Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #34: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War – Big Picture Themes


1. When it became evident that both Japan and Germany were marching toward militarism, FDR (and Europe) made it clear they wanted peace. This effectively gave the dictators a “go-ahead” sign.

2. Events showed war as inevitable. Japan attacked China. Spain became a dictatorship, and Italy and Germany did as well.

3. After watching Hitler go on the move, he finally broke a pledge to not attack Poland. England and France went to war. The U.S. still wanted to stay out.

4. As the situation overseas deteriorated, the U.S. began to support England and France more openly with words and supplies. Finally, when Pearl Harbor was attacked, the U.S. entered WWII.

Chapter #34: IDENTIFICATIONS

Nuremburg Trials


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Cordell Hull
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Winston Churchill
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Charles Lindbergh
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Good Neighbor Policy
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Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act


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Rome-Berlin Axis
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Nye Committee
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Neutrality Acts
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Russo-German Nonaggression Pact
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"cash and carry"
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America First Committee
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Lend-Lease Act
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Atlantic Charter
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Chapter #34 Guided Reading Questions
The London Conference

Know: London Economic Conference

1. What were the results of Roosevelt's decision not to help stabilize currencies?


Freedom for (from?) the Filipinos and Recognition for the Russians

Know: Tydings-McDuffie Act

2. What was the reason for America's decision to free the Philippines?

Becoming a Good Neighbor

Know: Good Neighbor Policy

3. Was the United States serious about the Good Neighbor policy? Explain.

Secretary Hull's Reciprocal Trade Agreements

Know: Cordell Hull, Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

4. Were reciprocal trade agreements a good idea? Explain.

Storm-Cellar Isolationism

Know: Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, Fascism

5. What were the reasons for American isolationism?

Congress Legislates Neutrality

Know: Gerald Nye, Neutrality Acts

6. How did the Neutrality Acts attempt to keep the U.S. out of war?
America Dooms Loyalist Spain

Know: Francisco Franco, Spanish Civil War

7. How did the Spanish Civil War contribute to WWII?


Appeasing Japan and Germany

Know: Quarantine Speech, Panay, Rhineland, Sudentenland, Munich Conference, Appeasement

8. What actions were taken by fascist governments that showed that they were a threat?

Hitler's Belligerency and U.S. Neutrality

Know: Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, Cash and Carry

9. How did the United States respond to the start of WWII in Europe?

The Fall of France

Know: Phony War, Blitzkrieg, Winston Churchill

10. What further steps did the United States take after the fall of France?

Makers of America: Refugees from the Holocaust

Know: Anti-Semitism, Albert Einstein, American Jewish Committee, Father Coughlin, American Jewish Congress

11. Why did America not make more room for European Jews in the 1930's?


Bolstering Britain with the Destroyer Deal (1940)

Know: Battle of Britain, Royal Air Force, Fortress America, America First, Charles Lindbergh, Destroyer Deal

12. Describe the conflict between interventionists and isolationists in America in 1940.

FDR Shatters the Two-Term Tradition (1940)

Know: Wendell Wilke

13. Interpret the results of the 1940 election.

Congress Passes the Landmark Lend-Lease Law

Know: Lend-Lease

14. What was so controversial about Lend-Lease?

Hitler's Assault on the Soviet Union Spawns the Atlantic Charter

Know: Atlantic Charter

15. What was the reaction in America to the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union?


U.S. Destroyers and Hitler's U-Boats Clash

16. How did America's implementation of the Lend-Lease policy bring us closer to war?



America's Transformation from Bystander to Belligerent

17. Was United States entry into WWII sudden or gradual? Explain.



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