Bi 232: Human Anatomy and Physiology Week 9: Anatomy of the circulatory system General terms



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BI 232: Human Anatomy and Physiology

Week 9: Anatomy of the circulatory system
General termsHave a general understanding of the following terms, and when appropriate, how they differ from one another

Arteries

Elastic arteries

Muscular arteries

Arterioles

Capillaries

Continuous capillaries

Fenestrated capillaries

Sinusoids

Veins

Companion veins



Anastomosis

Collateral branches

Collateral circulation

Vasoconstriction

Vasodilation

Peripheral resistance

Atherosclerosis

Coronary artery disease

Stroke

Varicose veins



Microcirculation


Histology of blood vesselsbe able to recognize the following on microscope slides

Lumen

Tunica interna

Endothelium

Internal elastic membrane

Tunica media

External elastic membrane

Tunica externa (adventitia)



Specific blood vesselsbe able to identify any of these on the available models. NOTE: blood vessels are listed under regions of the body that they are easiest to see and/or consider and some can be found in multiple regions.
Arteries of the thorax

Pulmonary trunk

Right and left pulmonary arteries

Right and left pulmonary veins

Ascending aorta

Aortic arch

Brachiocephalic trunk

Left common carotid artery

Left subclavian artery

Internal thoracic artery

Anterior intercostals arteries

Thoracoacromial artery

Lateral thoracic artery

Subscapular artery


Arteries of the neck and head

Right and left common carotid artery (note the lack of symmetry between points of origination)

Right and left subclavian artery (note the lack of symmetry between points of origination)

Carotid sinus

Right and left external carotid artery

Right and left internal carotid artery

Lingual artery

Facial artery

Occipital artery

Posterior auricular artery

Maxillary artery

Superficial temporal artery

Ophthalmic artery

Anterior cerebral artery

Cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis)

Middle cerebral artery

Vertebral artery

Basilar artery

Posterior cerebral artery

Anterior communicating artery

Posterior communicating artery

Thyrocervical trunk

Costocervical trunk




Arteries of the shoulder and arm – note that there is one for each arm (right and left), you should denote which is which

Subclavian artery

Axillary artery

Thoracoacromial artery

Lateral thoracic artery

Anterior circumflex humeral artery

Posterior circumflex humeral artery

Brachial artery

Deep brachial artery

Ulnar artery

Radial artery

Superficial and deep palmar arches



Arteries of the abdomen

Descending aorta

Inferior phrenic arteries

Celiac trunk

Left gastric artery

Splenic artery

Common hepatic artery

Superior mesenteric artery

Suprarenal arteries

Right and left renal arteries

Right and left gonadal arteries

Inferior mesenteric artery

Lumbar arteries

Median sacral artery

Right and left common iliac arteries

Right and left internal iliac arteries

Right and left external iliac arteries




Arteries of the legs – note that there is one for each leg (right and left), you should denote which is which

Femoral artery

Medial circumflex femoral artery

Lateral circumflex femoral artery

Deep femoral artery

Popliteal artery

Anterior tibial artery

Posterior tibial artery

Dorsal pedis artery

Fibular artery

Lateral plantar artery

Medial plantar artery



Veins of the thorax

Anterior intercostals veins

Internal thoracic veins

Right and left brachiocephalic veins

Posterior intercostals veins

Hemiazygos vein

Azygos vein

Superior vena cava

Inferior vena cava




Veins of the neck and head

Vertebral veins

Right and left internal jugular veins

Right and left external jugular veins



Veins of the shoulder and arm – note that there is one for each arm (right and left), you should denote which is which

Dorsal venous network

Basilic vein

Cephalic vein

Median cubital vein

Ulnar vein

Radial vein

Brachial vein

Axillary vein

Subclavian vein



Veins of the abdomen

External iliac vein

Internal iliac vein

Inferior vena cava

Lumbar veins

Right and left gonadal veins (note the difference between right and left)

Renal veins

Suprarenal veins

Hepatic veins

Inferior phrenic veins

Hepatic portal system

Inferior mesenteric vein

Superior mesenteric vein

Splenic vein

Gastric veins

Hepatic portal vein



Veins of the leg – note that there is one for each leg (right and left), you should denote which is which

Great saphenous vein

Anterior tibial vein

Posterior tibial vein

Fibular vein






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