Folk dance in India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Folk dance in India



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Folk dance in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Folk dance in India is a term broadly used to describe all forms of folk and tribal dances in regions across India. While Indian classical dance is considered a higher form of art and was practiced in courts, temples and on special occasions, folk dance forms are practiced in groups in rural areas as an expression of their daily work and rituals. They are performed on religious or seasonal festivals. Some of the popular folk dances that are performed across villages and cities are Bhangra, Garba, Kalbelia and Bihu. [1]

Distribution


Main article: List of Indian folk dances

The state-wise distribution of folk dances are given below.[2]



  • Andhra Pradesh: Veethi Natakam, Burrakatha.

  • Assam: Ankiya Nat, Kirtania Natak, Ojapali,Bihu

  • Bihar: Bidesia, Senkela Chhau, Jat-Jatni Bidpada, Ramkhelia.

  • Gujarat : Bhavai.

  • Haryana : Swang, Naqqal

  • Himachal Pradesh : Kariyala, Bhagat, Ras Ihanld, Harnatra Haran or Harin.

  • Jammu and Kashmir: Bhand Pathar or Bhand lashna, Vetal Dhamali.

  • Karnataka: Yakshagana, Bedara Vesha, Dollu Kunitha, Santa, Doddata-Bayalata, Tala Maddle or Prasang. Dasarata, Radhna.

  • Kerala: Kodiyattam, Mudiattam Therayattam, Chavittu Natakam, Chakiyar Kooth.

  • Madhya Pradesh: Maanch, Nacha.

  • Maharashtra: Tamasha, Lalit Bharud, Gondha, Dashavatar.

  • Orissa: Pala Jtra, Daskathia, Mayurbhanj Chhau, Mangal Ras, Sowang.

  • Punjab: Nautanki, Naqqal, Swang.

  • Rajasthan: Khyal, Rasdhari, Rammat, Turra Kilangi, Gauri, Nautanki, Ihamtara.

  • Tamil Nadu: Therukuttu, Veethi Natakam, Bhagwat Mela Natakam, Kurvaanji, Pagal Vasham, Kavadi Chindu.

  • Uttar Pradesh: Ram Leela, Ras Leela, Nautanki, Bhagat, Sang-Swang, Naqqual.

  • Goa, Daman and Diu : Dashavatar, Tiyatra.

See also


  • List of ethnic, regional, and folk dances in India

  • List of Indian folk dances

References


    1. Hoiberg, Dale (2000). Students' Britannica India, Volume 2. Popular Prakashans. p. 392.

    2. Gupta, Oma (2005). Advertising in India: Trends and Impact. India: Kalpaz Publications. pp. 146–147. ISBN 81-7835-308-3.


List of Indian folk dances

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Main article: Dance in India

Indian folk and tribal dances are simple dances, and are performed to express joy. Folk and tribal dances are performed for every possible occasion, to celebrate the arrival of seasons, birth of a child, a wedding and festivals. The dances are extremely simple with minimum of steps or movement. The dances burst with verve and vitality. Men and women perform some dances exclusively, while in some performances men and women dance together. On most occasions, the dancers sing themselves, while being accompanied by artists on the instruments. Each form of dance has a specific costume. Most costumes are flamboyant with extensive jewels. While there are numerous ancient folk and tribal dances, many are constantly being improved. The skill and the imagination of the dances influence the performance.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands


The dance of the Nicobarese — the fascinating tribal group on the island of Car Nicobar — is performed during the Ossuary Feast or the Pig Festival. Dedicated to the departed head of the family, the occasion is observed with night-long dancing in the full moonlight under the swaying palms. The dancers dressed in coconut fronds step gracefully in time to traditional songs. Feasting and good food followed by a pig fight in the morning are other highlights of the celebration.

Andhra Pradesh

Kollattam


Kollattam or "the stick dance", is one of the most popular dance narratives in Andhra Pradesh. It is also called as Kolannalu or Kolkolannalu. It's a rural art usually performed during village festivals. It is a combination of rhythmic movements, songs and music. The Kolatam group comprises dancers ranging from 8 to 40 where they are grouped in pairs. The sticks provides the main rhythm. The dancers are led by the leader and move about in two circles. The inner circle receive the strikes on their sticks from the artists in the outer circle that deliver them. Kolattam is also called Kolanna in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh state.

Kuchipudi


Kuchipudi is the dance form started in Andhra Pradesh in a village called Kuchipudi.

Arunachal Pradesh

Bardo Chham


A folk dance of Sherdukpens, a small community of West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, Bardo Chham depicts the victory of good over evil. The dance has an interesting background. According to the local beliefs, forces - both good and evil, rule mankind. The folks believe that in one year, twelve different types of stupid things, representing evil forces, appear each month and get together. The sherdukpens mask themselves representing the different animals and dance to the accompaniment of drums and cymbals as an act of fighting the evil forces.

Assam


Assam is very rich in culture. It has so many traditional dance, music etc. The most important folk dances are listed below.

Bihu dance


The Bihu dance is a folk dance from the Indian state of Assam related to the festival of Bihu. This joyous dance is performed by both young men and women, and is characterized by brisk dance steps,and rapid hand movement. Dancers wear traditionally colorful Assamese clothing. Dhol(Drum),Pepa(Horn),Gagana are the musical instrument used in this dance.

Jhumur Nach of Tea Garden workers


The tea garden workers of Assam have developed a synthesised form of dance called "Jumur Nach". This dance is performed by girls and boys together, sometimes by the girls alone, with accuracy of foot work while clasping tightly each other's waist. This dance is performed in the music of a beating drum like instrument called 'Madal'.This is a very beautiful dance. A visitor to any tea garden can easily see this dance.[1]

Bagurumba of Bodo Community


Bagurumba dance is very attractive. This dance is generally a formation dance with slow steps and outstretched hands. This dance is performed by girls alone. Girls dressed in traditional colourful Bodo attire perform this dance in Bodo traditional musical instruments. This dance can be seen in the Bodo land areas of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Nalbari, Darrang and Sonitpur districts.[2][3]

Ali Ai Ligang of Mishing Community


Ali ai ligang is a festival of Mishing community of Assam. In this festival they perform this dance for making an offering to their deities. This dance can be seen in the north eastern part of Assam.[4]
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