Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #36: The Cold War Begins – Big Picture Themes


1. The production boom of WWII jolted America out of the Great Depression. With other nations torn up by war, America enjoyed an economic dominance for three decades following WWII.

2. The policy of “containment”, or not letting communism spread, was the basis of the “Truman doctrine.” This policy was drove foreign policy until communism fell in 1989.

3. With the Marshall Plan, the U.S. gave billions to rebuild western Europe. The Marshall Plan, NATO (alliance between U.S. and Western Europe), the U.S.S.R. and U.S. chose opposite sides of the fence.

4. When North Korea invaded South Korea, the policy of containment was challenged. The U.S. entered the Korean War to uphold the Truman Doctrine.

Chapter #36: IDENTIFICATIONS
Joseph McCarthy or “McCarthyism”
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Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
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Adlai Stevenson
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Richard Nixon
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Yalta Conference
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United Nations


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Iron Curtain
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Berlin airlift
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Containment
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Truman Doctrine
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Marshall Plan
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National Security Act
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North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
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Taft-Hartley Act


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Fair Deal
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Thirty-eighth parallel
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NSC-68
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Chapter #36 Guided Reading Questions
Postwar Economic Anxieties

Know: Gross National Product, Taft-Hartley Act, Closed Shop, Council of Economic Advisors, GI Bill

1. Describe the downs and ups of the economy in the years following WWII.


The Long Economic Boom, 1950-1970

2. How did women benefit from the economic boom?



The Roots of Postwar Prosperity

Know: R and D, Productivity

3. What evidence can you cite that shows the years 1950-1970 were good years economically?
The Smiling Sunbelt

Know: Benjamin Spock, Sunbelt, Frostbelt, Rustbelt

4. How did the population shift in the years after the war?


The Rush to the Suburbs

Know: Federal Housing Authority, Veterans Administration, Levittown, White Flight

5. Was the shift to the suburbs good for America? Explain.

The Postwar Baby Boom

Know: Baby Boom

6. How did the bulge in population caused by the Baby Boom change American life over the decades?


Makers of America: The Suburbanites

Know: Federal Housing Administration, Levittowns, White Flight

7. How did suburbs revolutionize life in America?

Truman: the "Gutty" Man from Missouri

Know: "The buck stops here."

8. What kind of a man was Harry S Truman?


Yalta: Bargain or Betrayal?

Know: Yalta, United Nations

9. Why was the Yalta conference controversial in the decade following it?


The United States and the Soviet Union

Know: Communism, Capitalism, Sphere of Influence

10. How did similarities and differences both cause the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to have difficulties dealing with each other?


Shaping the Postwar World

Know: International Monetary Fund; World Bank; Security Council; General Assembly; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; Food and Agricultural Organization; World Health Organization

11. For what problems were international organizations established after WWII?

The Problem of Germany

Know: Nuremberg, Hermann Goering, Big Four, Iron Curtain, Berlin Airlift

12. What problems did Germany cause between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?


A Cold War Congeals

Know: George Kennan, Containment, Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan

13. Describe the policies followed by Truman in relation to the Soviets.


America Begins to Rearm

Know: National Security Act, Defense Department, Joint Chiefs of Staff, National Security Council, Central Intelligence Agency, Voice of America, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

14. List and define the organizations set up to deal with the Soviet Union.


Reconstruction and Revolution in Asia

Know: Douglas MacArthur, Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong, H-bomb

15. Our WWII ally China gave us more trouble in the post war years than our enemy Japan. Explain.


Ferreting Out Alleged Communists

Know: Smith Act, Committee on Un-American Activities, Richard M. Nixon, Alger Hiss, Joseph R. McCarthy, McCarran Internal Security Bill, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

16. Did the U.S. government go too far trying to prevent communist infiltration?


Democratic Divisions in 1948

Know: Dixiecrats, Strom Thurmond, Henry Wallace, Do-nothing Congress, "Dewey Defeats Truman," Point Four, Fair Deal

17. How successful was Truman in passing his domestic program?

The Korean Volcano Erupts (1950)

Know: 38th Parallel, Dean Acheson, NSC-68, Police Action

18. What was the impact of the Korean War on the Cold War?

The Military Seesaw in Korea

Know: Pusan Perimeter, Inchon, Chinese Volunteers, Douglas MacArthur

19. Why did Truman fire MacArthur?


Varying Viewpoints: Who Was to Blame for the Cold War?

20 What is the current opinion of most historians on the above question?



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