Bio 30 terminology Unit one Terminology



Download 66.67 Kb.
Date09.12.2017
Size66.67 Kb.
Bio 30 terminology

Unit one Terminology


CNS

PNS


ANS

Homeostasis

motor nerve

sensory nerve

association nerve

somatic nerves

autonomic nerves

nerve


neuron
synapse

presynaptic neuron

postsynaptic neuron

synaptic cleft

neurotransmitter

ach


achase

synaptic vesicle

excitatory synapse

inhibitory synapse


dendrite

axon


cell body

schwann cell

myelin

node of Ranvier



neurilemma

myelinated neuron

unmyelinated neuron
polarized/ resting membrane

depolarized/action potential

repolarization/refractory period

Na/K pump

sodium gate

potassium gate


threshold value/ level

all or none response

summation
reflex arc

learned response


cerebrum

cerebellum

corpus callosum

medulla oblongata

cerebral cortex

hypothalamus

pituitary gland

frontal lobe

occipital lobe

parietal lobe

temporal lobe

meninges


cerebrospinal fluid

ventral root of spinal cord

dorsal root of spinal cord

white matter

gray matter

sympathetic nerve

parasympathetic nerve
sensory adaptation

chemoreceptor

olfactory

osmoreceptor

photoreceptor

mechanoreceptor

thermoreceptor

proprioreceptor


sclera

choroid


retina

cornea


conjunctiva

ciliary muslces

iris

pupil


vitreous humor

blind spot

fovea

optic nerve



rod cell

cone cell

rhodopsin
pinna

tympanic membrane

ossicles

oval window

eustachian tube

cochlea


organ of corti

round window

auditory nerve
vestibule

utricle and saccule

otoliths

semicircular canals

dynamic equilibrium

static equilibrium


endocrine

exocrine


hormone

target tissue

protein hormone action

steriod hormone action

anterior pituitary

posterior pituitary

homeostasis

negative feedback


glucose

glycogen


glucagon

Islet cells/Islets of Langerhans

alpha cell

beta cells


metabolism

adrenal cortex

adrenal medulla

goiter


diabetes mellitus

Unit two terminology


testes

epididymus

vas deferens

seminal vesicles

prostate gland

cowpers gland

ureter

urethra


glans

prepuce


scrotum

vasectomy


gonads

gamete


haploid

diploid


spermatogenesis

seminiferous tubule

sertoli cells

interstitial cells

spermatozoa

acrosome


mitochondria

flagella
ovary

oviduct/fallopian tube

fimbrae


uterus

endometrium

cervix

vagina


vulva

clitorris


follicle

corpus luteum

corpus albicans

ovulation

ovum
Gonadotropin

GnRH


FSH

LH

inhibin



testosterone
FSH

LH

estrogen



progesterone
fertilization/conception

corona


pellucida

zygote


morula

blastocyst/blastula

chorion

HCG


implantation

gestation period

In vitro fertilization

ectopic pregnancy


amnion

yolk sac


germ layers

gastrulation

endoderm

ectoderm


mesoderm

fetus


first trimester

second trimester

third trimester
umbilical cord/allantois

placenta


teratogens
ultrasound

amniocentesis

Fertility drugs

oxytocin

UNIT THREE: CELL DIVISION, DNA, AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
G-1

G-2


S phase

DNA replication

interphase

mitosis
centriole

spindle fiber

chromatid

chromosome

centromere

prophase

metaphase

anaphase

telophase

cytokinesis
telomere

telomerase

homologous chromosomes

embryonic stem cell

adult stem cell

totipotent stem cell

cancer

tumor


malignant

benign
meiosis

prophase I

synapsis


tetrad

metaphase I

anaphase I

telophase I

prophase II

anaphase II

metaphase II

telophase II


crossing over

nondisjunction

down syndrome

turners syndrome

karyotype
alternation of generation

gametophyte

sporophyte

parthenogenesis


Watson and Crick

nucleosome

histone protein

nucleotide

deoxyribose

phosphate

nitrogen base

base pairing rule

3-5 linkage

hydrogen bond

purine

pyrimidine



double helix
semiconservative replication

intron


exon

gene


structural gene

regulator gene


Polymerase chain reaction

gel electrophoresis

restriction enzyme

DNA polymerase

Ligase

Recombinant DNA



DNA sequencing
transcription

translation

mRNA

tRNA


rna polymerase

ribosome


uracil

codon


anticodon
mutation

point mutation

substitution

addition


deletion
mitochondrial DNA
Mendelian Genetics
allele

genotype


phenotype

homozygous

heterozygous

purebred


hybrid

gregor mendel

mendel's 4 laws

testcross

codominance

incomplete dominance

polygenic

epistatic interaction

complementary interaction

pedigree


chromosome map

crossover

recombinant frequency

sex linkage

autosome

unit four population genetics

allele frequency

gene pool

genotype frequency

p

q



p2

2pq


q2

founder effect

bottleneck effect

genetic drift

saprotroph

detritivore

detritus

symbiosis

commensalism

mutualism

parasitism
predation

camoflauge

mimicry

fight or flight response



interspecific competition

intraspecific competition


succession

pioneer plants

pioneer community

climax community

seral communities

primary succession

secondary succession
natality

mortality

immigration

emmigration

density

rate of change of density



cgr: per capita growth rate
J shape growth curve

s shape (logistic) growth

biotic potential

environmental resistance

carrying capacity

lag phase

growth phase

stationary phase



death phase
r strategy

k strategy


Share with your friends:


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2019
send message

    Main page