Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #29: Wilsonian Progressivism Abroad – Big Picture Themes


1. Wilson won the presidency mainly because Teddy Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate and split the Republican vote with Taft.

2. Wilson was an idealist and progressive who sought to clean up problems. He attacked the tariff as too high, banks as corrupt by the rich, and trusts as milking the people.

3. Wilson hated war and wanted American foreign policy to be fair and just to all. Conditions in Latin America, however, forced this peaceful president to take military action. Notably, he ordered the US Army to chase Pancho Villa in Mexico.

4. In Europe, war had begun. In the Atlantic ocean, German subs began to sink sinks carrying Americans, notably the Lusitania. Wilson tried to keep America out of the war, and did, for the time being.


Chapter #29: Identifications
Eugene Debs
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Pancho Villa
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John J. Pershing
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Central Powers
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Allies
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Lusitania
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Sussex Pledge

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Federal Reserve Act
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New Nationalism
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New Freedom
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Underwood Tariff
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Federal Trade Commission
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Clayton Antitrust Act
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Chapter #29 Identifications



The "Bull Moose" Campaign of 1912

Know: Bull Moose, New Nationalism, New Freedom

1. Explain the difference between Roosevelt's form of progressivism and Wilson's.

Woodrow Wilson: A Minority President

2. "The [1912] election results are fascinating." Explain.


Wilson: The Idealist in Politics

3. How did Wilson's personality and past affect the way he conducted himself as president?



Wilson Tackles the Tariff

Know: Underwood Tariff

4. What were the three parts of the "triple wall of privilege?"
Wilson Battles the Bankers

Know: The Federal Reserve Act

5. How was the Federal Reserve System different than the banking system that existed in the U.S. in 1913?

The President Tames the Trusts

Know: Federal Trade Commission Act, Clayton Anti-Trust Act

6. How did Wilson curb the trusts?

Wilsonian Progressivism at High Tide

Know: The Federal Farm Loan Act, Warehouse Act, La Follette Seamen's Act, Workingmen's Compensation Act, Adamson Act, Louis D. Brandeis

7. Describe some of the positive and negative outcomes of Wilson’s progressive legislation and actions.

New Directions in Foreign Policy

Know: Haiti

8. Contrast Wilson's ideas of foreign policy with those of Roosevelt and Taft.

Moralistic Diplomacy in Mexico

Know: Victoriano Huerta, Venustiano Carranza, Francisco ("Pancho") Villa, ABC Powers, John J. ("Black Jack") Pershing

9. Why did Mexico give such trouble to the Wilson administration?
Thunder Across the Sea

Know: Central Powers, Allied Powers

10. What caused Europe to plunge into WWI in 1914?
A Precarious Neutrality

Know: Kaiser Wilhelm II

11. What caused an officially neutral America to turn against the Central Powers?

America Earns Blood Money

Know: Submarine, Lusitania, Arabic, Sussex

12. How did Germany's use of submarines lead to tense relations with the U.S.?


Wilson Wins Reelection in 1916

Know: Charles Evans Hughes, "He Kept Us Out of War"

13. What were the keys to Wilson's electoral victory in 1916?

Varying Viewpoints: Who Were the Progressives?

Know: Richard Hofstadter, New Left Historians

14. Which answer to the question above seems correct to you? Why?

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