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FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA





S S ONE (1)





2014 Edition



EDUCATION RESOURCE CENTRE

Federal Capital Territory, Abuja

FCT SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHING SCHEMES

2014 Edition

Third Edition: 2014

Produced by ERC Mini Press

Table of Contents



Foreword----------------------------------------------

Acknowledgement----------------------------------


Civic Education--------------------------------------

English Language-----------------------------------

General Mathematics-------------------------------

One Trade Subject----------------------------------
Agricultural Science---------------------------------

Biology--------------------------------------------------

Chemistry----------------------------------------------

Computer Science-----------------------------------

Further Mathematics--------------------------------

Health Education-------------------------------------

Physical Education----------------------------------

Physics-------------------------------------------------


Auto-Mechanics--------------------------------------

Basic Electricity--------------------------------------

Basic Electronics-------------------------------------

Building Construction-------------------------------

Clothing and Textile---------------------------------

Foods and Nutrition---------------------------------

General Metal Work---------------------------------

Home Management---------------------------------

Technical Drawing-----------------------------------

Wood Work--------------------------------------------

Data Processing------------------------------------

Dying and Bleaching------------------------------

Machine Wood Work------------------------------

Marketing--------------------------------------------

Photographic---------------------------------------

Salesmanship--------------------------------------

Tourism----------------------------------------------

Radio, TV and Electrical work------------------

Auto Mechanic Work------------------------------

Upholstery-------------------------------------------

Painting and Decoration-------------------------

Printing Craft---------------------------------------

GSM--------------------------------------------------

Refrigerator and Air Conditioning -----------

Animal Husbandry--------------------------------

Furniture Making----------------------------------

Book Keeping-------------------------------------



Arabic Language------------------------------------

Christian Religious Studies-----------------------

Economics--------------------------------------------

French-------------------------------------------------

Geography-------------------------------------------

Government-----------------------------------------

Hausa Language-----------------------------------

History------------------------------------------------

Igbo Language-------------------------------------

Islamic Studies-------------------------------------

Literature-in-English------------------------------

Music-------------------------------------------------

Visual Arts-------------------------------------------

Yoruba Language---------------------------------


Commerce-------------------------------------------

Financial Accounting------------------------------

Insurance--------------------------------------------

Office Practice--------------------------------------

Store Management--------------------------------


Block Laying, Brick laying and Concrete work

Carpentry and Joinery-------------------------------

Catering Craft------------------------------------------

Cosmetology-------------------------------------------

Electrical Installation------------------------------

Fishery------------------------------------------------

Garment Making------------------------------------





Forword

It is my utmost pleasure to introduce the 2014 edition of the FCT Senior Secondary School Teaching Scheme. The previous edition was printed in 2004. Recent developments in Education Policy had necessitated the provision of an entire new teaching scheme for the senior secondary school. The NERDC has developed a new SSS Curriculum which took effect from September, 2011.

In this new curriculum by NERDC, there are four compulsory subjects which are English Language, Mathematics, Civic Education and a Trade Subject. There are also 34 trade subjects from which schools can select the ones they can adequately teach.

It is my hope that like the previous one, this edition will make teaching more convenient, purposeful and result-oriented for our Teachers, Principals, Monitors and Inspectors.

I wish to appreciate the effort of the FCT Education Resource Centre, especially the Curriculum Development Division for the production of this vital educational material.

Finally, I recommend the 2014 new Senior Secondary School Teaching Schemes to all our Public and Private Senior Secondary Schools.



Kabir Usman

Secretary for Education

FCTA, Abuja

2014

Acknowledgement

The review of the 2004 edition of FCT Senior Secondary School Teaching Scheme was prompted by the approval of the new National Senior Secondary School Curriculum developed by the Nigeria Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) by the National Council on Education in 2011.

Consequently, some staff of the FCT Education Resource Centre (ERC) in partnership with selected subject teachers had to develop new Teaching Schemes for Senior Secondary School subjects which are grouped into Compulsory Cross-Cutting Subjects, Senior Secondary Science, Senior Secondary Business, Senior Secondary Humanities, Senior Secondary Technology and the 34 Trade Subjects.

In this regard, I wish to register my unreserved gratitude to the Director, FCT Secondary Education Board and all the teachers who participated in the exercise. I also wish to acknowledge the following ERC staff especially of the Curriculum Development Division who facilitated the success of the exercise. They include Mrs. E.J. Akpabio, Head of Division, Mrs. S.A Mustapha, Mrs. F.R Omowale, Mrs. S.B Saleh, Mrs. Osuji R.A., Mrs. Sai Msurshima, Mrs. B.O Edegbe, Mrs. Maryam Yakubu, Mrs. Amaefule Genevieve, Mal. Harisu Aminu, Mr. Bere B. Friday, Mrs. Ajinomoh Maryam, Mr. Aribi Dan Asabe, Mrs. Kunle Kunbi T.T., Mrs. Anthonia Okoro-Opara, Mal. Samba Bashir M., Mrs. Adesina Victoria, Mrs. Gloria Opera C., Mrs. S.N. Enekebe, Mrs. Jongas Mercy, Mrs Felicia Okoh, Miss Egwu Patience M., Mrs. Roseline Katuka, Mr. Okoro Chinasa, Miss Batubo Kaine, Mr. Fakaa Timothy and Mr. Ibrahim Dalhatu.

I specially thank all others who contributed in various ways to the successful completion of the exercise. We are very grateful to the Hon. Minister of FCT, Senator Bala Mohammed and the Secretary for Education, Kabir Usman for their kind support.



Mrs. Ramatu A. Ibrahim

Director, ERC

2014

ENGLISH STUDIES

ENGLISH STUDIES SS 1 FIRST TERM

WEEK

UNIT

TOPIC


CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

Speech

Selected consonant sound /j/, /z/, /ʒ/

/j/ view, yam, beauty

/z/ beds, goes, buzz

/ʒ/ vision, television occasion. Kitchen utensils, furniture, uncle, aunt, nephew, father-in-law.


Teacher: gives model pronunciation

Student: repeat after the teacher. Use the words in sentence.

Teacher: encourages students to name things and people found in their.







Vocabulary

Vocabulary associated with home and family

Revision of common nouns

Use of capital letters in proper nouns.










Structures

Nouns – Types of nouns

Short prose passage on home life.








Comprehension

Reading to comprehend main or story line.











Writing

Narrative composition

1. Topics

a. My first day at

school

b. A day I will never



forget.

c. The day I met an

AID patient.

d. A kidnapping

incident I witnessed.

e. The day Chukwu was sentenced to prison for stealing a car.

2. Tense forms for narrative essays.

3. Developing topic sentences.

4. Appropriate sentences. Types –

simple, complex, and compound sentences



1. The teacher explains the narrative composition.

2. Focuses on choice of words and tense forms for narrative essays.

3. Explains the importance of well punctuated essays for effective communication.

4. Leads students to generate topic sentences for different paragraphs.

5. Leads the students to develop logical, flowing narratives.


2

Speech

/ƻ/, /Ɵ/

/ƻ/ seen in words like – mother, brother, broader, weather, than

/Ɵ/ - thin, thick, author, bath, mouth, wealth, wreath, cloth.



1. Show pictures of some of the items and real objects as well as pronounce them

2. Use the words contextually in sentences e.g.

a. He has a big brother

b. Her mother is pretty.

c. He has a big mouth.

d. Ojo thinks of his parents all the time.








Vocabulary Development

Vocabulary associated with Agriculture

1. Crops: grains, seeds, seedlings, tubers, cassava, onions etc.

2. Farming activities: bush-clearing, planting season, ridge making, staking, weeding, pruning, manure, fertilizer etc.

3. Implements: tractors, hoe, axe, cutlass, silo-barn, bull-dozer, harvester, wicker etc.

4. other related words bumper harvest, famine, crop-rotation, a good harvest, a bad harvest etc.



1. Teacher explains briefly the importance of farming while students listen and state importance of farming.

2. The teacher leads the students to identify common crops and words associated with using real objects, charts, diagrams. Students may also be taken on a visit to a farm. Students list crops they know and how they are planted. They identify some farming activities that they have taken part in or are familiar with.

3. The teacher using chart, leads students to identify farming implements. The teacher leads the students to identify other words related to crops and crop farming.





Comprehension

Reading to comprehend main ideas or story line.

Use:

1. Short prose passages

2. Recorded, but short prose passages.

3. Short discussion on topical issues.

4. Dialogue to bring out main points/themes, key points in all of the above listening and discursion session.

Use passages on:

1. Corruption

2. Environmental

3. Pollution

4. HIV/AIDS etc.




1. The teacher operates and directs the use of various aids.

2. Leads the students to recognize and identify the key/main points in the discourse.

3. Corrects students where necessary. Students participate actively in listening and discussions.





Structure

Nouns

1. Revision of noun.

2. The definite article and its function with the noun.

3. Exception to the use of indefinite article with the noun. Note-use passages and sentences to revise nouns e.g. flu, malaria, cancer (no definite article)


Uses short passages to revise nouns.

a. Nigeria is a big country

b. People love to watch the game of football.

c. The boy kicked the ball

Students identify nouns in short passages and sentences.






Writing

Writing for effective communication – revising continuous writing (in given length)

Expository composition reflecting current issues e.g.

1. Describe how external examinations are conducted in the country. This should not be more than 400 words.

2. Elections in the country- Nigeria.

3. Loss of lives through plane crash.

4. Excursion to Abuja.

5. Drugs Abuse

6. Corruption in the society.


1. The teacher explains expository composition while students listen.

2. Teachers focuses on choice of words and tenses and students pick relevant tenses for expository essays.

3. The teacher explains the importance of correct punctuation for effective communication. Students learn to punctuate a short passage.

4. Teacher leads the students to discuss and generate topic sentences for different paragraphs while students white a good essay.







Vocabulary Development

Vocabulary associated with Fishing and Animal Husbandry-Fishing

1. Meaning of fishing.

2. Words associated with fishing-hook, fish-trap, line and sinker, fish pond, fish season, fish dam, fish equipment.



1. The teacher leads students to explain the meaning of fishing using diagrams, charts, and stories while students listen.

2. Teacher leads the students to identify words associated with fishing.

3. Explain meaning of selected words to students while students tell the meaning of some words listed on the diagrams.

4. Teacher makes sentences with some words and examples for students to emulate.

5. Students make sentences with selected words by the teacher.


3

Speech

Consonants followed by /w/

Words like twist, sweep, sweat, twig, twine

1. Teacher shows strips of cardboard with pre written words showing the sound.

2. Teacher pronounces them and uses them in sentences. Students imitate the teacher’s pronounciation.

3. Writes the sentences on the chalkboard.

4. Students make sentences with the words on the chalkboard






Structure

Noun Phrases

The use of noun plus the definite article as the noun phrase.

The use noun plus an indefinite article as the noun phrase.



Teacher uses short passages and sentences to revise and teach noun phrases e.g.

a. The game was watched by a great crowd.

b. The boy kicked the ball

Students identify noun phrases in the sentences.

Note- “A boy” in A boy is here to see you. – is a noun phrase as well





Comprehension

Reading to comprehend supporting details

Use:

1. Tape recorded passages

2. Short prose passages.

3. Newspaper/magazine clippings

4. Students reading texts.


Teacher explains to the students the points that are supporting main points.

Students listen attentively and participate actively in the exercises.

Students identify supporting details in the passages. Use dictionary where necessary.





Writing

Mechanics in writing i.e. paragraphing, punctuation spelling.

1. Paragraphing define.

2. Punctuation – full stop, comma, Question mark.

3. Spelling – words familiar to students e.g. desk, pencil, hoe, farm, water, food, foot, chicken, goat.

4. Doubling of consonants – spelling, befitting, beginning, announce, occasion, pudding



1. Teacher defines paragraphing students listen attentively.

2. Teacher uses a short passage for full stop and comma exercises. Students insert question marks appropriately in questions with a short passage.

3. Exercises on spellings.


4

Speech

Consonants followed by /j/

Words such as curious, cure endure, human, humour, future

a. He is a curious boy

b. Should endure the pain


1. Shows strips of cardboard with pre-written words showing the sound.

2. pronounce them correctly and use them in sentences.

3. Students repeat after the teacher.





Summary

Introduction to summary through identifying key words.

1. Key words that aid summary of speeches lectures.

a. in addition.

b. as well as

c. first; second; third etc

d. also

e. furthermore



f. despite etc.

2. Passages, speeches on current issues in which these words can be found e.g.

a. Right to peaceful association

b. Right of a child

c. security issues in Nigeria

d. Service



1. The teacher presents the speech. Lecture or passage to the pupils.

2. Explains the significance of the words group of words in summarizing materials. The Students list the relevant words as identified from the presentation and list the key words already identified.

3. Teacher leads students to identify the relevant topic sentences signalled by these words. Students also make a summary of the presentation by putting the sentences together.






Structure

Countable and uncountable nouns

1. Revision of lesson on nouns

2. Explanation of countable and uncountable nouns

3. Nouns are both countable and uncountable depending on the structure e.g. water – a cup of water, sugar – two cubs of sugar.

4. Uncountable nouns that are used in singular forms e.g. news, advice, trousers, scissors, binoculars, information.



1. Selected sentences and passages from students’ texts, newspapers and magazine clippings.

2. Use these to teach the various aspects under content.

3. Students ask questions for clarity of points and write ten nouns that could be used both as countable and uncountables sentences. Students pick out countable and uncountable nouns from a given passage.





Writing

Popular articles for various reading audiences

1. A list of features of typical newspaper article differentiating them from features of a letter or a speech.

2. Articles on issues of current interest like

a. Bribery of public officers

b. Fraudulent acquisition of properties.

c. The importance of good quality life.


The teacher leads students to list the feature of a newspaper article. He/she displays a sample article.

Teacher leads students to discuss feature including language and style.

Students write a short article for the school magazine. They identify/list differences between an article and a speech or letter.


5

Speech

Syllabic Consonants /ɭ/

1. Syllabic in words such as little, bottle, kettle, rattle, novel, simple.

a. Little by little says a thoughtful boy.

b. The bottle is on the table.

c. The novel is interesting.



1. Pronounces the words with syllabic / ɭ /

2. Teacher uses them in sentences.

3. Uses flash cards and real objects to drill the students.

4. The students imitate the teacher’s pronounciation, repeating the sentences. Note. Use flash cards or real objects.







Comprehension

Reading to comprehend main ideas or story line.

1. Use short prose passage

2. Literature text.

3. Recorded short passages.

4. Short discussion on topical issues



1. Students participate actively in the discursions.

2. Teacher corrects students where necessary.

Note:

a) use tape recorded materials/prose



b) Short passages

c) Picture charts.







Structure

Introducing nominalization of objectives and verbs

1. Process of nominalization

2. Functions of nominalized words.

3. Form classes (parts of speech) to be nominalized e.g. adjectives

a. wise – wisdom

white – witness

long – length

strong – strength

Verbs – conquer – conquest

Dance – Dancing

Write – The writing




1. Explains the process of nominalization.

2. Teaches the nominalized words.

3, Makes a list of words and nominalized words.

4. Use them in contextual sentences.

5. Students build the table of objectives and verbs and nominalize them.

Note:


Materials includes:

a. list of selected words

students text

3. Dictionary.







Summary

Introduction to summary continued. Listening attentively to follow directions effectively

The teacher presents words that indicate direction.

1. Left turn

2. right turn

3. straight ahead

4. round about

5. specific sign posts

6. land marks (buildings, trees)


1. Teacher presents a list for students to follow.

2. Presents them in the context of the passage

3. leads the students to follow the directions

4. Leads students to identify the key directional terms

5. Leads students to describe to other students how to get to given destinations e.g. their Mosque. Church, Market, Stadium etc.

Students are presented with speeches/passages containing directions for identification of directional terms/list marks and sign posts.




6

Speech

Syllabic consonants /n/

Syllabic /n/ in such words as soften, sudden, ripen, certain

a. Theme was a sudden knock on the door

b. It is certain that she will visit.


1. Teacher pronounces words with syllabic /n/

2. Use them in sentences

3. Uses flesh cards and real objects to drill the students in the pronounciations.

4. Students imitate the teacher’s pronounciations, repeating the sentences






Structure

Pronoun

1. Features

The relative pronouns are – whom, whose, which, that, who

2. Functions

a. who, whose, whom are used for human beings.

b. which and that are used to describe inanimate objects and animals. However, that can also be used for a person.

c. position

Relative pronouns are placed close to the words to which they relate. They take the place of a noun and also join two parts of a sentence.


1. Teacher explains the features of a relative pronoun.

2. Leads students in explaining their functions and positions in sentences.

3. Identify them in sentences.

4. Use relative pronoun in sentences.

Note:

Materials for use here include real objects, sentence strips and passages.






Writing

Letter writing

Informal letter



1. Meaning of an informal letter

2. Format

a. address

b. salutation

c. body

d. closing (subscript)



3. Language and tone of an informal letter (relaxed, flexible, not many rules, slang used, and colloquial usages)

1. Teacher explains what an informal letter is.

2. Teacher displays an informal letter sample.

3. Teacher calls students attention to address, date, salutation

4. Body


5. Teacher leads students to closing statements.

6. Students participate actively

7. Students write their own closing to the informal letter.





Vocabulary Development

Words associated with animal husbandry.

1. The meaning of animal husbandry

2. Meaning of poultry and piggery

3. Words associated with dairy farming – open cages milking time, chicken disease, Vet. Doctor, farm hand, rooster, day and chicks, broiler, fresh milk.

4. Other related words cattle, ranch, herdsmen, poultry etc



1. Take students on a visit to a dairy farm

2. Get the farm hands in the farm to supply the words for some of the equipment and activities.

3. Students list the equipment

4. Listen and write the names of activities on the farm, also write the products of animal husbandry

Note: Aids includes – charts, diagrams, dairy farm, selecte reading text.


7

Speech

Words of two syllables stressed on the 2nd syllable

1. Words of two syllables with stress on the 2nd syllable.

2. Words such as enjoy, impound, engulf, inform, incite, employ, invite, welcome, excite, divide etc.



1. Teacher: pronounces words, uses them in correct contextual sentences e.g.

a) We enjoy listening to Mr. Fisher.

b) I will invite all my classmates.

c). It is not good to incite people against others.

2. Teacher uses – cardboards, strips containing words and sentences, picture chart.

3. Students repeat after the teacher the words stressed on the 2nd syllable

4. Students show correct stress on the words.





Structure

Possessive Pronoun

1. Features.

The possessive pronouns are His, Mine, Hers, Theirs, Ours, Its, Yours

2. Functions:

They replace nouns (human beings)

‘Its’ replace an animate thing or animal.

3. position – at the beginning of a sentence or at the end.



1. Teacher explains possessive pronoun.

2. Leads students in explaining their functions and positions.

3. Guides students to identify possessive pronoun in sentences.

4. Leads students to make sentences with them.

5. Students use these pronouns in sentences of their own.

6. Teacher uses sentence strips and real objects.







Comprehension

Reading to comprehend word meaning through context

Use

1. Dictionary for initial word meaning and other levels meaning of some words.

2. selected passage to identify certain words and other contextual meanings

3. Newspaper and magazine clippings with certain words underlined for identification of contextual usage.



1. Teacher explains contextual word meaning as approach to surface or dictionary meaning.

2. Express illustrate the explanation practically in a text or sentences.

3. Students listen attentively using passages for their differences.

4. Uses various materials such as recorded text. Student’s text etc. Newspaper clippings, Dictionary.







Summary

Reading to assign a title or heading relevant to context.

1. Selected prose passages on tropical or current issues e.g. patriotism, kidnapping, corruption.

2. Recorded passages of suitable levels in either narrative or descriptive form



1. Teacher explains what summary is – reduction of original prose work.

2. Teacher revises with students the work on main and supporting ideas.

3. Students recall how to identify main and supporting details.

4. Teacher assigns title and students do same in similar ways at paragraphs levels.

5. Teacher emphasizes on props such as – for example, further more similarly, first, second.

6. Tapes, student’s texts, chalkboard are used.





8

Speech

Words of two syllables with stress on the 2nd syllable continued.

1. Words of two syllabus with stress on the second syllable.

2. Words such as enjoy, impound, engulf, inform, invite, incite, endure, ensure, belong, extend, backbite, resolve, device, locate



1. Pronounce them correctly while students repeat.

2. Teacher uses them in correct contextual sentences. E.g.

a) We enjoy listening to our teacher

b) I will invite all my classmates.

c) It is not good to incite people against others.

Use chalkboard, cardboard, picture, chart, strips containing words.







Vocabulary Development

Words associated with Religion – Traditional Religion

1. The definition of traditional religion – shrine, cult, diviner, oracle, divination, charm, amulet, sacrifice, ritual etc.

1. Teacher expresses traditional religion to students

2. Teacher assists all students to list words associated with traditional religion.

3. Students read out a passage reflecting traditional religion practices.

4. Students write their observations on the words e.g. shrine, amulet, sacrifice.

Use real objects, charts, drawings, a visit to shrine.





Structure

Regular and Irregular Verbs

1. Revision of previous lesson on verbs

2. What are regular/ irregular verbs

3. The four forms of irregular verbs.

4. Selected sentences for identifying the verbs under study.



1. Revise with the students the previous lesson on verbs

2. Teacher explains step by step what is contained in the content.

Use the dictionary, students’ texts, printed list of regular/irregular verbs.





Reading Comprehension

Reading to make notes

Use the following:-

1.Clipings from newspapers, magazines

2. Students texts

3. Taped materials on:

a) Honestly as a guiding principle

b) Dignity in labour

c) Exam malpractice

d) Injustice.



1. Teacher teaches pupils the need for note taking from reading or listening session.

2. Skills such as

a) listening

b) reading with concentration

c) identifying key words

d) Identifying main, secondary points

e) Students apply the skills under the guidance of the teacher.


9

Speech

Listening to tell the meaning of words in context

1. A listening selection

a) passage

b) story

c) poem


d) drama

2. Select current national issues e.g.

a) The Nigerian Constitution

b) Duties of a Citizen

c) Self control


1. Teacher reads selected passages to the students while they listen.

2. Students list important words they hear.

3. Teacher leads students to explain the words in context.

Use interesting passages, stories, poems, word cards, sentence strips.







Structure

Complex Tense Forms

1. Simple tense I come, you come, he/she comes, we come.

2. More complex forms as in –

I am coming

I have come

I have been coming

I may have been deceived.

3. use more examples for understanding


1. Reverse previous lesson on verbs e.g.

- continuous tense – verb + ing

- simple present – verb + s

2. Teacher goes through other forms

a. Have +v + en

b. Be verb + en

c. Be + verb + ing

d. Going to + verb

e. Shell + verb

3. Creates activities and games







Continuous Writing

Descriptive Essay/Composition

1. Descriptive composition using various topics –

a. My school

b. The petrol station in times of fuel scarcity

c. The Principals house

d. A fire incident in my street

e. The aftermath of students’ riot in a school/town

f. A funeral ceremony

g. A flood disaster caused by blocked drains etc.

2. Tense forms (present, past) necessary for descriptive essay.

3. Sample paragraphs on descriptive essay.

4. Short well punctuated sentences.

5. Choice of words – adjs, verbs




1. Teacher identifies appropriate topics.

2. Discusses the appropriate kinds of words and sentences.

3. Using a paragraph, discusses the punctuation for descriptive writing.

4. Teacher leads students to analyse the sample paragraph for all the characteristics of a descriptive essay.

5. Students develop a descriptive paragraph following the teacher’s prompting.





Comprehension

Reading to identify writers mood, tone and purpose.

Use selected passages from

1. Students’ text

2. Newspaper

3. Radio/TV extracts

4. Recorded materials

5. Questions based on the selected materials for identification of mood, tone, purpose and meaning.



1. Teacher explains what purpose; tone, mood are. Use the dictionary for definitions.

2. Through actions mood affects tone and tone affects meaning and purpose.

Use dictionary, selected prose, passages, recorded tapes and chalkboard.


10

Speech

Consonant sounds followed by k + w

Words such as:

Quench, quiet, quarter, equality, quality, question, equal. E.g.

a) Everybody was quiet because of no noise sign.

b) He has the answer to the question.

c) My friend lives in the junior staff quarters.


1. Pronounces words correctly.

2. Uses them in contextual sentences.

3. Demonstrates some of the words

4. Students imitate the teacher’s pronunciation.

5. Students read through the sentences.

Use chalkboard, flash cards, picture, charts.







Structure

Demonstrative Pronouns

1. Features:

The demonstrative pronouns are that, those, these, this.

2. Functions:

They function by replacing nouns. The nouns can be living or non living things.

3. Position:

They can start a sentence or end it. They can appear in the middle of a sentence. E.g.

a. This is unacceptable.

b. He prefers those.

c. These belong to the school.

d. The school bought that for use at the sent forth ceremony.




1. The teacher explains demonstrative pronoun.

2. Teacher leads students to explain their functions and positions.

3. Students use them in sentences of their own. The teacher uses flash cards, sentence strips, chalkboard and real objects.





Vocabulary Development

Words associated with Religion

1. The definition of Islam and Christian religion.

2. Words associated with Islam and Christaian religion – The Glorious Qur’an, Holy Bible, One God, Clergy, Sheik, Pope, Bishop, Mallam, Catechist, Pew, Aisle, Monk, Num, Holy Communion, Deacon, Pastor, Ustaz, Reverend Father, Elder, Evangelist, Repentance, Prayer, Fasting, Convert, Deaconess etc.



1. The teacher speaks about religion

2. Supplies some words associated with religion Islam and Christianity.

3. Students list more words

4. Teacher reads a passage on Islam and Christianity to the students

5. Teacher leads students to visit Mosque and a Church.

6. Make sentences with these words.

Use The Glorious Qur’an and the Bible, real objects, pictures, charts, diagram, sentence strips.





Continuous Writing

Formal Letter

1. Meaning of an informal letter.

2. Format

a. address and date

b. salutation

c. body

d. closing (subscript).



3. Language tone of a formal letter, formal respectful, no colloquial language, no slangs.

1. Teacher explains what is formal letter is.

2. Teacher displays a formal letter sample

3. Call students’ attention to address, date, salutation.

4. Body.


5. Teacher leads students to closing statements.

6. Students write their own closing to the formal letter.

Use textbooks, charts, sample of letters (formal)


11

Speech

Listening to identify a Speakers style

1. Listening to selections of different styles.

2. Expository materials

3. Narrative materials

4. Descriptive materials

5. Argumentative materials


1. Teacher leads students to appropriate different styles.

2. Teacher leads students to identify characteristics of the different styles.

3. Ask questions on style.

4. Teacher leads students to develop paragraphs in different materials

Use materials on issues of current interest.





Continuous Writing

Semi Formal Letter

1. The meaning of semi formal letter.

2. The format of a semi formal letter.

a. address, date

b. salutation

c. heading

d. body.


e. closing

3. Language and tone semi formal

4. The differences between informal/semi formal letter.

5. The person we write semi formal letter to.



1. Teacher explains semi formal letter.

2. Displays sample of semi formal letter.

3. Calls students attention to the characteristics of formal letter.

4. Examines the body and language of semi formal letter.

5. Leads students to examine the complimentary close and the signature as used in semi formal letter.

Use chart, class text, sample letter.







Structure

Differences between a phrase and a clause

1. Definition of a phrase.

2. Definition of a clause.

3. Differences between a phrase and a clause.

4. Sentences indicating phrases e.g. The book, around the Church,

at the market.

5. Sentences indicating clauses e.g. The students were punished

- because they came late

- I could not locate the street.

- He arrived.


1. The teacher defines phrase and clause.

2. The teacher lists the differences between a phrase and a clause.

3. Sample sentences are presented by the teacher in phrases and clauses.

4. Students listen attentively and participate in writing sample phrases and clauses.

Use the dictionary, chalk board, flash cards, strips of sentences.





Summary

Writing a summary of a passage in a specified number of sentences

1. Definition of a summary.

2. Listed characteristics of a summary.

3. Sentences as sample of summarized paragraphs.

4. Keywords in summary, first, second, furthermore.



1. The teacher defines a summary.

2. Gives the characteristics of a summary.

3. Gives sample sentences of summarized paragraphs.

4. Strips of summaries of passages.




12

Revision

Revision of consonant sounds,

Revision of nouns types.

Revision of paragraphing, comma, spelling.

Revision on summary



1. A list of consonants on a chart.

2. Noun listed on a board.

3. Definition of paragraph, comma.

4. Sample paragraph and punctuated passage using comma.

5. Definition of a summary.


1. Teacher lists consonants on the chalk board.

2. List nouns in a chart.

3. Presents the definition of paragraph and comma.

4. Teacher gives a sample paragraph and a punctuated passage.

5. Teacher leads the students to punctuate a short passage.

Use students text, chalk board, summary, flash cards for punctuation marks.




13

Revision

Revision

Revision

Revision

14

Examination

Examination

Examination

Examination
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