Name of the department / clinic providing the course:
Department of Microbiology and Laboratory Medical Immunology
Interdepartmental Chair of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
Medical University of Lodz
Course title: dentistry
Course profile: practical
Level of course unit: Master degree level
Course unit title: Microbiology of oral cavity
Course unit code:
Type of course unit: compulsory
Course aims: Classification of bacteria. Morphology and biology of bacterial cell. Mechanisms of pathogenicity of bacteria and viruses. Antibiotics and chemotherapeutics. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Pathogenic Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Classification of viruses. Morphology and replication of viruses in eukaryotic cells. Mechanisms of viral pathogenicity. Vaccines and antiviral drugs. Pathogenic DNA and RNA viruses. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS. Microbiology of human oral cavity. Bacteria in aetiology and pathogenesis of dental caries and periodontal diseases
Form of study: full time
Year of study: fourth semester
Types of educational activities and number of hours allocated:
(lectures, small-group sessions, seminar-group sessions, clinical-group sessions
Lectures - 14 hours, lecture room 72, Microbiology and Medical Laboratory Immunology Department, 251 Pomorska Street 92-213, C-5 Building
Classes - 21 hours, Seminars – 10 hours
room 96; Microbiology and Medical Laboratory Immunology Department, 251 Pomorska Street 92-213, C-5 Building
Number of ECTS credits allocated and their structure according to students’ from of learning:
(based on the workload needed to achieve the course outcomes, both with respect to classes requiring the direct participation of the academic staff eg. lectures, practical classes, laboratory work and electives, as well as self-directed learning)
Names of course unit’s faculty: Lectures - Monika Łysakowska PhD,
Classes: Małgorzata Brauncajs PhD, Agnieszka Kiryszewska PhD
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of biochemistry, medical biology, physiology, immunology and molecular biology
Learning activities and teaching methods: lectures, laboratory classes, discussion
Course unit content:
Topics of lectures
Introduction to bacteriology – Classification, morphology, biology and mechanisms of pathogenicity of the bacteria.
Antibiotics and chemotherapeutics.
Gram negative bacteria of relevance in dentistry.
Gram positive bacteria of relevance in dentistry.
Introduction to virology – Classification of viruses, morphology and replication of viruses in the eukaryotic cells, mechanisms of viral pathogenicity, vaccines and antiviral drugs.
DNA and RNA viruses causing diseases within the oral cavity.
Bacteriology of dental caries and periodontal diseases.
Topics of classes:
General microbiology: Culture media for bacteria, cultivation and isolation techniques for bacteria, preparation of pure cultures. Sterilization and disinfection techniques. The indigenous human bacterial flora, bacteria in environment.
General microbiology – Morphology of bacterial cell, staining procedures for bacteria.
General microbiology – Identification and classification of bacteria according to their biochemical and antigenic properties, determination of bacterial resistance to the drugs.
Seminar: colloquium from the general microbiology (written- opened ended question).
Oral microbiology – Bacteria causing inflammations and abscesses within the oral cavity; Gram positive facultative cocci (genus Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and Enterococcus
Oral microbiology – Bacteria causing inflammations and abscesses within the oral cavity; acid-fast bacteria (genus Mycobacterium), Gram-positive nonsporulating bacilli (genus Corynebacterium, Actinomyces), Gram-negative aerobic cocci (genus Neisseria) and spirochetes (genus Treponema).
Oral microbiology – The indigenous bacterial flora of the human oral cavity.
Oral microbiology – Bacteriology of dental caries and periodontal diseases.
Anaerobic bacteria (Bacteroides, Prevotella, Porpyromonas, Clostridium).
Seminar: Oral microbiology – Enterobacteriaceae and non-fermenting rods.
The review or preparations.
Seminar: The practical colloquium from oral microbiology.
Seminar : Colloquium from the oral microbiology (written )
(description of course unit’s educational outcomes divided into factual knowledge, practical skills and attitudes/ generic competencies. Attitudes / generic competencies include social skills: eg. the ability to teach others, communication skills, the ability to set priorities, to solve problems, preparation for life-long learning, the ability to work with others as both the member and the leader of a team as well as the other components of professionalism)
W 1 knows genera and structure of viruses and bacteria, their biological features and mechanism of pathogenic activity.
W 2 knows and is able to describe physiological bacterial flora of a human
W 3 knows and understands the basis of virus and bacterial infection epidemiology as well as the tracks of infection spreading in the human body
W 4 knows bacteria and virus genera being the most frequent etiological factors of infection
W 5 knows the basis of disinfection, sterilization and aseptic conduct
W 6 knows external and internal pathogenic factors
W 7 knows the structure of immunological system and understands its function
W 9 knows and understands the phenomenon of drug resistance formation
C.W13. knows and understands conception of health and disease, the mechanisms of disease, development of the disease process at the cellular level, clinical symptoms, complications of
C.W14. knows and discusses inflammatory reaction and healing of wound
W 20 knows and understands the therapy rules of virus and bacterial infection
U 1 is able to sample the proper genus of biological material to the microbiological examination depending on the location and the process of infection
U 2 is able to interpret results of microbiological, serologic and antibiogram examination
U 3 is able to select and make the proper tests indicating the number of bacteria in the body fluids
U 7 is able to describe pathological changes caused by HIV infection and observed on people ill with AIDS
After mastering the content of education a student:
- is able to select the genus of clinical material to the microbiological examination depending on the location and the process of infection
- is able to interpret results of microbiological, serologic and antibiogram examination
- is able to select and make the proper tests indicating the number of bacteria causing tooth decay in the oral cavity, that is the threat level of tooth decay progress
- is able to determine what medication and medicine should be applied in prevention and treatment of tooth decay and inflammation of the periodontium tissue
Attitudes and transferrable (generic) competencies:
- demonstrates and proves understanding the importance of research made in microbiological diagnostics
- demonstrates readiness to active participation in making signs during the practice
- demonstrates active attitude during classes
- applies acquired information of microbiology in consultation with the clinician
- demonstrates the ability to communicate with a patient
- prepares himself seriously and essentially to the planned classes
- applies achieved information of microbiology in the problem situation
- demonstrates and proves understanding the importance of research made for a patient's diagnostics
Required and recommended learning resources (readings):
Lakshman Samaranayake: Essential Microbiology for Dentistry. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2010
Assessment methods and criteria: The credit the course of oral microbiology is on the mark. The final mark is the average of the marks obtained on the three colloquia and the mark obtained from the unannounced quiz.
Non-excused absence on the colloquium, or non-accession to the colloquium results in the loss of time limit and obtain the mark failed. The sick leave certificate confirmed in the book of health of the student must be presented, at the latest, within five working days after the underlying circumstances occurred.
The final examination is in the form of the test (60 multiple choice questions). Each question consist of five answers but only one answer is correct. The answers to the questions, which were acknowledged as correct are marked by ‘X’. Any corrections, cancellations or postscripts made after the answer has been once chosen will cause, that the question is not rated. Each correct answer is counted as one point.
Final exam mark:
points – 2 (failed)
32 – 36 points – 3 (sufficient)
37 – 42 points – 3+ (satisfactory)
43 – 48 points – 4 (good)
49 – 54 points – 4+ (very good)
55 – 60 points – 5 (excellent)
Statement and signature of the course leader :
I hereby state that the content of the curriculum included in the syllabus below is the result of my individual work completed as part of work contract/cooperation resulting from a civil law contract, and that author rights to this title are not the property of a third party.