Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964) is a children's book by British author Roald Dahl. This story of the adventures of young Charlie Bucket inside the chocolate factory of eccentric candymaker Willy Wonka is often considered one of the most beloved children's stories of the 20th century.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was first published in the United States by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. in 1964, and in the United Kingdom by George Allen & Unwin in 1967. The book was adapted into two major motion pictures: Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory in 1971, and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory in 2005. The book's sequel, Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator, was written by Roald Dahl in 1972.
The story centres around an ordinary boy: Charlie Bucket. He is no stronger or faster than anyone else, his family is not rich, powerful or well-connected but he is the luckiest boy in the entire world, but just didn't know it yet. He lives near Willy Wonka's chocolate factory, but is so poor that he cannot buy as many Wonka bars as he would like.
Charlie learns from his grandparents, who are very good storytellers, that many years ago Willy Wonka opened the largest chocolate factory in the world, but spies stole his recipes so he closed the factory. It didn't close forever though, and suddenly he decided to allow a small number children to visit the factory so that one of them would win a special prize at the end. The children have to find one of the five golden tickets hidden beneath the ordinary wrapping paper of five ordinary Wonka bars. So, Augustus Gloop (a greedy chocoholic), Veruca Salt (a spoiled brat), Violet Beauregarde (junior bubblegum champion), Mike Teavee (who loves TV shows and violence), and Charlie Bucket (the luckiest boy in the entire world) win tickets and visit the factory. There is also the little known Miranda Piker who is a abnoxious girl who believes in no fun or happiness, but school work.
"Accidents" happen while on the guided tour. The greedy Augustus falls in the chocolate river and gets accidentally sucked up and taken away to the room where they make the most delicious kind of strawberry flavoured chocolate coated fudge. Violet, ignoring Wonka's advice, tries some of his three course dinner gum and swells up like a blueberry. Violet is rolled into the 'Juicing Room" to extract the juice out of her. Veruca tries to grab a squirrel and ends up falling down the garbage chute in the direction of the incinerator (which thankfully is broken so there's about three weeks worth of rotten garbage to break her fall). Mike tries to use Wonka's chocolate television machine and ends up shrunk to about 6 inches high and had to be stretched out by the 'Taffy Puller'.
In the end, it is Charlie who wins the prize: Willy Wonka's Factory.
Willy Wonka's reason for sending out five Golden Tickets because he would like to find the 'least rotten' out of all of the children (Charlie is the least rotten) and pass his title down.
In the decision, Charlie refuses Willy Wonka's prize for that he would never leave his family for anything, even "for all of the chocolate in the world." Willy Wonka is surprised by the fact someone like him would refuse such a grand prize and Willy Wonka leaves.
In the 1971 adaptation, Willy Wonka's history with his father was a big mystery, until the 2005 adaptation 'cracked' open Willy Wonka's childhood about his father and him.
During the 2005 adaptation, Charlie advises Willy Wonka to go and meet his father (Wilbur Wonka) again and he did. As they arrived to his childhood house, Willy tried to convince Charlie that the house was not it, but it had was with the sign "Wilbur Wonka; Dental Practitioner". They meet Willy's dad and Willy does a dentist appointment (this is the first time Willy Wonka had a dentist apointment), but during that time, Charlie saw what Willy Wonka's father had. It was a large collection of newpapers about the factory, the Wonka Bar wrappers, and much more.
After the time there, Charlie finally accepted the Factory with one thing he would like to bring along: his family. Willy Wonka felt much happier and life was sweeter for him.
There is a selection of themed rooms in Willy Wonka's chocolate factory which highlight a certain product or product development. Children on the tour meet an ironic, somewhat disturbing calamity in many of the rooms. A good example of this is the famous Chocolate Room. Everything in the room is edible, including the grass. It has a hot-melted chocolate waterfall that mixes the chocolate to a perfect texture. There are pipes that move the chocolate to different points within the factory. Augustus Gloop falls into the chocolate river and is sucked into a pipe that goes to the Fudge Room.
Other rooms which are predominantly featured are the Inventing Room where Violet Beauregarde turns into a blueberry and is moved to the Juicing Room to be dejuiced. The Nut Sorting Room is where Veruca Salt is thrown down the Waste (garbage chute) with her father. The Spotty Powder Mixing Room is where Miranda Piker and her father seemingly fall to their deaths which they survive. The Television Room is where Mike Teavee shrinks; he is stretched out in the Taffy Puller.
Other rooms, hinted at but not visited, are listed below in alphabetical order. Each is given the name of the product it contains, which is presumably made or extracted there.