Appositives: sunglasses (altered)



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APPOSITIVES: SUNGLASSES (ALTERED)

Back in the 1920s, John Macready should have been famous. He flew nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean (in a blimp) six years before Charles Lindbergh; thereafter, he approached Bausch & Lomb about developing lenses to block the sun. Bausch & Lomb responded by making Ray-Ban aviator sunglasses. But it took the stars of Hollywood to make sunglasses into an item of fashion. Hollywood stars wore them for one reason. A few years back the popular Ray-Bans lost out to Wayfarers. There remains one thing I cannot understand about people who wear sunglasses. [THE END]

APPOSITIVES: SUNGLASSES (ORIGINAL)
Back in the 1920s, John Macready, an Army Air Corps lieutenant, should have been famous. He flew nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean (in a blimp) six years before Charles Lindbergh; thereafter, he approached Bausch & Lomb, the leading manufacturer of sunglasses, about developing lenses to block the sun. Bausch & Lomb responded by making Ray-Ban aviator sunglasses, the glasses made famous by General Douglas MacArthur. But it took the stars of Hollywood—Greta Garbo, Katharine Hepburn, Gary Cooper—to make sunglasses into an item of fashion. Hollywood stars wore them for one reason: to avoid having to look into the eyes of pestering fans. A few years back the popular Ray-Bans lost out to Wayfarers, the sunglasses made popular by Tom Cruise in the movie Risky Business. There remains one thing I cannot understand about people—mostly rock stars and actors—who wear sunglasses: why they wear them at night.

RULES FOR PUNCTUATING APPOSITIVES

(all examples from Adam Sherwin’s article

"How Disney's once and future king has been dubbed the 'true' Arthur")




  1. The most common punctuation for appositives is the comma.

Example: “The reinvention of Guinevere as a ‘warrior queen,’ played by Keira Knightley, has a more straightforward genesis.”



  1. To set off appositives when the appositives have commas inside them, use a pair of dashes to enclose the appositive.

Example: “Arthur may have been based near Hadrian's Wall because some of the local place names—Camboglanna, Avalanna—were similar to the names Camelot and Avalon in the legend.”



  1. You can also use a dash to give the information special emphasis by separating it from the rest of the sentence.

Example: “A…Disney blockbuster portraying King Arthur as a Roman soldier is the true story—or as close as we will ever get….”



  1. Although less frequently used—partly because it is so formal—the colon can also punctuate appositives.

Example: “Filmgoers delivered their own verdict: King Arthur returned just half of its budget at the box office.”

Use a piece of scratch paper to write your answers. Be sure to include this information at the top of the paper.

Name____________________________

Leyendecker

Period ________

Date (this is due next class period)

Using each example provided, write your own sentence in which you mirror the structure and appositive. In other words, each of the provided sentences is a model; you will write your own sentence modeled on the original.





  1. Stephane Grapelli, a world-famous jazz violinist, began his music career as a piano player for silent movies in the 1920s.


  1. Throughout college I considered trading in my bike, a rusted old bomb with half a handlebar, no seat, and no brakes.


  1. As children, future drummers beat out sketchy rhythms on just about anything—their mother’s head, the cat, the coffee table, large pieces of fruit.


  1. Fill in the blanks for this one.

The typical digital watch brand (________________________________), is always being improved. The watches are invariably made of black rubber or plastic and perform a constantly growing number of strange and interesting functions—________________________________ ________________. The problem with digital watches is that they are usually worn by certain types of people-__________________________ [give at least three different kinds of people in your sentence].
Use a piece of scratch paper to write your answers. Be sure to include this information at the top of the paper.

Name____________________________

Leyendecker

Period ________

Date (this is due next class period)

Combine the following sentences using noun phrase appositives whenever you can, as in the following examples:




  1. Popcorn was the result of an accident.

  2. Popcorn is a favorite snack for many Americans.


Solution: Popcorn, a favorite snack for many Americans, was the result of an accident.


  1. Compared to other snacks, popcorn gives you the most for your money.

  2. Cookies are another snack.

  3. Ice cream is another snack.

  4. Candy is another snack.


Solution: Compared to other snacks—cookies, ice cream, candy—popcorn gives you the most for your money.
Exercises


  1. a. Orville Redenbacher started the vogue for gourmet popcorn back in the 1970s.

b. Orville is a real person.

  1. The 1970s were a time during which many food fads began to appear.



  1. a. Gourmet popcorn comes in a variety of flavors.

    1. It comes in root beer.

    2. It comes in nacho cheese.

    3. It comes in watermelon

    4. It comes in li hing mui.



  1. a. Popcorn companies have strange terms for unpopped kernels.

    1. They call them “old maids.”

    2. They call them “widows.”

    3. They call them “duds.”


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