Chile Pepper Heat Scoville Scale



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Chile Pepper Heat Scoville Scale
Wondering how to rate the heat level of various types of chili peppers? Peppers are rated based on Scoville Units, a method developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. The original method used human tasters to evaluate how many parts of sugar water it takes to neutralize the heat. Nowadays human tasters are spared and a new process called HPLC, or High Performance Liquid Chromotography measures the amount of capsaicinoids (capsaicin) in parts per million. Capsaicin is the compound that gives chilies their heat. The chart below rates chili peppers, with 0 being mildest and 10 highest heat.



Scoville Chile Heat Chart

Variety

Rating

Heat Level

Sweet Bells; Sweet Banana; and Pimento

0

Negligible Scoville Units

Mexi-Bells; Cherry; New Mexica; New Mexico; Anaheim; Big Jim

1

100-1,000 Scoville Units

Ancho; Pasilla; Espanola; Anaheim

2

1,000 - 1,500 Scoville Units

Sandia; Cascabel

3

1,500 - 2,500 Scoville Units

Jalapeno; Mirasol; Chipotle; Poblano

4

2,500 - 5,000 Scoville Units

Yellow Wax; Serrano

5

5,000 - 15,000 Scoville Units

Chile De Arbol

6

15,000 - 30,000 Scoville Units

Aji; Cayenne; Tabasco; Piquin

7

30,000 - 50,000 Scoville Units

Santaka; Chiltecpin; Thai

8

50,000 - 100,000 Scoville Units

Habanero; Scotch Bonnet

9

100,000 - 350,000 Scoville Units

Red Savina Habanero; Indian Tezpur

10

350,000-855,000 Scoville Units


Richter Scale for Earthquakes


Amplitude

Richter Scale

A very small earthquake* (we'll call this amount A0)

0

10 times greater than A0

1

100 times greater than A0

2

1000 times greater than A0

3

10,000 times greater than A0

4

100,000 times greater than A0

5

1,000,000 times greater than A0

6

10,000,000 times greater than A0

7

100,000,000 times greater than A0

8

1,000,000,000 times greater than A0

9



*Richter arbitrarily chose a magnitude 0 to be the measurement of an earthquake that would show a maximum combined horizontal displacement of 1 micrometre on a seismogram recorded using a Wood-Anderson torsion seismometer 100 km from the earthquake epicenter


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