Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #23.1 Guided Reading Questions


The "Bloody Shirt" Elects Grant

Know: Ulysses S. Grant, Ohio Idea, Repudiation, Horatio Seymour, Bloody Shirt

1 Was General Grant good presidential material? Why did he win?

The Era of Good Stealings

Know: Jim Fisk, Jay Gould, Black Friday, Boss Tweed, Graft, Thomas Nast, Samuel J. Tilden

2. "The Man in the Moon...had to hold his nose when passing over America." Explain.
A Carnival of Corruption

Know: Credit Mobilier, Whiskey Ring, William Belknap

3. Describe two major scandals that directly involved the Grant administration.

The Liberal Republican Revolt of 1872

Know: Liberal Republicans, Horace Greeley

4. Why did Liberal Republicans nominate Horace Greeley for the presidency in 1872? Why was he a less than ideal candidate?

Depression and Demands for Inflation

Know: Panic of 1873, Greenbacks, Hard-money, Crime of '73, Contraction, Soft-money, Bland-Allison Act

5. Why did some people want greenbacks and silver dollars? Why did others oppose these kinds of currency?

Pallid Politics in the Gilded Age

Know: Gilded Age, Grand Army of the Republic, Stalwarts, Roscoe Conkling, Half-Breeds, James G. Blaine

6. Why was there such fierce competition between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age if the parties agreed on most economic issues?
The Hayes-Tilden Standoff, 1876

Know: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel J. Tilden

7. Why were the results of the 1876 election in doubt?

The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction

Know: Compromise of 1877, Electoral Count Act, David Davis, Civil Rights Cases (1883),

8. How did the end of Reconstruction affect African-Americans?

Chapter #26.1 The Great West Big Picture Themes


1. Native Americans out West faced two options: agree to settle on a reservation or fight the U.S. Army as “hostiles.” Some chose reservations, others to fight, but all were cleared out. .

Chapter #26.1 Identifications


Sitting Bull
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George A. Custer
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Chief Joseph
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Sioux Wars
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Ghost Dance
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Dawes Severalty Act
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Battle of Wounded Knee
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Chapter # 26.1 Guided Reading Questions
The Clash of Cultures on the Plain

Know: Indian Territory, Sioux, Great Sioux Reservation, Tenth Cavalry



  1. Describe the effect of westward expansion on Native Americans.


Receding Native Americans

Know: George Armstrong Custer, Bozeman Trail, Sitting Bull, Battle of Little Big Horn, Chief Joseph, Geronimo



  1. How was the West "won?"


Bellowing Herds of Bison

Know: Buffalo Bill Cody

3. How were the Buffalo reduced from 15 million to less than a thousand?
The End of the Trail

Know: Helen Hunt Jackson, Ghost Dance, Battle of Wounded Knee, Dawes Act, Carlisle Indian School, Indian Reorganization Act

4. What did the government do to try to assimilate Native Americans?
Mining: From Dishpan to Ore Breaker

Know: Pike's Peak, Comstock Lode, Silver Senators

5.. How did the discovery of precious metals affect the American West?

Makers of America: The Plains Indians


6. How was the cu1lture of the Plains Indians shaped by white people?
Beef Bonanzas and the Long Drive

Know: Long Drive, Wild Bill Hickok

7. Why was cattle ranching so profitable in the 1870's?


The Farmers’ Frontier

Know: Homestead Act, Great American Desert, John Wesley Powell, Joseph F. Glidden

8. Did the Homestead Act live up to its purpose of giving small farmers a descent life on the plains?

The Far West Comes of Age

Know: Boomers, Sooners, 1890, Frederick Jackson Turner, Yellowstone

9. What were some milestones in the “closing” of the West?
The Fading Frontier

Know: Francis Parkman, George Catlin, Frederic Remington

10. What effects has the frontier had on the development of the United States?


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