Chapter 39 Digestion and Nutrition



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Multiple Choice



1. Helicobacter pylori has been associated with ____.​

 

a. 

irritable bowel syndrome

 

b. 

duodenal ulcers

 

c. 

peptic ulcers

 

d. 

HPV

 

e. 

GERD​




ANSWER:  

c

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Remember

REFERENCES:  

39.1 Your Microbial "Organ"

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.1 - Examine how Helicobacter pylori is harmful for humans.






2. Large gut populations of Bifidobacterium are associated with ____.​

 

a. 

peptic ulcers

 

b. 

irritable bowel syndrome​

 

c. 

gastroesophageal reflux disease

 

d. 

improved immune function

 

e. 

increased vital capacity​




ANSWER:  

d

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Remember

REFERENCES:  

39.1 Your Microbial "Organ"

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.1 - Examine how Helicobacter pylori is harmful for humans.






3. A specialization of the stomach that aids in grinding for animals that lack teeth is the ____.​

 

a. 

crop

 

b. 

rumen

 

c. 

cloaca

 

d. 

gizzard

 

e. 

esophagus​




ANSWER:  

d

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.2 Animal Digestive Systems

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.3 - Examine the diet-related structural adaptations that birds and mammals have developed.






4. Which statement about digestion in ruminants is FALSE?​

 

a. 

Ruminant animals have symbiotic bacteria to aid in the digestion of their food.

 

b. 

Food materials are re-chewed.

 

c. 

Chewing results in mechanically breaking down food and exposing more cellulose to digestive enzymes.

 

d. 

Ruminants have a smaller range of foods in their diet than do humans.

 

e. 

Ruminants have a single but disproportionately large stomach.​




ANSWER:  

e

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.2 Animal Digestive Systems

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.3 - Examine the diet-related structural adaptations that birds and mammals have developed.








Figure 39.2C




5. The storage organ indicated by the letter "C" is called the ____.​

 

a. 

mouth

 

b. 

crop

 

c. 

gizzard

 

d. 

rumen

 

e. 

cloaca​




ANSWER:  

b

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.2 Animal Digestive Systems

PREFACE NAME:  

Figure 39.2C

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.3 - Examine the diet-related structural adaptations that birds and mammals have developed.






6. The letter “F” indicates the ____.​

 

a. 

mouth

 

b. 

crop

 

c. 

gizzard

 

d. 

intestines

 

e. 

cloaca​




ANSWER:  

d

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.2 Animal Digestive Systems

PREFACE NAME:  

Figure 39.2C

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.3 - Examine the diet-related structural adaptations that birds and mammals have developed.






7. Which of the following is an accessory organ of the human digestive system?​

 

a. 

salivary gland

 

b. 

esophagus

 

c. 

stomach

 

d. 

small intestine

 

e. 

large intestine​




ANSWER:  

a

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.3 Overview of the Human Digestive System

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.4 - Illustrate the functions of the major organs in the human digestive system using a diagram.






8. Preliminary digestion of carbohydrates begins in the _____.​

 

a. 

mouth

 

b. 

esophagus

 

c. 

stomach

 

d. 

duodenum

 

e. 

jejunum​




ANSWER:  

a

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.3 Overview of the Human Digestive System

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.4 - Illustrate the functions of the major organs in the human digestive system using a diagram.






9. Food is moved through the digestive system by ____.​

 

a. 

sphincters

 

b. 

accessory organs

 

c. 

smooth muscle contractions

 

d. 

movement of villi

 

e. 

skeletal muscle contractions




ANSWER:  

c

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

REFERENCES:  

39.3 Overview of the Human Digestive System

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

UDOL.STES.16.39.4 - Illustrate the functions of the major organs in the human digestive system using a diagram.








Figure 39.5A



Use the figure above to answer the following two questions.




10. ​The teeth designated by the letter "D" in the above figure are called ____.

 

a. 

canines

 

b. 

premolars

 

c. 

incisors

 

d. 

molars

 

e. 

wisdom teeth​
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