Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #37: The Eisenhower Era – Big Picture Themes


1. American enjoyed its new prosperity and bought up loads of consumer items to go along with new homes. The “baby boom” also began.

2. “McCarthyism” played off of, and added to, America’s fears of communism.

3. Black—white segregation in the South became rigid. But, the foundation of the civil rights movement was laid with events such as the Brown v. Board of Education case and Montgomery bus boycott.

4. The Cold War dominated culture. Incidents between the U.S. and U.S.S.R., such as America’s U-2 spy plane being shot down, added to the tension. Plus, a new “arms race” of nuclear weapons, and a “space race” to develop satellites and rockets began.


Chapter #37: IDENTIFICATIONS


Earl Warren
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Rosa Parks
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Ho Chi Minh
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Ngo Dinh Diem
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Gamal Abdel Nasser
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Nikita Khruschev


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Fidel Castro
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Desegregation / integration
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massive retaliation
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military-industrial complex
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Brown v. Board of Education
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Geneva Conference
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Hungarian Revolt
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Suez Crisis


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Eisenhower Doctrine
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Sputnik
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National Defense and Education Act — (NDEA)
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U-2 Incident
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Chapter #37 Guided Reading Questions


Affluence and Its Anxieties

Know: IBM, Information Age, Ozzie and Harriet, The Feminine Mystique

1. What was life like for women in the 1950's?


Consumer Culture in the Fifties

Know: Diner's Club, McDonald's, Disneyland, Television, Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe, Playboy, The Affluent Society

2. How was popular culture changing and reflecting America?

The Advent of Eisenhower

Know: Adlai E. Stevenson, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Checkers Speech

3. Describe the 1952 presidential election.

The Rise and Fall of Joseph McCarthy

Know: Joseph McCarthy

4. Joseph McCarthy may have been more dangerous to our form of government than any communists who might have been in the country. Explain.


Desegregating American Society

Know: Jim Crow Laws, Emmett Till, Jackie Robinson, NAACP, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Martin Luther King Jr.

5. What conditions in the South brought about the beginnings of the Civil Rights movement?


Seeds of the Civil Rights Revolution

Know: Earl Warren, Brown v. Board of Education, All Deliberate Speed, Little Rock Central High School, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Sit-ins, Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

6. Why was Brown v. Board of Education a landmark case?

Makers of America: The Great African-American Migration

7. Why did African Americans move north and west in the 1930's and 40's?




Eisenhower Republicanism at Home

Know: Dynamic Conservatism, Creeping Socialism, Interstate Highway Act, AFL-CIO

8. Did Eisenhower live up to his philosophy of dynamic conservatism?
A “New Look” in Foreign Policy

Know: John Foster Dulles, Strategic Air Command, Massive Retaliation, Military-industrial Complex

9. Was Eisenhower's policy of massive retaliation effective? Explain.

The Vietnam Nightmare

Know: Ho Chi Minh, Dienbienphu, Ngo Dinh Diem, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

10. How did the United States get involved in Vietnam?


Cold War Crises in Europe and the Middle East

Know: Shah of Iran, Gamal Abdel Nasser, The Suez Crisis, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Country

11. Why was the U.S. concerned about problems in the Middle East?

Round Two for "Ike"

Know: Teamsters, Jimmy Hoffa, Landrum-Griffin Act, , Missile Gap, National Defense and Education Act

12. What labor problems became evident during Eisenhower's second term?


The Continuing Cold War

Know: U-2 Spy Plane

13. Describe efforts at disarmament during the Eisenhower administration.

Cuba's Castroism Spells Communism

Know: Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro

14. Why was revolution in Cuba such a concern to America?

Kennedy Challenges Nixon for the Presidency

Know: Richard Nixon, Kitchen Debate, John Kennedy, New Frontier

15. Was Nixon a good presidential candidate in 1960?

An Old General Fades Away

Know: Alaska, Hawaii

16. Evaluate Eisenhower's presidency.

The Life of the Mind in Postwar America

Know: Catch-22, Arthur Miller, Catcher in the Rye, George Orwell

17. What do the books and plays of the post-war period say about the times in which they were produced?

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