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FOOD AND NUTRITION

SS 2 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

Preservation of foods.

Convenience foods.



  • Definition of convenience foods.

  • Preserving foods.

  • Types of convenience foods.

  • Advantages and disadvantages of convenience.




Teacher

  • Explain the meaning of convenience foods.

  • Explain preserving food in relation to convenience.

E.g. using chemicals and preservatives.

  1. Frozen foods.

  2. Dehydrated foods.

  3. Tinned or canned foods.

  4. Processed foods.

  • Mention the various types of convenience foods.

Students

  1. Participate in class discussion.

  2. Identify convenience foods.

  3. Ask and answer questions.

Learning materials

A chart showing a table of advantages and disadvantages of convenience foods.



2

Preservation of foods.

  • Convenience foods.

  • Advantages and disadvantages.

  • Guidelines for selecting convenience food.

  • Practical on the use of convenience in food preparation.



Teacher

Leads discussion on:



  • Types of food preservation.

  • Methods of food preservation.

  • Guidelines for selecting convenience.

  • Prepares food for preservation.

  • Supervises the students work in groups.

Gives a chalkboard summary.

Students

Demonstrate the use of convenience foods.



Learning materials

Charts



3

Choice and storage of food stuffs.

  • Storage equipments.

  • Storage of perishable and non-perishable foods.

  • Factors affecting food selection.

Teacher

  • Lead discussion on equipment.

  • Explain the different between perishable and non-perishable examples.

  • Explain the various factors affecting food selection.

Students

Copy the chalk/white board summary in their notebooks.



Learning materials

Charts showing perishable foods.



4

Choice and storage of food stuff.

  • Bulk purchasing.

  • Shopping list market survey cost analysis.

  • Storage method.

Teacher

  • Explain the meaning of bulk purchase.

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of bulk purchase.

  • Explain the following term in relation to

Bulk purchase.

  1. Shopping list.

  2. Market survey.

  3. Cost analysis.

Students

Participate in class discussion.

Draw up a good shopping list.

Learning materials

Samples of shopping list.



5

Choice and storage of food stuff.

  • Meaning of common terms.

  • Price list.

  • Food list.

  • Bulk buying.

  • Commercial foods.

  • Home made foods.

  • Brand name.

  • Net weight.

  • Gross weight.

Teacher

  • Lead in discussion.

  • Explain the meaning of the various terms and their functions to food storage and food stuff.

Students

Participate in class discussion.

Copy the chalk/white board summary in their notebooks.

Learning materials

Samples of food/ shopped items.




6

Test interpretation and practical




7

Food budgeting

  • Meaning of food budgeting.

  • The family budget.

  • Types of family budget e.g. primary and secondary budget.

  • Factors influencing food budgeting.

Teacher

  • Explains the meaning of food budgeting.

  • Discuss family and their types (primary and secondary budget).

  • Explains the factors influencing food budgeting.

Students

Participate in class discussions.



Learning materials

A chart showing a family budget.



8

Food budgeting

  • Types of food budgeting.

  • Factors to consider when budgeting our food.

  • Shopping list.

  • Petty cash.

  • Food cost.

  • Making a price list.

Periodical and preparing food budget considering the nutritional need of family members.

Teacher

Lists the various types of food budgeting.

Explain the factor to consider when …………….

Students

Write an imaginary budget for a family of four.



Learning materials

A chart showing an imaginary food budget.





9

Nutritional needs of the family.

  • Meaning of the nutritional needs.

  • Nutritional need of different e.g. infants and children

  • Adolescents

  • Adults and the aged

  • Pregnant and lactating mother.

Teacher

Plan a simple and adequate meal for a family.



Students

Listen and participate in discussion.



Learning materials

Food items, dishes cooking utensils etc.



10

Meal planning

  • Factors affecting meal planning.

  • Planning of adequate diet.

Teacher

Explain meal planning



  • Discuss the factor affecting meal planning.

Students

Participate in the class discussion.



Learning materials

Sample of planned meal.



11

Revision

Revision

12-13

Examination

Examination

CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

SS 2 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

PATTERNS

  • Taking of body measurement

  • Drafting of bodice block – male and female




Teacher: Displays paper patterns and explain the marking, then demonstrate how to draft patterns.

Resources: Paper patterns, tape measure, pencil, block pattern, ruler



2

PATTERNS

  • Drafting of block for skirt or short

Teacher: Demonstrates how to draft a block for a skirt.

Resource: Brown paper, ruler, tape measure, pencil



3

PATTERNS

  • Drafting of block for sleeve

Teacher: Demonstrates how to draft a block for a sleeve.

Resource: Brown paper, ruler, tape measure, pencil



4

ADAPTATION OF PATTERNS

  1. Definition

  2. Adaptation of block patterns to different style of choice and fit.

Teacher: Defines alteration of patterns. Displays the paper pattern and explains the markings and notations on them.

Resources: Ruler, pencil, brown paper, charts on pattern adaptation.




5

ALTERATION OF PATTERNS

  1. Definition – addition or reduction

  2. Alteration for fit and style – commercial or drafted.

  3. Advantages and disadvantages of using pattern in garment construction

Teacher: Defines alteration, demonstrates the adjustment of patterns to a given measurement, demonstrate how to reduce or enlarge pattern sizes.

Resources: Block pattern, tape measure, ruler, pencils etc



6

FREE HAND CUTTING

  1. Cutting of bodice front and back

  2. Skirt front and back

  3. Sleeve

  4. Advantages and disadvantages of free hand cutting.

Teacher: Leads discussion on measurement required for a garment. Demonstrates how to cut a garment freely.

Resource: Scissors, pins, tailor’s chalk, thread, needle etc.



7

FREE HAND CUTTING

  • Practical – construction of a simple baby dress




Teacher: Leads discussion on the features of a baby dress. Demonstrate how to cut a simple baby dress.

RESOURCE: Catalogue, pencil, tape measure, brown paper



8

GARMENT FEATURES

Arrangement of Fullness



  • Gathers

  • Pleats – knife, box

Teacher: Discusses the factors to consider when arranging fullness. Leads discussion on the use of different style features effectively and appropriately.

RESOURCES: Garment with different styles and features, catalogue, tape, measure, pencil, eraser etc.



9

GARMENT FEATURES

Arrangement of Fullness



  • Smocking for children

  • Shirring

Teacher: Leads discussion on the basic rules that governs the arrangement of fullness

RESOURCES: Same as above



10

GARMENT FEATURES

Arrangement of Fullness



  • Tucks

  • Darts – waist, bust etc

Teacher: Leads discussion on the basic rules that govern the arrangement of fullness

RESOURCES: Same as above



11

COSTUME AND FASHION DESIGNING

Trends In Fashion



  1. Definition of fashion and fashion designing

  2. Trace and compare fashion trend over the years.

  3. Distinguish between fashion and fashion fad.

Teacher: Explains the differences between fads and fashion. Discuss the fashion of yesterday and today.

RESOURCES: Photographs of parents, grandparents, old magazine, catalogue.




12

COSTUME AND FASHION DESIGNING

  1. Sketching appropriate styles for costume designing using different style features to flatter the design e.g. collar, sleeve

  2. Cutting out patterns

  3. Adaptation of basic blocks for costume.

Teacher: Guides students in sketching appropriate styles. Guides students to adapt the sketched style on the block pattern.

RESOURCES: tape, material, block patterns, sewing machine, pins etc.



13

Revision

Revision

14

Examination

Examination

CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

SS 2 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

GARMENT FEATURES STYLE FEATURE

  • Drafting patterns for collars and cuffs




Teacher: Demonstrates how to draft pattern for the different style features – collars and cuffs.

Resources: Garment with different style features, brown paper, pencils, tape measure



2

GARMENT FEATURES STYLE FEATURE

  • Drafting patterns for yokes and pockets




Teacher: Guides students to list the functions of different style features. Demonstration

Resources: Garment with different style features, brown paper, pencils, tape measure



3

GARMENT FEATURES STYLE FEATURE

  • Drafting patterns for Belts and frills




Teacher: Leads discussion on how these features can be used to flatter the figure. Demonstrates how to draft pattern for Belt and frills.

Resources: Garment with different style features, brown paper, pencils, tape measure



4

DECORATIVE DESIGNS

  1. Embroidery work-decorative stitches e.g. satin stitches stem stitch etc.

  2. Points to consider when planning embroidery work

  3. Types of embroidery design e.g. self made, iron on, transfer etc.

Teacher: Guides students to enumerate them. Discusses points to consider when planning an embroidery work. Demonstrates how to transfer designs unto fabrics using tracing paper/carbon etc

Resources: Pressing iron, album, samples of embroidery threads etc.




5

DECORATIVE DESIGNS

Materials for Embroidery



  1. Threads – anchor, raffene

  2. Needles – Crewel, sharp

  3. Types of embroidery work e.g. household articles

  4. Transferring designs unto fabric – using tracing paper.

Teacher: Guides students to identify different types of design used for embroidery. Discusses and demonstrates the method of transferring designs unto fabrics.

Resources: Embroidery machine, samples of embroidery needles, textbook.



6

DECORATIVE DESIGNS

Traditional Designs



  1. Traditional background of beads and sequins

  2. Methods of designing beads e.g. bead stitched down separately. Beads/sequins thread linked and sewn down.

Teacher: Explains the traditional background of beads and sequins. Leads discussion on how to use bead/sequins to form decorative designs. Practical demonstration on methods of designing beads.

Resources: Samples of beads, sequins, embroidery thread and needle.



7

DECORATIVE DESIGNS

Needle Craft



  1. Definition and uses

  2. Tatting

  3. Crochet




Teacher: Discusses the types of needle craft and practical demonstration

RESOURCES: Tatting tool kit, pair of scissors, crochet hooks, chart showing picture of needle craft.



8

DECORATIVE DESIGN

Needle Craft



  1. Appliqué

  2. Patch work e.g. baby cot cover, pillowcase etc.

Teacher: Demonstrates to students how to make them and then supervises them.

Resources: Charts showing pictures of appliqué, patchwork, tape measure, etc.



9

DECORATIVE DESIGN

  1. Macramé

  2. Making decorative articles using the needle craft e.g. table dolly, centre piece.

Teacher: Practical demonstration on making of different macramé knot e.g. flat, spiral, Josephine knots.

Resources: Macramé twine, pair of scissors, tape measure etc.



10

DECORATIVE DESIGNS

Needle Craft



  • Making of soft toys – duck, dog, teddy bear etc.

Teacher: Practical demonstration and supervision of students.

Resources: Different materials, pair of scissors, tracing paper, tracing wheel, pencil, tape measure.



11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

SS 2 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY

Dry Cleaning



  1. Definition and importance

  2. Methods of dry cleaning

  3. Dry cleaning agents e.g. French chalk, talcum powder, kerosene etc




Teacher: Defines dry cleaning, discusses the different methods of dry cleaning and types of dry cleaning agents.

Resources: Samples of dry cleaning agents.





2

HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY

Dry Cleaning



  1. Types of dry cleaning – home and commercial

  2. General rules for removing stains during dry cleaning.

  3. Advantages of dry cleaning




Teacher: Discusses the general rules for removing stains during dry cleaning. Discusses the advantages of dry cleaning clothes. Demonstrates how to use dry cleaning agents to remove stains.

Resources: Samples of dry cleaning agents, samples of soiled George wrapper, textbook.



3

CARE OF CLOTHES

Clothing Repair



  1. Meaning of repairs

  2. Types of repairs – patching, darning etc




Teacher: Discusses the meaning of repairs in clothing and textiles. Demonstrates how to repair clothes using patching, darning.

Resources: Samples of torn garment, pieces of plain fabric, needle, threads, sewing machine, textbook.



4

CARE OF CLOTHES

Clothing Repair.



  1. Other simple repairs e.g. loose buttons, broken zippers, slack elastic

Teacher: Guides students to list other types of repairs in clothing. Demonstrate the repair of broken zippers, slack elastic etc

Resources: Buttons, zipper, elastic, pieces of fabric, needle etc.




5

CARE OF CLOTHES

Renovation Processes



  1. Meaning of renovation

  2. Reconstruction/Remodelling




Teacher: Explains the meaning of reconstruction/remodelling and differentiate them. Discusses on renovation techniques. Guides students to renovate some household articles.

Resources: Samples of torn materials, faded garment, scissors, etc.



6

CARE OF CLOTHES

Renovation Process

Dyeing


  1. Definition

  2. Types of dye e.g. acid, vat, basic etc

  3. Methods of dyeing e.g. tie-dye, batik




Teacher: defines dye and discuss on the different types of dye stuff, methods of dyeing and supervises students to renovate old garment by dyeing.

Resources: Samples of different dyes, plastic basin, wooden stick, water, scissors, needle and thread, nylon twine etc



7

DRESS SENSE

Good grooming



  1. Meaning of good grooming

  2. Principles of good grooming e.g. exercise, relaxation, sleep etc




Teacher: Explains the meaning of good grooming and its principles.

Resources: magazines showing picture of a well groomed individual



8

DRESS SENSE

Good grooming

Harmonization of colours


  1. Primary, secondary and tertiary colour

  2. Group of colours – warm, cool, contrast etc.

Teacher: Distinguishes between proper and improper dressing. Discusses on colour combination.

Resources: Colour wheel chart, colour triangle.



9

DRESS SENSE

Wardrobe planning



  1. Meaning of wardrobe

  2. Principles of wardrobe planning – basic rules

  3. Clothes for different occasions

Teacher: Explains the meaning of a wardrobe, discusses on the points to consider when planning the wardrobe. Explains clothes suitable for different occasions – their features

Resource: A wardrobe or cupboard, hangers.



10

DRESS SENSE

Wardrobe planning



  • Factors influencing decision to buy or make clothes.

  • Selecting and purchasing readymade cloths

Teacher: Discusses on the factors that could influence decisions to buy or make clothes. Guides students on ways of selecting and purchasing good readymade clothes.

Resources: Sample of different dresses, textbooks.



11

DRESS SENSE

Dress Accessories



  1. Definition of dress accessories

  2. Types of dress accessories e.g. handbags, shoes, ties etc.

  3. Factors to consider when choosing accessories.

  4. Making simple accessories e.g. hat, necklace, earning.

Teacher: Guides students to mention the different types of accessories. Explains how to select matching accessories for different clothes and occasions. Demonstrates how to make some simple accessories e.g. necklace, hat

Resources: Samples of beads, necklace, earring. Charts showing different accessories, textbooks.



12

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination


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