Forest age category



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Online Appendix IV. Taxa with significant indicator values (Dufrêne & Legendre 1997) after FDR error correction (Benjamini & Hochberg 1995). Taxa with significant indicator values are marked with an asterisk. A line (—) in the genus or species column indicates that higher taxa had significant IVs, but none of the lower taxa did. Where significant IVs were found for multiple taxonomic levels, the P values shown are for the lowest taxon.



forest age category

family

genus

species

P

life form

clade


10-15 yrs

Asteraceae

Mikania

*vitifolia

0.024

liana

Asterid II




Asteraceae

*Vernonia

*patens

0.025

small tree

Asterid II




*Convolvulaceae

*Ipomoea

*philomega

0.017

liana

Asterid I




Dilleniaceae

*Davilla

*nitida

0.043

liana

core Eudicot




Hypericaceae

Vismia

*macrophylla

0.008

canopy tree

Rosid I




Malvaceae

Hampea

*appendiculata

0.049

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Melastomataceae

*Miconia

*elata

0.005

small tree

Rosid I




*Passifloraceae

*Passiflora



0.037

lianas

Rosid I




*Rhamnaceae

*Gouania

*lupuloides

0.003

liana

Rosid I




Rubiaceae

*Palicourea

*guianensis

0.015

shrub

Asterid I




Urticaceae

*Cecropia

*obtusifolia

0.001

canopy tree

Rosid I

16-20 yrs

Heliconiaceae

Heliconia

*pogonantha

0.023

giant herb

Monocot




Malvaceae

Goethalsia

*meiantha

0.049

canopy tree

Rosid II




Melastomataceae

Miconia

*affinis

0.036

small tree

Rosid




*Piperaceae

*Piper



0.021

shrubs, lianas

Magnoliid




*Vitaceae

*Cissus



0.018

lianas

basal Rosid

21-30 yrs

Asteraceae

*Piptocarpha

*poeppigiana

0.021

liana

Asterid II




Malvaceae

*Luehea

*seemannii

0.041

canopy tree

Rosid II




Nyctaginaceae

Neea

*laetevirens

0.032

small tree

core Eudicot




Salicaceae

Casearia

*commersoniana

0.029

small tree

Rosid I

31-44 yrs

Annonaceae

*Unonopsis



0.031

trees

Magnoliid




Bignoniaceae

*Callichlamys

*latifolia

0.003

liana

Asterid I




*Boraginaceae

*Cordia

*dwyeri

0.020

canopy tree

Asterid I




Burseraceae

Protium

*glabrum

0.029

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Celastraceae

*Salacia

*multiflora

0.039

liana

Rosid I




*Clethraceae

*Clethra

*costaricensis

0.031

canopy tree

basal Asterid




*Connaraceae

*Connarus

*costaricensis

0.004

liana

Rosid I




Dichapetalaceae

*Dichapetalum

*nervatum

0.017

liana

Rosid I




Euphorbiaceae

*Conceveiba

*pleiostemona

0.002

canopy tree

Rosid I




Fabaceae

Inga

*acuminata

0.035

canopy tree

Rosid I




Fabaceae

Inga

*alba

0.010

canopy tree

Rosid I




Lauraceae

Ocotea

*laetevirens

0.003

canopy tree

Magnoliid




Lauraceae

Ocotea

*leucoxylon

0.026

small tree

Magnoliid




Moraceae

*Maquira

*guianensis

0.010

small tree

Rosid I




Myrsinaceae

*Parathesis

*trichogyne

0.037

small tree

Rosid I




*Olacaceae

*Minquartia

*guianensis

0.001

canopy tree

core Eudicot




Rubiaceae

Psychotria

*panamensis

0.009

small tree

Asterid I




Salicaceae

*Laetia

*procera

0.001

canopy tree

Rosid I




Sapindaceae

Paullinia

*ingifolia

0.043

liana

Rosid II




Smilacaceae

Smilax

*vanilliodora

0.031

liana

Monocot




*Ulmaceae

*Ampelocera

*macrocarpa

0.038

canopy tree

Rosid I




Urticaceae

*Pourouma

*bicolor

0.002

canopy tree

Rosid I

old growth

Anacardiaceae

*Tapirira

*guianensis

0.045

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Arecaceae

*Asterogyne

*martiana

0.005

understory palm

Monocot




*Arecaceae

*Cryosophila

*warscewiczii

0.012

palm

Monocot




*Arecaceae

*Geonoma

*congesta

0.014

understory palm

Monocot




*Arecaceae

*Iriartea

*deltoidea

0.002

palm

Monocot




*Arecaceae

*Pholidostachys

*pulchra

0.003

understory palm

Monocot




*Arecaceae

*Welfia

*regia

0.001

palm

Monocot




Bignoniaceae

Arrabidaea

*florida

0.025

liana

Asterid I




Brassicaceae

*Capparis

*pittieri

0.011

small tree

Rosid II




*Burseraceae

*Protium

*confusum

0.014

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Burseraceae

*Protium

*pittieri

0.006

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Chrysobalanaceae

*Couepia

*polyandra

0.027

canopy tree

Rosid II




*Chrysobalanaceae

*Hirtella



0.045

trees

Rosid II




*Clusiaceae

*Calophyllum



0.026

trees

Rosid I




*Clusiaceae

*Dystovomita

*paniculata

0.009

canopy tree

Rosid I




*Clusiaceae

*Garcinia

*intermedia

0.030

canopy tree

Rosid I




*Dichapetalaceae





0.034

lianas, trees

Rosid I




*Elaeocarpaceae

*Sloanea



0.005

trees

Rosid I




Fabaceae

*Swartzia

*sp. A

0.001

small tree

Rosid I




*Lecythidaceae

*Eschweilera

*longirachis

0.026

small tree

basal Asterid




Melastomataceae

*Henriettella

*tuberculosa

0.020

small tree

Rosid




Melastomataceae

Miconia

*dorsiloba

0.005

small tree

Rosid




*Meliaceae

*Guarea

*rhopalocarpa

0.019

canopy tree

Rosid II




Moraceae

*Brosimum



0.035

trees

Rosid I




Moraceae

*Naucleopsis

*naga

0.002

canopy tree

Rosid I




Myrtaceae

*Eugenia



0.005

trees

basal Rosid




Olacaceae

*Heisteria

*scandens

0.020

liana

core Eudicot




*Polygalaceae

*Moutabea

*gentryi

0.001

liana

Rosid I




Polygonaceae

Coccoloba

*sp. A

0.024

liana

core Eudicot




Rubiaceae

*Alibertia

*atlantica

0.008

small tree

Asterid I




Rubiaceae

*Faramea

*multiflora

0.001

small tree

Asterid I




Rubiaceae

*Coussarea



0.012

trees and shrubs

Asterid I




*Sabiaceae

*Meliosma

*donnell-smithii

0.019

canopy tree

Eudicot




*Sapotaceae

Chrysophyllum

*venezuelanense

0.019

canopy tree

Asterid




*Sapotaceae

*Pouteria

*calistophylla

0.011

canopy tree

Asterid

Literature cited:



Benjamini, Y. & Hochberg, R. 1995 Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. J. Roy. Stat. Soc. B 57, 289–300. (DOI 10.2307/2346101)

Dufrêne, M. & Legendre, P. 1997 Species assemblages and indicator species: the need for a flexible asymmetric approach. Ecol. Monogr. 67, 345–366. (doi: 10.1890/0012-9615(1997)067[0345:SAAIST]2.0.CO;2)


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