Date of Entry: March 15, 1972 National Holiday



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Date of Entry: March 15, 1972

National Holiday: April 30

Capital: Amsterdam

Type of Government: Constitutional Monarchy

Head of State: King Willem-Alexander (since April 30, 2013)

Prime Minister, Minister of General Affairs: Mark Rutte (October 14, 2010)

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Bert Koenders (October 17, 2014)

Permanent Observer: Ambassador Henne Schuwer (September 7, 2015)


ECONOMIC INDICATORS

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Population (in millions)

16.62

16.76

16.80

16.80

16.87

16.94

GDP (US$ in billions)

836.44

893.947

828.947

864.169

879.319

752.547

GDP per capita (US$)

50,341.3

53,537.3

49,474.7

51,425.1

52,138.7

44,433.4

Source: www.tradingeconomics.com World Bank
FOREIGN RELATIONS POLICIES:

  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs coordinates and carries out Dutch foreign policy. The Minister of Foreign Affairs is assisted by the Minister for European Affairs and International Cooperation, in the formulation and implementation of foreign aid and development cooperation policy.

  • In its foreign policy the government aims to reinforce the following three pillars: security, global prosperity and freedom, in search of Dutch interests first, more so than in the past. Its foreign policy priorities also include addressing global poverty and inequality, climate change and other environmental threats, energy security, international terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and human trafficking; in addition the Netherlands has a long history of promoting human rights worldwide as an essential part of its foreign policy.

  • The Netherlands as a significant aid donor, has committed approximately 0.75 per cent of GDP to Overseas Development Assistance of which its majority has been granted through multilateral organizations. The Netherlands distributes aid in four ways: (1) bilaterally to partner countries; (2) through multilateral channels, such as the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the Organization of American States (OAS), the World Bank, the United Nations (UN), the Human Rights Fund and the Stability Fund; 3) through civil society organizations; and 4) through partnerships with the private sector.

  • In this regard, the Netherlands has targeted aid to 15 partner countries in the Middle East and Africa as well as Bangladesh and Indonesia including Afghanistan, Benin, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, the Palestinian Territories, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda and Yemen. Partner countries are selected based on five factors: the prospects for achieving the best results, the levels of income and poverty, the capacity for progress in the priority areas, the opportunities and interests of the ministries most closely involved, and the level of good governance. The Netherlands has viewed development cooperation as a vehicle for economic growth with the ultimate aim of countries becoming self-reliant.

  • In 2011 the Netherlands revised its development policy for 2012-2015 to focus on four key themes: water management, food security, international security and the rule of law and sexual and reproductive health and rights, consistent with the Millennium Development Goals. Food security is one of the four priority areas of the Dutch development cooperation policy.

  • Even though, the current Dutch government reaffirmed its commitment to these core priorities in October 2012, the development policy of the Netherlands for the years ahead will aim at increasing its effectiveness and efficiency by making clear choices such as:

  • a shift from social to economic sectors, from aid to investment;

  • an emphasis on self-reliance, not creating unwanted dependence;

  • public-private partnerships instead of market distortion;

  • less fragmentation: fewer themes and fewer partner countries;

  • better alignment with Dutch expertise and interests;

  • less dependence on government financing from NGOs active in development cooperation.

  • The Netherlands is host to seven international legal organizations: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, The Hague Conference on Private International Law, the Iran-US Claims Tribunal, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court, and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first six are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency, Europol and the EU’s judicial cooperation agency, Eurojust. It is also host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).


DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION (DGIS):

  • DGIS is responsible for development cooperation policy and for its coordination, implementation and funding. An important DGIS focus is the coherence between Dutch and EU policy on developing countries. In order to formulate and carry out development policy, the Netherlands works with the governments of other countries and with international organizations such as the UN, the World Bank and the EU. Civil society is another important source of partners, which include non-governmental organizations such as Novib and interest groups such as the employers’ confederation, VNO/NCW, and the small and medium-sized enterprise lobby group, MKB-Nederland. DGIS themes include gender, AIDS, education, sustainable economic development and the environment.


INVOLVEMENT WITH THE AMERICAS:

  • The Netherlands has diplomatic relations with all the OAS Member States and maintains embassies in 14 countries of the Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, and Venezuela.

  • The Dutch Government has gradually phased out its bilateral assistance to Latin American countries and has increased contributions to multilateral funds to prioritize sustainable development, climate change mitigation, access to education, and minority and women’s rights in the region.

  • In 2012 the Netherlands launched the Central America Program –MAP– (2012-2015), aimed at encouraging cooperation among countries in the region on topics such as security, public safety, access to the legal system, the rule of law and the promotion of human rights.


CURRENT COOPERATION AGREEMENTS WITH THE OAS:

  • Agreement between the Ministry of European Affairs and Cooperation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (GS/OAS) contract No. 24300, for an amount of US$15,000,000 to support the program Inter-American Judicial Facilitators implemented by the Secretariat for Legal Affairs. Signed on July 6, 2012 for a three-year period.

  • Agreement between the Netherlands Minister for European Affairs and International Cooperation and the GS/OAS contract No. 23284, for an amount of US$7,525,000 to support the OAS Mission to Support the Peace Agreement and Peace Process in Colombia (Basket Fund), implemented by the OAS Department of Sustainable Democracy and Special Missions of the /Secretariat for Political Affairs. Signed on November 3, 2011, amended on November 29, 2012, December 2, 2013 and December 2, 2014, extending the agreement until December 31, 2016.

  • Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the GS/OAS for Strengthening Cooperation in Respect of Areas of Common Interest related to Multidimensional Security. Signed on December 3, 2012.






CASH CONTRIBUTIONS 2005-2015:

YEAR

NETHERLANDS

P.O. FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS

%

2005

$1,744,109.00

$11,650,039.00

14.97%

2006

$318,577.00

$19,060,470.00

1.67%

2007

$1,580,644.00

$20,398,686.00

7.75%

2008

$1,325,597.32

$25,825,003.00

5.13%

2009

$2,717,219.00

$20,318,115.00

13.37%

2010

$2,715,110.00

$15,791,981.00

17.19%

2011

$3,504,328.00

$15,766,616.00

22.23%

2012

$4,383,261.22

$13,380,831.00

32.76%

2013

$8,847,417.00

$17,044,751.00

51.91%

2014

$4,203,709.00

$12,839,227.00

32.74%

2015

$4,042,785.00

$16,971,758.00

23.82%

Total US$

$31,339,971.54

$172,075,719.00

18.21%



NETHERLANDS CONTRIBUTIONS:

YEAR

PROJECTS

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS
IN US$


IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS
IN US$


1999

Inter-American Children’s Institute (IIN)-International Conference About Adoption

$32,413.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)

$71,785.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$104,198.00

 

2000

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)

$711,205.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$711,205.00

 

2001

Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (IACD)- Press Conference

$42,000.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)- Guatemala ATE Plan

$682,000.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)- Political Management of Guatemala

$229,000.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$953,000.00

 

2002

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)- Technical Assistance Plan for Guatemala

$655,455.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD) – Political Management, Guatemala

$168,671.00

 

USDE– Strategic Plan of Action for the San Juan River Basin

$78,015.00

 

USDE– Caribbean Dialogue on Water and Climate (DWC)

$149,145.00

 

USDE– Flood Vulnerability Reduction and Development of Early Warning Systems in Minor River Basins in Central America (SVP)

$55,849.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$1,107,135.00

 

2003

Programa de Apoyo al Tribunal Supremo Electoral de Guatemala – 2003 Elections

$429,594.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD) – Electoral Observation Mission to Guatemala, 2003

$100,000.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)

$5,436.00

 

Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD)/Gerencia Política Guatemala

$151,262.00

 

Unidad de Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente

$25,005.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$711,297.00

 

2004

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDSM)- Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$974,283.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$974,283.00

 

2005

Department of Democratic and Political Affairs (DDPA)- Inter-American Forum on Political Parties

$10,004.00

 

Department of Electoral Cooperation and Observation (DECO), Electoral Observation Mission Bolivia

$94,955.00

 

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDSM)- Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$1,500,000.00

 

Political Management Guatemala

$139,150.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$1,744,109.00

 

2006

Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI)- Support to ministerial Meeting on Sustainable Development

$150,511.00

 

Secretariat for Political Affairs (SPA)- Promotion of Democracy MOE 2006 Nicaragua

$98,066.00

 

Inter-American Commission on Women (CIM)- Participation and Gender Equity in Nicaragua

$70,000.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$318,577.00

 

2007

Department for the Promotion of Democracy (DPD)

$1,332,172.00

 

Inter-American Commission on Women (CIM)

$241,606.00

 

Department of Conferences and Meetings Management (DCMM)

$6,866.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$1,580,644.00

 

2008

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$1,234,528.00

 

Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) – Equity and Gender Participation in Public Finance in Municipalities in Nicaragua

$84,203.32

 

Department of Conferences and Meetings Management (DCMM)

$6,866.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$1,325,597.32

 

2009

Secretariat for Legal Affairs (SLA)– Judicial Facilitators in Nicaragua

$346,000.00

 

Department of Public Security (DPS) – Support to the Final Phase of Demining in Nicaragua

$1,136,692.00

 

OAS Good Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP/OEA); OAS Good Offices Mission in Colombia and Ecuador (MIB/OEA)

$1,234,527.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$2,717,219.00

 

2010

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$1,399,920.00

 

Department of Electoral Cooperation and Observation (DECO) / Secretariat for Political Affairs – Electoral Observation Mission to Colombia

$279,680.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Nicaragua

$263,000.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Nicaragua

$352,970.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Guatemala

$419,540.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$2,715,110.00

 

2011

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$178,862.00

 

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$2,000,000.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Nicaragua

$299,970.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Nicaragua

$199,970.00

 

Department of International Law / Secretariat for Legal Affairs – Judicial Facilitators Guatemala

$319,960.00

 

Department for Electoral Cooperation and Observation / Secretariat for Political Affairs – Electoral Observation Mission to Colombia

$103,960.00

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights/Strategic Plan 2011-2015

$401,606.00

 

Executive Secretariat for Integral Development / Department of Human Development, Education and Culture – Scholarships (OAS Partnerships Program for Education and Training): Master’s in Development Studies (2 Scholarships)

 

$10,666.00

SUBTOTAL

$3,504,328.00

$10,666.00

2012

Secretariat for Legal Affairs - Inter-American Judicial Facilitators Program - Nicaragua

$222,970.00

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights/Strategic Plan 2011-2015

$248,746.22

 

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)

$572,154.00

 

Secretariat for Legal Affairs - Inter-American Judicial Facilitators Program

$1,909,970.00

 

Electoral Observation Mission Colombia 2011

$1,615.00

 

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP)- Basket Fund

$1,427,806.00

 

The International Institute of Social Studies- University of Rotterdam Onsite OAS Scholarship Program (3 scholarships)

 

$16,113.00

SUBTOTAL

$4,383,261.22

$16,113.00

2013

Secretariat for Legal Affairs - Inter-American Judicial Facilitators Program

$5,629,080.62

 

Department of Democratic Sustainability and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - OAS Strengthening of and Support to Victims and their Organizations in Colombia - MAPP

$2,874,930.00

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights - Strategic Plan 2011-2015

$343,406.59

 

2 Scholarships Awarded with the Support of The International Institute of Social Studies- University of Rotterdam| PAEC - PDSP

 

$91,200.00

11 Scholarships Awarded with the Support of UNESCO – Institute for Water Education | PAEC-Academic

 

$41,580.00

SUBTOTAL

$8,847,417.21

$132,780.00

2014

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights - Strategic Plan 2011-2015

$317,632.00

 

 

Secretariat for Legal Affairs - Inter-American Judicial Facilitators Program

$3,886,077.00

 

 

The International Institute of Social Studies- University of Rotterdam (2 scholarships awarded) | PAEC - PDSP

 

$10,248.00

SUBTOTAL

$4,203,709.00

$10,248.00

2015

Department of Sustainable Democracy and Special Missions (DSDMS) / Secretariat for Political Affairs - Mission to Support the Peace Process (MAPP) in Colombia

$649,970.00

 




Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Work Plan 2011-2015

$264,801.00







Inter-American Judicial Facilitators Program (Central America)

$3,128,014.00

 

SUBTOTAL

$4,042,785.00

$0.00

TOTAL

$40,858,645.75

$169,807.00


SOURCES:


GOVERNMENT OF THE NETHERLANDS

http://www.government.nl/

THE ROYAL NETHERLANDS EMBASSY

http://www.netherlands-embassy.org


WORLD BANK – TRADING ECONOMICS

www.tradingeconomics.com
This page was last updated on June 20, 2016.




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