Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources Blair, Vilray Papin. "Preface To Third Edition." Surgery and Diseases of the Mouth and Jaws



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Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

Blair, Vilray Papin. "Preface To Third Edition." Surgery and Diseases of the Mouth and Jaws. 3rd ed. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1917. 776. Print. https://archive.org/stream/surgerydiseaseso00blai#page/n11/mode/2up

Blair’s book, one of his greatest achievements, is full of his techniques and findings which were referenced many times. We used some of the text as quotes to demonstrate his knowledge and leadership in his field.



Blair, Vilray. Surgery and Diseases of the Mouth and Jaws. Digital image. Open Library. Web. https://openlibrary.org/books/OL7136719M/Surgery_and_diseases_of_the_mouth_and_jaws

We used this image to demonstrate one of Blair’s greatest achievements. The photo is the title

page of Blair’s book, Surgery and Diseases of the Mouth and Jaw.

Jerome P. Webster, M.D.'s Notebook. Digital image. The Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine. Web. https://www.countway.harvard.edu/menuNavigation/historicalResources/chmPrograms/nationalArchivesofPlasticSurgery/napsExamples/NAPS_Websternb.jpg

This is a photo of Webster’s notes on Blair’s teachings. Webster was one of Blair’s students and this gave a great example of Blair’s leadership and legacy.



Vilray P. Blair, MD. Digital image. Washington University Department of Surgery. 1 Jan. 2011. Web. http://www.plasticsurgery.org/Images/articles-galleries/plastic-surgery-history/vilray-blair.jpg

This is a portrait of Vilray Blair, which was used to portray how he looked on the home page.


Secondary Sources

"After Surgery, the Teasing and Name Calling Stopped." - Operation Smile. 5 Feb. 2015. Web. 9 Apr. 2015. <http://www.operationsmile.org/blog/2015/after-surgery-the.html#after-surgery-the.html>.

This article is the story of a Madagascar girl before and after cleft surgery. Without Vilray Blair’s technique her life wouldn’t have changed for the better. We included this story to illustrate Blair’s legacy.

Bradford Cannon. Digital image. Harvard Medical School. 1 Jan. 2010. Web. http://www.fa.hms.harvard.edu/docs/memorial_minutes/images/cannon_bradford.jpg

This is a portrait of one of Blair’s students, Bradford Cannon, who followed Blair in his work and demonstrates Blair’s legacy.



Bradford Cannon in 1989. Digital image. The New York Times. 15 Jan. 2006. Web. http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2006/01/15/national/15cannon184.jpg

This is another portrait of Bradford Cannon which was used as evidence of Blair’s legacy as Cannon was one of his students.



Canine Cleft Palate. Digital image. Dog Listener. Web. http://www.doglistener.tv/wp-content/uploads/cleft.jpg

The dog in this photo has cleft lip, showing that animals can also get the defect.



"CLEFT LIP AND PALATE." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 20 Dec. 2014. .

This video helped visually show how cleft lip and palate develops and what it can look like. We used this clip on our website to show viewers the technique and give an example of Blair’s work still being used today.



Cleft Lip Examples. Digital image. BabyMed. Web. http://www.babymed.com/sites/default/files/cleft%20palate.jpg

This illustration of cleft lip shows the variations of the defect and allows the viewer to gain more

information about the variations, if they desire.

Cleft Lip Repair. Digital image. The Encyclopedia of Surgery. Web. http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/Ce-Fi/Cleft-Lip-Repair.html

This image demonstrates the cleft lip repair technique; a crucial part of Blair’s legacy. It allows the viewer to fully understand the technique.



Daisy 4 Months Old-Before Operation. Digital image. Cleft Lip and Palate Association. Web.

The baby’s before and after photos of her cleft lip surgery showed how effective Blair’s technique is and also shows viewers the dramatic physical effect of this surgery.



Diagrams of Cleft Lip & Palate. Digital image. Cleft Lip and Palate Association. Web. http://www.clapa.com/images/uploads/medical/cleft/diagrams.gif

This image shows a diagram of the deformity Blair worked with and the severity to its victim.

"Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Oct. 2014. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. .

Most of our knowledge about cleft lip and palate came from this website. We put this information on the website to inform the viewer about the deformity Blair worked with. The source also provided us with two diagrams demonstrating cleft lip.



Figure 1. Digital image. Scientific Electronic Library Online. 1 Jan. 2011. Web. http://www.scielo.br/img/revistas/jaos/v20n1/03f01.jpg

This photo of various people with cleft lip or palate shows how different the malformation can look depending on the person.

Genetics and Management of the Patient with Orofacial Cleft. Digital image. Legere. 29 Jan. 2014. Web. https://hr2013.wordpress.com/2014/01/29/genetics-and-management-of-the-patient-with-orofacial-cleft-figure-1/

This was another diagram of cleft lip and palate showing the view from the inside of the mouth.

"History of Division." History. Washington University Department of Surgery. Web. 20 Dec. 2014. .

This provides us with a table of Blair’s students and a quote, which we used on our website to illustrate his leadership and legacy



James Barrett Brown. Digital image. Bernard Becker Medical Library. 1 Jan. 2015. Web. http://beckerarchives.wustl.edu/files/finding-aid-images/BrownJB/VC410BrownJB01-c.jpg

A portrait of one of Blair’s students and partner; used on our website.



James Barrett Brown in the Operating Room. Digital image. Washington University Department of Surgery. 1 Jan. 2011. Web. http://plasticsurgery.wustl.edu/Education/~/media/Images/Plastic-Surgery/Brown_OR.ashx?h=332&w=500

This photo of James, one of Blair’s students, shows how his teaching helped blossom wonderful students.



Letterman, M.D., Gordon, Maxine Schurter, M.D., and Bahman Teimourian, M.D. "Vilray Papin Blair's Early Concepts of the Cleft Palate Problem." University Library System. American Cleft Palate Association, 1 Jan. 1964. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. .

This website gave us more of a background on Vilray Blair’s life before his career in surgery. We used the information on pages to show his past.



"Louis Armstrong - When You're Smiling." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 26 Feb. 2015. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOH_mioL3TU>.

We put the song on the website to reflect the importance of a smile and how Blair’s surgical technique gave people their smile back.



McComb, F.R.A.C.S., Harold. "Primary Repair of Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity." Http://surgery.northwestern.edu. 1 Jan. 2009. Web. 24 Oct. 2014. .

This website gave more information on cleft lip. We used this information to help develop a deeper understanding of the physical attributes of cleft lip.



Mullanphy Hospital. Digital image. Catholic History. Web. http://www.catholichistory.net/images/StLouisHospital.png

This photograph gave a visual of the hospital Vilray had an internship at.



St Bartholomew's Hospital. Digital image. Himetop. 1 July 2011. Web. http://himetop.wdfiles.com/local--files/st-bartholomew-s-hospital/St%20Bartholomew%27s%20Hospital%2C%20London%20-%2005.JPG

This image shows modern photo of one of the places Blair studied.



Stelnicki, EJ, VL Young, T. Francel, and P. Randall. "Vilray P. Blair, His Surgical Descendants, and Their Roles in Plastic Surgical Development." U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. PubMed Commons, 1 June 1999. Web. 22 Oct. 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10359266>

This source gave us a quick summary on how Blair was the leader of plastic surgery. We used this primarily for information on his early life.



St Louis Medical College. Digital image. Bernard Becker Medical Library. 8 May 2014. Web. https://becker.wustl.edu/sites/default/files/resize/imagecache/original/VC420-StLouisMedicalCollege-Pope%27sCollege-1849-1892-ca1892-765x612.jpg

This is a photograph of the college Vilray attended in the 1870s.



Symth, Alison. Sidonie. Digital image. Operation Smile. 5 Feb. 2015. Web. http://www.operationsmile.org/blog/2015/after-surgery-the.html

The photograph shows a girl affected by Blair’s legacy as her cleft lip was repaired.

"The Legacy of Vilray Blair." Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Washington University Department of Surgery, 1 Jan. 2011. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. .

This source helped to identify Blair’s legacy and his importance to plastic surgery and contained two photos used on our website.



Walter Yeo. Digital image. The Telegraph. 28 Aug. 2008. Web.http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00797/wwi-plastic-surgery_797077c.jpg

This photograph is an example of a wounded soldier during World War I.



Washington State University. Digital image. Washington State University. 1 Jan. 2015. Web. http://about.wsu.edu/about/history/images/img-pres-campus.png

This is an early picture of the university Vilray taught at.



Washington University Logo. Digital image. Wikipedia. 30 Mar. 2015. Web. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/7b/WashUShielding.svg/1024px-WashUShielding.svg.png

This is an example of the logo of the school Vilray worked at.

William Spreckley Before. Digital image. Daily Mail. 13 July 2012. Web. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/07/13/article-2173166-140C690B000005DC-51_306x423.jpg

This image is of a wounded soldier during World War I. We used it to show the type of patients Vilray dealt with.



William Spreckley Recovery. Digital image. Daily Mail. 13 July 2012. Web. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/07/13/article-2173166-140C3820000005DC-799_306x423.jpg

This image is of a wounded soldier fully recovered.



William Spreckley Surgery. Digital image. Daily Mail. 13 July 2012. Web. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/07/13/article-2173166-140C690B000005DC-894_306x423.jpg

This image depicts a wounded soldier post-surgery.



Windsor Castle – Union-Castle. Digital image. Ships Nostalgia. 2 Feb. 2009. Web. http://www.shipsnostalgia.com/guides/Royal_Mail_Steam_Packet_Company_Kylsant_Empire_Part_6

The ship shown in the photo is similar to what Blair once worked on to gain his surgical knowledge.



WWI Soldier Facial Reconstruction Casts and Masks. Digital image. Archives of American Art. 1 Jan. 1918. Web. http://www.aaa.si.edu/assets/images/laddanna/reference/AAA_laddanna_25770.jpg

This image shows several World War I reconstruction masks.





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