Catedra chirurgie oro-maxilo-facială și implantologie orală „arsenie guțan” reд



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Catedra chirurgie oro-maxilo-facială și implantologie orală „arsenie guțan”

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Aprobate


laşedinţa catedrei chirurgie oro-maxilo-facială,

şi implantologie orală „ArsenieGuţan”,

InstituțiaPublicăUniversitatea

de Stat de MedicinășiFarmacie„Nicolae Testemiţanu”

Proces verbal Nr.7 din 04.05.2016

Şef catedră, dr. şt. med.,



Conferenţiar universitar__________ N. Chele
SUBIECTE

LA PROPEDEUTICA STOMATOLOGIEI Ch.OMF

EXAMEN DE PROMOVARE

ANUL II


ANUL UNIVERSITAR 2015-2016

  1. Oro-maxillo-facial surgery as medical science. Objectives and tasks.

  2. Types of surgical dental service (prophylactic, planned and urgent) and their content.

  3. Requirements to the arrangement, microclimate and surgical cabinet (section) organization (walls, floor, ceiling, ventilation, windows and others).

  4. Dental medical documentation in cabinet (section) of OMF surgery.

  5. The bones that form the facial skeleton.

  6. Anatomy of teeth and roots’ relation with cortical bony tables.

  7. The vascularization and innervation of the OMF region.

  8. Anatomo-morphological features of mandible.

  9. Anatomo-morphological features of maxilla.

  10. Main anatomical elements of temporo-mandibular joint.Basic functions of TMJ.

  11. Stages of clinical examination of the patients with OMF diseases.

  12. Pain. Definition. Types, character. Main elements that characterize the pain.

  13. Extra and intra oral objective examination. Characteristic.

  14. Examination of general state of the patient. Main goals. Correlation between general state and OMF diseases.

  15. Loco-regional and general paraclinical explorations used in OMF surgery. Their goal and meaning in diagnosis specification.

  16. Biopsy. Definition. Methods. Characteristic. Indications and clinical significance.

  17. Allergy examination. Characteristic. Indications and clinical significance.

  18. Contact radiography. Characteristic.

  19. Orthopantomography. Characteristic. Types.

  20. Computerized tomography (CT). Characteristic. Indications and clinical significance.

  21. Radiographies with the use of contrast substance. Characteristic. Indications and clinical significance. (sialography, angiography, scintigraphy, fistulography).

  22. Lateral cephalometric radiography. Characteristic. Indications and clinical significance.

  23. Definition, content and history of the concept of “asepsis”.Through which methods asepsis is achieved?

  24. Pre-sterilization – preparing of the instruments and dental materials prior to sterilization.

  25. Sterilization, definition. Means of sterilization.

  26. Methods of sterilization’s control.

  27. Definition, content and history of the concept of “antisepsis” and “disinfection”.

  28. Through which means and methods antisepsis is achieved?

  29. Peculiarities of surgical interventions in the oral and maxilla-facial region.

  30. The goal of preoperative patient’s preparation.

  31. Pre-medication (pre-anesthesia) in the cabinet (section) of OMF surgery.

  32. Preparation of the surgeon for the intervention in the cabinet (section) of OMF surgery. Necessary equipment.

  33. The importance and place of anesthesiology in OMF surgery. History and current tendencies.

  34. Definition of general anesthesia. Goals and tasks of anesthesia.

  35. Indications and contraindications of general anesthesia. Peculiarities.

  36. Advantages and disadvantages of general anesthesia.

  37. Definition of the term “local anesthetic”. Mechanism of action.

  38. Requirements (demands) for modern local anesthetics.

  39. Classification of local anesthetics.

  40. Advantages and disadvantages of vasoconstrictors’ application in local anesthesia.

  41. Purpose and function of vasoconstrictors.

  42. Loco-regional anesthesia. Definition.

  43. Peculiarities of loco-regional anesthesia in OMF surgery. Advantages and disadvantages.

  44. Indications and contraindications of loco-regional anesthesia.

  45. Classification of loco-regional anesthesia used in OMF surgery and dentistry.

  46. Contact (applicative) anesthesia. Indications, technique, used substances.

  47. Basic injection technique. Necessary armamentarium.

  48. Infiltrative anesthesia. Indications, technique, used substances.

  49. Plexus anesthesia. Indications, technique, used substances.

  50. Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block at spinaSpix by intraoral way.

  51. Mandibular anesthesia at mandibular torus, intraoral way (Waisbrem procedure).

  52. Buccal nerve block.

  53. Mental nerve block at mental foramen through intraoral way.

  54. Lingual nerve block.

  55. Hystory of instruments for dental extraction.

  56. Instruments for dental extraction:(forceps, elevators, tools for syndesmotomy):

  • Forceps classification (by teeth groups, side, crown integrity, width of beaks, additional elements).

  • Forceps construction by the anatomical shape.

  1. Elevators construction and destination.

  2. Additional instruments (scalpel blades, periosteal elevator, retractors, hemostats, Rongeur forceps, chisel and mallet, periapical curette, moderate-speed handpiese, needle holders, suture needle, different scissors).

  3. Dental extraction as surgical intervention, definition.

  4. History of dental extraction.

  5. Indications for dental extraction: absolute and relative.

  6. Local and general contraindication for dental extraction.

  7. Indications for forceps use in dental and root extraction.

  8. Indications for elevators use in dental and root extraction.

  9. General technical principles in dental extraction: basic stages.

  10. General technical principles in dental extraction:auxilliary stages.

  11. Peculiarities of superior incisors extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  12. Peculiarities of superior canines extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  13. Peculiarities of superior premolars extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  14. Peculiarities of superior molars extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  15. Peculiarities of inferior incisors extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  16. Peculiarities of inferior canines extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  17. Peculiarities of inferior premolars extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  18. Peculiarities of inferior molars extraction (type of anesthesia and instruments).

  19. Principles of flap design. Types of mucoperiosteal flaps.

  20. Technique for open extraction of single-rooted tooth.

  21. Technique for surgical removal of multirooted teeth.

  22. Pathology of dental eruption. Etiology. Definition of retention, semi-retention and dystopia.

  23. Indications and contraindications for removal of impacted teeth.

  24. Extraction of superior impacted third molars. Techniques, instruments.

  25. Extraction of inferior impacted third molars. Techniques, instruments.

  26. Hemostasis. Technique types.

  27. Postextractional wound suturing. Indications, contraindications. Types of sutures.

  28. Postextractional recommendations.

  29. Stages of postextractional wound healing.

  30. Classification of local accidents and complications (immediate and delayed).

  31. Local accidents of the teeth:(crown fracture of the removing tooth,crown fracture of antagonist tooth,root fracture of the removing tooth,fracture or luxation of the neighboring tooth).

  32. Perimaxillar soft tissues’ injuries.

  33. Bone lesions:(fracture of alveolar process,dislocation of inferior jaw,fracture of inferior jaw).

  34. Complications related to the maxillary sinus:(perforation of the maxillary sinus,pushing the root or instrument into maxillary sinus).

  35. Nerve lesions:(partial damage,total damage).

  36. Posextractional bleeding. Diagnosis, prophylaxis, treatment.

  37. Postextractional alveolitis. Etiology, clinical forms, symptoms, treatment, prophylaxis.

  38. Postextractional septic complications.

  39. Classification of general accidents and complications.

  40. Predisposing and favorable factors that lead to complication occurence.

  41. Fainting (lipothymia): etiology, clinical picture, first aid.

  42. Convulsions: etiology, clinical picture, treatment.

  43. Syncope: etiology, clinical forms, treatment.

  44. Classification of allergic complications.

  45. Hives (urticaria): etiology, clinical picture, treatment.

  46. Quincke’s edema: etiology, clinical picture, emergency treatment.

  47. Intoxication with local anaesthetics and vasoconstrictors. Clinical picture, treatment.

  48. Anaphylactic shock: definition, classification, etiology.

  49. Anaphylactic shock: clinical forms, symptoms.

  50. Anaphylactic shock: first medical aid.

  51. Indications for patients hospitalization with general complications.

  52. Prophylaxis of allergic accidents.

Şef catedră, dr.șt.med.,conf. univ. N.Chele

Şef studii, dr.șt.med., conf.univ. N. Rusu.


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