Bison bonasus



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Table S1: Species list of accepted and uncertain globally and continentally extinct large terrestrial mammals (≥10 kg) occurring with the analysed TDWG country and occurring between 132,000 and 1,000 years BP. Date and location references are provided for each species. * Bison bonasus is a grouping of late quaternary specimens from the genus Bison occurring in Asia following the Eurasian bison IUCN taxonomy and taking a conservative approach to the number of bison species in the region.

Species

Status

Data location sources

Dated reference

Mass reference

Agalmaceros blicki

Accepted

[1, 2]

[2]

[3]

Alces scotti

Accepted

[4, 5]

[5]

[3]

Antidorcas australis

Accepted

[6]

[7]

[3]

Antidorcas bondi

Accepted

[8]

[7]

[3]

Antifer ultra

Accepted

[9, 10]

[10]

[3]

Arctodus simus

Accepted

[4, 5, 11]

[12]

[3]

Arctotherium tarijense

Accepted

[12]

[12]

[13]

Arctotherium wingei

Accepted

[12]

[12, 14]

[15]

Bison bonasus*

Accepted

[16-18]

[19]

[3]

Bootherium bombifrons

Accepted

[4, 5, 20]

[21]

[3]

Borungaboodie hatcheri

Accepted

[22]

[23]

[24]

Bos primigenius


Accepted

[25]

[26]

[27]

Bubalus palaeokerabau

Accepted

[28]

[29]

[28]

Caipora bambuiorum

Accepted

[30]

[30]

[3]

Camelops hesternus

Accepted

[4, 5, 11, 20, 31]

[31]

[3]

Camelus thomasi

Accepted

[32]

[32-34]

[3]

Canis dirus

Accepted

[5, 11, 35]

[36]

[3]

Caprine sp.

Accepted

[37]

[37]

Estimated from Caprini

Capromeryx minor

Accepted

[4, 5, 38]

[5, 39]

[3]

Castoroides ohioensis

Accepted

[4, 5, 40]

[5]

[3]

Catagonus stenocephalus

Accepted

[41, 42]

[41]

[3]

Catonyx cuvieri

Accepted

[43-45]

[43]

[46]

Coelodonta antiquitatis

Accepted

[17, 18, 47]

[18]

[3]

Crocuta crocuta

Accepted

[18, 47-52]

[49]

[3]

Cuon alpinus

Accepted

[4, 47, 53]

[54]

[3]

Cuvieronius hyodon

Accepted

[4, 47, 55-57]

[58]

[3]

Damaliscus hypsodon

Accepted

[59]

[60]

[60]

Damaliscus niro

Accepted

[37]

[37]

Estimated from D. hypsodon

Dasypus bellus

Accepted

[4, 5]

[61]

[3]

denisovan humans

Accepted

[62, 63]

[62]

[64]

Diabolotherium nordenskioldi

Accepted

[65, 66]

[65]

[66]

Diprotodon optatum

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Doedicurus clavicaudatus

Accepted

[67]

[67]

[3]

Dusicyon avus

Accepted




[68]

[3]

Elasmotherium sibiricum

Accepted

[69]

[70]

[71]

Elephas antiquus

Accepted

[72-76]

[74]

[77]

Elephas iolensis

Accepted

[78, 79]

[80]

[3]

Elephas namadicus

Accepted

[48, 72, 81, 82]

[83]

[77]

Elephas naumanni

Accepted

[72, 84-86]

[87]

[77]

Equus ferus

Accepted

[5, 16, 88]

[5]

[3]

Equus ovodovi

Accepted

[69]

[89]

[27]

Equus semiplicatus (stiltlegged horse)

Accepted

[90]

[90]

[3]

Eremotherium laurillardi

Accepted

[5, 11, 40, 43, 55, 91-93]

[93]

[3]

Euceratherium collinum

Accepted

[4]

[21]

[3]

Eutatus seguini

Accepted




[94]

[3]

Gazella atlantica

Accepted




[39]

[3]

Gazella tingitana

Accepted

[37]

[37]

Estimated from G. atlantica

Glossotherium robustum

Accepted

[9]

[95]

[3]

Glyptodon clavipes

Accepted

[9, 43, 44, 91, 96]

[9]

[3]

Glyptodon reticulatus

Accepted

[44]

[97]

[3]

Glyptotherium cylindricum

Accepted

[11, 98]

[99]

[100]

Glyptotherium floridanum

Accepted

[5]

[5]

[3]

Hemiauchenia macrocephala

Accepted

[5]

[5]

[3]

Hemiauchenia paradoxa

Accepted

[9, 101]

[9]

[3]

Hemitragus cedrensis

Accepted

[102, 103]

[102]

[104]

Hexaprotodon sivalensis

Accepted

[29, 48]

[29]

[105]

Hippidion devillei

Accepted

[89, 93, 106]

[89]

[3]

Hippidion principale

Accepted

[9, 43, 89, 106]

[89]

[3]

Hippopotamus amphibius

Accepted

[107]

[108]

[3]

Holmesina occidentalis

Accepted

[109]

[109]

[3]

Holmesina paulacoutoi

Accepted

[109]

[109]

[3]

Holmesina septentrionalis

Accepted

[5]

[109]

[3]

Homo erectus

Accepted

[110]

[110]

[64]

Homo neanderthalensis

Accepted

[62]

[62]

[64]

Homotherium latidens

Accepted

[47, 111]

[111]

[3]

Homotherium serum

Accepted

[4, 5]

[5]

[3]

Hoplophorus euphractus

Accepted

[43]

[43]

[3]

Hystrix kiangsenensis

Accepted

[112]

[113]

[112]

Hystrix refossa

Accepted

[112]

[114]

[112]

Kolpochoerus sp.

Accepted

[37]

[37]

Estimated from K. majus

Lestodon armatus

Accepted

[9, 44]

[9]

[3]

Macaca sylvanus

Accepted

[115]

[116]

[3]

Macrauchenia patachonica

Accepted

[9, 117, 118]

[9]

[3]

Macropus ferragus

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Mammut americanum

Accepted

[4, 5, 57]

[5]

[3]

Mammuthus columbi

Accepted

[4, 5, 57]

[5]

[119]

Mammuthus primigenius

Accepted

[5, 17, 18, 47, 120-125]

[5]

[3]

Manis paleojavanica

Accepted

[126]

[127]

[128]

Maokopia ronaldi

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Megalibgwilia ramsayi

Accepted

[22]

[129]

[3]

Megaloceros algericus

Accepted

[130-134]

[132]

[3]

Megaloceros giganteus

Accepted

[18, 47, 102, 135]

[18]

[3]

Megalonyx jeffersonii

Accepted

[4, 5, 11, 40]

[5]

[3]

Megalotragus priscus

Accepted

[6]

[21, 59]

[3]

Megalovis guangxiensis

Accepted




[136]

Estimated from Soergelia minor

Megatherium americanum

Accepted

[9, 117]

[67]

[3]

Megatherium tarijense

Accepted

[137]

[137]

[138]

Metasthenurus newtonae

Accepted

[139]

[129]

[24]

Metridiochoerus compactus

Accepted

[140]

[140]

[3]

Miracinonyx trumani

Accepted

[4, 5, 40]

[5]

[3]

Mixotoxodon larensis

Accepted

[11, 55, 141]

[14]

[3]

Morenelaphus brachyceros

Accepted

[9]

[9]

[3]

Morenelaphus lujanensis

Accepted

[9]

[9]

[3]

Mylodon darwinii

Accepted




[68]

[142]

Mylohyus nasutus

Accepted

[4, 5]

[5]

[3]

Navahoceros fricki

Accepted

[4, 5, 11]

[5, 143]

[3]

Neochoerus aesopi

Accepted

[5, 9, 11, 144]

[5]

[3]

Neolicaphrium recens

Accepted

[9, 118]

[9]

[145]

Neuryurus trabeculatus

Accepted

[146]

[9, 146]

[147]

Nothrotheriops shastense

Accepted

[4, 11, 148]

[149]

[3]

Nothrotherium maquinense

Accepted

[30, 43, 44]

[30]

[3]

Oreamnos harringtoni

Accepted

[4, 150, 151]

[150]

[3]

Ovibos moschatus

Accepted

[4, 49, 152]

[153]

[3]

Palaeolama major

Accepted

[43, 101]

[154]

[3]

Palaeolama mirifica

Accepted

[5]

[5]

[3]

Palaeolama weddelli

Accepted

[101]

[155]

[3]

Palorchestes azael

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Pampatherium humboldti

Accepted

[9, 43, 109]

[109]

[3]

Pampatherium typum

Accepted

[109]

[109]

[3]

Panochthus tuberculatus

Accepted

[9]

[9]

[3]

Panthera atrox

Accepted

[4, 5, 11, 156]

[5]

[3]

Panthera leo

Accepted

[157]

[157]

[3]

Panthera pardus

Accepted

[18, 157]

[153]

[3]

Panthera spelaea

Accepted

[4, 18, 152, 156, 158]

[153]

[3]

Paraceros fragilis

Accepted

[1, 9]

[9]

[3]

Paramylodon harlani

Accepted

[11, 40, 159]

[95]

[3]

Pelorovis antiquus

Accepted

[6, 160, 161]

[21]

[3]

Phascolomys medius

Accepted

[162]

[162]

[3]

Phascolonus gigas

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Platygonus compressus

Accepted

[4, 5, 11, 40]

[5]

[3]

Procoptodon browneorum

Accepted

[139]

[22]

[24]

Procoptodon gilli

Accepted

[139]

[22]

[24]

Procoptodon goliah

Accepted

[22, 139]

[22]

[3]

Propleopus oscillans

Accepted

[22, 162]

[162]

[3]

Propraopus punctatus

Accepted




[61]

[61]

Propraopus sulcatus

Accepted

[61]

[61]

[61]

Protemnodon anak

Accepted

[22, 129, 163]

[129]

[3]

Protemnodon brehus

Accepted

[22, 163]

[22]

[3]

Protemnodon hopei

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[24]

Protemnodon nombe

Accepted

[24]

[164]

[24]

Protemnodon roechus

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Protemnodon tumbuna

Accepted

[24]

[164]

[3]

Protocyon troglodytes

Accepted

[30, 43]

[36]

[3]

Protopithecus brasiliensis

Accepted

[30, 43]

[30]

[27]

Rusingoryx atopocranion

Accepted

[59]

[59]

[59]

Saiga tatarica

Accepted

[5, 47, 49]

[165]

[3]

Sangamona fugitiva

Accepted

[5, 166]

[166]

[3]

Scelidodon chiliensis

Accepted

[67]

[67]

[3]

Scelidotherium leptocephalum

Accepted




[167]

[3]

Sclerocalyptus ornatus

Accepted




[168]

[3]

Simosthenurus occidentalis

Accepted

[139]

[22]

[3]

Sinomegaceros ordosianus

Accepted

[17, 133]

[169]

Esimated from S. yabei

Sinomegaceros yabei

Accepted

[17, 85]

[170]

[119]

Smilodon fatalis

Accepted

[4, 5, 11]

[5]

[3]

Smilodon populator

Accepted

[9, 30, 43, 44, 171, 172]

[67]

[3]

Soergelia minor

Accepted

[69]

[69]

[3]

Spirocerus kiakhtensis

Accepted

[173-178]

[173]

[3]

Stegodon orientalis

Accepted

[48]

[179]

[119]

Stegodon trigonocephalus

Accepted

[29, 48]

[29]

[180]

Stegomastodon platensis

Accepted

[56, 117, 181]

[58]

[3]

Stegomastodon waringi

Accepted

[56, 91]

[58]

[3]

Stephanorhinus hemitoechus

Accepted

[51, 72]

[153]

[3]

Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis

Accepted

[18, 72, 182, 183]

[153]

[3]

Sthenurus andersoni

Accepted

[22, 139]

[22]

[3]

Sthenurus atlas

Accepted

[22, 139]

[22]

[3]

Sthenurus stirlingi

Accepted

[22, 139]

[22]

[3]

Sthenurus tindalei

Accepted

[22, 139]

[22]

[3]

Stockoceros conklingi

Accepted

[5, 11]

[5]

[3]

Sus brachygnathus

Accepted

[29]

[29]

[184]

Tapirus augustus

Accepted

[48]

[39]

[119]

Tapirus copei

Accepted

[5, 11]

[185]


[3]

Tapirus rondoniensis

Accepted

[91]

[91]

[91]

Tapirus veroensis

Accepted

[5, 186, 187]

[5]

[3]

Tetrameryx shuleri

Accepted

[5, 11]

[5]

[3]

Theriodictis tarijensis

Accepted




[36]

[3]

Thylacoleo carnifex

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Toxodon platensis

Accepted

[9, 43, 44, 117, 141]

[97]

[3]

Tremarctos floridanus

Accepted

[5, 55]

[12]

[3]

Trigonodops lopesi

Accepted

[43, 91]

[91]

Estimated from Toxodon platensis

Troposodon minor

Accepted

[163]

[188]

[3]

Ursus spelaeus

Accepted

[18, 47, 189]

[189]

[190]

Valgipes deformis

Accepted

[46]

[46]

[3]

Vombatus hacketti

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Wallabia kitcheneri

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[24]

Xenorhinotherium bahiense

Accepted

[118, 191]

[99]

[192]

Zaglossus hacketti

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Zygomaturus trilobus

Accepted

[22]

[22]

[3]

Aepyceros sp.

Uncertain










Bubalus murrensis

Uncertain










Catagonus bonaerensis

Uncertain










Eulamaops paralellus

Uncertain










Holmesina majus

Uncertain










Kolopsis watutense

Uncertain










Lestodon trigonidens

Uncertain










Macaca robustus

Uncertain










Megatherium medinae

Uncertain










Megatherium urbinai

Uncertain










Mylodopsis ibseni

Uncertain










Nycterutes vinetorum

Uncertain










Orcteropus crassidens

Uncertain










Pachyarmatherium brasiliense

Uncertain










Pampatherium mexicanum

Uncertain










Panochthus frenzelianus

Uncertain










Panochthus morenoi

Uncertain










Parapanochthus jaguaribensis

Uncertain










Plaxhaplous canaliculatus

Uncertain










Procoptodon oreas

Uncertain










Procoptodon pusio

Uncertain










Procoptodon williamsi

Uncertain










Simosthenurus pales

Uncertain










Sinomegaceros baotouensis

Uncertain










Sthenurus murrayi

Uncertain










Tapirus cristatellus

Uncertain










Tapirus mesopotamicus

Uncertain













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