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JUDICIAL INSTITUTIONS AND CIVIL PROCEDURE

PROC 124 Winter 2015



Professor Rosalie Jukier

Marika Giles Samson (DCL Teaching Fellow)

COURSE SUMMARY

Contents


Introduction 1

Class 2: Overview of JICP, Purposes and Reform of Civil Procedure 1 2

‘On the nature and purposes of civil procedural law’ – Jolowicz 6

J. Lachapelle et al, “Le monde judiciaire malade de sa justice” (Le Devoir, 27 mars 2008) and “Des solutions pour la justice civile” (Le Devoir, 28 mars 2008) 8

R. McMurtry, “We Are Not All Equal Before Law the Law” (2005) 8

Jukier, “The Influence of Legal Traditions on Civil Procedure”, (2015) Canadian Bar Review (forthcoming) 9

Purpose and Reform of Civil Procedure 2: Expense of Litigation and Access to Justice, 9

Class notes 9

Access to Justice by Lord Woolf 12

Hryniak v Mauldin, 2014 SCC7 14

Trial Lawyers Association of British Columbia v. British Columbia (Attorney General), 2014 SCC 59 (excerpt) 15

British Columbia (AG) v Christie, 2007 SCC 21 16

Corbeil v Gatineau (Ville de), 2009 QCCQ 10 17

Legislation/Rules/Regulations 19

Alternatives to Civil Justice 19

Class 4, Class notes (from Alison), 19

Union Carbide Canada Inc. v. Bombardier Inc., 2014 SCC 35 23

Louise Otis & Eric H. Reiter, “Mediation by Judges: A New Phenomenon in the Transformation of Justice”, (2006) 6(3) Pepperdine Dispute Resolution L.J. 351-403 23

Leonard L. Riskin et al, “What Process is Appropriate: the Great Debate over Settlement and ADR”, Chapter I.C of Dispute Resolution and Lawyers, Fifth Edition (St. Paul, MN: West Publishing, 2014), at 14-25. 29

Legislation/Conventions/Rules 29

Publicity of Judicial Proceedings, Class 5, Jan. 20 29

Dagenais v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp., [1994] 3 SCR 835 33

Canadian Broadcasting Corp. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2011 SCC 34

Sierra Club of Canada v. Canada (Minister of Finance), 2002 SCC 41 35

J.L. v. A.N., 2007 QCCS 3226 36

‘Super-Injunction, what’s your function?’ – Holly Hall (for discussion) 37

Legislation/Principles/Rules 39

The Court System and Subject-Matter Jurisdiction, class 6, Jan 22 39

Department of Justice, Canada’s Court System (Ottawa: Communications Branch-Department of Justice Canada, 2005) 44

MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. v. Simpson, [1995] 4 SCR 725 45

R. v. Zolotow (2008), 89 OR (39) 321 46

Quebec North Shore Paper v. C.P. Ltd., [1977] 2 SCR 1054 (headnote) 47

Legislation 48

Appellate Courts and their Jurisdiction, Class 7 48

Yves-Marie Morissette, « Aspects historiques et analytiques de l’appel en matière civile », (2014) 59(3) McGill LJ 481 (excerpt) 51

Housen v. Nikolaisen, 2002 SCC 33 (excerpt) 52

Paul J. Pape & John J. Adair, “Unreasonable Review: The Losing Party and the Palpable and Overriding Error Standard”, (2008) 27(2) Advocates’ J. 6 53

Legislation/Principles/Rules 55

Judicial Appointment and Independence, class 8 55

Class notes: 55

Bastarache Commission, Executive Summary, (excerpt, §4.1-4.2.1) 59

Reference re Supreme Court Act, ss. 5 and 6, 2014 SCC 21 9 (excerpt) 59

J.A. Lanzinger, “A Personal Reflection on Judicial Elections”, (Summer 1998) The Provincial Judges Journal 13-20 61

R. Posner, How Judges Think (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008) (excerpt) 61

Reference re Remuneration of Judges of the Provincial Court (PEI), [1997] 3 SCR 3 (excerpt) 63

Legislation/Conventions/Principles, etc. 66

Judicial Impartiality 66

Class notes: 66

Wewaykum Indian Band v. Canada, 2003 SCC 45 (excerpt) 69

Wightman c. Widdrington (Succession de), 2007 QCCA 1687, J.E. 2008-84 71

R. v. S.(R.D.), [1997] 3 SCR 484 (headnote) 73

Cojocaru v. British Columbia Women’s Hospital and Health Centre, 2013 SCC 30 (excerpt) 75

Legislation/Conventions/Principles, etc. 76

Judicial Ethics and Accountability 76

Therrien (Re), 2001 SCC 35 80

Website: Canadian Judicial Council (www.cjc-ccm.gc.ca/), especially portions related to the complaints procedure 81

Canadian Judicial Council, Report to the Minister of Justice in the matter of the Honourable Paul Cosgrove (Ottawa, 30 March 2009) 82

Carmen Hamilton, “Reasonable Doubt: Why we should care about Stephen Harper criticizing Beverley McLachlin” (Straight.com, 23 May 2014) 83

Overview of Pre-Trial Procedure in Quebec 84

Class notes: 84

Arguin v. Nault, 2007 QCCS 1767 88

Overview of Pre-Trial Procedure in Ontario 88

Pleadings and Service 89

Class notes: 89

Statement of Claim 93

Beals v. Saldanha, 2003 SCC 72 (excerpt) 93

Scott Dodson, “Comparative Convergences in Pleading Standards” (2010) 158 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 441 96

Service 99

9026-8863 Québec Inc. v. Best Buy Canada Ltd, 2006 QCCS 6528 (C.S.) and 2007 QCCA 936 (C.A.) 99

E.N. c. J.M., 2011 QCCS 3120 100

Legislation/Principles/Rules 101

Jurisdiction, Choice of Forum Clauses, and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments 101

Class notes: 101

Geographic Jurisdiction 105

Club Resorts Ltd. v. Van Breda, 2012 SCC 17 (excerpt) 105

Choice of Forum Clauses 108

Z.I. Pompey Industrie v. ECU Line NV, 2003 SCC 27 (esp paras 19-21, 39-40) 108

GreCon Dimter Inc. v. J. R. Normand Inc., 2005 SCC 46 (excerpt) 109

Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute, (1990) 499 U.S. 585 111

Enforcement of Foreign Judgments 112

Beals v. Saldanha, 2003 SCC 72 (excerpt) 112

Legislation/Conventions/Principles, etc. 113

Standing, Feb. 24 113

Borowski v. Canada (Attorney General), [1989] 1 S.C.R. 342 (excerpt) 115

Canada (Attorney General) v. Downtown Eastside Sex Workers United Against Violence Society, 2012 SCC 45 (excerpt) 116

Alliance for Marriage and Family v. A.A., 3 [2007] SCR 124 117

For Discussion 118

Canadian Bar Association v. British Columbia, 2006 BCSC 1342 and 2008 BCCA 92 (excerpts) 118

Legislation/Rules 120

Abuse of Access to Courts, Feb. 26, class 16 120

Class notes: 120

Vexatious litigants & SLAPPs 125

Productions Pixcom Inc. v. Fabrikant, 2005 QCCA 703 125

Acadia Subaru c. Michaud, 2011 QCCA 1037 126

Les poursuites stratégiques contre la mobilisation publique : les poursuites-bâillons (SLAPP) (Gouvernement du Québec, 2007) (excerpt) 129

J. Brown, ‟Anti-SLAPP legislation reintroduced in Ontario”, Canadian Lawyer (online : December 8, 2014) 131

Legislation/Rules 131

Parties to an Action – Mar 10, class 17 132

Proper/ Necessary Parties 132

Saint-Martin v. Fédération des enseignants des écoles juives, [2002] J.Q. no 1054 (CS) 132

School of Dance (Ottawa) Pre-Professional Programme Inc. v. Crichton Cultural Community Centre, [2006] O.J. No. 5224 (Ont. SCJ) 133

Beardon v. Lee, [2005] O.J. No. 1834 (Ont. SCJ) 134

Third Party Claims 135

Kingsway General Insurance Co. v. Duvernay Plomberie et Chauffage, 2009 QCCA 926 135

Wilson Cartage Ltd. v. Carlisle, 2011 ONSC 1154 136

Legislation/ Principles/Rules 137

Protective Measures (I): Interlocutory Injunctions, Freezing Orders, Protection of Evidence, Mar 12 & 16 137

Class notes: 137

Interlocutory Injunction 139

RJR MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 (excerpt) 139

Freezing Orders 141

Tracy v. Instaloans Financial Solutions Centres (B.C.) Ltd., 2007 BCCA 481 143

Opera on Original Site c. China Performing Art Agency, 2005 Q.J. 8174 (CS) 144

Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage District v. Canadian National Railway Co., 2012 BCSC 1929 145

Protection of Evidence 150

Celanese Canada Inc. v. Murray Demolition Corp., 2006 SCC 36 150

Legislation/Principles/Rules 153

Disclosure and Discovery, class 20 153

Class notes: 153

Ben v. Gates, 2013 ONSC 5814 159

G.C. Hazard Jr., “Discovery and the Role of the Judge in Civil Law Jurisdictions” (1997-1998) 73 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1017 160

Lac d'Amiante du Québec Ltée v. 2858-0702 Québec Inc., 2001 SCC 51 162

Juman v. Doucette, 2008 SCC 8 163

The Sedona Conference Working Group 7, “At a Glance” (at iv) and “Introduction” (at 1-8), The Sedona Canada Principles – Addressing Electronic Discovery (January 2008) 165

Legislation/Rules 167

Summary proceedings, class 21 167

Class notes 167

R. v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., 2011 SCC 42 (excerpt) 169

Motion to Dismiss 170

Canada (Procureur général) c. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., 2012 QCCA 2034 (excerpt) 170

Canada (Attorney General) v. Confédération des syndicats nationaux, 2014 SCC 49 (headnote) 171

Summary Judgment 173

Hryniak v. Mauldin, 2014 SCC 7 (excerpt) 173

Simplified Proceedings/Summary Trials 174

Inspiration Management Ltd. v. McDermid St. Lawrence Ltd., (1989) 36 B.C.L.R. (2d) 202 (CA) 175

Homologation 177

S.H. c. S.T.L. et al, 2008 QCCS 2853 177

Legislation/Rules 179

Costs (1) – General Policy, class 22 179

Costs 179

Australian Law Reform Commission, “Costs Shifting — who pays for litigation”, (ALRC Report 75, October 1995) (excerpt) 183

Walker v. Ritchie, 2006 SCC 45 (excerpt) 185

Elevated/Special Costs 186

Royal Lepage Inc. v. 109650 Canada Ltd., 2007 QCCA 915 186

Davies v. Clarington (Municipality), 2009 ONCA 722 186

SLAPPs 188

Industries Lassonde inc. v. Oasis d'Olivia inc. 2010 QCCS 3901 (excerpt) 188

Offers to Settle 189

Kalish v. Rosenbaum, 2010 ONSC 3189 189

J.D. v. Chandra, 2014 BCSC 1272 190

Legislation/Principles/Rules 191

For Discussion 192

McKinnon v. Polisuk, 2009 QCCS 5778 (esp. para. 11ff) 192

Costs II - Exceptional Costs Orders, class 23 193

Class notes: 193

Public Interest Costs 198

British Columbia (Minister of Forests) v. Okanagan Indian Band, 2003 SCC 71 198

Chris Tollefson, “Costs in Public Interest Litigation Revisited”, (2011) 39 The Advocates’ Quarterly 197 200

Hétu v. Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes (Municipalité de), 2005 QCCA 199 202

Carter v AG (Canada) 203

Security for Costs 204

Sprinkles Cupcakes Inc. v Dlish Cupcakes Inc., 2013 ONSC 866 204

Costs Against Solicitor Personally 204

Beardy v. Canada (Attorney General), [2003] O.J. No. 3940 (SCJ) – please skim background (paras 2-50) 204

Legislation/Principles/Rules 205

Class 24, Class Actions I 205

Class notes 205

Hollick v. Toronto (City), 2001 SCC 68 (excerpt) 211

Vivendi Canada Inc. v. Dell’Aniello, 2014 SCC 1 (excerpt) 213

Bank of Montréal v. Marcotte, 2014 SCC 55 (headnote) 213

Legislation/Rules 214

Class 25, Class Actions II 214

April 9, 2015, class 25 220

LAST CLASS!!!! 220

Landry v. Syndicat du transport de Montréal (Employés des services d'entretien) CSN, 2006 QCCS 1623 224

Kerr v. Danier Leather Inc., 2007 SCC 44 225



William McNamara, “Multi-Jurisdictional Class Actions in Canada” in Barreau du Québec - Service de la formation continue, Développements récents en recours collectifs, vol. 312, (Cowansville, QC: Yvon Blais, 2009) 226

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