Aaron’s sons: Nadab, Abihu [don’t get attached], Eleazar, and Ithamar
Priesthood Inherited: Must be born into the priestly family
2 And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. 3 So you shall speak to all who are gifted artisans, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments, to consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest.
True Priests wore garments that reveal God’s Glory and Beauty
Priestly Garments: Picture of imputed righteousness
Zechariah 3:1 [Read] Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him.
Joshua: High Priest standing before
The Angel of the Lord: Jesus
Satan standing accusing Joshua…
2 And the Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! The Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?” 3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing before the Angel.
4 Then [God] answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Take away the filthy garments from him.” And to him [God] said, “See, I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes.” 5 And I said, “Let them put a clean turban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the Lord stood by.
High Priestly Garment: Glory and Beauty of imputed righteousness
Galatians 3:27 …as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
Romans 13:14 …put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.
Revelation 19:8 And to [the Bride of Christ] it was grantedto be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Made by Gifted Artisans [Craftsman] Filled with Spirit of Wisdom:
Anything truly done for God’s Glory must be inspired, led, empowered and completed by the Holy Spirit [NJC]
Made for the Consecration [Setting apart] Aaron to God
Designed for Aarons ministry to God
Our first commitment to ministry must be to minister/bless to God Himself…then others [NJC]
Colorful Priestly Garments…for glory and for beauty.
Priests of today wear garments of black: Death
"Is then the dismal black, now worn by almost all kinds of priests and ministers, for glory and for beauty? Is it emblematic of anything that is good, glorious, or excellent? How unbecoming the glad tidings announced by Christian ministers is a color emblematical of nothing but mourning and woe, sin, desolation, and death!" [Clarke]
Specific Articles of Priestly Garment
4 And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a skillfully woven tunic, a turban, and a sash. So they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.
5 “They [i.e. gifted craftsman] shall take the gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, 6 and they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, artistically worked.
Scarlet:Blood; i.e. Jesus Humanity. Emptied self into likeness of man
Purple:Mixture of Blue/Scarlet; Jesus God/Man. Word became flesh
Gold:New Color speaks of Jesus as King: On Throne David eternally
7 [The Ephod] shall have two shoulder straps joined at its two edges, and so it shall be joined together. 8 And the intricately woven band of the ephod, which is on it, shall be of the same workmanship, made of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen.
Two shoulder straps and woven band of same colors: Blue, Scarlet, Purple and Gold
9 “Then you shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel [Jacob]: 10 …six of their names on one stone and six names on the other stone, in order of their birth. 11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall set them in settings of gold. 12 And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. So Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial. 13 You shall also make settings of gold, 14 and you shall make two chains of pure gold like braided cords, and fasten the braided chains to the settings.
Two chains of pure gold fastened to the gold settings of the two stones
Each of the two stones engraved with names of six tribes
12 Tribes of Israel sons of Jacob in order of birth on Aaron’s shoulders:
Remember: Aaron’s First ministry is to God:
Exodus 28:12 … make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.
First ministry is to God:
Can’t give what we do not have: We gain strength from God first
2 Timothy 2:6 The hardworking farmer must be first to partake of the crops.
First service is to God. Second is to the people…
V 12 So Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders as a memorial
Bearing the burden of God’s people on his shoulders…
Mark 12:30 …you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment. 31 And the second, like it, is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
Loving: From least to most difficult
Love your brother: Fellow Christians
Love your neighbor: Non-believer open to listening
Love your enemy: Antagonistic to God, His message and you
We are called priests and offering ourselves to God first
1 Peter 2:5 …you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
We are all priests called to offer sacrifice:
Romans 12:1 [Read] I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
First: Offer ourselves [bodies] to God
Eyes, Ears, Minds, Hearts, Hands, Feet
Entire Body a Burnt Sacrifice: Keep ourselves pure
Secondly: As priests we are to bear each other’s burdens
Galatians 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 3 For if anyone thinks himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceives himself.
How do we bear each other burdens?
Selfless Listening: Confess sins to one another. Encourage one another.
Selfless Giving: Meet needs when they are revealed to you. Don’t wait…
Proverbs 3:27 Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due, When it is in the power of your hand to do so. 28 Do not say to your neighbor, “Go, and come back, And tomorrow I will give it,” When you have it with you.
SUMMARY Ephod of the Priest: Bear burden of God’s people on their shoulders
First ministry was to the Lord/Second ministry was to people
III. Breastplate of the Priest
15 “You shall make the breastplate of judgment. Artistically woven according to the workmanship of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, you shall make it.
Ephod first article, Second article… Breastplate of the Priest:
Same style and stringent workmanship of Ephod
Worn over Ephod
Same God-ordained Colors: Jesus deity, humanity, dual/nature, kingship
16 [The Breastplate] shall be doubled into a square: a span shall be its length, and a span shall be its width. 17 And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and an emerald; this shall be the first row; 18 the second row shall be a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond; 19 the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold settings. 21 And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name; they shall be according to the twelve tribes.