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nz/.../Good_employer_report_sample_ADHB.doc on 13 June 2012.

102 Ministry of Health. (2011). Maori Health Workforce. Accessed online at http://www.maorihealth.govt.nz on 13 June 2012.

103This represents a selection of ‘Quick Facts’ from Ministry of Health (2011), Monitoring the regulated Māori Health Workforce. Accessed online at http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/monitoring-regulated-maori-health-workforce on 23 May 2012

104 Ministry of Health (2010) Shifting Māori Health Needs: Māori population trends, health service needs, and medical workforce requirements – issues arising. Accessed online at http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/shifting-maori-health-needs on 23 May 2012.

105 Fiona Cram, Judy Oakden And Nan Wehipeihana (2011) Future directions for a Māori dental therapy workforce, p xi Accessed online at http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/future-directions-maori-dental-therapy-workforce on 23 May 2012.

106 Ministry of Health. (2004). Māori Providers: Primary health care delivered by doctors and nurses:The National Primary Medical Care Survey (NatMedCa): 2001/02 Report 3. Ministry of Health, Wellington. And Ministry of Health (2010) Lalaga: Pacific Providers Making a Difference. Ministry of Health, Wellington. Accessed online at http://www.hrphow.co.nz/uploads/5/1/5/3/5153926/maori_providers_primary_health_care_delivered_by_doctors_and_nurses.pdf on 13 June 2012.

107 Ratima M., Waetford C., MacDonald K., Garrett, N. Ngawati R., & Wikaire, E. (2007) Review of Hauora Māori Scholarship Programme. Accessed online at http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/review-ministry-health-hauora-maori-scholarship-programme on 13 June 2012.

108 New Zealand Nurses Organisation (2007). Te Rau Kōkiri, NZNO Māori and Iwi MECA Information Kit. November. Accessed online at http://www.nzno.org.nz/home/campaigns/te_rau_k%C5%8Dkiri on 13 June 2012.

109 Health Select Committee (2009). Petition 2005/177 of Ngaitia Nagel and 11,370 others, p 4. Accessed online at http://www.parliament.nz/NR/rdonlyres/A41538B8-222E-4712-940E-A3A00C34B47B/103675/DBSCH_SCR_4364_Petition2005177ofNgaitiaNageland113.pdf on 26 June 2012.

110 New Zealand Medical Association (2011). Health Equity Position Statement. Accessed online at http://www.nzma.org.nz/sites/all/files/ps_healthequity.pdf on 13 June 2012.

111 Tiatia J. (2008). Pacific Cultural Competencies: A literature review. Wellington: Ministry of Health. Accessed online at http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/pacific-cultural-competencies-literature-review on 13 June 2012.

112 Medical Council of New Zealand (2006). Statement on cultural competence, p 2.Accessed online at http://www.mcnz.org.nz/assets/News-and-Publications/Statements/Statement-on-cultural-competence.pdf on 26 June 2012.

113 Nursing Council of New Zealand (2002). Guidelines for cultural safety, the Treaty of Waitangi and Maori Health in Nursing and Midwifery Education and Practice. Wellington: Nursing Council of New Zealand, p 4. The guidelines were revised in 2011 and are available and were accessed online at http://www.nursingcouncil.org.nz/download/97/cultural-safety11.pdf on 13 June 2012.

114 See, for example, Pacific Cultural Competencies Framework (2005) accessed online at http://www.cmdhb.org.nz/funded-services/Pacific-Health/docs/cultural-competencies-framework.pdf on 13 June 2012 and Ruth DeSouza (2006), Pregnant with Possibility: Migrant Motherhood in New Zealand, accessed online at http://www.ruthdesouza.com/tag/cultural-safety/ on 13 June 2012.

115 Bacal, K. Jansen, P., Smith, K. (2006). ‘Developing cultural competency in accordance with the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act.’ N.Z. Family Physician 33:305-309 (p 307) Accessed online at https://www.rnzcgp.org.nz/assets/documents/Publications/Archive-NZFP/Oct-2006-NZFP-Vol-33-No-5/BacalOct06.pdf on 26 June 2012.

116 Medical Council of New Zealand (2006). Statement on cultural competence.

117 Tiatia J. 2008. Pacific Cultural Competencies, p iii.

118 Jansen and Jansen (2011) “Māori and Health, p 55.

119 For more information, visit the Whānau Hauora website at http://www.whanauhauora.co.nz/

120 Mason Durie refers to the ‘te whare tapa whā’ model in Durie, M (2004) ‘An Indigenous Model of Health Promotion’, Paper presented to the 18th World Conference on Health Promotion and Health Education, p 21. Accessed online at http://www.hpforum.org.nz/~hpforum/symposium_2011/docs/hpfram/Te%20Pae%20Mahutonga%20IUHPE%202004.pdf on 3 May 2012.

121 Pharmac, The Whānau Hauora Village – Waiōhika Estate Vineyard, Gisborne: Final report and evaluation (April 2011), p 5.

122 Pharmac, Whānau Hauora, p 17

123 Pharmac, Whānau Hauora, p 18.

124 Education Counts. (2010) Annual ECE Summary Report 2010. Accessed online at http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/statistics/maori_education/early_childhood/annual-ece-summary-report-2010 on 26 June 2012.

125 Education Counts (2012), Indicators: Stand-downs, suspensions, exclusions and expulsions from school. Accessed online at http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/indicators/main/student-engagement-participation/80346 on 26 June 2012.

126 See Bishop, R., et al., (2009). ‘Te Kotahitanga: Addressing educational disparities facing Maori students in New Zealand’ Teaching and Teacher Education, p 1. Accessed online at http://tekotahitanga.tki.org.nz/Publications/Addressing-educational-disparities-facing-Maori-students-in-New-Zealand on 26 June 2012.

127 Education Review Office (2010). Promoting Success for Maori Students: Schools’ Progress. Accessed online at http://www.ero.govt.nz/National-Reports/Promoting-Success-for-Maori-Students-Schools-Progress-June-2010/Background on 26 June 2012.

128 Statistics New Zealand and Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs (2010). Education and Pacific Peoples in New Zealand, p 12. Accessed online at http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/people_and_communities/pacific_peoples/pacific-progress-education/executive-summary.aspx on 26 June 2012.

129 Patisepa Tuafuti, Vaitulutulusinaolemoana Pua, and Sonya van Schaijik (2011), Raising Pasifika Children’s achievement and literacy levels: assumptions and risks, He Kupu: The Word, p 59., Accessed online at http://www.hekupu.ac.nz/Journal%20files/Issue1%20March%202011/Patisepa%20Tuafuti.pdf on 30 May 2012.

130 Goren, P D. (2009). How Policy Travels: Making Sense of Ka Hikitia – Managing for Success: The Māori Education Strategy 2008-2012, Fulbright New Zealand, p vi. Accessed online at http://www.fulbright.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/axford2009_goren.pdf on 26 June 2012.

131 Education Review Office (2010). Promoting Success for Maori Students, p 2.

132 Milne, A. (2009). Colouring in the White Spaces: Cultural Identity and Learning in School. Report for the ASB/APPA Travelling Fellowship Trust. Accessed online at http://myportfolio.school.nz/artefact/file/download.php?file=468863&view=92809 on 30 May 2012.

133 This formulation draws on Gay, G. (2000). Culturally responsive teaching. Theory, research and practice. NewYork/London: Teachers College Press/Columbia University cited in Bishop, R et al, (2009) ‘Te Kotahitanga’, p 3

134 Education Review Office. Promoting Success for Maori Students, p 3.

135 Education Review Office. Promoting Success for Maori Students, p 3.

136 Human Rights Commission (2010), Human Rights in New Zealand 2010, p 181. Accessed online at http://www.hrc.co.nz/hrc_new/hrc/cms/files/documents/Human_Rights_Review_2010_Full.pdf on 26 June 2012.

137 See, for example, Milne (2009); Colouring the White Spaces; Borell et al. 2009; Peggy McIntosh (1998) White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to see Correspondences through work in Women’s Studies, (Working Paper 189): Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley MA.

138 Milne (2009), Colouring in the White Spaces, p 5

139 Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs and Statistics New Zealand (2010). Education and Pacific peoples in New Zealand, p 12.

140 Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs and Statistics New Zealand (2010). Career Futures for Pacific Peoples, p 3. Accessed online at http://www.mpia.govt.nz/assets/documents/research-documents/CareersFuturesFinalWEB.pdf on 26 June 2012.

141 Bishop R., (2010) “Discursive Positioning and Educational Reform,’ in May S., & Sleeter C. (Eds.), Critical Multiculturalism: Theory and Praxis. 61-71, p 61. New York: Routledge.

142 Stuart Middleton (2008), You take the Low Road. Keynote address to the RTLB conference, cited in Milne (2009), Colouring in the White Spaces, p 2.

143 Bishop R., et al. (2009) ‘Te Kotahitanga’, p 3

144 Bishop R. et al (2009) ‘Te Kotahitanga’, p 2.

145 Bishop R., et al. (2009). ‘Te Kotahitanga’, p 3.

146 Luanna H Meyer, Wally Penetito, Anne Hynds, Catherine Savage, Rawiri Hindle & Christine Sleeter (2010), Evaluation of Te Kotahitanga: 2004-2008: Report to the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Education. Accessed online at http://edcounts.squiz.net.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/78966/955_TK-Evaluation_V2-16082010.pdf on 30 May 2012.

147 Bishop, R, et al (2009), ‘Te Kotahitanga’, p 5.

148 The 2009 Justice Sector Civil and Democratic Outcomes report found issues of accessibility and perceived accessibility to justice for Māori and Pacific peoples more broadly, for example. See Justice Sector Civil and Democratic Outcomes report. Accessed online at http://www.justice.govt.nz/publications/global-publications/n/new-zealand-justice-sector-civil-and-democratic-outcomes-report/publication on 29 May 2012.

149 Ministry of Justice, Trends in Convictions and Sentencing 2011, p 5. Accessed online at http://www.justice.govt.nz/publications/global-publications/t/trends-in-conviction-and-sentencing-in-new-zealand-2011-1 on 30 May 2012.

150 Quince, K. (2007) ‘Maori and the criminal justice system in New Zealand’ in Criminal Justice in New Zealand. Brookbanks W. & Tolmie J. (Eds) LexisNexis Butterworths of New Zealand, p 8.

151 Teuila Percival, Robert Robati-Mani, Elizabeth Powell, Pefi Kingi, Maiava Carmel Peteru, Linda-Teleo Hope, ‘Eseta Finau, Elisala Selu and Jenny Rankine, Pacific pathways to the prevention of sexual violence: Overview report (Pacific Health School of Population Health, University of Auckland, October 2010), p 6. Accessed online at http://www.minpac.govt.nz/assets/02-Pacific-PPSV-overview-online-version.pdf p 6 on 29 May 2012

152 Department of Corrections, n.d, Pacific Focus Unit -Vaka Fa’aola Information sheet. Accessed online at http://www.corrections.govt.nz/about-us/fact-sheets/managing-offenders/specialist_units/pacific-focus-unit---vaka-faaola.html on 29 May 2012

153 La’auli A. Filoiali’i and Lyle Knowles (1983), ‘The Ifoga: the Samoan Practice of Seeking Forgiveness for Criminal Behaviour’, Oceania, Vol 53 No 4 June, pp 384-88 (384). Accessed online at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/40330698?uid=3738776&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=47699044180957 on 29 May 2012.

154 Dyhrberg M. (1994) Maori Based Justice: An Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Criminal Justice System, p 2. Paper for the Fifth International Criminal Law Congress, Sydney, Australia

155 Olsen,T. Morris, A. & Maxwell G. ‘Maori and Youth Justice in New Zealand’ In Hazlehurst K. (ed) Popular Justice and Community Regeneration: Pathways to Indigenous Reform (1995). Westport: Praeger

156 Tauri J. M. (1999) ‘Family Group Conferencing: The Myth of Indigenous Empowerment in New Zealand’ in Native Law Centre Vol. 4, No. 1, p 16. Accessed online at http://www.sfu.ca/~palys/Tauri%20chapter%20on%20Maori%20the%20CJS.pdf on 27 June 2012.

157 Te Puni Kōkiri (2011). Addressing the Drivers of Crime for Māori, p 5. Accessed online at http://www.tpk.govt.nz/en/in-print/our-publications/publications/addressing-the-drivers-of-crime-for-maori/download/tpk-addressdriverscrime-2011.pdf on 27 June 2012.

158 Te Puni Kōkiri (2011). Addressing the Drivers of Crime for Māori, p 1.

159 Statistics New Zealand National Population projections accessed June 2011 at http://www.statistics.govt.nz/tools_and_services/tools/TableBuilder/population-projections-tables.aspx

160 Human Rights Commission (2011). Tūi Tūi Tuituiā Race Relations in 2010, p 42. Accessed online at http://www.hrc.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/RaceRelationsReport_2011_final.pdf on 27 June 2012.

161 Simone Bull, Changing the Broken Record: New theory and data on Māori offending. Paper presented at Addressing the underlying causes of offending; What is the evidence? Institute of Policy Studies, Wellington, 26-7 February. Accessed online at http://ips.ac.nz/events/downloads/2009/Simone%20Bull.doc on 30 May 2012

162 Motion, S. (2011). ‘Judge laments poor parenting – Marae youth court ‘not a silver bullet’ Whakatane Beacon, accessed online at http://www.whakatanebeacon.co.nz/cms/news/2011/06/art10009490.php

163 Te Puni Kōkiri (2011), Addressing the Drivers of Crime for Māori, p 1.

164 Judge Becroft cited in Te Puni Kōkiri (2000), Whanake Rangatahi: Programmes and Services to Address Māori Youth Offending. Wellington. See also Victoria Owen (2001). ‘Whanake Rangatahi: Programmes and Services to Address Māori Youth Offending’, Journal of Social Policy, Issue 16, p Accessed online at http://www.msd.govt.nz/documents/about-msd-and-our-work/publications-resources/journals-and-magazines/social-policy-journal/spj16/16-pages175-190.pdf on 27 June 2012.

165 Department of Corrections (2007) Over-representation of Māori in the criminal justice system: An exploratory report, pp 13-4. Accessed online at http://www.corrections.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/285286/Over-representation-of-Maori-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf on 27 June 2012.

166 Webb R. (2009) ‘Māori, Pacific peoples and the social construction of crime statistics,’ MAI Review 3 Peer commentary 2, p 2. Accessed online at http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewFile/277/291 on 27 June 2012.

167 Statistics cited in Workman, K. (2011). ‘Redemption Denied: Aspects of Māori Over-representation in the Criminal Justice System’. Presentation to the ‘Justice in the Round’ Conference, University of Waikato, April 2011, p 4. Accessed online at http://www.rethinking.org.nz/assets/Papers%20and%20Presentations/Redemption_Denied.pdf on 27 June 2012.

168 Statistics cited in Workman, K. (2011), ‘Redemption Denied,’ p 4.

169 Valerie Morse cited in Stewart-Harawira M. (2009). ‘Race and Terror in the Global Surveillance State’ In The Ardent Review Volume 1, No 1, p 37. Accessed online at http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/~aadr/Documents/Makere%20Stewart%20Harawira.pdf on 27 June 2012.

170 Statistics New Zealand National Population projections accessed June 2011 at http://www.statistics.govt.nz/tools_and_services/tools/TableBuilder/population-projections-tables.aspx

171 Human Rights Commission (2011). Tūi Tūi Tuituiā Race Relations in 2010, p 43.

172 Statistics cited in Department of Corrections, n.d, Pacific Focus Unit Factsheet.

173 New Zealand Police, Pacific Peoples Responsiveness Strategy 2002-6, p 2. Accessed online at http://www.police.govt.nz/resources/2002/pacific-peoples-responsiveness-strategy-2002-2006/pacific-peoples-responsiveness-strategy-2002-2006.pdf on 30 May 2012.

174 Bull (2009), Changing the Broken Record, p 2.

175 This gap is noted by Bronwyn Morrison in Identifying and Responding to Possible Bias in the Criminal Justice System. She observes:

While it was originally intended that the review would focus on Māori and Pacific offenders, the paucity of information published about Pacific offenders meant that the majority of the New Zealand research included is based solely on Māori offenders.



See Bronwyn Morrison (2009), Identifying and Responding to Possible Bias, p 11.

176 G. Raumati Hook (2009), ‘The Potential influence of legislation on the criminality of Māori and Pacific Islanders in New Zealand’, MAI Review, No 3, Target Article 1, p7. Accessed online at http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewFile/227/311 on 30 May 2012

177 Webb R. (2009) ‘Māori, Pacific peoples and the social construction of crime statistics’, MAI Review, vol. 3. Peer Commentary 2, p 1. Accessed online at http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewFile/277/291 on 30 May 2012.

178 NZ Police (2002) New Zealand Police Pacific Peoples Responsiveness Strategy 2002/06, p 2

179 NZ Police (2002) New Zealand Police Pacific Peoples Responsiveness Strategy 2002/06, p 2

180 Vaka Fa'aola consists of two words - 'vaka' meaning a canoe in the languages of Tonga, Niue, The Cook Islands, Fiji and Tokelau, and 'fa'aola' meaning growth, life, saviour and hope in Samoan. The Unit was named by the Spring Hill Correctional Facility Pacific Advisory Group

181 Department of Corrections, Saili Matagi Programme Factsheet. Accessed online at http://www.corrections.govt.nz/about-us/fact-sheets/managing-offenders/rehabilitation_programmes/saili-matagi---staff.html on 29 May 2012.

182 Pacific Advisory Group (PAG) to the Taskforce for Action on Violencewithin Families (2012) Nga Vaka a Kāiga Tapu: A Pacific Conceptual Framework to Address Family Violence in New Zealand. Accessed online at http://www.familyservices.govt.nz/documents/working-with-us/programmes-services/pacific-framework-fa2.pdf on 30 May 2012.
Nga Vaka a Kāiga Tapu was born out of a collaborative process of regional fono run by the Pacific Advisory Group on family violence. The culmination of these events led to a national gathering called the Champions of Change fono, the participants of which collectively identified that culture must be the basis for constructing any solution to family violence (Foreward, p iii)

183 See also Teuila Percival et al (2010) Pacific Pathways to the Prevention of Sexual Violence.

184 Bronwyn Morrison (2009) Identifying and Responding to Bias in the Criminal Justice System, p 14.

185 Pacific Advisory Group (PAG) to the Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families (2012) Nga Vaka a Kāiga Tapu, pp 6-10

186 Bronwyn Morrison (2009) Identifying and Responding to Bias in the Criminal Justice System, p 156.

187 Broad, H. (2010). Neighbourhood Policing launched in Counties Manukau. Blog accessed online at http://www.police.govt.nz/blog/2010/09/22/neighbourhood-policing-launched-counties-manukau/25529

188 Laxton, A. (2011). ‘Out in force on the mean streets’ in the NZ Herald accessed online at http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10735773

189 Becroft, Judge A. (2009). Keynote speech at the launch of Manurewa Marae Rangatahi Court cited in Marama Davidson, ‘Rangatahi Youth Courts – Human Rights Commission comment’, 24 August 2010. Accessed online at http://news.tangatawhenua.com/archives/6844

190 Morton, S. (2011) ‘Judge laments poor parenting – Marae youth court ‘not a silver bullet’. Whakatane Beacon accessed online at www.whakatanebeacon.co.nz/cms/news/2011/06/art10009490.php

191 Office of the Minister of Justice, Office of the Minister of Māori Affairs & Cabinet Social Policy Committee (2011). Addressing the Drivers of Crime: June 2011 Report Back, p 8. Accessed online at http://www.justice.govt.nz/justice-sector/drivers-of-crime/documents/DoCJun11%20Cab%20Paper.pdf on 27 June 2012.

192 Office of the Minister of Justice, Office of the Minister of Māori Affairs & Cabinet Social Policy Committee (2011). Addressing the Drivers of Crime: June 2011 Report Back, p 2.

193 Department of Corrections (2009). Māori Focus Units and Māori Therapeutic Programmes: Evaluation Report, p Accessed online at http://www.corrections.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/350563/MFU-evaluation.pdf on 27 June 2012.

194 By definition, the public service comprises the departments listed in Schedule 1 of the State Sector Act 1988. Accessed online at http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1988/0020/latest/DLM130706.html on 27 June 2012.

195 State Services Commission (2010). 2010 Equality and Diversity Report: Diversity in the Senior Management of the Public Service. Accessed online at http://www.ssc.govt.nz/sites/all/files/2010-e&d-report.pdf on 12 June 2012.

196 State Services Commission (2010). 2010 Equality and Diversity Report, pp 7-9.

197 Business New Zealand Chief Executive Phil O’Reilly, Dominion Post, Saturday May 08, 2010 cited in Best Pacific Institute of Education (undated) Tertiary Performance and Accountability. Accessed online at http://www.best.ac.nz/Why-Choose-BEST/Tertiary-Performance-and-Accountability.html on 27 June 2012.

198 State Services Commission (2006). Review of EEO Policy to 2010. Accessed online at http://www.ssc.govt.nz/summary-review-eeo-2010 on 27 June 2012.

199 State Services Commission (2010). ‘International Literature Review’ in 2010 Equality and Diversity Report. Accessed online at http://www.ssc.govt.nz/node/8275 on 27 June 2012.

200 State Services Commission (2010). ‘International Literature Review’ in 2010 Equality and Diversity Report. Accessed online at http://www.ssc.govt.nz/node/8275 on 27 June 2012.

201 State Services Commission (2010). 2010 Equality and Diversity Report.

202 Boston J. & Callister P. (2005). ‘Diversity and Public Policy” in Policy Quarterly Volume 1, Number 4 (34-43), p 34. Accessed online at http://ips.ac.nz/publications/files/50fd30ec0c3.pdf on 27 June 2012.

203 Department of Corrections (2009). Effectiveness for Māori Guide cited in Ministry of Justice, ‘Addressing the Drivers of Crime,’ Cabinet Paper. Accessed online at http://www.justice.govt.nz/justice-sector/drivers-of-crime/documents/Addressing%20the%20Drivers%20of%20Crime%20Cabinet%20paper.pdf on 27 June 2012.

204 NZ Police (2011) Submission for the IPANZ Geni-I Public Sector Excellence Awards.

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