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AUTO MECHANIC WORK

SS 1 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

BRAKING SYSTEM

Basic concept of friction as applied to braking system




Teacher explains the importance of brakes and braking system in a motor vehicle. Students say what brake does with a moving vehicle.

Resources; Live vehicle, brake components.



2

BREAKING SYSTEM

Functions of braking system.

Drum brakes and disc brakes.


Teacher state the functions of braking system, list and explain types of brake i.e drum and disc. Students identify disc and drum brake, say where in a motor vehicle each type is mostly found.

Resources; Live vehicle, disc and drum.



3

BRAKING SYSTEM

Types and principle of operation of mechanical and hydraulic brake systems.



The teacher, with the aid of sketches, explains mechanically and hydraulically operated brakes. Students identify and distinguish mechanical and hydraulic brakes.

4

BRAKING SYSTEM Components of types of braking system e.g master cylinder, wheel cylinder, pipe lines, calipers, disc, shoes, pedal, linkages, actuating rods etc.

Teacher list and explain the hydraulic brake system, components and the mechanical braking components. Students differentiate components of hydraulic brake system, and mechanical brake system.

Resources; Live vehicle, components of bolt system of brakes, charts and posters.



5

BRAKING SYSTEM

Advantages and disadvantages of mechanical and hydraulic brake systems.



Teacher list and explain the advantages and disadvantages of the two types of brake systems. Students white brake has more advantages, and efficient operation.

Resources; Lesson plan, chart.



6

FUEL AND COMBUSTION

General layout of working principle of fuel system.



Teacher list and explain types of fuel e.g petrol, diesel, paraffin, etc.

Students examine the layout of the fuel system.

Resources; Fuel pump, fuel hose, fuel filter- live vehicle.





FUEL AND COMBUSTION

Components and part of fuel system and illustration e.g. fuel pump, carburetor, float, float chamber etc



Teacher illustrates the components and part of fuel system using sketches.

Students visit workshop to see a live vehicle and model fuel system layout.

Resources; Workshop, fuel system layout, live vehicle.


8

MANIFOLD

Functions of manifold, types of manifold e.g. inlet and exhaust manifold.



Teacher state and explain function of manifold- demonstrate how to remove and replace manifold. Students identify inlet and exhaust manifold, and say what each do.

Resources; Manifolds, charts, posters, live vehicle.



9

RIMS

Functions of RIMS

Types of RIMS

Sizes of RIMS

Removing and fixing of RIMS, tools used.


Teacher explains the function of RIM, illustrate types of RIM, remove and replace RIMS. Students identify types and sizes of RIMS, observe the dismantling and coupling of RIM. Resources; Alloy RIMS, press steel RIMS, chart and posters, RIM removing tools.

10

TYRES

Function of tyres, sizes of tyres e.g. tyre designation.



The teacher states the functions of tyres, list and explain types of tyre- tube and tubeless.

Students distinguish tube from tubeless tyre.

Resources; Tubeless tyre, tube tyre, lesson plan.


11

TYRES

Advantages and disadvantages of tube and tubeless tyres.



Teacher list and explain the advantages and disadvantages of tube and tubeless tyres.

Students identify the tyres, based of most efficient type.

Resources; Tube and tubeless tyre, lesson plan.


12

Revision & Examination

Revision & Examination

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SS 1 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

DEFINITION OF BUILDING

- Building as a discipline; a science subject that deals with construction of structures e.g. wall, column, bean etc

- Building as a process; the procedures involved in erection of various types of structures.

- Building as a product; the production or development of structural outlets such as shopping centers, homes, building etc.



Teacher defines building, explains building as process, describe building as product.

Students should be able to define building as a process,

Describe building as a product.

Resources; picture or drawing of building structure on chalk board.



2

CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING

  • Types of building according to;- ownership- public and private.

  • Uses;- residential, industrial, commercial.

  • Height;- low, high rise.

Teacher identifies and explains various types of building ranging from; public, private, residential, industrial, institution, commercial, low and high rise etc

Students should be able to identify building and classify them according to; ownership, use and height.

Resources; charts, posters, drawings and films.


3

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

  • Definition of a building construction

  • Purpose of building construction

  • Procedures for building construction.

Teacher defines building construction, explains the purpose, procedures to follow while constructing building.

Students should be able to define building construction, outline the stages to follow while constructing building.

Resources; visit any site under construction


4

SITE SAFETY

  • Definition of safety

  • Hazards in the workplace and site (dangerous construction tools, materials, gasses and liquid, scaffold etc)

  • Causes and methods of accident prevention

Teacher explains safety rules and regulations, lists the various hazards in workshop, display safety posters, demonstrates uses of safety equipments.

Students defines safety, write and draws in safety signs.

Resources; real safety equipments, first aid box.


5

TOOLS, EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINES

  • Identification of basic hand tools e.g (shovel, trowel, spirit level, lines etc

Identify basic hand tools, e.g shovel, spirit level etc, functions of basic hand tools.

Students identify tools and equipments, sketch and label the hand tools, state the functions of basic hand tools and equipments.

Resources; hand tools and equipments.


6

TOLLS, EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINES

  • Functions of basic hand tools, equipments and machines.

Identify basic hand tools, e.g shovel, spirit level etc, functions of basic hand tools.

Students identify tools and equipments, sketch and label the hand tools, state the functions of basic hand tools and equipments.

Resources; hand tools and equipments.


7

CONSTRUCTIONAL TEAM

  • Parties in construction team

  • Functions of construction teams

  • Relationship of the parties.

Teacher list teams in construction e.g. client party, client architect, engineers, builders etc, explain the client of construction team and their relationship.

Students list parties in the construction team, state their functions.

Resources; chart showing the relationship of the teams.


8

SITE CLEARING AND LEVELING

  • Operations involved in site clearing and leveling.

  • Tools and equipment for site clearing and leveling.

Procedure to follow in site clearing and leveling, tools to be used for the work, visit a site under construction.

Students note operations involved in site clearance and leveling and tools to be used, visiting a site.

Resources; tools to be used for site clearance and clearance, visit a site.


9

SITE ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUT

  • Preliminary operations involved in building construction, procedures for layout of building site.

Teacher lists preliminary requirement for starting of building, discusses the items required such as site storage space etc

Students identify items required before the starting of building, sketch the layout for a proposed building site.

Resources; drawing/charts, site layout drawing, video clips etc.


10

SITE ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUT

  • Location, boundary, live access, boarding etc

Teacher lists preliminary requirement for starting of building, discusses the items required such as site storage space etc

Students identify items required before the starting of building, sketch the layout for a proposed building site.

Resources; drawing/charts, site layout drawing, video clips etc.


11

BUILDING DRAWING

  • Production of drawings

  • Interpretation of building drawings.

Explain production drawing e.g. plan, roof, elevation, etc, draw a complete building plan and show it to students, interpret the drawing to students.

Students explain the production drawing, draw a complete set of building drawing, study and interpret drawing.

Resources; video clips, production drawings, building plans, building drawing instruments.


12

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SS 1 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

SETTING OUT

  • Definition and

  • Method of setting out such as;- 3:4:5 method, builder’s square, square method etc

Teacher explains the method of setting out, outline simple tools, equipments and procedures for setting out. Practical of setting out e.g. 3:4:5 method etc

Students list the method and tools for setting out, use tapes and pegs to make building in setting out by 3:4:5 method & builder’s square.

Resources; tapes, pegs, lines, plus builder’s square and profile board.


2

SETTING OUT

  • Tools and equipments for setting out; builder’s square, Profile tapes, pegs.

  • Procedures for setting out.

Teacher explains the method of setting out, outline simple tools, equipments and procedures for setting out. Practical of setting out e.g. 3:4:5 method etc

Students list the method and tools for setting out, use tapes and pegs to make building in setting out by 3:4:5 method & builder’s square.

Resources; tapes, pegs, lines, plus builder’s square and profile board.


3

EXCAVATION AND EARTH WORK

  • Types of soil e.g. clay, sandy etc

  • Properties and classification of soil

  • Definition of excavation.

Teacher leads students to identify types of soil, classification of soil, properties of soil and their characteristics. Visit a construction site with students, tools for excavation.

Students state the properties of soil and their characteristics, visit construction site, identify tools for excavation.

Resources; digger, shovel, bulldozer etc.


4

EXCAVATION AND EARTH WORK

  • Method and tools used for excavation

  1. Manual; diggers, shovels, head pans etc

  2. Mechanical; bull dozers etc.



Teacher identifies types of soil, classification of soil, properties of soil and their characteristics. Visit a construction site with students, tools for excavation.

Students state the properties of soil and their characteristics, visit construction site, identify tools for excavation.

Resources; digger, shovel, bulldozer etc


5

CONCRETING

  • Definition of concreting

  • Materials for concreting

  • Types of reinforcement e.g. twisted steel bars, plane steel bar etc

Teacher defines concreting, and its materials e.g. cement, sand and gravel. State the uses of reinforcement in concrete.

Students identify materials needed for concrete, state the uses of reinforcement, visit construction site.

Resources; cement, sand, and gravel, reinforcement bars.


6

CONCRETING

  • Uses of reinforcement bars.

  • Diagrams

Teacher defines concreting, and its materials e.g. cement, sand and gravel. State the uses of reinforcement in concrete.

Students identify materials needed for concrete, state the uses of reinforcement, visit construction site.

Resources; cement, sand, and gravel, reinforcement bars.


7

MATERIALS FOR CONCRETING

  • Definition of concreting

  • Components of cement

  • Uses of cement.

  • Functions of cement, fine and course aggregate in concrete mix.



Teacher defines cement, states the components and uses of cement.

Students identify the manufacturing process of cement and their uses.

Resources; charts, video clips, pictures of cement etc


8

FOUNDATION

  • Definition of foundation

  • Functional requirement of foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


9

FOUNDATION

  • Types of foundation e.g. strip, raft, pile foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


10

FOUNDATION

  • Factors that determine choice of foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

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