VOLUME TWO (VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL, TRADE SCHOOL)
DINASZTIA PUBLISHING COMPANY - BUDAPEST, 2000
FRAMEWORK CURRICULA FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION
(Vocational secondary school, trade school)
FRAMEWORK CURRICULA FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION
VOLUME TWO (VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL, TRADE SCHOOL)
ISBN 963 657 318 2
Issued by the Ministry of Education
Responsible editor: László Környei
Publisher in charge commissioned by the Ministry of Education:
Dinasztia Kiadó-ház Rt.
1124 Budapest, Erzsébet királyné útja 36/b. Telephone number: 36-1-2524772, 36-1-363-0899
Responsible executive is the general manager of the publishing company.
The publisher has earned an ISO 9002 quality assurance certificate
Printed in Grafika-Typopress Nyomda
1147 Budapest, kerékgyártó u. 47-49. Telephone number: 36-1-2515335, 36-1-2517700
Responsible executive is the general manager of the publishing company.
The publisher has earned an ISO 9002 quality assurance certificate
The text of the Decree on the Issue, introduction and application of framework curricula as approved by the Minister of Education
Based on the authorisation contained by Section 94.1 (a) of Act LXXIX of 1993 on Public Education, and the subsequent amendments thereof (hereinafter referred to as the Public Education Act), and in agreement with the Minister of Finance, with regard to the provisions of Section 15 (1), I hereby decree following:
Without reference to the sponsor of the institution, the scope of this Decree shall include the following:
skilled worker training schools and trade schools (hereinafter referred to as ‘trade schools’);
grammar schools, vocational secondary schools (hereinafter grammar schools and professional schools together are referred to as ‘secondary schools’, trade schools and vocational secondary schools are referred to as ‘vocational schools’; schools listed under points (a) through (c) are referred to as ‘schools’);
students’ parents or legal guardians (hereinafter referred to as ‘parents’).
With respect to the development of the Local Curriculum as part of the school’s educational programme, as defined in Section 45.2 of the Public Education Act, the Framework Curricula issued as Appendix 1 to this Decree shall be applied as follows:
primary schools must apply the Decree for the first phase of elementary education starting in year one and ending in year four of education, the second phase of elementary education starting in year five and ending in year eight of education;
trade schools and secondary schools must apply the Decree for years nine, ten, eleven and twelve of education, i.e. secondary level education;
grammar schools with six or eight year provision must apply the Decree for the second phase of elementary education starting in year five and ending in year eight of education, as well as for secondary education;
and the Decree shall be also applicable by schools providing adult education within the school system.
For the preparation of the local curriculum, vocational schools must also consider courses in career guidance, professional preparatory courses, professional guidance and introduction to groups of professions, which will be published on 31 December 2000 as part of the Framework Curricula.
Standard schools must prepare their local curricula by using the Framework Curricula listed in paragraph 1 herein and observing the provisions of Section 48.3 of the Public Education Act and the provisions contained herein.
The following must also be considered for the development of a local curriculum:
schools involved in provision for national and ethnic minorities must consider the guidelines for national and ethnic minority provision;
bilingual schools must consider the guidelines for bilingual provision;
schools involved in provision for the disabled must consider the guidelines for disabled provision;
secondary schools must consider the requirements of the secondary school leaving examination;
Vocational schools must consider the central programme.
The Framework Curricula and the subject modules of national and ethnic minority provision (teaching the mother tongue, literature and civilisation) and the lesson plans prepared with reference to Section 11.9 will be published continuously until 31 December 2000.
In terms of the school’s educational and organisational tasks a class may be
planned within the time frame defined in Section 52.3 of the Public Education Act
(aa) with the purpose of teaching the contents of a subject or module identified in the Framework Curriculum;
(ab) with the purpose of teaching some material identified within the school’s local curriculum but not required specifically by the Framework Curricula.
[(hereinafter referred to as ‘classes outside the framework curricula); classes under (a) are referred to as ‘compulsory classes’];
a non-compulsory class organised within the time frame defined in Section 52.7 of the Public Education Act.
In order to activate and motivate students classes may be organised in ways other than the conventional method, provided that the transmission of the prescribed content and the fulfilment of the requirements are ensured. Examples to this approach are the project method, school in the forest, museum sessions, library sessions, and classes combined with an art show or exhibition.
The classes outside the framework curricula are for the purpose of applying previously acquired knowledge, developing skills and abilities, acquiring additional knowledge, skills and abilities, and teaching the material of subjects identified in the school’s local curriculum, but not included in the Framework Curriculum.
Unless provided for otherwise in the guidelines for national and ethnic minority provision, within the framework of provision for national and ethnic minorities, classes organised within the time frame defined in Section 52.4 of the Public Education Act may be incorporated into the local curriculum as classes outside the Framework Curricula. In case of provision for the disabled habilitation and rehabilitation sessions with medical and pedagogical purposes organised within the time frame defined in Section 52.6 of the Public Education Act may be incorporated into the local curriculum as classes outside the Framework Curricula.
Within the local curriculum the unused proportion of the time prescribed by the Framework Curricula for the specific purpose of
professional guidance, introduction to groups of professions
may be used for classes outside the Framework Curricula by trade schools and vocational secondary schools, respectively.
If a school organises provision for mixed classes in accordance with point 4 Chapter II of Appendix 3 of the Public Education Act, classes must be incorporated into the local curriculum by considering the specific nature of teaching mixed classes, specifying the proportion of teaching time in segregated groups.
If the school organises provision in a full day format (boarding school style), the local curriculum must include teaching tasks required by interlocking the activities of regular classes and afternoon sessions in the day-care facility.
Non-compulsory classes organised within the time frame defined in Section 52.7 of the Public Education Act may be the following:
in years one through four of education: classes to cover the syllabi of specific skills subjects identified in Section 121.1 (17) of the Public Education Act, classes to facilitate the acquisition and practice of artistic activities, sports and crafts, classes devoted for health, and classes directly related to national and ethnic provision or bilingual provision;
in years one through three of education: classes used for foreign language teaching;
in years five through eight of education: classes used for teaching the syllabi of subjects listed under the above points (a) and (b), subjects not included in the Framework Curriculum, and advanced level provision;
in years nine through twelve of education: classes used for subjects listed under the above point (c), as well as lessons used for the teaching of public skills and classes preparing for employment at grammar schools.
In years one through three of education classes used for foreign language teaching may only be organised by using the time allocated for non-compulsory classes.
As a response to students’ intentions regarding continuing education, advanced level provision built around special syllabi and special requirements organised for groups of students may be incorporated into the Local Curriculum as a compulsory or non-compulsory class.
Advanced provision may be arranged for the teaching of a particular subject or an integrated subject.
Provision is considered to be advanced level, if the content of a subject or integrated subject identified within the Framework Curriculum is taught
by setting higher requirements than the ones specified in the Framework Curriculum, and supplemented with material containing additional informational;
using at least 50 percent more average annual teaching time, than the number of lessons required by the Framework Curriculum with respect to that particular subject or the subjects involved in case of integrated subjects. In case of foreign languages an additional requirement is that advanced provision must be organised by dividing the class into smaller groups. Division is not required though, if class size is below 50 percent of the maximum size specified in the Public Education Act.
In terms of student attendance a class may be
Compulsory classes are aimed at the acquisition of the content and the fulfilment of the requirements of subjects and modules identified in the Framework Curriculum, and acquisition of the content and the fulfilment of the requirements of the material identified in the local curriculum, which is not bound by the constraints of the Framework Curriculum.
If a school develops its local curriculum in accordance with the provisions of Section 3.6 contained herein, the local curriculum must specify optional courses students can choose from, and the number of courses to be chosen.
If a student was admitted to a non-compulsory course upon his or her request, the student must attend the classes where the course is taught until the end of the academic year or until the end of the course, whichever is earlier, provided that this fact has been communicated to the student and the parents of minors via the school bulletin, if any, or the locally used form of communication, in writing, before the student applies for a non-compulsory course.
Except as specified in paragraph (3) herein, if the material and the requirements identified in the school’s local curriculum can only be acquired or fulfilled by taking non-compulsory courses, school registration at the school shall also mean that the enrolled student has agreed to take non-compulsory courses, provided that the school provides written information thereof for students and the parents of minors before registration.
Schools with compulsory admission and schools involved in minority provision must ensure that those who do not wish to take non-compulsory courses may also begin or continue their studies.
Every school must make a survey on how many students do not want to take non-compulsory courses, specifying the courses in question, every year by 20 May. If a student do not wish to take a non-compulsory course in the subsequent school year, or wishes to register for a non-compulsory course, a written announcement must be made by the student or, in case of minors, by the student’s parent to communicate the student’s intentions.
In years one and two of education, students may not have more than five periods a day including compulsory or non-compulsory classes alike.
The weekly total of student hours including compulsory and non-compulsory classes may not exceed the time allocated to compulsory classes in the requirements of Sections 52.3 through 52.5 of the Public Education Act by more than a maximum of two hours in years one through six of education, a maximum of three hours in years seven through twelve of education. In national and ethnic minority provision and bilingual provision, the limit is four hours in years one through eight of education and a maximum of five hours in years nine through twelve of education.
For the application of the above Section 8.2, the time allocated to physical education beyond the compulsory hours specified in the Framework Curriculum, afternoon sessions in case of all-day provision (day-care facility), and religious education provided by schools sponsored by others than the state or the local government pursuant to Section 81.1 (a) of the Public Education Act, may be left out of consideration.
For the application of the above Section 8.2, the time allocated to habilitation and rehabilitation courses organised with medical and pedagogical purposes pursuant to Section 52.6 of the Public Education Act, individual sessions under Section 52.10 of the Public Education Act, and extra-curricular activities organised pursuant to Sections 53.1 through 53.5 of the Public Education Act, may be left out of consideration.
Every year, by 15 March, the head of the school shall prepare and publish a brochure with the list of subjects students may choose from, which, in case of secondary schools, must include information on the level of instruction. The brochure must also include the names of teachers who are expected to teach the various subjects. Before the approval of the brochure the School Board and the school’s student self-government must be consulted.
Students may submit their choice of subject and level of instruction by 20 May. Students who start a new school or change school, and therefore are unable to exercise their right of choice, should discuss their intentions with the head of the secondary school or the teacher appointed by the head of the school before the applications for admission are judged.
With the permission of the head of the school students may change their choice. Students must be informed of this right in writing.
In case of minors, a parent must exercise the right of choosing subjects. As of the year that the child turns 14, parents may exercise said right together with the child, provided the child is not incapable.
Procedural issues in connection with the selection of subjects and the modification of the selection are governed by the rules of the school.
Provisions for the development of the local curriculum
Unless provided for to the contrary herein, the local curriculum of a school must contain the subjects and modules specified by the Framework Curriculum with respect to the various grades, as well as the time requirement expressed in the number of teaching hours. The annual teaching hour requirement specified by the Framework Curriculum must be fulfilled by the end of a given school year, unless provided for to the contrary herein.
Unless provided for to the contrary herein, the local curriculum of a school must also contain content of the subjects and modules specified by the Framework Curriculum as defined for the various years of education.
The local curriculum may specify that the content of a particular module must be taught differently from what is specified in the Framework Curriculum, i.e. by integrating subjects in a way that the number of teaching hours required with respect to the given module must be added to the teaching hours of the integrating subject.
Integrated subjects may be the integration of subjects, or the integration of subjects and modules required to be taught by the local curriculum or the Framework Curriculum. Integration means incorporating the contents specified in the Framework Curriculum into one subject (hereinafter referred to as ‘integrated subject’), which is taught in a number of hours equal with the total of the teaching hours of the incorporated subjects or modules, as specified in the framework Curriculum, unless provided for to the contrary herein. Integrated subjects may also be created by the integration of classes outside the Framework Curriculum.
A school’s Local Curriculum must include the promotion of healthy lifestyle, health protection as part of the educational activities of the teacher who has the main responsibility for the class. The time allocated to these classes must not be less than ten teaching hours per grade in years five through twelve of education.
In years eleven and twelve of education, a secondary schools’ local curriculum must provide students with an opportunity to prepare for the school leaving examination by learning the compulsory subjects on an advanced level, if they wish to. Also an opportunity must be provided for preparing for the school leaving examination and the start of higher education in every subject which are specified as compulsory subjects in years nine through twelve by the Framework Curriculum. Secondary schools may arrange this in co-operation based on mutual agreements.
A trade school’s local curriculum must include at least 222 teaching hours per year and per vocational class allocated to the teaching of the foundations of general education. Within that a yearly 37 teaching hours must be allocated to the module ‘Social Studies and Ethics’. The content of this module is identical with the content of the ‘Social Studies and Ethics’ module in the Framework Curriculum for vocational secondary schools.
The Framework Curriculum for vocational secondary schools should only specify the overall time requirement for the teaching of physics, geography, biology, chemistry and information technology. The number of teaching hours with respect to the individual subjects must be identified in the local curriculum making sure that at least 111 teaching hours per subject must be allocated to physics, chemistry, geography and biology in years nine and ten of education.
With respect to the teaching of physics, geography, biology, chemistry and information technology vocational secondary schools must in their local curriculum specify which subject will remain compulsory in years eleven and twelve of education. This also means that the school provides preparation for the school leaving examination in this subject. In years eleven and twelve of education, the time required for the teaching of the above subjects must be used accordingly.
Within two subsequent even and odd grades a school may in its local curriculum rearrange the prescribed material and the number of hours required for the teaching of the various subjects, if the classes allocated for the subjects established in the Framework Curriculum and the material and requirements of the years in question are incorporated into the teaching plan of the given group of students for the two-year period.
In its local curriculum a school may decrease the number of yearly teaching hours allocated to an integrated subject pursuant to Section 10.4 herein on the basis of the teaching time requirements of the Framework Curriculum by a maximum of ten percent, if such decrease does not make it impossible to pass on the required content and the fulfilment of the prescribed requirements. The extra time created by integrating subjects, if any, must be used for the teaching of another subject in accordance with the local curriculum.
With respect to years and languages, a secondary school may in its Local Curriculum rearrange the prescribed material and the number of hours required for the teaching of foreign languages by allocating more teaching hours to one foreign language and less or none to the other foreign language in one year or years, provided that by the end of he last year of education, the entire material of both foreign languages is passed on by eventually teaching the number of hours specified in the Framework Curriculum, and all the requirements are met.
With respect to grades one through four, primary schools’ local curricula may include a departure from the provisions of Sections 10.1 and 10.2 herein, in a way that it is possible not to finish the teaching of the material specified for a given school year by the end of the school year, provided that by the end of grade one the entire material prescribed for all the subjects are passed on and all the requirements are met.
In grades one and two of primary school the number of compulsory classes may be decreased by one, if - pursuant to Section 121.1 (26) - the available teaching time is less than hundred percent of the time frame specified with respect to the work schedule of day-school provision.
With respect to years eleven and twelve of education, secondary schools may in their local curriculum allocate one hour of the teaching time prescribed for certain subjects to another subject, if the weekly teaching time of the subject affected by the decrease as specified in the Framework Curriculum reaches three hours, and the decrease does not make it impossible to pass on the required content and the fulfilment of the prescribed requirements.
A secondary school may in its local curriculum rearrange the prescribed material and the number of hours required for the teaching of information technology and library studies, music, drawing and visual arts, dance and drama in years nine through twelve of education, provided that the provisions contained herein are observed. This might be achieved by decreasing or increasing the available number of classes outside the Framework Curriculum in the various grades.
The local curriculum of a six or eight year grammar school may include various parts of the content of history, Hungarian language and literature in grades other than the ones specified by the Framework Curriculum.
A school involved in national and ethnic minority provision may in its local curriculum:
allocate 37 teaching hours of the time required for the teaching of specific skills subjects to the teaching of minority language and literature or civilisation;
in case of minority provision in the mother tongue or bilingual rearrange the prescribed material and the number of hours required for the teaching of Hungarian language and literature, the mother tongue (minority language) and minority literature with respect to languages and grades, provided that during the four years of provision, altogether 740 teaching hours are reserved for the teaching of the minority language and literature and Hungarian language and literature each, and the entire material prescribed for both the subjects are passed on and all the requirements are met by the end of grade four;
in years four through eight of education, the teaching hours available for foreign language teaching, and the teaching hours available for the teaching of the second foreign language in years nine through thirteen of education may be partly or fully reallocated to the teaching of the minority language;
in case of Roma minority provision, if the minority language is not taught, a maximum of four teaching hours per week may be removed from any subject and one teaching hour per week may be allocated to any other subject each with the purpose of remedial teaching or promoting talents.
A trade school or vocational secondary school preparing students for an arts or professional examination may in its Local Curriculum allocate one teaching hour per week from the prescribed teaching hours of any specific skills subject or science to the teaching of arts.
Permitted departures from the Framework Curriculum
A curriculum which includes a departure from the Framework Curriculum other than the ones specified in Sections 2.2 through 2.5, Sections 3.2 through 3.7 and Section 11 herein, may be incorporated into a school’s educational programme, if it has been approved under the procedure identified in Appendix 2 of this Decree, and the National Centre for Assessment and Examination in Public Education (hereinafter referred to as ‘Examination Centre’) issued an official document to permit its application (hereinafter referred to as ‘application permit’).
The procedure specified in the foregoing paragraph (1) examines whether the Local Curriculum in question complies with the provisions of the Public education Act, whether it is suitable for underpinning a planned educational process, and whether it contains the objectives, content, requirements, major methods and tools of education.
The application permit procedure may be initiated by those who developed the curriculum, subject or subjects to be approved.
The application for the application permit and the attachments thereof must be filed with the Examination Centre.
Curricula and subjects with application permit may be incorporated into a school’s educational programme, if it has obtained a permit from the Examination Centre under the procedure identified in Appendix 2 of this Decree (hereinafter referred to as ‘introduction permit’). If a school uses a curriculum or subject with application permit, the parents and students over eleven years of age must be informed of this circumstance in writing.
The issuance of an introduction permit may be requested by the school which intends to incorporate a curriculum or subject with an application permit into its educational programme. The application for the introduction permit and the attachments thereof must be filed with the Examination Centre.
The permit procedure is to examine whether the specific conditions necessary for the introduction of a curriculum or subject with application permit are ensured, as specified by the curriculum register.
Requests for application permits and introduction permits may be judged under a single procedure leading to one decision on the issue of both permits, if the applications are filed together, by the same applicant.
The Examination Centre keeps a register of the curricula and subjects which have received an application permit (hereinafter referred to as ‘curriculum register’). Permits issued up to the end of the preceding year must be added to the register by 31 January every year. The curriculum register and its amendments as well as the complete register updated at least every three year must be published in the official bulletin issued by the Ministry of Education.
The curriculum register includes the following information: name and objective of curriculum / subject, the number of the application permit, the name and address of the developer, the type of school where the curriculum/subject may be applied, a short description of thematic requirements and the specific conditions of introduction.
In accordance with the provisions of Appendix 2, the Curriculum Committee established by the National Public Education Council for this specific purpose takes part in the pre-decision work of the Examination Centre. The Curriculum Committee employs an expert for this work.
Experts must be selected from the National Experts’ Register or must hold an academic degree in the field in question, and participate in the training organised by the Examination Centre to prepare participants for evaluation work.
Whoever initiates a procedure in connection with the issue of the permits regulated in Sections 12 and 13, must pay a fee for the procedure. The fee to be charged is specified in Appendix 3 of this Decree.
The fee established herein must be paid in cash to the account of the Examination Centre (account no.: 10032000-00282637) managed by the Hungarian Treasury.
The fees paid into the above-mentioned account shall be the income of the Examination Centre, and an agreed part of this income must be transferred to the Ministry of Education. The collected fees shall be handled and recorded pursuant to the provisions of Government Decree 217/1998. (XII.30.) on the management of public accounts.
If the application is withdrawn, the paid fee may be reclaimed until the decision is issued. Reclaimed fees - reduced by the costs incurred in connection with the matter in question - must be refunded.
The collected fees may be used to cover the expenses related to the duties performed by the Examination Centre and the Ministry of Education in connection with the issue of permits identified herein and other controls, including personnel and material expenses.
The procedures governed by this Decree must apply the provisions contained by the Act IV of 1957 on the general rules of administrative procedures.
The development of new Framework Curricula shall be subject to the decision of the Minister of Education.
This Decree shall take effect on the eighth day following its proclamation.
The obligation of fee payment as per Section 15 (1) shall only be applicable for procedures initiated after this Decree has taken effect.
The provisions for students’ selection of subjects may be applied after the Local Curriculum has been introduced.
The schools which have developed Local Curricula based on the Minister’s permit - to introduce a unique approach or experiment - may apply these Local Curricula without application and introduction permit until 1 September 2003.
With this Decree coming into force
the following paragraph (6) shall be added to Section 21 of Decree 11/1994. (VI.8.) on the operation of educational institutions issued by the Ministry of Public Education (hereinafter referred to as ‘R’), and as a result the numbering of paragraphs (6) through (9) shall change to (7) through (10):
”(6) In grades one through four no student may be instructed to repeat a year or to pass a repeated examination on the grounds of poor performance in a foreign language”