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4

Environmental Resources (Contd.)

  • Meaning of environmental resources and types (atmospheric-sun, wind, rain, gases etc,)

  • Water resources-meaning, types/examples and uses

  • Vegetation resources ; meaning types example and uses

Teacher : Initiates and guides discussions on ;

- Components of each type of environmental resources

- Quality of human resources in relation to size, skilled and unskilled human resources, education and health etc,

- uses and importance of environmental resources

- Uses pictures, charts and maps to explain the meaning of environmental resources

Students :

Draw a table indicating the types of resources

- Components of the resources, their sources and uses.

Instructional Materials

- illustrative diagrams and sketches

- Documentaries

- Maps


- Video clips/tapes

5

Environmental Resources (Cont)

  • Mineral resources; meaning, types, uses and the problem of mineral exploitation.

  • Land resources; meaning, types soils, plateau, etc and their uses.

  • Human resources: meaning, types human capital, population, technology etc), uses etc

6

Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources :

  • Meaning and types of renewable and non-renewable resources

  • Advantages of renewable and non-renewable resources

  • Disadvantages of renewable and non-renewable resources

Teacher : uses pictures, charts and documentaries to explain renewable and non-renewable resources.

- Initiates and guide students discussions on advantages and disadvantages of the types.

- Takes students on field tour to identify renewable and non renewable resources in their community.

Students : Participate in field work

- Watch documentaries of renewable and non-renewable resources

- Tabulate resources as renewable and non renewable resources.

Instructional Materials :

- illustrative diagrams and sketches

- Documentaries

- Maps


- Video clips/tapes

7

Environmental Problems (HAZARDS)

  • Meaning and types (drought, desert encroachment, pollution, deforestation, soil erosion; meaning, causes, effects and solutions.




8

Environmental Problems (HAZARDS) Cont.

  • Coastal Erosion: Meaning, areas affected, causes effects and solutions

  • Flooding; meaning, causes, effect and solutions.

  • Deforestation; Meaning, area affected, causes, effects and solutions.



Teacher :

- Uses pictures and documentaries to guide students discussion of ;

- Environmental problems and their effect on human activities

- Solution to the problems

- Takes students on field work to observe environmental problems and their causes.

Students :

- Observe environmental problems in their community

- Watch documentary films of environmental problems

Instructional Materials :


  • Documentaries

  • Maps

  • Photocopies

  • Video clips/tapes

9

Environmental Problems (HAZARDS) Cont.

  • Pollution : Meaning and types (land pollution)

  • Water Pollution; meaning, causes, effects and solutions.

  • Air and noise Pollution; Meaning, causes, effect and solutions.




10

Environmental Conservation

  • Meaning and types/methods, afforestation/re-afforestation,, cover cropping improved farming techniques, environmental education, recycling

  • Methods of environmental conservation, improved farming methods.

Teacher :

- Uses pictures, charts and maps to explain the meaning of environmental conservation

- Initiates and guides discussions on ;

- Types of environmental conservation

- Needs and importance of environmental conservation

Students :

Listen to teacher and participate in discussion





11

Environmental Conservation Cont.

Environmental education :



  • Recycling

  • Importance of environmental education




Students : illustrative diagrams and sketches

- Documentaries

- Maps

- Video clips/tapes



12

Revision

Revision

13-14

Examination

Examination

GEOGRAGHY

SS 2 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

ACTITIVIES

1


AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

  • Meaning and types of agricultural practice (subsistence, mechanized, pastoral farming, crop rotation, mixed farming, shifting cultivation)

- Mechanized Agriculture

- Pastoral farming



Teacher :

- Takes students on field work to observe agricultural practices.

- Uses maps, pictures, films, slides etc to guide discussions on ;

- Types of agricultural practices

- Nigeria’s major food and cash crops

- Importance of Agriculture

- Problems of Agriculture

- Guides and supervises students as they draw map of Nigeria and locate major agricultural produce on map.



Students :

- Participate in outdoor activities and make records and report of observations

- Identify and classify agricultural practices in Nigeria

- Draw a map of Nigeria and insert the country’s major cash and food crops on map.



Instructional Materials

- Maps , Illustrative diagrams and sketches, farms in the locality, pictures, slides etc

- Documentaries, Drawing paper and Tracing paper.

:


2

Types of Agriculture in Nigeria:

  • Crop rotation

  • Mixed farming

  • Shifting Cultivation

3

Agriculture in Nigeria Cont.

  • Food and cash crops (locate the areas on the map)

  • Importance of agriculture in Nigeria and their solutions

4

Transportation in Nigeria :

  • Meaning and types/modes of transportation (road, rail, water, air, pipeline, aerial rope ways, human and animal porterage)- road transport; meaning-types merits, demerits problems and solutions

  • Rail transport and pipeline, meaning, types, merits, demerits, problems and solutions.

  • Water transport; meaning types, merits, demerits, problems and their solutions.

Teacher :

- Helps students identify and describe major modes of transportation in Nigeria

- Guides students discussion on:

- Advantages and disadvantages of various modes of transportation.

- Transportation problems in Nigeria

- Influence of transportation on human activities.



Students :

- Draw maps of Nigeria showing the road and rail transportation system

- Participate in class discussions

Instructional Materials :

Atlas, Maps, Documentary, films/slides,

Diagrams and sketches.

Drawing and tracing paper



5

Transport and Communication in Nigeria

  • Problems of transportation and their solutions

  • Communication: meaning and types of communication networks (telecommunications, telephones services, cellular phones, voice mails etc; postal services, radio, television, newspapers internet, face book etc)

  • Telecommunication and postal services meaning, merits and demerits

Teacher:

Guides students to draw maps of road and rail transportation systems in Nigeria



6

Communication in Nigeria

  • Types of communication network. Radio and television( merits and demerits)

  • Newspapers and magazines meaning, types, merits and demerits

  • Internet, face book etc; meaning, merits and demerits.

Teacher :

- Helps students identify and describe major communication elements in Nigeria through use of pictures, films etc

- Takes students to visit communication industries in the community

- Guides students discussions on ; advantages and disadvantages of communication system,

- Problems of communication

- Influence on human activities



Students :

- Visit communication companies/industries in locality

- Watch documentaries and films

- Participate in discussions



Instructional Materials :

Documentary, film/slides, posters, pictures



7

Communication in Nigeria Cont.

  • Importance of communication

  • Problems of communication

  • Solutions

8

Manufacturing Industry in Nigeria

  • Definition and types of industry; primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary

  • Major industrial zones in Nigeria; types of industry within each zones and their products.

  • Factors affecting locations of industries

Teacher :

- Takes students on tour of manufacturing industries in the locality.

- Uses of pictures, films maps etc to guide the discussions on industries.

Students :

- Draw sketches maps of Nigeria showing major industrial zones

- Carry out field work and write reports on field work

Instructional Materials :

Map of Nigeria showing industrial zones



9

Industry in Nigeria Cont.

  • Local craft in Nigeria

  • Importance of manufacturing industries.

  • Problems of manufacturing industries and their solutions.

Teacher : guide discussions on: type of manufacturing industries

- Major industrial zones

- factors affecting location of manufacturing industries

- Problems and solutions.



10

Commercial Activities in Nigeria

  • Meaning and major commercial activities (trade, transportation and commercialization)

  • Trade and major commercial area in Nigeria

  • Importance of commercial activities

Teacher :

- Takes students on field work to identify commercial activities in the locality

- Use pictures, films, documentaries, maps etc to guide class discussions on ;

- Nigeria’s trade, stock exchange, capital market

- Major commercial zones

- Importance of commercial activities



Students :

- Draw sketch-maps of Nigeria showing commercial cities

- Carry out field work

Instructional Materials:

- Map of Nigeria showing commercial cities

- pictures , films showing trading on stock exchange


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

13

Examination

Examination

GEOGRAGHY

SS 2 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

ACTITIVIES

1


Map Reading

  • Direction and bearing: The major cardinal points(true/magnetic north and magnetic variations)

  • Compass direction

  • Angular bearings

Teacher :

- Explains the use of angular bearings and compass bearings

- Leads students to locate the major cardinal points

- Guides students to solve problems using examples from topographical maps



Students :

- Draw diagrams showing major cardinal points and their bearings

- Determine the directions and bearings from topographical maps

Instructional Materials : Topographical maps, Atlas, Plans,

Compass.


2

Representation of Relief Forms :

  • Conventional signs and symbols.

  • Physical features (relief); valleys, spur pass, knoll and hill.

  • Physical features (relief); escarpment, plateau, dissected plateau, ridge, cliff etc

Teacher :

- Uses maps, models, sketches on the board to help students to recognize relief features on maps

- Uses sand trays and ashes to demonstrate formation of contour lines

Students :

- observe topographical maps to identify sets of physical features

- Constant topographical maps by using contour lines to represent relief in their discrete forms

Instructional Materials:

Maps, atlas, models, Rulers, colours, sand, ashes, trays



3

Methods of representing Relief

Teacher :

- Guide discussions on methods of representing relief features on maps.



4

World population

  • Definition, size and distribution patterns

  • Density (meaning, calculation, merits and demerits of high and low population densities and world population structure

  • Factors affecting population distribution (climate relief, water, minerals etc

Teacher :

- Uses maps, diagrams, pictures, documentary films etc to guide students to discuss world population with respect to size, density structure and distributions patterns

- Guide class discussions on influence of climate, relief, soil, water etc on population density and distribution

- Leads students to make sketches of world population distribution on a map.



Students :

- Draw sketch maps showing distribution of world’s population

- Watch films on population distribution.

Resources; population maps, sketches and diagrams, GIS maps on population.



5

World Population Cont.

  • Reason for rapid growth of world population

  • Migration; meaning and types of migration

  • Factors responsible for migration, merit and demerits of migration

6

Settlement

  • Meaning and types of settlement (urban and rural settlements; population, economy, administration etc

  • Factors of settlement (soil, weather, topography etc)

Teacher :

- Guide students discussion of ;

- Settlement types

- Characteristics of urban and rural settlements

- Factors of settlement location

- Settlement patterns and their developmental factors.

- Uses maps and sketches to help students identify human settlements

- Takes students on field work to observe human settlements patterns in the locality.



Student :

- Read topographical maps and identify human settlements on the map

- Draw sketch diagrams showing settlement patterns in their locality

- Participate in field work and write reports



7

Settlement Cont.

  • Settlement patterns; dispersed, linear, isolated etc

  • Factors that aid the development of each patterns

  • Classification of settlement according to size

8

Settlement cont.

  • Classifications according to functions

  • Differences between urban and rural settlements

  • Settlement interactions; types of interactions(commercial, cultural, administrative etc)

9

Settlement cont.

  • Interaction patterns within settlement urban-rural and rural-urban

  • Urban-urban and rural-rural etc

  • Functions of settlement

Instructional materials:

Top-maps, Aerial photographs of human settlements, satellite images, diagrams and sketches.



10

Geo-Political issues (Land Reclamation)

  • Meaning of land reclamation and methods: Afforestation, construction of barriers, erosion control etc

  • Methods of land reclamation: Sand, fillings, constructions of drainage, erosion control etc

  • Importance of land reclamation

Teacher :

- Guide students discussions on;

- Methods of Land reclamation

- Importance of land reclamation

- Uses photographs of reclamation sites to explain the concept of land reclamation

- Take students on field work to land reclamation sites



Students:

- Participate in field work and write reports

- Carry out community development project on land reclamation

Instructional Materials :

- Photographs, Documentary, films, Diagrams and sketches



11

Geographic Information System (GIS) Data

  • Data sources: Land survey and remote sensing

  • Data sources; map digitalization and scanning

  • Data sources: field investigation and tabler data etc

Teacher :

- Explains GIS data sources

- Takes students on field work to collect geographic data using various methods

- Supervises students on field work



Students : Participate in a guided field work

Instructional Materials

GPS, Satellite images, Maps



12

Revision and Examination




GOVERNMENT

SS 2 FIRSTTERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

CIVIL SERVICE

  1. Meaning/definition of civil service

  2. Characteristics of civil service

  3. Structures of civil service

  4. Functions of civil service

  5. Control of civil service

  6. Problems of civil service

  1. Teacher leads discussion on civil service.

  2. Ask students to list the duties performed by some government officials in their localities.




2

CIVIL SERVICE (ADMINISTRATIVE/PROFESSIONAL CLASSES)

  1. Executive class

  2. Clerical class

  3. Ethic, honesty, integrity

  1. Teacher leads discussion on civil service commission

  2. Illustrates with organisational chart of the civil service commission in Nigeria. .

3

PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION IN THE CIVIL SERVICE

  1. Meaning of civil service commission

  2. Structure of the commission

  3. Functions of the commission

  4. Relationship between the civil service and political executives.

  1. Teacher lead discussion on civil service commission

  2. Illustrate with organisational chart of the civil service commission in Nigeria.

4

PUBLIC CORPORATIONS

  1. Definition of public corporations.

  2. Reasons for establishing public corporations

  3. Functions of public corporation

  1. Teacher leads discussion on public corporation

  2. Invite a resource person to give talk on the functions of public corporations




5

STRUCTURE AND ORGANISATION OF PUBLIC CORPORATION

  1. Minister as a political head

  2. Board of Director

  3. Management

  4. Comparison of the organisation

  1. Teacher leads discussion on the structure of public organisation

  2. Draws a diagram showing the relationship between a minster, board and management.

6

CONTROL AND PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC CORPORATION

  1. Reasons for the control of public corporation

  2. Types of control: ministerial, parliament and judicial control

  3. Problems facing public corporation

  1. Teacher leads discussion on the control and problems of public corporation

  2. Embarks on excursion to a public corporation e.g. banks, Radio. Television stations, companies Beverages etc to be organised.




7

COMMERCIALIZATION

  1. Definition of commercialization

  2. Reasons for commercialization

  3. Merits and demerits of commercialization in Nigeria.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on commercialization

  2. Invites an expert to give talk on commercialization.




8

PRIVATIZATION

  1. Definition of privatization

  2. Reasons for privatization

  3. Merits and demerits of privatization in Nigeria.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on privatization

  2. Invites an expert to give talk on privatization.




9

DEREGULATION

  1. Meaning of deregulation

  2. Reasons for deregulation

  3. Advantages and disadvantages of deregulation in Nigeria.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on deregulation

  2. Invites an expert to give talk on deregulation.



10

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA

  1. Meaning of local government administration

  2. Reasons for the creation of local government in Britain and France

  3. Functions of local government

  4. System of local government in Britain and France.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on local government

  2. Cites, services performance by local government

  3. Organises an excursion to local government secretariat




11

THE STRUCTURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

  1. The evolution of local government in Nigeria

  2. Structure of local government in Nigeria.

  3. Local government sources of finance

  4. Relationship among local, state and federal government in Nigeria.




  1. Teacher leads discussion on the evolution and structure of local government.

  2. Visits local government secretariat.

12

LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORMS

  1. Roles of traditional rulers in local government administration

  2. 1976, local government reforms

  3. Problems facing local governments in Nigeria today.

  4. Measures or ways to improve local government administration in Nigeria.

  1. Teacher leads discussion on the role of local government and the 1976 local government reforms in Nigeria.

  2. Organizes debate on the role of traditional rulers in the administration of local government in Nigeria.

13

Revision

Revision

14

Examination

Examination

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