Country Profile A. Geography & Climate



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Country Profile __________________________

A. Geography & Climate

Official Country Name : The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Geographical Location : North-Eastern part of South Asia between

& Coordinates 20034 and 26038 North Latitude and between

88001 and 92041 East Longitude

International Boundaries : North-India (West Bengal & Meghalaya), West-India (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar South –Bay of Bengal

Area : 1,43,998 square km

(Territorial water-12 nautical miles)

Land type : Consists of flat fertile alluvial land

Capital city : Dhaka (Metropolitan Area 522 sq km)

Standard Time : GMT+6 hours

Climate : Sub-tropical monsoon

Climate Variations : Winter: December-February

Temperature: Average maximum 290C

Average minimum 110C

Summer : March-June

Temperature: Average maximum 320C

Average minimum 210C

Monsoon : July-October

80% of rainfall occurs during monsoon

Rainfall : 1,194mm to 3,454 mm

Humidity : Highest 99 percent (July)

Lowest : 36 percent (December & January)

Vegetation : Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen



B. Demographics

Population : 160 million

Male/Female Ratio : 100/105.26

Population Growth Rate : 1.579%

Population density : 1033.5 / km2

Adult Literacy Rate : 65% (15years)

Ethnic Groups : Predominantly mixed group of Proto Austroloids / Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans.

Language : Bangla : 95%

Dialects : 5%

English : Widely spoken

Religion : Muslim : 88.3%

Hindu : 10.5%

Buddhist : 0.6%

Christian : 0.3%

Animists and believers in Tribal faiths: 03%

Human Resources : -A trained and skilled manpower reserve

-Professionals include Engineers, Technicians, Physicians, Economists, Accountants, Administrative and Managerial personnel.

-Low-cost, easily trainable and adaptable, hard working, intelligent and youthful labour force.

Educational Institutions. : Public University : 32

Private University : 54

Colleges : 3,639

Polytechnic Institutes : 50

Medical Colleges : 25

Dental Colleges : 03

Secondary Schools : 21,665

Primary Schools : 78,363

Labour Force : Civilian Labour Force : 60.3 million

(Lobour force survey) Male : 37.5 million

1999 / 2000 Female : 22.8 million

Sectoral Distribution of Labour Force:

Agriculture : 62.3%

Industry : 7.6%­

Others : 30.1%

C. Resources

Food : Rice, Vegetable, Pulses, Fish and Meat

Principal Crops : Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tea, Tobacco and Sugarcane

Principal Rivers : Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Etc. Total 203 rivers including Tributaries.

Mineral Resources : Natural Gas, Limestone, Hard rock, Coal, Lignite, Silica, Sand, White Clay, Radio-Active Sand etc.

D. History & Government

History : 1971: Emergence of the sovereign state of Bangladesh through a 9 months long Liberation War

Government : Parliamentary form of Government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the state

E. The Economy

Currency : Taka. In short: Tk

Major Industries : Jute, Tea, Textile, Garments, Paper, Newspaper, Fertilizer, Leather and Leater goods, Sugar, Cement, Fish processing, Pharmaceuticals, Chemical industries etc.

Thrust Sector Industries : Agro-Based Industries, Artificial Flower, Computer Software & ICT, Electronic, Frozen Foods, Flower Cultivation, Gift Items, Infrastructure, Jute & Jute Mixed Goods, Jewellery, Diamond Cutting & Polishing, Leather & Leather Goods, Oil & Gas, Sericulture Industry, Stuffed Toys, Textile Industries. Tourist Industries, Basic Chemicals / Industrial raw materials, Dye & Chemicals for Textile Industries, Optical Frame, CNG, Furniture.

Traditional Export Items : Raw Jute, Jute manufacture (Hessian sacking, Carpet backing, Carpets), Jute products, Tea, Leather, Leather products etc.

Non-Traditional Export Items : Garments, Frozen Shrimps, other Fish Products, Newsprint, Paper, Naphtha Furnace Oil, Urea, Ceramic Products etc.

Major Imports : Wheat, Oil, Seeds Crude Petroleum, Raw Cotton, Edible oil, Petroleum Products, Fertilizer, Staple Fibers, Yarn, Iiron & Steel, Capital Goods, etc.

Major Trading Partners : USA, EU Countries, India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, UAE.



F. Air Sea and River Ports.

International Airport : Hajrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka

Shah Amanat International Airport, Chittagong

Osmani International Airport, Sylhet

Domestic Airport : Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore,Ishwardi and Barisal

Sea Port : Chittagong and Mongla

Inland River Port : Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhairab, Narayangonj, Sirajganj etc.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Source: i) CIA World Fact Book, updated up to February, 2013

ii) en.wikipedia.org



CONTENTS

CHAPTER – 1

a. The Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Act, 1980 …………………….. 13

b. Inclusion of New Members in the Board of Governors of BEPZA ……………….….. 24

c. Foreign Private Investment (Promotion & Protection) Act, 1980 ……………..…….. 25

d. Principles & Procedures Governing Setting up of Industries in EPZs…………..….. 27
CHAPTER – 2

a. Operation of Export Processing Zones in Bangladesh ……………………………… 31

b. Extension of Credit Facilities to Industries in EPZs……………………………………. 34

c. Credit Facilities to Industries in Export Processing Zones…………………………… 37

d. Extension of Credit / Remittance Facilities to Type-B Industries in EPZs……………… 40

e. Deposit of Export Earnings in FC Account of Type-A & B Industries in EPZs…..… 41

f. Deposit of Export Earning in FC Account of Type-B Industries in EPZs…………... 42

g. Deposit of Export Earning in FC Account of Type-C Industries in EPZs……….….. 43

h. Operation of FC Account by Type B & C Garments Industries in EPZs…………….. 44

i. Operation of FC Account by Type B & C Industries in EPZs………………….……… 45

j. Encashment of Foreign Exchange by the Industrial Units in EPZs:

Application of SEM rate ……………………………………………………………….… 46

k. Payment of Bills in FC by Type-A & B Enterprises in EPZs. …………..……………. 47

l. Issuance and Endorsement of Bill of Lading / Airway Bill / other Title Documents of

Export Consignments of Type-A Enterprises of EPZs……………………………….. 48

m. Non-Resident FC Deposit Account (NFCD Account) ………………..………………. 49

n. Extension of Facilities of Non-Resident FC Deposit Account ……………………… 51

o. Application of Interest on FC Accounts of Non-Resident

Persons / Institutions including Bangladesh Nationals Working Abroad……….. 52

p. Establishment of Banking Units in EPZs…………………………………………….. …. 53

q. Establishment of Off-Shore Banking Units in EPZs……………………………………. 54

r. Simplified Exchange Control Regulations on Certain Issues……………………… 56


CHAPTER – 3

a. Restriction on the Size of Paid-up Capital of Public & Private Limited Companies…. 59

b. Extension of Limits of Paid-up Capital ……………………………………………………. 60

c. Notification on Repatriation of Sale / Transfer Value of Shares of

Foreign Nationals of Private Ltd. Companies ………………………………………… 61

CHAPTER – 4

a. Exemption of Income Tax Pertaining to Industrial Units ………………………………. 63

b. Tax Exemption of Salary-Income for Foreign Technicians …………………………… 64

c. Exemption on Income Tax on the Export Value………………………………………… 65

d. Exemption of 50% Tax on Export Sales for Enterprises in EPZs………………..…… 66

e. Exemption from Dividend Tax for Tax Holiday Period for Foreign Nationals…….….. 67

f. Accelerated Depreciation to any Machinery or Plant in EPZs…………………….…… 68

g. Amendment of Ordinance no XXXVI of 1989 in Section 52A…………………..……… 69

h. List of Materials Allowed to be Purchased in Local Currency ……………………..…… 71

i. List of ‘Other Goods’ to be Imported as Duty Free……………………………………….. 73


CHAPTER – 5

a. Exemption of Customs Duty, Value Added Tax and Advance Income Tax ………… 75

b. Customs and Value Added Tax ………………………………..…………………..…..… 76

c. Exemption of Customs Duties and Value Added Tax …………………………………. 77

d. Exemption of Customs Duties and Sales Tax on Import of Machineries,

Equipment and Raw Materials………………………………..………………………….. 78

e. The Customs (Export Processing Zones) Rules, 1984 ………………………….……. 79

f. Exemption of Customs and Regulatory Duty on Vehicle

(Car, Pick-Up, Jeep and Microbus) ………………………………………..…………… 82

g. Export of Goods from Export Processing Zones to Domestic Tariff Area ………..… 84

h. List of EPZs Goods allowed to Export to DTA. ………………………………………… 85

i. Customs Clearance Procedure for Imported Goods for EPZs……………………..… 88

j. Rules Relating to Supply of Construction Materials from

Domestic Tariff Area of Export Processing Zones ……………….…………………. 90

k. Export of Goods of the Industries in Bangladesh EPZs Against Payment in Foreign Currency from the Special Bonded Warehouse Established for 100% Export ..…… 91

l. Exemption of 50% Stamp Duty on Transfer of Land in EPZs……………………….…. 92

m. Exemption of Stamp Duty on Transfer of Land in EPZs…………………………....…... 92

n. Regarding the Inclusion / Exclusion / Correction / Updating the information in

the “INFORMATION FOR INVESTORS” Book…………………………………………. 93

CHAPTER – 6

EPZ Workers’ Welfare Association and Industrial Relations Act, 2010 ………….... 95-129



CHAPTER – 7

Specimen of Proposal for Investment in the Export Processing Zones…………… 131-141



CHAPTER – 1

ACTS AND PRINCIPLES OF EPZ

  • THE BANGLADESH EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES

AUTHORITY ACT, 1980

 INCLISION OF NEW MEMBERS IN

THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF BEPZA
 FOREIGN PRIVATE INVESTMENT

(PROMOTION & PROTECTION) ACT, 1980




  • PRINCIPLES & PROCEDURES GOVERNING

SETTING UP OF INDUSTRIES IN EPZS

THE BANGLADESH EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES

AUTHORITY ACT, 1980

(Act No. XXXVI of 1980, dated 26 December, 1980)

(As modified up to 13 December, 1994)
An Act for the establishment of the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority; Whereas it is expedient to make provision for the establishment of the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority for creation, development, operation, management and control of Export Processing Zones and for matters connected therewith.

It is hereby enacted as follows:


1. Short Title and Commencement:

1. This Act may be called the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority Act, 1980

2. It shall come into force on such date1 as the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint.
2[2. Definitions:

In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-

(a) "Authority" means the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority establishment under section 3;

(b) "Board" means the Board of Governors of the Authority;

(c) "Executive Board" means the Executive Board of the Authority;

(d) "Executive Chairman" means the Executive Chairman of the Board;

(e) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; and

(f) "Zone" means a place or places to be specified by the Government under section 10 as an Export Processing Zone for the purposes of setting up export-oriented industries.]


3. Establishment of the Authority:

(1) As soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, the Government shall, by notification in the official Gazette, establish3 an Authority to be called the Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) The authority shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire, held and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

……………………………………………………………………………



1This Act has come in to force on the 14th April, 1981, vide notification no. SRO 113-L / 81, dated 13-4-1981, published in the Bangladesh Gazette, Extra, dated 13-4-1981, page 781.

2Subsituted by ordinance No. LII of 1996, s 2, for section 2.

3The Bangladesh Export Processing Zones Authority was established on the 15th April, 1981, vide Notification No. SRO 11-L / 81, dated 15-4-1981, published in the Bangladesh Gazette, Extra, dated 15-4-1981, page 783.
1[3A. General Direction:
(1) The General direction and administration of the affairs of the Authority shall vest in the Executive Board which may, subject to sub-section (2), exercise all

powers and do all acts and things as may be exercised or done by the Authority.

(2) The Executive Board, in discharging its functions, shall act in accordance with the guidance, order and instructions given by the Board of Governors of the Authority from time to time.]

4. Head Office, etc.:

(1) The Head Office of the Authority shall be located at Chittagong.

(2) The Authority may establish its offices and branches at such places as it may deem fit.

2[4A. Objects of the Authority:

The objects of the Authority shall be -

(a) to foster and generate economic development of Bangladesh by encouraging and promoting foreign investments in a zone;

(b) to diversify the sources of foreign exchange earnings by increasing export of Bangladesh through a zone3 [;]]



3[(c) to encourage and foster the establishment and development of industries and commercial enterprises in a zone in order to widen and strengthen the economic base of Bangladesh;

(d) to generate productive employment opportunity and to upgrade labour and management skills through acquisition of advanced technology.]



4[5. Board of Governors:

(1) There shall be a Board of Governors of the Authority which6 [shall subject to provision of sub-section (3), consist] of the following members namely;

(a) Chairman;

(b) Minister-in-charge of the Ministries or Divisions dealing with Industries, Commerce, Finance, Planning, Foreign Affairs, Energy and Ports and Shipping, ex-officio;

(c) Governor, Bangladesh Bank, ex-officio;

(d) Secretaries of the Ministries or Divisions dealing with Industries, Commerce, Finance, Planning, Foreign Affairs, Energy, Ports and Shipping and Internal Resources, ex-officio;

(e) Chairman of the Executive Board, who shall also be the Secretary of the Board, ex-officio;

(2) The5 [Prime Minister], or a member, who is a Minister nominated by the5 [Prime Minister], shall be the Chairman of the Board.

……………………………………………………………………………

1Section 3A was inserted by Ordinance No. LII of 1986, s.3.

2Section 4A was inserted by Ordinance No. XLIX of 1984, s.2

3The semi-colon was substituted for the full-stop at the end of clause (b) and thereafter

New clauses (c) and (d) were added by Ordinance No. LII of 1986 s.4.



4Substituted, ibid,s.5, for sections 5 and 6.

5The words "Prime Minister" were substituted for the word "President" by Act. XXX of 1992, s.2.

[(3) The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, include in the Board any person or exclude from the Board any member with approval of the Prime Minister.]


5A. Functions of the Board:

(1) The Board-

(a) Shall formulate the policies for operation and management of the Authority and Zones;

(b) shall review, from time to time, the activities and performance of the Executive Board and the zones;

(c) may give orders or issue instructions which are deemed appropriate for the purpose of efficient management of the affairs of the authority and the zones.

(2) The policies formulated, orders given and instructions issued by the Board shall be deemed to be the policies formulated, orders given and instructions issued by the government and shall be followed accordingly; and they shall not require any formal approval of any Ministry or Division dealing with the matters for their implementation.


5B. Executive Board:

(1) There shall be an Executive Board of the Authority consisting of a Chairman and three other members.

(2) The Chairman of the Executive Board shall be called the Executive Chairman and he shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Authority.

(3) The Executive Chairman and other members of the Executive Board shall be appointed by the Government and shall hold office on such terms and conditions as the Government may determine.

(4) If a vacancy occurs in the office of the Executive Chairman or if the Executive Chairman is unable to discharge the functions of his office on account of his absence, illness or any others cause, the Government shall make such arrangement for discharging the functions of the Executive Chairman as it may consider expedient.

(5) No act or proceeding of the Executive Board shall be invalid or be called in question merely on the ground of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of the Executive Board.
6. Meetings:

(1) Same as provided in this section, the Board of Governors and the Executive Board shall regulate the procedure for their meetings.

(2) All meetings of the Board of Governors shall be convened by the Secretary of the Board in consultation with its Chairman and shall be held at such times and places as may be determined by him.

………………………………………………………………………………………………



6The words comma number and bracket "shall subject to provisions of sub-section (3), consist" were substituted for the words "shall consist" by Act XXII of 1994, s.2.

7Sub-section (3) was inserted by Act XXII of 1994 s.2.
(3) All meetings of the Executive Board shall be convened by the Executive Chairman and shall be held at such times and places as may be determined by him.

(4) All meetings of the Board of Governors shall be presided over by its Chairman and, in his absence, by a member of the Board who is a Minister, authorized by the Chairman.

(5) All meetings of the Executive Board shall be presided over by its Chairman.]
1[6A. Consultative Committee:

(1) 2[The Executive Board shall, in the discharge of its functions, be aided] and advised by a Consultative Committee which shall consist of the following members:



(a) One member to be nominated by the Internal Resources Division from among its Officers;

(b) One member to be nominated by the Ministry of Industries from among its Officers;

(c) One member to be nominated by the Ministry of Commerce from among its Officers;

(d) One member to be nominated by the Export Promotion Bureau from among its Officers;

(e) One member to be nominated by the Finance Division from among Senior Bankers;

(f) One member to be nominated by the Ministry of Industries from among Prominent Industrialists;

(g) One member to be nominated by the Government from among Industrialists of each zone;

(h) Director General, Department of Industries, or his nominee;

(i) Division Chief (Industries), Planning Commission;

(j) Commissioner of the Division in which a Zone is situated or his nominee;

(k) Chairman of the Water Supply and Sewerage Authority within the area of which a Zone is situated;

(l) Chairman of Chittagong Port Authority or Port of Chalna Authority to be nominated by the Government'

(m) Chairman of the body, by whatever name called, responsible for the development or improvement of the urban area within which a zone situated;

………………………………………………………………………………………………………



1Section 6A was inserted by ordinance No. XLIX of 1984. s.5.

2Substituted by Ordinance No. LII of 1986, s. 7(a), for "The Authority shall in the discharge of its functions, be aided'.

(n) Chairman, Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industries Corporation;

(o) One member to be nominated by the Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry;

(p) Four members to be nominated by the Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industries, one from among Presidents of Chamber of Commerce and Industry of each Division;

(q) One member to be nominated by the Authority from among the Owners or Shareholders of the Enterprises set up in a Zone;

(r) One officer of the Authority to be nominated by it who shall also be the Secretary of the Consultative Committee; and

(s) Such other members as may be nominated by the Government.

(2) The 1[Executive Chairman] shall ex-officio be the Chairman of the Consultative Committee.



2[(3) The meetings of the Consultative Committee shall be convened by its Chairman and shall be held at such times and places as may be determined by him.]

(4) All meetings of the Consultative Committee shall be presided over by 3[its Chairman] or, in his absence, by a member of the 4[Executive Board authorized by him.]

(5) To constitute a quorum at a meeting of the Consultative Committee no less than one-third of the total number of its members shall be present.]
5[6B. Post Sanction Clearance Committee:

(1) There shall be a committee to be called the Post Sanction Clearance Committee.

(2) The Committee shall be consist of the following members, namely:

(a) Executive Chairman, ex-officio, who shall be its Chairman;

(b) Controller or Capital Issue, ex-officio;

(c) Registrar or Joint Stock Companies, ex-officio;

(d) General Manager, Exchange Control Department, Bangladesh Bank, ex-officio;

(e) An officer of the Authority to be nominated by it, who shall also be the Secretary of the Committee.

(3) The Committee shall assist the Executive Board in matters of registration of companies, capital issues and foreign exchange transaction in respect of, and in all other matters connected with the operational needs of, sanctioned industries in a zone.

..........………………………………………………………………………………………………

1Substitued by Ordinance No. LII of 1986, s. 7(b), for "Chairman of the Authority"

2Substitued , ibid., s. 7(c), for sub-section(3).

3Substitued, ibid., s. 7(d)(i), for "the Chairman"

4Substitued, ibid., s. 7(d)(ii), for "Authority Authorized by him this behalf”.

5Section 6B was inserted, ibid., s.8.

(4) Same as provided in this section, the Committee shall regulate the procedure of its meetings; Provided that the Committee shall meet at least once in a month.

(5) The meetings of the Committee shall be convened by its Secretary and shall be presided over by its Chairman.]


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