Exodus 28 I. Garments of the Priest

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Exodus 28

I. Garments of the Priest: God’s Sanctified Dress Code

  • Children of Israel in bondage for 400 years after Joseph and family arrive

  • Moses raised up as deliverer as God speaks from Burning Bush

  • Plagues of Egypt ending with Firstborn in Egypt dying

  • Pharaoh agrees to let people go

  • Children of Israel leave Egypt after 400+ years bondage

  • Led by Pillar of smoke by day/pillar of Fire by night

  • Passover instituted commemorating death Angel passing over the Blood

  • Red Sea: Children of Israel delivered/Pharaohs army destroyed

  • Manna from Heaven/Water from Rock: Still much complaining

  • Jethro: Moses Father-in-Law gives advice to delegate

  • Law given: 10 Commandments and others societal, ceremonial and moral laws

  • Chapter 25: God begins plans for the Sanctuary/Tabernacle/Tent; meeting place

  • Blueprints for Furnishings: Ark, Table of Showbread, Gold Lampstand, Bronze Altar of Burnt Offering

All to prepare/re-create sinful people to meet/have a relationship with a Holy God

  • Next a Mediator must be put in place:

    1. Represent people to God

    2. Represent God to the People

  • God speaking to Moses…

1 “Now take Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister to Me as priest, Aaron and Aaron’s sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

  • Priests that minister to God

    1. Moses brother Aaron

    2. Aaron’s sons: Nadab, Abihu [don’t get attached], Eleazar, and Ithamar

    3. Priesthood Inherited: Must be born into the priestly family

2 And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. 3 So you shall speak to all who are gifted artisans, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments, to consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest.

  • Holy Garments for the High Priest:

True Priests wore garments that reveal God’s Glory and Beauty

  • Priestly Garments: Picture of imputed righteousness

Zechariah 3:1 [Read] Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him.

  • Joshua: High Priest standing before

  • The Angel of the Lord: Jesus

  • Satan standing accusing Joshua…

2 And the Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?” 3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing before the Angel.

Lord rebukes Satan’s accusation of the High Priest standing in filthy garments

  • This is one I plucked from the fire!

4 Then [God] answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Take away the filthy garments from him.” And to him [God] said, “See, I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes.” 5 And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the Lord stood by.

  • High Priestly Garment: Glory and Beauty of imputed righteousness

Galatians 3:27 …as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

Romans 13:14 …put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.

Revelation 19:8 And to [the Bride of Christ] it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

  • Made by Gifted Artisans [Craftsman] Filled with Spirit of Wisdom:

Anything truly done for God’s Glory must be inspired, led, empowered and completed by the Holy Spirit [NJC]

    1. Made for the Consecration [Setting apart] Aaron to God

    2. Designed for Aarons ministry to God

Our first commitment to ministry must be to minister/bless to God Himself…then others [NJC]

Colorful Priestly Garments…for glory and for beauty.

  • Priests of today wear garments of black: Death

"Is then the dismal black, now worn by almost all kinds of priests and ministers, for glory and for beauty? Is it emblematic of anything that is good, glorious, or excellent? How unbecoming the glad tidings announced by Christian ministers is a color emblematical of nothing but mourning and woe, sin, desolation, and death!" [Clarke]

  • Specific Articles of Priestly Garment

4 And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a skillfully woven tunic, a turban, and a sash. So they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.

  • Garments of the Priest:

    1. Breastplate

    2. Ephod

    3. Robe

    4. Tunic

    5. Turban

    6. Sash: Detailed below…

II. Ephod of the Priest

5 “They [i.e. gifted craftsman] shall take the gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, 6 and they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, artistically worked.

  • Ephod of the Priest: Priesly Apron

  • Tightly [fine] woven linen by God-gifted artist

    1. Blue: Heavens; i.e. Jesus Deity…Word with God Word is God

    2. Scarlet: Blood; i.e. Jesus Humanity. Emptied self into likeness of man

    3. Purple: Mixture of Blue/Scarlet; Jesus God/Man. Word became flesh

    4. Gold: New Color speaks of Jesus as King: On Throne David eternally

7 [The Ephod] shall have two shoulder straps joined at its two edges, and so it shall be joined together. 8 And the intricately woven band of the ephod, which is on it, shall be of the same workmanship, made of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen.

  • Two shoulder straps and woven band of same colors: Blue, Scarlet, Purple and Gold

9 “Then you shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel [Jacob]: 10 …six of their names on one stone and six names on the other stone, in order of their birth. 11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall set them in settings of gold. 12 And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. So Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial. 13 You shall also make settings of gold, 14 and you shall make two chains of pure gold like braided cords, and fasten the braided chains to the settings.

  • Two stones on either side set in gold on the priests shoulders

  • Two chains of pure gold fastened to the gold settings of the two stones

  • Each of the two stones engraved with names of six tribes

  • 12 Tribes of Israel sons of Jacob in order of birth on Aaron’s shoulders:

    1. Reuben

    2. Simeon

    3. Levi

    4. Judah

    5. Dan

    6. Naphtali

    7. Gad

    8. Asher

    9. Issachar

    10. Zebulun

    11. Joseph

    12. Benjamin


  • Remember: Aaron’s First ministry is to God:

Exodus 28:12 … make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.

  • First ministry is to God:

    1. Praise

    2. Thanksgiving

2 Timothy 2:6 The hardworking farmer must be first to partake of the crops.

  • First service is to God. Second is to the people…

V 12 So Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial

  • Bearing the burden of God’s people on his shoulders…

Mark 12:30 …you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment. 31 And the second, like it, is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”

  • Loving: From least to most difficult

    1. Love God

    2. Love your brother: Fellow Christians

    3. Love your neighbor: Non-believer open to listening

    4. Love your enemy: Antagonistic to God, His message and you

  • High Priest: Offer sacrifice to God for the people

We are called priests and offering ourselves to God first

1 Peter 2:5 …you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

  • We are all priests called to offer sacrifice:

Romans 12:1 [Read] I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.

  • First: Offer ourselves [bodies] to God

    1. Eyes, Ears, Minds, Hearts, Hands, Feet

    2. Entire Body a Burnt Sacrifice: Keep ourselves pure

  • Secondly: As priests we are to bear each other’s burdens

Galatians 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 3 For if anyone thinks himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceives himself.

  • How do we bear each other burdens?

    1. Selfless Listening: Confess sins to one another. Encourage one another.

    2. Selfless Praying: Sacrifice of praying and interceding

    3. Selfless Giving: Meet needs when they are revealed to you. Don’t wait…

Proverbs 3:27 Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due, When it is in the power of your hand to do so. 28 Do not say to your neighbor, “Go, and come back, And tomorrow I will give it,” When you have it with you.

SUMMARY Ephod of the Priest: Bear burden of God’s people on their shoulders

  • First ministry was to the Lord/Second ministry was to people

III. Breastplate of the Priest

15 “You shall make the breastplate of judgment. Artistically woven according to the workmanship of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, you shall make it.

  • Ephod first article, Second article… Breastplate of the Priest:

    1. Same style and stringent workmanship of Ephod

    2. Worn over Ephod

    3. Same God-ordained Colors: Jesus deity, humanity, dual/nature, kingship

16 [The Breastplate] shall be doubled into a square: a span shall be its length, and a span shall be its width. 17 And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and an emerald; this shall be the first row; 18 the second row shall be a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond; 19 the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold settings. 21 And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name; they shall be according to the twelve tribes.
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