Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #32: The Politics of Boom and Bust – Big Picture Themes


1. President Harding had several scandals underneath him, notably the Teapot Dome Scandal over oil.

2. America entered into policies of “isolationism” whereby the US just wanted to look after herself and leave Europe alone.

3. Coolidge was very pro-business, following a “hands-off” approach by government.

4. Hoover held the same ideas with his “rugged individualism” phrase. When the Stock Crash hit and Great Depression started, Hoover was very reluctant and slow to take government action.




Chapter #32: IDENTIFICATIONS


Andrew Mellon
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Herbert Hoover
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Albert B. Fall
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Robert LaFollette
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Alfred E. Smith
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Ohio Gang
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Washington Conference
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Kellogg-Briand Pact
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Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
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Teapot Dome Scandal
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Dawes Plan
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Hawley-Smoot Tariff
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Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
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Bonus Army
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Hoover-Stimson doctrine
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Chapter #32 Identifications




The Republican "Old Guard" Returns

Know: Warren Harding, Ohio Gang

1. What flaws did Warren Harding possess?

GOP Reaction at the Throttle

2. What pro-business policies were taken by the government during the Harding administration.




The Aftermath of War

Know: Railway Labor Board, American Legion, Adjusted Compensation Act

3. What effects did the war have on the post-war economy?

America Seeks Benefits Without Burdens

Know: Unofficial Observers, Charles Evans Hughes, Five-Power Naval Treaty, Four-Power Treaty, Nine-Power Treaty, Kellogg-Briand Pact

4. How did the U.S. take the lead in disarmament in the 20's?

Hiking the Tariff Higher

Know: Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law

5. What effects were produced by high American tariffs?


The Stench of Scandal

Know: Charles R. Forbes, Albert B. Fall, Teapot Dome, Harry M. Daugherty

6. "Such was his [Harding's] weakness that he tolerated people and conditions that subjected the Republic to its worst disgrace since the days of President Grant." Explain


“Silent Cal” Coolidge

Know: Calvin Coolidge

7. Do the nicknames, "Silent Cal" and "Cautious Cal" accurately describe the Coolidge presidency?


Frustrated Farmers

Know: McNary-Haugen Bill

8. What had changed for the farmer since 1890? What had remained the same?


A Three-Way Race for the White House in 1924

Know: Robert La Follette

9. Why did Calvin Coolidge easily win the 1924 election?


Foreign-Policy Flounderings

10. What are the arguments for America canceling the WWI debt of European countries?




Unraveling the Debt Knot

Know: Dawes Plan

11. What were the world-wide repercussions of America’s insistence on debt repayment?


The Triumph of Herbert Hoover, 1928

Know: Al Smith, "Rum, Romanism, and Ruin"

12. Why was Herbert Hoover so much more popular with voters than Al Smith?


President Hoover's First Moves

Know: Farm Board, Hawley-Smoot Tariff

13. Did Hoover’s attempts to help farmers produce positive results? Explain.


The Great Crash Ends the Golden Twenties

Know: Black Tuesday, "Brother Can You Spare a Dime?"

14. What were the immediate effects of the stock market crash?


Hooked on the Horn of Plenty

Know: Hoover Blankets, Hoovervilles

15. What causes contributed to the Great Depression?


Rugged Times for Rugged Individualists

Know: Rugged Individualism, The Great Humanitarian

16. How did President Hoover’s beliefs affect the way he handled the Depression?

Hoover Battles the Great Depression

Know: Muscle Shoals Bill, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Pump-Priming, Yellow Dog Contracts

17. Is Hoover’s reputation as ultra-conservative well deserved? Explain.


Routing the Bonus Army in Washington

Know: Bonus Expeditionary Force, Douglas MacArthur

18. What happened to the Bonus Army? Why?

Japanese Militarists Attack China

Know: Manchuria, Stimson Doctrine

19. How did the Japanese attack on Manchuria demonstrate the weakness of the League of Nations?

Hoover Pioneers the Good Neighbor Policy

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