First aid for dental emergencies



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FIRST AID FOR DENTAL EMERGENCIES


TOOTH ACHE
Clean area of the affected tooth thoroughly. Rinse the mouth vigorously with warm water or use dental floss to dislodge impacted food or debris. DO NOT place aspirin on the gum or an aching tooth. If face is swollen take the patient to the dentist IMMEDIATELY.
CUT OR BITTEN TONGUE,

LIP OR CHEEK


Apply ice to bruised areas. If there is Bleeding apply firm but gentle pressure with gauze or cloth. If the cut is large or deep, or if the bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes take the patient to the hospital emergency room.
KNOCKED OUT PERMANENT TOOTH


  1. REMAIN CALM

  2. QUICK ACTION

  3. KEEP MOIST

  4. SEE DENTIST

You may rinse the tooth for 10 seconds but do not scrub or handle the tooth unnecessarily. Inspect the tooth for fractures, if it is sound try to reinsert it in its socket IMMEDIATELY. Have the patient hold the tooth in place by biting on gauze. If you cannot reinsert the tooth transport the tooth in a cup containing water or milk. The tooth may also be carried in the patient’s mouth. The patient must see a dentist IMMEDIATELY! TIME IS A CRITICAL FACTOR IN SAVING A TOOTH.
BROKEN TOOTH
Rinse dirt from injured area with warm water. Place cold compress over the face in the area of the injury. IMMEDIATE dental attention is necessary.
OTHER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS POSSIBLE FRACTURED JAW
If a fractured jaw is suspected try to immobilize the jaw by using a towel, tie or handkerchief and take the patient to the nearest emergency room.
BLEEDING AFTER A BABY TOOTH FALLS OUT
Fold and pack clean gauze over the bleeding area. Have the patient bite on the gauze with pressure for 15 minutes. This may be repeated once. If bleeding persists see a dentist.
COLD / CANKER SORES
Many patients occasionally suffer from “cold or canker” sores. Usually over the counter preparations give symptomatic relief. Because many serious systematic and oral diseases mimic or begin as sores it is important to have a dental evaluation if the sores persist.
IN CASE OF A DENTAL EMERGENCY CONTACT
Dentist __________________________
Address _________________________
Phone __________________________



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