True or False. Domestic pigs are classified as Sus scrofa domestica, while miniature pigs are classified as Sus scrofa exotica.
What factors should be considered when selecting anesthetic agents and their method of delivery?
What sites are acceptable for giving large volume IM injections?
Where should small volume IM injections be given?
Why is it difficult to give large volumes of SC fluid in the pig?
What is the most common site for IV injections?
What vein is located on the cranial aspect of the foreleg between the elbow joint and the carpus?
This vein will collapse and become inaccessible if blood flow through it is occluded and the skin is rotated laterally (technique commonly used in the dog). What vessel is it?
What is the best way to restrain a pig?
What anatomical structure can make endotracheal intubation difficult in the pig?
What size endotracheal tube should be used for swine over 50 kg of body weight?
What is the primary advantage of using nitrous oxide in swine?
In swine, what is the halothane MAC?
True or False. Halothane is a myocardial depressant.
In adult swine what happens to the heart rate when given halothane?
In neonatal swine what effect does halothane have on the heart rate?
What is the effect of halothane on coronary vascular resistance?
Isoflurane has a (lower, higher) blood gas solubility than halothane.
In swine, which inhalation agent has the greatest margin of cardiovascular safety?
What hemodynamic changes are seen in newborn swine given isoflurane?
Unlike (enflurane, halothane) isoflurane does not produce seizure activity in swine
Which inhalation agent is preferred in liver surgery in swine?
True or False. Enflurane is a less potent myocardial depressant than isoflurane.
Characterize the liver after prolonged anesthesia with desflurane.
What is used as an index of desflurane metabolism?
What class of tranquilizers produces an alpha-adrenergic blockade at higher doses?
What is the most commonly used phenothiazine derivative used in swine?
What class of tranquilizers is associated with hypothermia with prolonged use in the swine?
Which benzodiazepine tranquilizers are commonly used in swine?
True or False. Droperidol, fluanisone, and azaperone are anticholinergics that are always used in combination with other drugs.
Which alpha-adrenergic agonist agents are used in swine?
Give the class of drugs used to dry oral secretions of the oral cavity and to provide a vasolytic effect during endotracheal intubation. What two drugs in this are used in swine?
What are the most commonly used injectable anesthetic agents in swine? Name a drug in this class. When performing major surgery, can this drug be used as a sole agent if given as an IV infusion? Why or why not?
In regards to barbiturate use in swine, why is it recommended that a dilute solution be used for IV bolus injections?
True or False. Thiamylal and thiopental are intermediate acting barbiturates.
What are the advantages to using high-dose opioid anesthetic techniques in swine?
What agents are most commonly used for opioid infusion techniques?
What agent is used to reverse opioids?
What is regional anesthesia?
Alphaxalone and alphadolone are _____. Their use with ______ is contraindicated.
What is the focus of intraoperative monitoring?
List two drugs that can be used to prevent cardiac arrhythmias secondary to manipulation of the heart during cardiac surgery.
________ is more effective than drugs in the event of ventricular fibrillation or cardiac asystole.
What is the normal heart rate in the pig?
List the indicators of a surgical plane of anesthesia for pigs.
Which vessels are more accessible for direct blood pressure monitoring.
Why are pigs more prone to hypothermia?
True or False. Malignant hyperthermia is a genetic disease seen mainly in miniature pigs induced by volatile inhalation anesthetics
What is the first cardinal sign of malignant hyperthermia?
What drugs are considered triggers for malignant hyperthermia?
What is the drug of choice for the treatment and prevention of malignant hyperthermia?
Define cardiopulmonary bypass.
The sow has a _____ ________ type of placentation and most anesthetics (can, can’t) cross the placental barrier.