English at Home Resource pack



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English at Home

Resource pack


Health 2:

symptoms and illnesses


This pack moves from single words for parts of the body to short phrases and sentences to describe symptoms an illnesses in themselves and others. For learners who can, it then moves on to conversations and giving advice. This links with the NHS pack (Health pack 3) about where to go for which health problem.


There is quite a lot of grammar involved here. However you may want to just teach the phrases as they are for now. Or you could look at phrases with the same construction in a later lesson

eg I’ve got two daughters, I’ve got a stone in my shoe.


Even if a student is unable to form accurate sentences or speak at any length, these phrases should allow them to at least partially communicate with health workers.

Talking about health problems – pain



I’ve got a

She’s got a

He’s got a

headache.




I’ve got

She’s got

He’s got


toothache.

stomach ache / tummy ache.

backache.

earache.




My


Her

His



stomach / tummy

back


ear

arm


wrist

leg


ankle

aches.





My

Her


His


stomach / tummy

back


ear

arm


wrist

leg


ankle

knee


finger

thumb


hip

chest


neck

hurts.


It’s a


dull

sharp


stabbing

throbbing



pain.





It’s very painful.

It really hurts.


It’s quite painful.

It hurts.


It’s a bit painful.

It hurts a bit.








Talking about health problems – other symptoms


I’ve got a

She’s got a

He’s got a



temperature.

rash.


lump.

sore throat.






It feels


hot.

cold.


tender.





I feel


She feels

He feels


hot.

cold.


dizzy.

faint.


weak.

down / low / depressed.

confused.

sick.




Talking about health problems – problems and illnesses


I’ve got

She’s got

He’s got





a cold.

flu.


a cough (dry, chesty).

diarrhoea.

an ear / eye / chest / throat infection.

headlice / nits.

asthma.

eczema.


migraine.

diabetes.

heart disease.

cancer.


I think I’ve got

She thinks she’s got

He thinks he’s got




I’ve got / he’s got / she’s got?
Write sentences using got.
example:

He/ headache



He’s got a headache.
1. Me/ chest infection
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. My children/ asthma
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Me/ sore throat
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. My sister/depression
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Your wife/ cough
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Abdul’s mother/ toothache
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. My son/ constipation
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Our baby/ diarrhoea
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What’s the matter?





headache_180med

He’s got a headache.





cold_med129

He’s got a cold.





rash_105med

She’s got a rash.





sorethroat_120med

He’s got a sore throat.





cough_med154

He’s got a cough.





stomach_ache_95med

She’s got stomach ache.








temperature_med300

She’s got a temperature.









What’s the matter?





headache_180med

_______________________



cold_med129

_______________________



rash_105med

_______________________



sorethroat_120med

_______________________



cough_med154

_______________________



stomach_ache_95med

_______________________






temperature_med300

__________________________





At the Doctor’s


Doctor: Good morning.
You: ____________________________________________
Doctor: What’s the matter today?
You: ____________________________________________

____________________________________________


Doctor: Where is the pain?
You: ____________________________________________
Doctor: How long have you had the pain?
You: ____________________________________________
Doctor: Describe the pain.
You: ____________________________________________

It’s a dull ache It’s a sharp pain It hurts every time I eat or drink

Here in my lower back Just here in my stomach Only when I play football

When I lie down It hurts when I stand up Since yesterday


My shoulder About a week It makes me feel sick

http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/166540598.jpg?v=1&c=iwsasset&k=2&d=b53f616f4b95e553f7eb066feef7eab7b55af1f6aad6567a23a5cf2dcf1d2e14
Sara: Hi how are you?
Helen: I’m ok, but my knee really hurts.
Sara: Oh dear, what happened?
Helen: I think I twisted it yesterday when I was in the park,

I’ve got an appointment with the doctor tomorrow.


Sara: Oh good, I hope it feels better soon.
Helen: Thank you. See you later.
Sara: Bye.


Shanaz Hi how are you?
Jessica I’m ok, but my back hurts today.
Shanaz Oh dear, what happened?
Jessica Nothing happened, sometimes it hurts, I think it’s because of all the housework!
Shanaz You should try to rest this afternoon.
Jessica Yes, I’ll try. See you later.
Shanaz Bye.
http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/166540598.jpg?v=1&c=iwsasset&k=2&d=b53f616f4b95e553f7eb066feef7eab7b55af1f6aad6567a23a5cf2dcf1d2e14
Sara: Hi _____ _____ ______?
Helen: I’m ok, but ___ knee ________ _________.
Sara: Oh dear, what happened?
Helen: I think I __________ it yesterday when I was in the park,

I’ve got an ________________ with the __________ tomorrow.


Sara: Oh good, I hope it feels better soon.
Helen: Thank you. ______ ______ _______.
Sara: Bye.


Shanaz Hi _____ _____ _____?
Jessica I’m ok, but ___ back _______ today.
Shanaz Oh dear, what ____________?
Jessica Nothing happened, sometimes it _______, I think it’s because of all the housework!
Shanaz You __________ try to rest this afternoon.
Jessica Yes, I’ll try. See you later.
Shanaz Bye.

Talking about health

Past and present


How do you feel today?

How did you feel last week?

I’ve got a cold




I’ve got toothache




I’ve got a temperature







I had flu

I’ve got a sore throat







I had a rash

I feel dizzy




My leg was swollen




My son’s got chicken pox




My daughter’s got earache




My husband has got a bad cough




My wife has got backache






(a) Write a note to say why your son or daughter didn’t go to school yesterday.

Or

(b) Write a note to say why you didn’t go to work yesterday.


Problem 1
Your friend has told you that she can’t sleep and feels stressed all the time because of her job.

What is your advice?




Problem 5
Your friend’s teenage child feels tired all the time and looks very pale.

What is your advice?



Problem 2
Your neighbour has always had regular headaches but last week he had a really bad one, it made him feel sick and he had to lie down.

What is your advice?




Problem 6
Your brother takes a particular medicine regularly, you notice that he is about to run out.

What is your advice?



Problem 3
Your sister has lived in Leeds for a year but still doesn’t have a dentist.

What is your advice?



Problem 7
Your friend says she has had a strange lump on her wrist for over a year.

What is your advice?




Problem 4
Your neighbour just told you that her daughter fell over and won’t stop crying.

What is your advice?



Problem 8
Your friend had a minor operation last week, she went straight back to work but now feels very tired and poorly. What is your advice?


A letter to a friend about health
Read the letter then answer the questions and write a reply.


Dear Maria

How are you? It was really nice to get your last letter, I’m glad to hear the children are all fine and that you are enjoying your classes. I go to college four times a week now, I’m learning fast!

I have a problem that I’d like your advice about, I think you had a similar problem a few years ago. I have a headache nearly every day, this has been happening for about three months now. At first I took paracetemol but now they don’t seem to work.

My neighbour told me to get some fresh air but I’m so busy with the housework and the kids I don’t know how to find the time. I’m always either cleaning, cooking or driving the kids somewhere. Another neighbour told me I should stop worrying but how can I do that? I have so many worries going round and round in my head.

I read an article in a magazine about migraines, do you think this is my problem? I haven’t been to the doctor because it doesn’t seem like a serious problem, but it’s making me feel so tired.

It would be great if you could give me some advice, everything else in my life is fine but these headaches are really getting me down.

Love from

Jennifer

1) Is this a formal or informal letter? How do you know?

2) Who is Maria?


3) Who is at college?


4) What is a migraine? (Use your dictionary if you don’t know)


5) What advice has Jennifer already received about her headaches?


6) What do you think about this advice?




Now write a reply – give Jennifer advice about what she should do and write about your own experiences of the same problem.




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