture for concrete

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    46. ^ "Concrete Testing". Retrieved 10 November 2008. 

    47. ^ Resulting strength distribution in vertical elements researched and presented at the article "Concrete inhomogeneity of vertical cast-in-place elements in skeleton-type buildings".

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    49. ^ "Ordering Concrete by PSI". American Concrete. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 

    50. ^ a b Henry G. Russel, PE. "Why Use High Performance Concrete?". Technical Talk. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 

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    52. ^ Geoffrey Michael Gadd (March 2010). "Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation". Microbiology 156. pp. 609–643. 

    53. ^ Navdeep Kaur Dhami; Sudhakara M. Reddy; Abhijit Mukherjee. "Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized Concrete". p. 143. 

    54. ^ Navdeep Kaur Dhami; Sudhakara M. Reddy; Abhijit Mukherjee. "Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized Concrete". p. 146. 

    55. ^ Navdeep Kaur Dhami; Sudhakara M. Reddy; Abhijit Mukherjee. "Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized Concrete". p. 147. 

    56. ^ a b Navdeep Kaur Dhami; Sudhakara M. Reddy; Abhijit Mukherjee. "Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized Concrete". p. 142. 

    57. ^ Shepherd and Woskie. "Controlling Dust from Concrete Saw Cutting". Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 

    58. ^ Anna Guido (July 14, 2004), Concrete shortage begins to harden, Cincinnati.com 

    59. ^ Anne Lindberg (May 26, 2004), Faux train station gets a nudge, St. Petersburg Times 

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    61. ^ Lomborg, Bjørn (2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-521-80447-9. 

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    63. ^ John Gajda (2001) Energy Use of Single Family Houses with Various Exterior Walls, Construction Technology Laboratories Inc.

    64. ^ "Features and Usage of Foam Concrete". 

    65. ^ Mullapudi, T.R.S., Gao, D., and Ayoub, A.S., “Nondestructive Evaluation of Carbon-Nanofiber Concrete,” Magazine of Concrete Research, ICE, V. 65 (18), 2013, pp. 1081-1091.

    66. ^ Unreinforced Masonry Buildings and Earthquakes: Developing Successful Risk Reduction Programs, FEMA P-774 / October 2009

    67. ^ Seismic Retrofit Design Of Historic Century-Old School Buildings In Istanbul, Turkey, C.C. Simsir, A. Jain, G.C. Hart, and M.P. Levy, The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 12–17 October 2008, Beijing, China

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    72. ^ Self-Healing Concrete: Research Yields Cost-Effective System to Extend Life of Structures May 25, 2010

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    77. ^ "Concrete Pumping to 715 m Vertical – A New World Record Parbati Hydroelectric Project Inclined Pressure Shaft Himachal Pradesh – A case Study". The Masterbuilder. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 

    78. ^ "SCHWING Stetter Launches New Truck mounted Concrete Pump S-36". NBM&CW (New Building Materials and Construction World). October 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 

    79. ^ "Concrete Supplier for Landmark Tower". 

    80. ^ "The world record Concrete Supplier for Landmark Tower Unibeton Ready Mix". 

    81. ^ Al Habtoor Engineering – Abu Dhabi – Landmark Tower has a record-breaking pour – September/October 2007, Page 7.

    82. ^ National Geographic Channel International / Caroline Anstey (2005), Megastructures: Petronas Twin Towers

    83. ^ "Continuous cast: Exxcel Contract Management oversees record concrete pour". US Concrete Products. 1 March 1998. Retrieved 25 August 2009. 

    84. ^ Exxcel Project Management – Design Build, General Contractors. Exxcel.com. Retrieved on 2013-02-19.

    85. ^ Contractors Prepare to Set Gates to Close New Orleans Storm Surge Barrier May 12, 2011

Bibliography[edit]

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