Countries visited during the voyage of h. M. S beagle bound the world



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INDEX. 513

Infusoria in white paint, 221 Lichtenstein on ostriches, 92
in coral mud, 465 Lightning storms, 62
at Ascension, 494 tubes, 59
Insects, first colonists of St. Paul's Lima, 365, 368
rocks, 10 , elevation of a river near, 358
blown out to sea, 159 Lime, changed by lava into crystal-
of Patagonia, 170, 327 line rock, 6
of Tierra del Fuego, 238 Limnsea in brackish water, 2T
of Galapagos, 381, 392, 394 Lion-ant, 442
of Keeling Island, 456 Lizard, 97
of Sf. Helena, 490 • , marine species of, 385
Instincts of birds, 95, 398 Lizards, transport of, 382
Iodine with salt at Iquique, 365 Llama or Guanaco, habits of, 16G
Iquique, 362 Locusts, 329
Iron, oxide of, on rocks, 12 Longevity of species in Mollusca, 83
Islands, oceanic, volcanic, 8 Lorenzo, San, island of, 369
, floating, 265 Low archipelago, 402
, Antarctic, 248 Lund, M., on antiquity of man, 358
, low, 402, 467 Lund and Clausen on fossils of Bra
zil, 131, 173
Kater's peak, 212 Luxan, 329
Kauri pine, 427 Luxuriant vegetation not necessary
Keeling Island, 452 to support large animals, 85
, subsidence of, 475 Lycosa, 35
. 9 birds of, 456 Lyell, Mr., on terraces of Coquimbo,
9 entomology of, 456 343
t flora of, 454 , on longevity of Mollusca,
Kelp, or sea-weed,.239 83
Kendall, Lieut., on a frozen body, , on subsidence in the Paci-
249 fie, 468
Kingfishers, 2, 138 , on change in vegetation,
King George's Sound, 449 120
—, on fossil horses' teeth, 130
Labourers, condition of, in Chile, — , on distribution of animals,
267 327
Lagoon-islands, 402, 453, 465 , on frozen snow, 325
Lagostomus, 124 , on extinct mammals and
Lake, brackish, near Rio, 21 ice-period, 172
with floating islands, 265 — , on flocks of butterflies,
formed during earthquake, 371 158
Lamarck on acquired blindness, 52 , on stones twisted by earth-
Lampyris, 30 quakes, 308
Lancaster, Capt., on a sea-tree, 100
Land-shells, 347, 488, 490 MacCulloch on infection, 435
Lazo, 44, 153, 189 Macquarie river, 442
Leaves, fall of, 235 Macrauchenia, 82, 173
, fossil, 448 Macrocystis, 239
Leeks in New Zealand, imported, Madrina, or godmother of a troop of *
428 mules, 315
Lepus Magellanicus, 193 Magdalen channel, 241
Lesson, M., on the scissor-beak, 138 Magellan, Strait of, 231
—, on rabbit of the Faik- Malcolmson, Dr., on hail, 116
lands, 193 Maldiva atolls, 467, 476, 478
Lichen, on loose sand, 364 Maldonado, 39

514 INDEX.

Mammalia, fossil, 81, 127, 130, 155, Muniz, Sig., on niata cattle, 145
173,371 Murray, Mr., on spiders, 161
Man, antiquity of, 358 Mylodon, 81, 131, 155
, for>sil remains of, 370 Myopotamus Coipus, 287
, body frozen, 249
, fear of, an acquired instinct, Negress with goitre, 314
400 Negro, Rio, 63, 149
, extinction of races, 435, 448 lieutenant, 76
Mares killed for their hides, 154 New Caledonia, reef of, 469, 471,
Mare's flesh eaten by troops, 101 477
Mastodon, 127, 130 - —- Zealand, 417
Matter, granular, movements in, 100 Niata cattle, 145
Mauritius, 483 Noises from a hill, 361
Maypu river, 316 Noses, ceremony of pressing, 423
Megalonyx, 81, 131 Nothura, 45
Megatherium, 81, 83, 131 Notopod, crustacean, 161
Mendoza, climate of, 323 Nulliporse, incrustations like, 9
, 330 -——• protecting reefs, 498
Mexico, elevation of, 132
Miasmata, 365, 435 Octopus, habits of, 7
Mice inhabit sterile places, 360 Oily coating on sea, 17
, number of, in America, 49 Olfersia, 10
, how transported, 288, 378 Opetiorhynchus, 289
—— different on opposite sides of Opuntia Galapageia, 374
Andes, 326 Darwinii, 165
of the Galapagos, 378 -,261
of Ascension, 492 Orange-trees self-sown, 120
Millepora, 464 Ores, gold, 266
Mills for grinding ores, 266 Ornithorhynchus, 441
Mimosee, 25 Ornithology of Galapagos, 378, 394
Mimus, 54, 394, 399 Osorno, volcano of, 273, 275, 291
Miners, condition of, 260, 265, 339, Ostrich, habits of, 43, 89*
346 Ostrich's eggs, 113
Mines, 260, 340, 346 Otaheite, 403
, how discovered, 317 Otter, 287
Missionaries at New Zealand, 425 Ova in sea, 17
Mitchell, Sir T., on valleys of Aus- Oven-bird, 95
tralia, 438 Owen, Capt., on a drought in Africa,
Mocking-bird, 54, 394, 399 133
Molina, omits description of certain —7-, Professor, on the Capybara, 50
birds, 271 • fossil quadrupeds,
Molothrus, habits of, 52 81 to 84, 130, 155 .
Monkeys with prehensile tails, 28 nostrns of the
Monte Video, 40, 142 Gallinazo, 185
Moresby, Capt., on a great crab, Owl of Pampas, 70, 125
463 " . Oxyurus, 237, 289
, ,—_ on coral-reefs, 479 Oysters, gigantic, 170
Mount Sarmiento, 233, 241
Tarn, 234 Paint, white, 221
Mountains, elevation of, 312 Pallas on Siberia, 67
Movements in granular matter, 100 Palm-trees in La Plata, 46
Mud, chalk-like, 465 ■ in Chile, 256
disturbed by earthquake, 306 , south limit of, 244
Mules, 315 Palms absent at Galapagos, 375

INDEX. 515

Pampas, number of embedded re- Plants of the Galapagos, 374, 392,
mains in, 155 395
>, S. limit of, 75 —— of Keeling island, 454
, changes in, 120 of St. Helena, 487
1 not quite level, 124, 127, fossil in Australia, 448
143 Plata, E., 39
—, geology of, 129, 155 , thunderstorms of, G2
, view of, from the Andes, 327 Plover, long-legged, 114
Papilio feronia, 33 Polished rocks, Brazil, 12
Parana, Rio, 126, 139, 147 Polyborus chimango, 57
, islands in, 134 Novse Zelandise, 58
Parish, Sir W., on the great drought, Braziliensis, 55
133 Ponsonby Sound, 221
Park, Mungo, on eating salt, 110 Porpoises, 39
Parrots, 138, 244 Port Desire, 164
Partridges, 45 , river of. 107, 168
Pas, fortresses of New Zealand, 418 < St. Julian, 170
Passes in Cordillera, 334 • Famine, 233
Pasture, altered from grazing of Portillo pass, 319, 325
cattle, 118 Porto Pray a, 1
Patagones, 64 . Potato, wild, 285
Patagonia, geology of, 170, 329 Potrero Seco, 350
, zoology of; 165, 170, Prairies, vegetation of, 118
179 Prevost, M., on cuckoos, 53
Patagonian Indians, 231 Priestley, Dr., on lightning-tubes,
Peach-trees self-sown, 120 59
Peat, formation of, 286 Procellaria gigantea, habits of, 289
Pebbles perforated, 149, 267 Proctotretus, 97
. transported in roots of trees, Proteus, blindness of, 52
461 Protococcus nivalis, 322
Pelagic animals in southern ocean, Pteroptochos, two species of, 270
161 , species of, 278, 288
Penas, Gulf of, 246 Puente del Inca, 334, 356
Penguin, habits of, 199 Pufírñus cinéreus, 290
Pepsis, habits of; 35 Puffinuria Berardii, 291
Pernambuco, reef of, 498 Puma, habits of, 136, 183, 269
Pernety on hill of ruins, 196 , flesh of, 117
on tame birds, 398 Puna, or short respiration, 822
Peru, 362 to 371 Punta Alta, Bahía Blanca, 81
, dry valleys of, 358, 362 Gorda, 129, 356
Petrels, habits of, 289 Pyrophorus luminosus, 31
Peuquenes, pass of, 319
Phonolite at P. Noronha, 11 Quadrupeds, fossil, 81,127,130,155,
Phosphorescence of the sea, 162 173
.—_ , of a coralline, 202 • , large, do not require
of land insects and luxuriant vegetation, 85
sea animals, 30 , weight of, 87
Phryniscus, 97 Quartz of the Ventana, 109
Pine of New Zealand, 427 of Tapalguen, 116
Plains at foot of Andes in Chile, • of Falkland Island, 196
262, 316 Quedius, 10
almost horizontal near St. Fé, Quillota, valley of, 254
127 ^ Quintero, 254
Planaria?, terrestrial species of, 26 Quinquina Island, 302

516 INDEX.

Quoy and Gaimard on stinging Richardson, Dr., on geographical
corals, 464 distribution, 131
, on coral-reefs, Rimsky atoll, 466
476 Kio de Janeiro, 19
Plata, 39
Rabbit, wild, at the Falkland Islands, —- Negro, 63, 149
193 Colorado, 70
Rain at Coquimbo, 338, 347, 348 S. Cruz, 177
at Rio, 29 Sauce, 106
and earthquakes, 351 Salado, 118
in Peru, 364, 365 Rivers, power of, in wearing chan-
in Chile, formerly more abun- neis, 180, 320
dant, 357 River-bed, arched, 358
—=—■ , effects on vegetation, River-courses dry in America, 107
338 Rocks burnished with ferruginous
Rana Mascariensis, 382 matter, 12
Rat, only aboriginal animal of New Rodents, number of in America, 49,
Zealand, 427 179 '
Rats at Galapagos, 378 , fossil species of, 82
at Ascension, 492 Rosas, General, 71,103, 140
at Keeling Island, 456 Ruins of Callao, 3G9
Rattle-snake, species with allied of Indian buildings in Cordil
habit, 97 lera, 356, 368
Red snow, 322
Reduvius, 330 S. Cruz, 177
Reef at Pernambuco of sandstone, Salado, Rio, 118
498 Salinas at the Galapagos Archipe-
Reefs of coral, 465 to 482 lago, 377
, Barrier, 469, 476 in Patagonia, 65, 170
, Fringing, 472 Saline efflorescences, 78
Reeks, Mr., analysis of salt, 66 Salt with vegetable food, 110
.bones, 155 « , superficial crust of, 364
salt and , with elevated shells, 369
shells, 370 Salt-lakes; 65, 170, 377
Remains, human elevated, 370 Sandwich Archipelago, no frogs at,
Remedies of the Gauchos, 128 382
Rengger on the horse, 233 Land, 248
Reptiles absent in Tierra del Fuego, San Pedro, forests of, 281
237 Sand-dunes, 75
at Galapagos, 381 Sand, hot from sun*s rays, at Gala-
Respiration difficult in Andes, 322 pagos Archipelago, 377
Retrospect, 50 , noise from friction of, 361
Revolution's at Buenos Ay res, 140 Sandstone of New South Wales, 437
Rhinoceroses live in desert coun- * , reef of, 498
tries, 86 Santa Cruz, river of, 177
9 frozen, 89, 250 Santiago, Chile, 262
Rhynchops nigra, 137 Sarmiento, Mount, 233, 241
Richardson, Dr., on mice of North Sauce, Rio, 106
America, 378 Saurophagus sulphureus, 54
, on polished rocks, Scarus eating corals, 464
251 Scelidotherium, 82
} on frozen soil, 88, Scenery of Andes, 318
248 Scissor-tail, 138
} oxi eating fat, 117 Scissor-beak, habits of, 137

INDEX. 517

Scorpions,, cannibals, 165 Society, state of, in Australia, 443
Scoresby, Mr., on effects of snow * Archipelago, 402
on rocks, 318 , volcanic pho-
Scrope, Mr., on earthquakes, 352 nomenaat, 475, 481
Scytalopus fuscus, 237, 289 Soda, nitrate of, 362
Sea, open, inhabitants of, 162 '-. , sulphate of, 78
, phosphorescence of, 162 Soil, frozen, 88, 248
, distant noise of, 295 Spawn on surface of sea, 17
Sea-pen, habits of, 99, 202 Species, distribution of, 131, 363
Sea-weed, growth of, 239 , extinction of, 174
Seals, number of, 284 Spiders, habits of, 35—38
Seeds transported by sea, 392, 454 , gossamer, 159
Serpulae, protecting reef, 498 killed by and killing wasps
Shark killed by Diodon, 14 35 to 37
Shaw, Dr., on lion's flesh, 116 on Keeling Island, 456
Sheep, infected, 436 on St. Paul's, 10
Shelley, lines on Mont Blanc, 168 Springs, hot, 263
Shells, land, in great numbers, 347 Stevenson, Mr., on growth of sea-
, at St. Helena, 488 weed, 239
Shells, fossil, of Cordillera, 321 Stinging animals, 464
— of Galapagos, 390 St. Helena, 486
elevated, 83, 130, 171, 254, , introduction of spirits
344, 369 into, 412
, tropical forms of, far south, — Fé, 129
243 — Jago, C. Verds, 1
, decomposition of, with salt, 369 —, unhealthiness of, 36G
Shepherd's dogs, 149 — Jago, Chile, 262
Shingle-bed of Patagonia, 75, 171 — Maria, elevated, 307, 310
Siberia compared with Patagonia, 67 — Paul's rocks, 8
, zoology o£ related to North Stones perforated, 149, 267
America, 132 transported in roots, 461
Siberian animals, how preserved in Storm, 217,281
ice, 250 in Cordillera, 324, 360
, food necessary dur- Streams of stones at Falkland Islands,
ing their existence, 89 197
Silicified trees, 333, 353 Strongylus, 32
Silurian formations at Falkland Is- Struthio Rhea, 43, 89
lands, 196 ■ Darwinii, 92
Silurus, habits of, 136 Strzelecki, Count, 448
Skunks, 80 Suadiva atoll, 466
Slavery, 20, 24, 499 Subsidence of coral reefs, 467 to 4S2
Smelling power of carrion-hawks, —of Keeling Island, 475
184 of Patagonia, 172
Smith, Dr. Andrew, on the support of coast of Peru, 369
of large quadrupeds, 85 of Cordillera, 321, 333
., on perforated of Coasts of Chile, 344
pebbles, 149 • of Vanikoró, 475
Snake, venomous, 96 of coral reefs great in
Snow-line on Cordillera, 244, 322, amount, 479
325 i cause of distinctness in
Snow, effects of on rocks, 318 Tertiary epochs, 344
, prismatic structure of, 325 Sulphate of lime, 66, 171, 369
, red, 322 soda incrusting the
Society, state of in La Plata, 41,157 ground, 78

518 INDEX.

Sulphate of soda with common Transport of stones in roots of trees,
salt, 66, 369 461
Swainson, Mr., on cuckoos, 53 of fragments of rock on
Sydney, 431 banks of the St. Cruz, river, 180
Travertin with leaves of trees, Van
Tabanus, 170 Diemen's Land, 448
Tahiti (Otaheite), 403 Tree-ferns, southern limits of, 244
, three zones of fertility, 406 , 448
Talcahuano, 302 Trees, absence of, in Pampas, 46
Tambillos, Ruinas de, 356 , floating, transport stones, 461
Tameness of birds, 398 silicified, vertical, 332
Tapacolo and Turco, 270 . , size of, 353
Tapalguen, Sierra, flat hills of quartz, , time required to rot, 301
116 Tres Montes, 282
Tarn, Mount, 234 Trichodesmium, 14
Tasmania, 446 Trigonocephalus, 96
Tattooing, 404, 426 Tristan d'Acunha, 399, 456
Temperance of the Tahitians, 411 Trochilus, 271
Temperature of Tierra del Fuego and Tropical scenery, 495
Falkland Islands, 242 Tschudi, M., on subsidence, 369
of Galapagos, 373, 377 Tubes, siliceous, formed by lightning,
Tercero, Rio, fossils in banks of, 127 59
Terraces in valleys of Cordillera, 315 Tucutuco, habits of, 50
of Coquimbo, 343 , fossil species of, 82
. of Patagonia, 172, 181 Tuff, craters of, 373
Tertiary formations of the Pampas, , Infusoria in, 494
81, 129, 155 Tupungato, volcano of, 324
of Patagonia, 170, Turco, El, 270
329 Turkey buzzard, 58,184, 284
in Chile, epochs Turtle, manner of catching, 459
of, 344 Type of organization in Galapagos
Teru-tero, habits of, 114 islands, American, 393
Testudo, habits of, 382, 394 Types of organization in different
Theory of lagoon-islands, 472 countries, constant, 173
Theristicus, 165 Tyrannus, 138
Thistle beds, 119, 124, 148 '
Thunder-storms, 62 Ulloa on hydrophobia, 353
Tierra del Fuego, 204 to 251 on Indian buildings, 357
9 climate and vege- Unaniie, Dr., on hydrophobia, 353
tation of, 242 Uruguay, Rio, 139, 147
, zoology of, 236 , not crossed by the
m : , entomology of, 238 Bizcacha, 124
Tinamus rufescens, 113 ' Uspallata range and pass, 331
Tinochorus Eschscholtzii, 94
Toad, habits of, 97 Vacas, Rio, 333
not found in oceanic islands, Valdivia, 297
381 , forests of, 298, 301
Torrents in Cordillera, 316, 321 Valley of St. Cruz, how excavated,
Tortoise, habits of, 382, 394 181 •
Toxodon, 82, 127, 130, 155 :, dry, at Gopiapd, 355#
Transparency of air in. Andes, 325 Valleys, excavation of, in Chile, 315,
" in St. Jago, 4 355
Transport of seeds, 392, 454 of Tahiti, 408, 412
«— of boulders, 187, 247 in Cordillera, 315

ÍNDEX. 519

Valleys of New South Wales, 437 Waves, caused by fall of ice, 224,
Valparaiso, 252, 313 246
Vampire bat, 22 from earthquakes, 305, 309
Vapour from, forests, 24 Weather, connection with earth-
Van Diemen's Land, 446 quakes, 351
Vanellus Cayanus, 114 Weather-board, N.S.Wales, 437
Vanessa, flocks of, 15.8 Weeds in New Zealand, imported.
Vanikoro, 469, 471, 475 392, 428
Vegetation of St. Helena, changes of, Weight of large quadrupeds, 87
489 Wellington, Mount, 448
on opposite sides of Cor- Wells, ebbing and flowing, 458
dillera, 326 at Iquique, 364
, luxuriant, not necessary West Indies, banks of, 439
to support large animals, 85 * , coral reefs of, 472, 480
Ventana, Sierra, 107 , zoology of, 132
Verbena melindres, 40 Whales, oil from, 17
Villa Vicencio, 331 leaping out of water, 223
Virgularía Patagónica, 99, 202 White, Mr., on spiders, 35
Volcanic bombs, 493 Wigwams of Fuegians, 212
islands, 8 Williams, Rev., on infectious disor-
phenomena, 311 ders, 435
Voléanos near Chiloe, 273, 275, 291, Winds, dry, in Tierra del Fuego, 231
310 — at the Cape Verds, 3
, their presence determined 3 cold, on Cordillera, 360
by elevation or subsidence, 480 on Cordillera, 323
Vulturaura, 58, 184, 284 Winter's Bark, 235, 281
Wolf at the Falklands, 193
Waders, first colonists of distant is- Wood, Capt, on the Agouti, 70
lands, 380 Woollya, 221
Waimate, New Zealand, 421
Walckenaer on spiders, 38 Yaquil, 265
Walleechu tree, 68 Yeso, Valle del, 319
Wasps preying on spiders and killed York Minster, 208
by, 35—38
Water-hog, 49 Zonotrichia, 52
Water, sold at Iquique, 362 Zoological provinces of N. and S.
, fresh, floating on salt, 39, America, 131
458 . Zoology of Galapagos, 377
Waterhouse, Mr., on Rodents, 49,378 — of Keeling Island, 456
_ on the Niata ox, of Tierra del Fuego, 236
146 of Chonos Islands, 287
. . on the insects of Ti- of St. Helena, 490
erra del Fuego, 238 Zoophytes, 99
; of Gala- at Falkland Islands, 201
ragos, 381, 392 Zorilk, or skunk, 80

THE END.
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