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GEOGRAGHY SS 1 THIRD TERM



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GEOGRAGHY

SS 1 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

ACTITIVIES

1

2


Map Distance:

  • Measurement of units and conversion of distance to map distance

  • Map Reduction

  • Map enlargement

Interpretation of physical and cultural features:



  • Contour lines, definition, intervals etc

  • Physical features (ridges, spurs, valleys, hills, rivers etc)

  • Cultural features (road, settlements, schools, communication lines, etc

Teacher: guides the class discussion on ;

  • Measurement of distances and conversions to real distance

  • Demonstrate map reduction and enlargement

  • Guide students as they enlarge, reduce maps

  • Identification of physical and cultural features

  • Relationship between physical and cultural features.

Students'>Students:

- carry out practical activities on map reduction and enlargement

- Solve problems on how scales of map can change when maps are reduced or enlarged.

- carry out practical work on map interpretation

Instructional materials:

- Maps, sketches, Ruler, Drawing paper slides



3

Transportation:

  • Definition, types/modern means of transportation(roads, rail, water, air, pipeline, etc

Teacher:

- Uses maps, diagrams, pictures to guide students to identify transportation types.

- Merits and Demerits of each type of transportation

- Importance and problems of transportation.



Student:

- Sketch map of Nigeria showing rails, air transport

Instructional Materials : Maps, Atlas, Films, drawing paper.

4

Industry :

  • Definition and classes of Industries.(Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary .

  • Heavy and light Industries

Teacher : Guides students to

- Locate major industrial regions on a world map

- Identify and describe major industries

- Takes students out to visit industries in the locality



Students : Draw maps and locate major industrial regions in Nigeria, and the world.

- Pay visit to local industries



Instructional materials :

- World maps, sketches, Films, pictures




5

Basic concepts of geographic information system (GIS)

  • Definition and geographic data (lines for users, roads, rails, etc, points for bore holes, images etc)

  • Sources of GIS (maps, fieldwork, satellite, images, etc)

  • Importance of geo-referencing, geographic data and the GIS

Teacher :

- Explains concepts of GIS and Geographic data

- Guides discussions on ;

- Sources of geographic data e.g maps, data from field work, satellite images etc

- Geo-referencing for GIS data

- Importance of GIS



Student : Participate in guided field work

Instructional Materials : Maps, Air photo, computer system with GIS software installed

6

Components of GIS

  • Hardware (digitizer, global positioning system (GPS), Computer, printer, scanner, etc and software (data, imput, storage, retrieval, manipulations, etc)

  • Data: Positional and rational

  • Procedures(sets of rules) and people (experts)

Teacher :Guides students to ;

- identify GIS hardware

- identify the various software and their uses

- use GIS hardware e.g Digitizer, GPS, Computer etc

- Initiate discussions on data types components of GIS, procedures etc

Students :Manipulate/use the GPS, Digitizer and computer to process geographic data

Instructional Materials;

- Sketches showing components of GIS

- Slides, GPS, Printer etc.



7

Earth’s External Processes and Land Form Development :

  • Action of running water: definition and terms associated with running water (River) – sources and courses of a river, slope, shape of valley, volume of water, size of materials

  • Stages of a river development- upper course (characteristics, processes and features produced)

  • Middle course of a river (characteristics, processes of river transportation and features produced)

Teacher:

- Initiates the discussion leading to ;

- Definition and explanation of major terms associated with actions of running water.

- Use of diagrams to explain processes of river erosion ; Corrosion, attrition, hydraulic action

- Processes of river transport: use of diagrams to describe landforms in various stages of river development.

Students : Draw diagrams or models showing various landforms associated with stages of river development

- participate in guided tour to observe some of these landforms



Instructional Materials :

- Pictures, slides, models, illustrated diagrams.

- Drainage pattern-Dentritic, trellised and radial


8

Stages of River Development Contd.

  • Lower course of a river (characteristics and features e.g levees,

  • Delta : Definition, characteristics, conclusions for formation, types and importance.

Teacher : uses of pictures, models and sketches to explain

- Processes of wind erosion

- Formation and characteristics of wind erosion

- Landforms , mode of formation and characteristics of wind deposition landforms



Students : Draw diagrams and construct models showing various erosion and deposition landforms

9

Action of Winds

  • Definition and processes of wind erosion (abrasion, attrition and deflation)

  • Features/landforms of wind erosion(rock pedestal, zeugens, yardangs, etc

  • Features of wind deposition (loes, barchans, seif domes) etc






10

Glacier action :

  • Definition of terms associated with glacier (ice, glacier, glaciations and features of glacier erosion in the highland areas

  • Glacier features in lowland areas roche mountanee, crag and tail boulder clay erratic drumlins, eskers etc

  • Economic importance of glacier features

Teacher :

- Uses pictures, models to :

- explain characteristics features of landforms in glacier regions

- Help students locate the countries/regions where these landforms are found



- Guides discussions on mode of formation and economic importance.

Students : Draw annotated diagrams to show the features of various landforms

Instructional Materials : Films, Models, Annotated diagrams and sketches.

11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

GOVERNMENT

SS 1 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

DEFINITION OF SUBJECT MATTER

  1. Government as an institution of state

  2. Government as a process or act of governing

  3. Government as an academic field of study.




  1. Teacher asks students to identify structures of authority in their family, school, and school clubs.

  2. Teacher leads discussion on government as a process.

  3. Teacher leads discussion on government as a field of study.

2

BASIC CONCEPTS OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Power

  2. Authority

  3. Legitimacy

  4. Sovereignty

  1. Teacher leads discussion on how power is acquired and exercised.

  2. Teacher leads the students to differentiate between political power and authority.

  3. Teacher leads discussion on legitimacy

  4. Teacher leads discussion on the concept of sovereignty

3

DEMOCRACY

  1. Meaning of democracy

  2. Political culture

  3. Political socialization

  1. Teacher leads discussion on democracy

  2. Teacher arrange debate on the attitudes of Nigerians to politics

  3. Teacher leads students to identify agents of political socialization.

4

BASIC CONCEPTS CONTINUED

  1. Political participation

  2. Communalism

  3. Feudalism

  1. Teacher leads discussion on communalism

  2. Teacher leads discussion on feudalism




5

BASIC CONCEPTS (Contd)

  1. Capitalism

  2. Social;ism

  1. Teacher leads discussion on capitalism

  2. Teacher leads discussion on socialism

  3. Teacher leads students to discuss the similarities and differences between capitalism and socialism

6

BASIC CONCEPTS (Contd)

  1. Communism

  2. Fascism

  3. Totalitarianism

  1. Teacher leads students to discuss communism, fascism and totalitarianism

7

TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GOVERNMENT

Unitary :



  1. Meaning

  2. Characteristics

  3. Advantages and disadvantages



  1. Teacher leads discussion on unitary system of government

  2. Teacher mentions countries where unitary system is practiced

8

TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Parliamentary System of Government

  2. Presidential System of Government

  3. Comparison of parliamentary and presidential systems of government


  1. Teacher leads discussion on parliamentary or cabinet system of government

  2. Teacher mentions countries where the system is practiced

  3. Teacher leads discussion on presidential system of government using Nigeria as an example.

  4. Teacher leads discussion on the similarities and differences of presidential and parliamentary system of government.

9

TYPES OF GOVERNMENT CONTINUED

  1. Confederal System of Government/ meaning

  2. Monarchy

  3. Comparison of Federalism and Confederalism

  1. Teacher leads discussion on Confederal system of Government

  2. Teacher mentions countries where the system is practiced

  3. Teacher leasd discussion on Monarch

  4. Teacher mentions countries where the system is practiced

  5. Teacher leads discussion on the similarities and differences of Feudalism and Confederal system of government.

10

ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Legislative: Meaning

  2. Types of Legislature

  3. Functions of legislature

  1. Teacher leads discussion on legislation

  2. Teacher leads students to state assembly on excursion

11

ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Executive: Meaning

  2. Types

  3. Functions

  1. Teacher leads discussion on executive organ of government.

  2. Teacher leads students to state secretariat on excursion

12

ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

Judiciary



  1. Functions of the Judiciary

  2. Independence of the Judiciary

  1. Teacher leads discussion on Judiciary

  2. Teacher organises excursion to a law court.

13

Revision

Revision

14

Examination

Examination

GOVERNMENT

SS 1 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

CONSTITUTION

  1. Definition/meaning of constitution

  2. Sources of constitution




Teacher leads discussion on constitution as it applies to a country, clubs, and society.


2

CONSTITUTION CONTINUED

  1. Functions of constitution

  2. Features of constitution

Teacher leads discussion on functions and features of constitution

3

TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS

  1. Written and unwritten constitution

  2. Rigid and flexible constitution

  3. Unitary and federal constitution

Teacher leads discussion on types of constitution.

4

CONSTITUTIONALISM

  1. Meaning /functions of constitutionalism

  2. Importance of constitutionalism

  3. The relationship between constitution and constitutionalism

Teacher leads discussion on the importance of constitution to a country, school and school clubs.


5

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Rule of law – Definition

  2. Basic Principles

  3. Problems or limitation of rule of law.

  4. Fundamental Human Rights – Meaning/ Definition

  5. Origin and Importance of Human Rights

  1. Teacher leads discussion Rule of Law – highlighting the interpretation.

  2. Teacher leads discussion on fundamental human rights

  3. Teacher organises an excursion to human right commission.

6

BASIC PRINCIPLES CONTINUED

  • Various ways/means of safe guarding human rights

Teacher leads discussion on various ways of safe guarding human rights

7

SEPARATION OF POWER

  1. Meaning of separation of power

  2. Principles of checks and balances

  3. Purpose of separation of power

  4. Relationship between separation of powers and check and balance.




  1. Teacher organises drama on how separation of power is practiced.

  2. Teacher demonstrates how checks and balances can be practiced.

  3. Discusses the relationship of both concepts.

8

REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT

  1. Meaning/Definition of representative government.

  2. Features of a representative government

  3. Advantages and disadvantages of Representative Government

  1. Teacher leads discussion on Representative Government

  2. Teacher leads discussion on advantages and disadvantages of representative government

9

CENTRALIZATION AND DECENTRALIZATION

  1. Meaning/Definition

  2. Differences between centralize and decentralize

Teacher leads discussion on centralized and decentralized activities of the State and Federal Government

10

THEORY OF DELEGATED LEGISLATURE

  1. Meaning/Definition of delegated legislature

  2. Forms of delegated legislature

  3. Control of delegated legislatures

  4. Advantages and Disadvantages of delegated legislature

  1. Teacher leads discussion on delegated legislature

  2. Teacher cites example of delegated legislature in school.

11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

GOVERNMENT

SS 1 THIRDTERM


WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENTS

ACTIVITIES

1

CITIZENSHIP

  1. Meaning and definition of citizenship

  2. Methods of acquisition of citizenship

  3. Rights, duties and obligations of a citizen

  4. Differences between a citizen and a non citizen.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on citizen.

  2. Teacher leads discussion on difference between a citizen and a non citizen.




2

POLITICAL PARTY

  1. Meaning/ Definition of Political Party

  2. Organisation of Political Party

  3. Types of Political party (Mass, Elite, Charismatic, Broker Parties etc)

  4. Functions of Political Party

  1. Teacher leads discussion on Political Parties

  2. Teacher asks students to mention political parties in Nigeria.

3

PARTY SYSTEMS

  1. Meaning and definition of Party system

  2. Types of Party system

  3. Characteristics of party system.

Teacher leads discussion on Party System

4

PARTY SYSTEM CONTINUED

Advantages and disadvantages of:



  1. One system

  2. Two party system

  3. Multi party system

Teacher leads discussion on advantages and disadvantages of one, two and multi-party system.


5

PRESSURE GROUPS

  1. Meaning and definition of pressure group

  2. Types of pressure group

  3. Characteristics of pressure group

  4. Types of pressure groups

  1. Teacher leads discussion pressure group.

  2. Teacher asks students to give examples of pressure group.

6

PRESSURE GROUPS

  1. Functions of pressure group

  2. Problems of pressure group

  3. Difference between pressure group and political parties.




Teacher leads discussion on functions, problems and difference between a pressure group and political parties.

7

PUBLIC OPINION

  1. Meaning and definition of public opinion

  2. Formation of public opinion

  3. Measurement of public opinion

  1. Teacher leads discussion on public opinion

  2. Teacher leads students to express their views on some important issues of public interest

8

ELECTORAL PROCESS (ELECTION)

  1. Meaning and definition of election

  2. Purpose of election

  3. Organisation of election (features & stages)

  1. Teacher leads discussion on Electoral Process

  2. Teacher embarks on excursion with students to electoral commission office.

9

SUFFRAGE/FRANCHISE

  1. Meaning/definition of suffrage/franchise

  2. Development of suffrage/franchise

  3. Types of suffrage/franchise

  4. Purpose of suffrage/franchise

  1. Teacher leads discussion on suffrage/franchise

  2. Teacher leads discussion on types and purpose of suffrage/franchise.

10

TYPES OF ELECTORAL SYSTEM

  1. Simple majority

  2. Absolute majority

  3. Proportional representation

  4. Direct and indirect system

Teacher leads discussion on types of electoral system


11

ELECTORAL COMMISSION/ELECTORAL OFFICIALS

  1. Meaning of Electoral Commission

  2. Roles/functions and duties of the commission

  3. Problems facing Electoral Commission

  1. Teacher leads discussion on the role and functions of an electoral commission.

  2. Teacher leads discussion on the functions of an electoral commission

  3. Teacher leads students to discuss problems facing electoral commission.

12

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination

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