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PAEDIATRIC & PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY
COURSE CONTENT:



        1. INTRODUCTION TO PEDODONTICS & PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

  • Definition, Scope, Objectives and Importance.

        1. GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT:

  • Importance of study of growth and development in Pedodontics

  • Prenatal and Postnatal factors in growth & development

  • Theories of growth & development.

  • Development of maxilla and mandible and related age changes.

        1. Development of occlusion from birth through adolescence.

  • Study of variations and abnormalities.

        1. Dental Anatomy and Histology:

  • Development of teeth and associated structures.

  • Eruption and shedding of teeth.

  • Teething disorders and their management.

  • Chronology of eruption of teeth

  • Differences between deciduous and permanent teeth.

  • Development of dentition from birth to adolescence.

  • Importance of first permanent molar.

        1. DENTAL RADIOLOGY RELATED TO PEDODONTICS.

        2. ORAL SURGICAL PROCEDURES IN CHILDREN.

  • Indications and contraindications of extractions of primary and permanent teeth in children.

  • Knowledge of Local and General Anesthesia.

  • Minor surgical procedures in children.

        1. DENTAL CARIES:

children.

  • Rampant caries, early childhood caries and extensive caries:

  • Role of diet and nutrition in Dental Caries.

  • Dietary modifications & Diet counseling.

  • Caries activity, tests, caries prediction, caries susceptibility & their clinical application.

        1. GINGIVAL & PERIODONTAL DISEASES IN CHILDREN.

  • Normal gingival & periodontium in children.

  • Definition, aetiology & Pathogenesis.

  • Prevention & Management of gingival & Periodontal diseases.

        1. Child Psychology

  • Definition

  • Theories of child psychology.

  • Psychological development of children with age.

  • Principles of psychological growth & development while managing child patient

  • Dental fear and its management.

  • Factors affecting child’s reaction to dental treatment.

        1. Behaviour management:

  • Definitions.

  • Types of behaviour encountered in the dental clinic.

  • Non-pharmacological & pharmacological methods of Behaviour Managment

        1. PEDIATRIC OPERATIVE DENTISTRY:

  • Principles of Pediatric Operative Dentistry.

  • Modifications required for cavity preparation in primary and young permanent teeth.

  • Various Isolation Techniques.

  • Restorations of decayed primary, young permanent and permanent teeth in

children using various restorative materials like Glass Ionomer, Composites &

Silver Amalgam. Stainless steel, Polycarbonate & Resin Crowns.



        1. PEDIATRIC ENDODONTICS

  • Principles & Diagnosis.

  • Classification Pulpal Pathology in primary, young permanent & permanent teeth.

  • Management of Pulpally involved primary, young permanent & permanent teeth.

        • Pulp capping – direct & indirect.

        • Pulpotomy

        • Pulpectomy

        • Apexogenesis

        • Apexification

  • Obturation Techniques & material used for primary, young permanent &

Permanent teeth in children.

        1. TRAUMATIC INJURIES IN CHILDREN:

  • Classifications & Importance.

  • Sequelae & reaction of teeth to trauma.

  • Management of Traumatized teeth.

        1. PREVENTIVE & INTERCEPTIVE ORTHODONTICS:

  • Definitions.

  • Problems encountered during primary and mixed dentition phases & their

management

  • Serial extractions.

  • Space management.




        1. ORAL HABITS IN CHILDREN:

  • Definition, Aetiology & Classification.

  • Clinical features of digit sucking, tongue thrusting, mouth breathing &

various other secondary habits.

  • Management of oral habits in children.

        1. DENTAL CARE OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS:

  • Definition, Aetiology & Classification, Behavioural and Clinical features &

Management of children with:

        • Physically handicapping conditions.

        • Mentally handicapping conditions.

        • Medically compromising conditions.

        • Genetic disorders.

        1. CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES IN CHILDREN:

  • Definition, Classification, Clinical features & Management.

        1. DENTAL EMERGENCIES IN CHILDREN & THEIR MANAGEMENT.

        2. DENTAL MATERIALS USED IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY.

        3. PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY:

  • Definition.

  • Principles & Scope.

  • Types of prevention.

  • Different preventive measures used in Pediatric Dentistry including pit and

fissure sealants and caries vaccine.

        1. DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION & SCHOOL DENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMMES.

        2. FLUORIDES:

  • Historical background

  • Systemic & Topical fluorides.

  • Mechanism of action.

  • Toxicity & Management.

  • Defluoridation techniques.

        1. CASE HISTORY RECORDING:

  • Outline of principles of examination, diagnosis & treatment planning.

        1. SETTING UP OF PEDODONTIC CLINIC.

        2. ETHICS.


PRACTICALS
Following is the recommended clinical quota for under-graduate students in the subject of pediatric & preventive dentistry.

        1. Restorations – Class I & II only : 45

        2. Preventive measures e.g. Oral Prophylaxis – 20

        3. Fluoride applications – 10

        4. Extractions – 25

        5. Case History Recording & Treatment Planning – 10

        6. Education & motivation of the patients using disclosing agents. Educating patients about oral hygiene measures like tooth brushing, flossing etc.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED & REFERENCE:



              1. Pediatric Dentistry (Infancy through Adolescences) – Pinkham.

              2. Kennedy’s Pediatric Operative Dentistry – Kennedy & Curzon.

              3. Occlusal guidance in Pediatric Dentistry – Stephen H.Wei.

              4. Clinical Use of Fluorides – Stephen H.Wei.

              5. Pediatric Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery – Kaban.

              6. Pediatric Medical Emergencies – P.S. whatt.

              7. Understanding of Dental Caries – Niki Foruk.

              8. An Atlas of Glass Ionomer cements – G.J.Mount.

              9. Clinical Pedodontics – Finn.

              10. Textbook of Pediatric Dentisty – Braham Morris.

              11. Primary Preventive Dentistry – Norman O.Harris.

              12. Handbook of Clinical Pedodontics – Kenneth. D.

              13. Preventive Dentistry – Forrester.

              14. The Metabolism and Toxicity of Fluoride – Garry M.whitford.

              15. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescence – Mc.Donald.

              16. Pediatric Dentistry – Damle S.G.

              17. Behaviour Management – Wright

              18. Pediatric Dentistry – Mathewson.

              19. Traumatic Injuries – andreanson.

              20. Occlusal guidance in Pediatric Dentistry – Nakata.

              21. Pediatric Drug Therapy – Tomare

              22. Contemporary Orthodontics – Profitt

              23. Preventive Dentistry – Depaola.

              24. Metabolism & Toxicity of Fluoride – whitford. G.M.

              25. Endodontic Practice – Grossman.

              26. Principles of Endodontics – Munford.

              27. Endodontics – Ingle.

              28. Pathways of Pulp – Cohen.

              29. Management of Traumatized anterior Teeth – Hargreaves.


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