Autor – Mgr. Jana Pikalová OČEKÁvaný VÝstup



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The History of London – slovesa

AUTOR Mgr. Jana Pikalová

OČEKÁVANÝ VÝSTUPprocvičování časů

FORMA VZDĚLÁVACÍHO MATERIÁLUpracovní list pro žáka

POMŮCKYpapír, kopírka

OBSAH

  1. Pracovní list pro žáka 1 - originální text s vynechaným místem pro doplnění správného tvaru sloves

  2. Pracovní list pro žáka 2 – vynechané řádky pro dopsání sloves v minulém čase a označení sloves nepravidelných

  3. Řešení – vyplněné pracovní listy

INSTRUKCE –

  1. Každý žák dostane pracovní list / listy.

  2. Cílem je dát slovesa v závorce do správného času / vypsat slovesa v čase minulém a označit slovesa nepravidelná.

ZPŮSOB PRÁCE – individuální

ZDROJ – More! 3 – Student’s Book, Cambridge University Press, 2008, str. 52 - 53

Pracovní list pro žáka 1

The History of London

London .............................. (be) Britain’s biggest and the world’s ninth largest city. 5,000 years ago, people already .............................. (live)where London is today, but there .............................. (be) forests and marshes.



Roman London

The Romans .............................. (invade) England in 43 AD. They .............................. (sail) up the river Thames, and .............................. (look) for a place where they could build a settlement. They .............................. (choose) a place where the river .............................. (become) narrower, and .............................. (build) a bridge over the river. They .............................. (call) the place Londinium, and the bridge .............................. (be) exactly where London Bridge .............................. (be) today. The Romans soon .............................. (build)a port, and Londinium .............................. (become)the capital of Roman Britain. Between 12,000 and 20,000 people .............................. (live)in Londinium. The River Thames, which .............................. (be) only 100 metres wide today, .............................. (be)300 metres wide! The Romans .............................. (rule)Britain until 410.



London under the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings

Later, in the 5th century, Germanic tribes called the Anglo-Saxons .............................. (settle)in Britain. In the 9th century, the Danish Vikings ..............................(arrive). They .............................. (burn) large parts of London. Alfred the Great, the Saxon king, .............................. (defeat) the Vikings in 878. The two peoples .............................. (divide) the country between them. The Anglo-Saxons .............................. (take) the South and the West, and the Vikings .............................. (take) the East of Britain, including London. But in 886, Alfred’s men .............................. (take) London. In 1016, the Vikings .............................. (attack)London again, but the Saxons .............................. (win) the battle.



London in the Middle Ages

In 1066, the Normans .............................. (invade) from France. They .............................. (defeat) the Anglo-Saxons and William I (William the Conqueror) .............................. (take) control. He .............................. (begin) to build the Tower of London, and the city .............................. (grow) up within the Roman walls. Soon there .............................. (be)so many people in London that there .............................. (be) very little space for the people. Many of the streets .............................. (be) dirt streets, and people .............................. (throw) rubbish out of the windows onto the streets below. London .............................. (be) a crowded and smelly city!



Tudor London

There .............................. (be)about 200,000 people living in London by 1600. Most of London, as we .............................. (know) it today, .............................. (be)still fields. The Tudor kings .............................. (build) a lot of palaces in London and the area around. They also .............................. (make) big deer parks so that they could go hunting.

The river Thames .............................. (be)very important in Tudor times. They .............................. (build)dockyards and .............................. (send) ships to explore the world - the Americas and India, for example.

The first theatres were built in London during this time. The most famous .............................. (be) of course The Globe, where Shakespeare’s plays were performed. In 1613, a fire .............................. (destroy) the original theatre. In 1990s a new Globe Theatre was built, as close to the original as possible.



Stuart London

The first Stuart king after the Tudors .............................. (be)King James I from Scotland. In 1603, Guy Fawkes and a group of men .............................. (try) to blow up the king and the Houses of Parliament. But the men were arrested.

In 1625 Charles II .............................. (come) to the throne. He .............................. (open) Hyde Park to the people. Difficult times ..............................(followed). In 1642 a civil war .............................. (break)out between the king’s people and Oliver Cromwell’s people. The king .............................. (lose)and was beheaded in London. Britain .............................. (become)the Commonwealth of people, a republic. In 1660, the monarchy was returned.

Pracovní list 2


  1. Vypiš z textu slovesa v minulém čase

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  1. Označ slovesa nepravidelná.


Řešení

The History of London

London is Britain’s biggest and the world’s ninth largest city. 5,000 years ago, people already lived where London is today, but there were forests and marshes.



Roman London

The Romans invaded England in 43 AD. They sailed up the river Thames, and looked for a place where they could build a settlement. They chose a place where the river became narrower, and built a bridge over the river. They called the place Londinium, and the bridge was exactly where London Bridge is today. The Romans soon built a port, and Londinium became the capital of Roman Britain. Between 12,000 and 20,000 people lived in Londinium. The River Thames, which is only 100 metres wide today, was 300 metres wide! The Romans ruled Britain until 410.



London under the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings

Later, in the 5th century, Germanic tribes called the Anglo-Saxons settled in Britain. In the 9th century, the Danish Vikings arrived. They burnt large parts of London. Alfred the Great, the Saxon king, defeated the Vikings in 878. The two peoples divided the country between them. The Anglo-Saxons took the South and the West, and the Vikings took the East of Britain, including London. But in 886, Alfred’s men took London. In 1016, the Vikings attacked London again, but the Saxons won the battle.



London in the Middle Ages

In 1066, the Normans invaded from France. They defeated the Anglo-Saxons and William I (William the Conqueror) took control. He began to build the Tower of London, and the city grew up within the Roman walls. Soon there were so many people in London that there was very little space for the people. Many of the streets were dirt streets, and people threw rubbish out of the windows onto the streets below. London was a crowded and smelly city!



Tudor London

There were about 200,000 people living in London by 1600. Most of London, as we know it today, was still fields. The Tudor kings built a lot of palaces in London and the area around. They also made big deer parks so that they could go hunting.

The river Thames was very important in Tudor times. They built dockyards and sent ships to explore the world - the Americas and India, for example.

The first theatres were built in London during this time. The most famous is of course The Globe, where Shakespeare’s plays were performed. In 1613, a fire destroyed the original theatre. In 1990s a new Globe Theatre was built, as close to the original as possible.



Stuart London

The first Stuart king after the Tudors was King James I from Scotland. In 1603, Guy Fawkes and a group of men tried to blow up the king and the Houses of Parliament. But the men were arrested.

In 1625 Charles II came to the throne. He opened Hyde Park to the people. Difficult times followed. In 1642 a civil war broke out between the king’s people and Oliver Cromwell’s people. The king lost and was beheaded in London. Britain became the Commonwealth of people, a republic. In 1660, the monarchy was returned.


  1. Vypiš z textu slovesa v minulém čase

lived took

was / were attacked

invaded won

sailed began

looked grew

chose threw

became made

built sent

called destroyed

ruled tried

settled came

arrived opened

burnt followed

defeated broke

divided lost


  1. Označ slovesa nepravidelná.

lived took

was / were attacked

invaded won



sailed began

looked grew



chose threw

became made

built sent

called destroyed

ruled tried

settled came

arrived opened

burnt followed

defeated broke



divided lost


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