I hold a Medical Specialist degree in Medical Physiology and I am employed as a professor and researcher by Nile University in Abuja, Nigeria.
I am interested in Complementary Medicine. Complementary medicine is used by millions and its benefits are reported by many researchers. Using complementary medicine together with conventional medicine -which refers to integrative medicine- will drastically increase the human health. Benefits of integrative medicine includes but not limited to pain management for military personnel and veterans, relief of symptoms in cancer patients and survivors, and programs to promote healthy behaviors.
I concentrate on three different complementary medicine techniques: cupping therapy, foot reflexotherapy and foot bathing therapy. I have developed new applications using both techniques; both are based on my previous research on cerebral lateralization (development of two hemispheres of the brain differently). I showed that wet cupping therapy releases oxidants and heavy metals from the body which increases one’s health by decreasing oxidative stress. I showed cupping therapy has positive effect on releiving shoulder and neck pain.
I earned my Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree at Ege University School of Medicine in Izmir, Turkey in 1986. I received my Medical Specialist degree in Medical Physiology from Physiology department of School of Medicine at Ataturk University in Erzurum, Turkey in 1990.
I completed my degree under the supervision of Dr. Uner Tan who is one of the leaders of Medical Physiology area and discoverer of Uner Tan Syndrome. I submitted my thesis information and degree confirmation page from Yuksekogretim Kurulu (Council of Higher Education) of Turkey including the abstract of my thesis.
Ataturk University -where I worked for 21 years- is a land-grant university founded in 1957 in Erzurum, Turkey. The university currently has 286,328 enrolled students including on-campus, online, 4-year, and 2-year students. 30,307 students are enrolled to on-campus, full-time, and 4-year programs. School of Medicine of Ataturk University is one of the best medical schools in the country due to high patient capacity and high technologies in the teaching hospital. In 2010, School of Medicine started to offer medical education completely in English. Ataturk University has been ranked 7th out of 68 universities with medical schools in Turkey according to an independent study called University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP). 1
I am a professor and researcher of Medical Physiology at Nile University in Abuja, Nigeria and my research includes cerebral lateralization, sports medicine, oxidative stress, and complementary medicine concentrated on cupping therapy and reflexotherapy. For the purposes of this application, I am focusing on three important areas which are crucial for the U.S. nation – cerebral lateralization, cupping therapy, foot bathing therapy and foot reflexotherapy.
Cerebral Lateralization, also known as brain lateralization, is basically the distinct development of two hemispheres (parts) of the brain which results in distinct functions being more predominantly controlled by one hemisphere than the other. The most known effect of this lateralization is handedness, the predominant use of one hand over the other for specific functions.
This concept is first defined by a French neurosurgeon, Paul Broca, in the mid-1800s. He identifies a region in the left hemisphere of the brain that has specific roles in speech production. Later, Carl Wernicke, a German neurologist, identified another part in the left hemisphere that primarily deals with language comprehension. Most people employ the left hemisphere for language abilities. The Lateralization Theory is developed by Nobel prize winner Roger Sperry and Robert Ornstein in the 1980s. Thanks to their studies, we had better understanding of behavior, personality, creativity, and ability of proper thinking of humans when performing particular tasks.
The following list of functions are some examples of cerebral lateralization. This information applies only to right-handed people and it is reversed for left-handed people.
The left hemisphere specializes in analytical thought.
The left hemisphere deals with hard facts: abstractions, structure, discipline and rules, time sequences, math, logic and rationality, productivity, science, and technology.
The right hemisphere specializes in the softer aspects, including feelings and emotions.
The right hemisphere executes art-related abilities such as visualization, creativity, color, spatial awareness, rhythm, play, and drama.
I incorporated my expertise on cerebral lateralization to many health areas to develop new therapies, especially complementary and integrative medicine areas. According to National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), a U.S. governmental agency under National Institutes of Health (NIH), complementary medicine is a health care approach developed outside of mainstream, or conventional, medicine. According to NCCIH, more than 30 percent of American adults use these non-conventional health care approaches.1 If a non-conventional medicine is used together with conventional medicine, it’s called complementary medicine. Bringing conventional medicine and complementary medicine together is integrative medicine.My research brings conventional medicine -cerebral lateralization- and complementary medicine together.
I am mostly concentrated on two complementary medicine approaches: cupping therapy and foot reflexotherapy (reflexology) and incorporated cerebral lateralization into these therapies.
Cupping is an ancient therapy which has been used for more than 2,000 years by many cultures. It is believed that its roots tie back to traditional Chinese medicine. Cupping is done by creating suction on the skin using special cups. Although it is an ancient therapy, it gained attention in the media and amongst people due to its use by world-class athletes. The most known athlete who benefitted from cupping therapy is Michael Phelps, an American Olympian swimmer with a total of 28 medals.
Although the mechanism behind cupping therapy is still unclear, it is believed that the suction effect increases blood flow and promotes healing. Cupping also has effects on pain relief and it could be effective in treating pain and disability associated with chronic neck pain and chronic low-back pain.
Cupping therapy has two most common types of application: dry and wet cupping therapy. Dry cupping therapy involves only applying suction to the skin. On the other hand, wet cupping therapy (also known as hijama) involves applying suction to the skin, then making light and tiny cuts by a small scalpel on the skin, then finally applying suction again to draw out a small quantity of blood. The common belief is that toxic materials are withdrawn from body by wet cupping.
Finally, I will give brief introduction about reflexotherapy here. Reflexotherapy (also known as reflexology) is a therapy which is done by applying different amounts of pressure by hand on specific points under the feet or hands. It is believed that every part of the body has neurons that are connected to the bottom surface of the feet. When pressure is applied to the feet, it activates these neurons to relieve pain and increase wellness. Reflexotherapy causes relaxation and relives psychological stress as well reported by many people who receives this treatment occasionally.
My contributions: My research on cerebral lateralization is mostly understanding how two hemispheres of our brain work differently and how this difference happens in the first place which I refer to as fundamental research. Doing fundamental research is very important and indispensable in health research because developing therapies or discovering drugs are solely based on our knowledge of how the human body works. I spent more than 20 years understanding how the brain works, especially how the two hemispheres execute different functions. I also worked on why there is this discrepancy between two hemispheres and developed models explaining reasons behind cerebral lateralization. I successfully gained a lot of knowledge and experience on cerebral lateralization and published more than 100 papers in English in peer-reviewed journals. Having massive experience and knowledge on cerebral lateralization, I developed some therapies and therapeutic approaches to diseases like autism and schizophrenia.
Doing research on cerebral lateralization for more than 20 years at Ataturk University, I wanted to further advance my research by integrating my research with complementary medicine. I will discuss my contributions to cerebral lateralization and two complementary medicine areas -cupping therapy and reflexotherapy- inmore detail in the following chapters.
Cerebral Lateralization: I started working on cerebral lateralization while I am studying for my Medical Specialist degree at Ataturk University. My thesis research was on the relations between cat weight and paw preferences of cats. This study was starting point of my research on cerebral lateralization.
After gaining Medical Specialist degree, I started working as assistant professor at Ataturk University and continued my research on cerebral lateralization. I tried to understand firstly how this lateralization happens and what are the consequences in health and disease; and secondly why this is happening. I developed models explaining why and how cerebral lateralization happens. My model suggests that cerebral lateralization happens when we are developing in our mother’s womb. Baby’s position in his/her mother’s womb determines the difference between the brain hemispheres leading to cerebral lateralization. This position specificity later in the development of the baby affects the hearing difference in baby. This is leading differences in baby’s perceptions which are very important in his/her development. When the position of baby is reversed or disrupted during the development, lateralization is not completed correctly. This concept reminded me that people with autism and schizophrenia have mixed handedness (using both hand almost equally for same functions). Also, people with these diseases usually have problems with their perceptions. This suggests that people with abnormal cerebral lateralization due to their disrupted position in their development in mother’s womb, would have problems with their perceptions such as hearing during development leading to diseases like autism and schizophrenia. I tried to connect my model with the treatment of these diseases and came up with new therapies which I will explain later in this chapter.
Understanding the mechanisms behind cerebral lateralization is important in both health and disease. I have done research on both conditions seen in health and disease and their relations with cerebral lateralization. I tried to understand how abnormalities in cerebral lateralization causes some disease and how they can be fixed; while I also tried to understand how this concept works in healthy people.
Although the two hemispheres of our brain work differently, it is good to keep in mind that not all people have the same dominant hemisphere. Addressing this difference amongst individuals advanced health care. My research done in Ataturk University was mostly based on cerebral lateralization and its relations with conditions of human body in health and disease. In this pursuit, I collaborated with scientists from a very broad range of disciplines from gynecology to optometry; from otorhinolaryngology to anatomy. These research studies showed relationships between lateralization and diseases and conditions of the human body. These studies provided fundamental knowledge about how diseases progress in different individuals with different lateralization.
Some of my research outcomes on cerebral lateralization are as follows:
I showed significant differences in handedness, eyedness (using an eye more dominantly than other), and nasal cycle in children with autism.
I showed sex-related cerebral lateralization abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia.
I found correlation between hand preference and intraocular pressure (eye pressure).
I found that immune hypersensitivity is stronger in the left side of the body in healthy young people.
I showed that there is a correlation between handedness and distance of focusing points of two eyes in the horizontal plane.
I showed the effects of brain lateralization on patients with migraine.
I examined the relation between hand preference and hearing performance of left and right ears in young healthy people.
Understanding above mentioned diseases’ mechanisms and their occurrences in individuals with opposite cerebral lateralization increases our chances to provide better health to every individual. This kind of research forms the fundamental basis of pharmaceutical researches such as developing a drug and testing it. Having more knowledge about how our body works helps us develop better strategies when the body is not working properly - in disease state. Although new therapies are being invented and many drugs are being developed to diseases, the need for fundamental research will be indispensable. Therefore, research about how our brain works -in my case it is how brain functions differently in two hemispheres- has national importance because it will increase the health of individuals.
Besides doing fundamental research about cerebral lateralization, I also developed new therapies utilizing cerebral lateralization theory. I discovered that forced unilateral nostril breathing (using only one nostril to breathe) has significant positive impact on autism in autistic children. I also found that stimulating only one hemisphere of the body is behind this positive impact. This therapeutic approach is firstly used by me and my colleagues. Our findings were published in peer-reviewed journals and one example can be seen later in this letter.
The two nostrils stimulate different hemispheres because of the organization of neurons from brain to body. If we close one nostril and let the patient breathe with only the other nostril, it stimulates only one part of the brain. This technique compensates the abnormality in perception caused by abnormal cerebral lateralization which is seen in patients of autism and schizophrenia. We have seen significant improvement of the symptoms by applying this therapy in autism and schizophrenia patients. These studies are promising to provide better health care to patients and increase their health. More research needs to be done on these therapies to improve their effects on diseases and to apply these therapies to more diseases. Therefore, doing more research on cerebral lateralization has national importance because it would increase people’s health in the United States.
Cupping Therapy: Later, I wanted to incorporate cerebral lateralization into more medicine areas to suggest new therapies. I started to work on complementary medicine especially cupping and reflexology therapies. First, I have done research on these complementary medicine to prove that they are effective in health and they are safe; then I have included them in my cerebral lateralization studies by suggesting new therapies.
I have done research on both dry and wet cupping therapies. Wet cupping therapy’s effect is believed to be that it removes toxic materials from the body. I started my research on cupping therapy by investigating this hypothesis. As you know, wet cupping therapy is not the only way to remove blood from body to remove toxic materials. Removing blood by donating blood from arm (called venous blood) is another known method. It is believed that wet cupping therapy removes more toxic material from your body than when venous blood is removed. I tested the difference between the two bloods and I found that wet cupping therapy is more effective in removing toxic materials than venous blood. This study is published and attached to the application.
Cupping therapy has many benefits restoring the body’s desired balances which is known as homeostasis. Every event happening in the body is controlled by many systems and these systems are required to work perfectly to have a balance. Having multiple control mechanisms allow body to use checks and balances to determine if there is something going wrong and it allows body to react on time. Cupping therapy has roles to restore this balance. I found that cupping therapy restores imbalances in cardiac rhythm which is very important concept in heart’s healthy life.
I and my colleagues conducted a pilot study where we tested the effect of dry cupping therapy on cellulite in women. We found that cupping therapy significantly decreases cellulite in women. This finding promises affordable solutions to deal with cellulites.
We also found that wet cupping therapy increases sleep quality. These findings have significant effects on individuals’ health and lifestyles.
Cupping therapy is known to have effects on pain relief and it has many national benefits. Relieving from pain is an important desire of many patients and survivors of cancer like diseases. It is also offering pain management to military personnel and veterans. Because of these effects, cupping therapy has national importance. I have done research on upper shoulder and neck pain in office workers and found that cupping therapy reduces these pains.
I incorporated my knowledge and experiences on cerebral lateralization into cupping therapy. I tested the effects of applying cupping therapy to only one half of the body in autism patients. My hypothesis is that applying cupping therapy to one half of the body stimulates the neurons that are connected to only one hemisphere of the brain which compensates the abnormalities occurred due to abnormalities in cerebral lateralization. Our study showed that one-sided cupping therapy has positive impact on autism and decreases the symptoms of the disease.
As you can see above, cupping therapy has many health benefits and it increases people’s health if it is applied along with the conventional medicine. Doing more research on cupping therapy and spreading its use in the nation is very important to provide more affordable health services to every individual throughout the nation. Showing more benefits of this therapy will help us apply this therapy to more conditions to bring more health to more people. Because cupping therapy is considerably cheap, it will reduce the use of national resources. This will have a positive effect on the economy too. Because of all these reasons, my proposed endeavor has substantial merit and national importance.
Reflexotherapy: I also have done research on reflexotherapy to investigate its benefits to health and to use it more efficiently together with conventional medicine. In this chapter, I will explain what we know about reflexotherapy and my contributions.
According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, a study funded by National Cancer Institute showed that women with breast cancer had improvements in some symptoms when they receive reflexotherapy. The study also showed that this therapy was safe even for the most fragile patients.1This shows us that this treatment can be applied to patients with ease of mindalong with their conventional treatments. Besides that, it has the potential to increase individual’s wellness and health.
Another study funded by National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (now its name is National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health) showed that integrative medicine therapies have positive effects on pain and anxiety among cancer patients. They tested different integrative medicine therapies including reflexology. They found out that integrative medicine therapies decrease patients’ pain and anxiety. 2
This study shows us the potential benefits of integrative medicine and reflexology in reducing pain which is an important goal of recovery from many diseases and procedures. It is also important for military personnel and veterans for their pain management. Due to promising effects of reflexology in pain relief, doing more research on it has national important.
An American book writer on reflexology mentions that reflexology therapy is based on stimulating reflexes (neuron connections under the feet) following that body is better able to achieve restoring the balances in the body (homeostasis) in his renowned book, Better Health with Foot Reflexology. He is the president of the International Institute of Reflexology and his book is the reference guide book for all reflexology therapists.3Keeping the homeostasis (balance) well is one the most important aspects of being healthy. In disease state, homeostasis is disrupted which causes problems. Most treatments aim to restore the homeostasis. Some treatments cure the disease by some other way but the treatment itself disrupts the homeostasis such as chemotherapy to cancer patients. To restore the homeostasis and to help the patients retrieve their health after the treatment, reflexotherapy would be handful to restore the homeostasis. More research on reflexology and its effect on restoring the homeostasis needs to be done to benefit from this therapy more.
I have showed that reflexology restores the homeostasis (balances in the body). In our study, heart rate variability -a parameter showing the healthiness of heart- parameters increased and heart (pulse) rate decreased after reflexological therapy compared with before reflexological therapy in healthy persons. These results indicate for the first time in humans that reflexology might induce a state of balance (homeostasis) between sympathetic and parasympathetic systems and might be helpful to prevent possible cardiac arrhythmias. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282746533_Reflexological_Therapy_Induces_a_State_of_Balance_in_Autonomic_Nervous_System
I incorporated my knowledge on cerebral lateralization into reflexotherapy. Since, two hemispheres of our body work differently, stimulating the right one decreases the stress according to my previous studies. In traditional reflexology, both feet are treated same and both feet receive the therapy. I applied reflexology to only one foot to see if stimulating one hemisphere makes a difference in reflexology therapy. To test this hypothesis, I and my colleagues applied reflexology to autistic children’s both feet or only left foot. I found that one-foot reflexology has significantly more effect on treating autism than traditional reflexology. By this research, I was able bring complementary medicine and conventional medicine together which is called integrative medicine and it is one of the aims of National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. This study promises to increase individuals’ health and provide better health care; hence my research has national potential. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282716603_The_Effects_of_Evoked_Left_Hemisphere_Stimulations_in_Autistic_Children
We recently conducted a study on the effects of reflexology on the beta and gamma activities in healthy human brain. The beta and gamma activities captured by electroencephalography (EEG) shows the healthiness of the person. We showed that reflexology increases the beta and gamma activities which shows that reflexology has an effect on increasing health. It is also reported that this effect is resulted from activation of dopamine D4 receptors. Dopamine D4 receptor mechanism is an important factor in some psychiatric diseases like schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism. This suggests that reflexology might have and therapeutic effect on these diseases and it should be used together with conventional medicine in curing these diseases. This study is completed and it is sent for publication.
The discoveries I made in my career led me to improve current therapies and develop new therapies. These achievements and applications increased many people’s health. Complementary medicine has promising findings that can increase people’s health and health care. Because complementary medicine techniques that I am working on are very safe and harmless to patients, doing research on it and improving it is very easy. If more research is done on these techniques, they can be improved to have a positive effect on many diseases and conditions. They already have proposed effects on pain management, stress relief, post-surgery recovery, autism, and many more. Complementary medicine should be used with conventional medicine and it’s the scope of integrative medicine.
Because complementary medicine methods are usually more affordable and uses less national resources; their usage will have positive effect on economy. Complementary medicine reduces the costs of conventional medicine even though they are used together. On the other hand, complementary medicine increases individual’s health and provide better health care to them.
I have studies on sports medicine and exercise physiology. I believe that using the therapies I mentioned above would have very benefits to athletes. These benefits include but not limited to post recovery from an injury and increasing the performance. It is known that many athletes are using complementary medicine for their pain management after injury and to increase their performance.
People including but not limited to military personnel, veterans, cancer survivors, mentally disordered people, athletes, and elderly people can benefit from complementary medicine throughout the nation. Hence, my research has both substantial merit and national importance.
My contributions to Medical Physiology
My thesis: In my thesis Studies, I worked on cerebral lateralization which is the concept of brain’s two hemispheres working differently. To study it, I used cats as an animal model. I tested the relations between brain size, body weight and paw preference. Paw preference were assessed by looking which paw cats use to reach food. In this study where 87 cats assessed, I found that there are effects of both hemispheres on the paw preference. This study suggests that two hemispheres of cat’s brain has roles in determining the brain lateralization of cats which results in different paw preferences. My thesis was advised by Dr. Uner Tan who is one of the well-known professors in Medical Physiology area. Dr. Tan is known with his discovery of Uner Tan Disease. I believe that I gained the best Physiology training in Turkey under his supervision.
Autism and schizophrenia are a cerebral lateralization abnormality
After I obtain my medical specialist degree, I founded my laboratory at Ataturk University to start research on cerebral lateralization. I started with developing models how cerebral lateralization occurs. My model suggests that cerebral lateralization occurs when the baby is in the mother’s womb. The position of the baby affects the baby’s perceptions like hearing and this leads the differences in cerebral lateralization. In autism like diseases, it is seen that patients have abnormalities in their perceptions most commonly in hearing. This led me to think that autism is an abnormality in the cerebral lateralization and it arouses from the abnormal position of the baby in the mother’s womb.
To investigate my model, I have done a good amount of research and they are published in high-impact journals. One of my first studies is the one where I investigated handedness, eyedness, and nasal cycle in children with autism. In this study, I aimed to see the effects of cerebral lateralization on autism. I investigated 37 children with autism along with 20 children in control group. What I found was striking which is that left-handedness, left-eyedness, and left nasal cycle were higher in the children with autism compared to normal population. This study suggests that autism might be related to abnormalities in the cerebral lateralization. I found similar findings in the patients with schizophrenia.
In previous, I worked on stimulating one hemisphere with different departments of Ataturk University’s hospital, we came up with an idea of stimulating one hemisphere which is forced unilateral nostril breathing. This is done by closing one nostril and breathing with the other nostril. This way, breathing stimulates only one hemisphere of the brain. To test the effects of unilateral breathing, we examined the effects of unilateral breathing on blood pressure and heart rate. We showed that unilateral breathing increased the systolic blood pressure and heart rate. This study was first to suggest that nostril laterality may have an effect on nervous system differentially. This means we can stimulate different part of the brain by unilateral nostril breathing.
I wanted to further prove my thesis by testing the effects of stimulating one part of the brain on the autism and schizophrenia. I tested the effect of stimulating left hemisphere on autism symptoms on autistic children. I used different methods of stimulating left hemisphere including unilateral nostril breathing, unilateral acupuncture, unilateral cupping therapy, and unilateral reflexology. Stimulating left hemisphere with different methods significantly decreased the symptoms of autism. This study promises a new therapeutic strategy to deal with autism and schizophrenia. These methods need to be studied further and the mechanism behind them needs to be enlighten. Doing research on these therapies will help us better apply them on patients and eventually it will increase the health and wellness of people.
Sports Medicine and Exercise Physiology
I also worked on sports medicine and exercise physiology in my laboratory at Ataturk University. I worked with athletes from different fields to understand the physiology behind being a successful athlete. Because of my interest in cerebral lateralization, I wanted to see relations between cerebral lateralization and sports medicine. I found that left-handed athletes are better in endurance and strength which makes them more successful in most of the sports. Moreover, I found that left handed athletes are more prone to injuries. I also conducted a lot of studies where I compared athletes to non-athletes to better understand the physiology of athletes. Finally, I have done research on the effects of exercise on different physiological measures such as intraocular pressure. These studies helped us understand the human body more.
Oxidative stress is an abnormality of a balance system in the body which is the balance between producing a toxic material called reactive oxygen species and removing them. When there is imbalance between the two, diseases occur. This phenomenon is known as oxidative stress. I worked on different physiological properties and their effects on oxidative stress. The most important studies that I conducted on this topic is the effects of nicotine on oxidative stress and oxidative stress-exercise relations.
After I have spent a good amount of time in Medical Physiology, I started to explore different areas where I can apply my knowledge in cerebral lateralization to. I found out that complementary medicine is a promising and developing area where it can be extremely helpful when applied with conventional medicine. I wanted to combine my knowledge in conventional medicine specifically cerebral lateralization and complementary medicine to further develop complementary medicine and to discover new therapies. I particularly worked on reflexotherapy and cupping therapy. I will give more details on each topic in the next sections.
As I mentioned earlier, reflexotherapy is a type of foot massage where some specific points under the feet are targeted. It is believed that each of these points connects to parts of the body by neurons. Therefore, stimulating these points influences the connected parts. I started to do research on reflexotherapy to prove the effects of it on human health. I showed that reflexology has many benefits including restoring homeostasis (the balance of body), pain management, and stress relieving.
Later, I wanted to combine my knowledge in cerebral lateralization with reflexology. I tested the effects of applying reflexology on only one foot of the patient. I showed that this has a positive effect on autism treatment and it is probably due to stimulating left hemisphere of the brain. Reflexology is a beneficial therapy that can be used to increase the health of the people of the United States. It should be used along with the conventional medicine to make sure that the patient receives the best therapy that they can get. More research should be performed on the effects of reflexology and unilateral reflexology on different diseases to use this therapy more widely. United States will benefit from this research and spreading the use of this therapy.
Cupping therapy is also a widely used complementary medicine in world which includes applying negative pressure by vacuum on the skin. It is believed that cupping therapy increases the blood flow to get rid of toxic materials from the body. There are two types of cupping therapy: dry and wet cupping therapy. In wet cupping therapy, there is also another step which is drawing blood from the vacuum applied spot. Although it is also widely used complementary medicine, the mechanism behind it was unclear and not so much research was done on it.
I wanted to see the effects of wet cupping therapy first before further developing it. I showed that the blood taken from cupping therapy contains about 9 times more heavy metals than the blood taken from veins. This study shows that drawing the blood constrained between outer epithelial tissue and inner epithelial tissue by wet cupping therapy helps us clear the body from heavy metals and toxic materials.
I also showed that cupping therapy restores the homeostasis which is the balance of the body. Human body runs on tight balances and they need to be correct to have a healthy life. When this balance is disrupted, diseases occur most of the time. Restoring this balance is one of the most important goals of any therapy. Cupping therapy is restoring this balance which suggests that it can be a beneficial complementary medicine when it is used along with the conventional medicine.
I also showed that cupping therapy decreases shoulder and neck pain which is a promising finding about the effect of cupping therapy on pain management. This might be beneficial for military personnel and veterans. More research on the effect of cupping therapy on pain management should be done to increase health of the people in the United States.
Publication and Citation Records
I have presented my research outcome in many national and international conferences. My studies are published in high-impact peer-reviewed journals. I have more than 100 papers written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals. I have also written book chapters and edited a book which is widely used in Medical Schools in Turkey.
Books and Book Chapters
I have 2 book chapters written and edited 1 book. One book chapter I wrote is “Brain Injury and Cerebral Lateralization”in the book “Brain Injury – Functional Aspects, Rehabilitation and Prevention" edited by Amit Agrawal in 2012.1 The other book chapter I wrote is “Enzymes of Digestion” in the book of “Physiology and Maintenance Vol II”. 2I have edited a book which is a laboratory manual. That book later is used in many Medical Schools is Turkey.
Honors and Awards
I have been awarded multiple times with Outstanding Scientist of the Year award at Ataturk University, Fatih University and Turgut Ozal University.
Invited Speaks at International Conferences
I have been invited to the Interantional Conferences as a speaker for many times. Some of them are as follows:“Effects of wet cupping therapy on cardiac rhythm” in Islam and Science Conferencein Manchester, England in 2014; “Leadership for healthcare workers” in Health Worker Qualification For Global Health Care conference in Indonesia in 2015; and “Effects of wet cupping therapy on heavy metals in human body” in Prophet's Medicine Conference in Saudi Arabia in 2016.
I played roles in hosting national and international conferences. At Ataturk University, we hosted Turkey National Physiology Conference. At Turgut Ozal University, we hosted an international conference in 2014. This conference was annual meeting of Florence Network which consists of 38 institutions from 18 different countries around the globe.
Serving in the community as participating in peer-review and editorships
I served as editor in different scientific journals and editor-in-chief in one journal in Turkey. I was editor-in-chief of the Turkish Journal of Medical Sciencesfrom 2012 to 2014. I am also serving in editorial board of Journal of Ophthalmology now.
Teaching Experiences and Administrative Services
Accompanying my research experience, I have been devout to teaching and administrative services. Although I taught mostly in Medical Schools, I have also taught in many different departments such as Pharmacy, Dentistry, Nursing, Midwifery, Physical Education and Sport, and Healthcare Services. I served as academic advisor to 15 PhD students in Medical Schools. Besides teaching, I had many roles in administration at universities I worked. I was Vice Dean of Medical School and Director of Nursing School at TurgutOzal University. At Ataturk University. I served as a member in the Senate, as a member in the Educational Board, and as director of School of Public Health.
Invited Speaker in National Media
I have been invited to many shows in national TV channels. Some of them were on biological topics and some were on medical education. Here is a link to video of one of these talks. 1
Senol Dane, M.D., Ph.D.
Professor of Medical Physiology
College of Health Sciences
Nile University of Nigeria
Address: Plot:681, Cadastral zone COO, Research and Institutional Area, Airport Road Bypass, ABUJA, NIGERIA 900001
Phone: +234 818 213 1854
1 Academic Ranking of Universities with Medical Schools. URAP. http://tr.urapcenter.org/2016/2016_t3.php
1National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, https://nccih.nih.gov/health/integrative-health
1Wyatt G, Sikorskii A, Rahbar MH, Victorson D, You M. Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes: A Reflexology Trial With Patients With Advanced-Stage Breast Cancer. Oncology nursing forum. 2012;39(6):568-577. doi:10.1188/12.ONF.568-577. Web access: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3576031/
2Johnson JR, Crespin DJ, Griffin KH, Finch MD, Dusek JA. Effects of Integrative Medicine on Pain and Anxiety Among Oncology Inpatients. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs. 2014;2014(50):330-337. doi:10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu030. Web access: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4411536/
3 Dwight Byers, International Institute of Reflexology. http://www.reflexology-uk.net/site/about/dwight-byers