And Oral Implantology Long Answers: 20 Marks

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Paper-III- Clinical Periodontology (Includes Gingival Diseases, Periodontal Diseases, Periodontal Instrumentation, Diagnosis, Prognosis And Treatment Of Periodontal Diseases) And Oral Implantology

Long Answers: 20 Marks



Discuss approaches for periodontal tissue engineering.

Advance diagnostic aids

N 2011



Discuss current trends in chemical plaque control.

Discuss peri-implant diseases and its management.

M 2010



Discuss the signs and symptoms of treatment of bruxism

Classify gingival enlargement. Describe in detail the clinical features, histopathology and management of cyclosporine induced gingival enlargement

M 2009





Lab investigations in periodontal practice

Discuss in detail the management of furcation defects

Current concepts in the treatment of tooth hypersensitivity

Management of furcation involvement

A 2008





Discuss the application of lasers in periodontal therapy.

Discuss the recent development in micro-surgical techniques and its application in Periodontics.

Various diagnostic aids in periodontics

Describe the mucogingival surgical procedures for root coverage.

A 2007





Describe the current status of periodontal treatment with LASERS

Describe the present status of modified widmon flap surgery.

Role of chemical plaque inhibitors in periodontics.

Give the classification of infrabony pockets and the management of the same.

S 2007





Discuss the role of platelet rich plasma in the periodontal regeneration.

Discuss the current concept of coronoplasty in periodontal therapy.

Describe in detail with suitable research evidences about the current concept on etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, prognosis, radiographic appearance and immunological aspects of localized favourite periodontitis.

Enumerate few periodontal pathogens. Discuss the role of black pigmented bacteriods in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.




Classify bony defects in periodontal diseases. How would you investigate and establish the prognosis of the defect.

Discuss the influence of the female sex hormones over the periodontium.

A 2005



Discuss the current concepts of management of gingival recession.

Discuss the rationale and limitations of periodontal therapy during pregnancy.








Discuss the merits and demerits of ultrasonics in periodontal therapy.

Discuss the use of lasers in periodontal therapy.

Define anti-microbials. Write in detail about various forms, its use in periodontal pocket therapy.

Management of primary trauma from occlusion.

Discuss the microbiological profile of localised juvenile periodontitis and its recent advances.

Discuss the influence of systemic diseases on the periodontium.










New attachment procedures.

Management of primary trauma from occlusion – in detail.

Role of genetic influence in the aetiology of periodontal diseases.

What is bio-film. Describe the current trends on biofilm in periodontal diseases.

Discuss the recent developments of reconstructive periodontal osseous surgery.

Discuss the biologic aspects of dental implants.

Discuss the role of antimicrobial agents in the management of periodontal diseases.

Discuss the role of saliva in health and disease.








Discuss the indications and limitations of surgical approaches to increase the zone of attach gingiva.

Define and classify periodontal splints. Give its indications, role and biophysical principles.

Discuss the microbial specificity with reference to periodontal diseases.

Discuss the influence of female sex hormones over the periodontium.

Discuss recent advances in periodontal diagnosis

Discuss the biologic principles of guided periodontal tissue regeneration.


Short Answers:

  1. Management of Halitosis

  2. Antioxidents

  3. Citric acid and fibronectin in periodontal therapy

  4. Subantimicrobial dose doxycycline

  5. Probiotics

  6. Crown lengthening

N 2011

  1. Host modulation therapy in periodontal therapy

  2. Current concepts in root biomodification

  3. Complications following flap surgery

  4. Current status of alloplasts in periodontal regeneration

  5. Explain wound healing in furcation defects

  6. Explain the factors which influences prognosis and treatment plan in periodontal diseases

M 2010

  1. Classification of various bone grafting materials

  2. Periodontal pockets

  3. Prognosis

  4. Gingivectomy technique

  5. Halitosis and its management

  6. Vestibular extension procedure with its indications

M 2009

19. Evidence based periodontal therapy

20. Chlorhexidine

21. Operating microscope

22. Electro surgery

23. Supportive periodontal treatment

24. Ortho-perio inter-relationship

25. Results of periodontal treatment

26. Materials used in GTR

27. Splints in periodontal therapy

28. DNA probe

29. Ultrasonics in periodontal therapy

30. Maintenance schedule for the implant patient

A 2008

31.Role of reactive oxygen species in Periodontitis

32. Status of growth factors in periodontal regeneration

33. Drawbacks of crown lengthening procedures

34. Chronic desquamative gingivitis

35. Immediate implants

36. Coronoplasty

  1. Factors responsible for failure of periodontal therapy

  2. Describe supportive periodontal therapy in brief

  3. Explain the use of electro surgery in periodontics

  4. Recent advances of periodontal surgery

  5. Periodontal dressing materials

  6. Indications of dental implants

A 2007

  1. Alendronate

  2. Powered tooth brush

  3. Root biomodification

  4. Osteoplasty

  5. Periodontal probes

  6. Allografts

  7. Describe any 1 vestibular extension procedures along with its indication.

  8. Explain the role of patient motivation in preventive periodontics.

  9. How laser can be best used in periodontal therapy?

  10. Classification of various bone grafting materials.

  11. Explain the procedure of respective osseous surgery.

  12. Peri-implant complications.

S 2007

  1. Implant-bone interface

  2. FGG

  3. Enamel matrix derivatives

  4. Ey:YAG laser

  5. Undisplaced flap surgery

  6. Microsurgical instruments

  7. Enumerate and discuss the causes and management of various acute gingival lesions

  8. Periodontal disease – a risk factor for preterm low birth weight.

  9. Periodontal manifestation of diabetic patient

  10. Periodontal disease activity with special emphesis on gram negative anaerobes

  11. Genetic factors in periodontal disease

  12. Animal experiments in periodontal research

  13. Discuss the keys technique as therapeutic approach in the management of periodontal disease.

  14. Discuss the objectives and indications to Occlusal adjustment in periodontal therapy

  15. Use of lasers in periodontal therapy

  16. Tooth brushes used for plaque control

  17. Various disclosing agents

  18. Treatment of gingival enlargement in pregnancy


  1. Discuss the maintenance phase after implants.

  2. Difference between pocket and clinical attachment loss- your views.

  3. Role of interlukin-1 in periodontal health and disease.

  4. Merits and demerits of ultrasonics in periodontal therapy.

  5. Role of systemic antibiotics in periodontal therapy.

  6. Discuss the importance of adequate width of attached gingiva.

A 2005

  1. Clinical aspects of dental implants

  2. Difference between pocket depth and attachment level- your views

  3. Chemically modified tetracycline

  4. Treatment of chronic desquamative gingivitis

  5. Crown lengthening procedure

  6. Biology of periodontal wound healing.


  1. Advanced diagnostic aids in Periodontics

  2. Discuss the various factors influencing prognosis and treatment planning in patients of chronic periodontal diseases.

  3. Discuss the role of splints in the periodontal therapy.

  4. How would you manage a case of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis?

  5. How does the periodontal ligamens functionally adapt to masticatory forces.

  6. Discuss the role of tranquilizers and sedatives as adjuncts in periodontal therapy.

  7. Papilla preservation flap surgery

  8. Management of grade- II and III furcation with vertical defects.

  9. Halitosis- its therapy

  10. Autogenous osseous grafts

  11. Pulpo-periodontal lesions

  12. Acute herpatic gingivostomatitis diagnosis and management.

  13. Basic concepts of host response

  14. Macrophages in periodontal health and disease

  15. Food impaction and periodontal health

  16. Bruxism and periodontal health

  17. Gingival bleeding

  18. Etiopathogenesis of drug induced gingival enlargement


  1. BMPs- basis and clinical applications

  2. Management of grade- III and IV furcation involvement

  3. Chemical plaque control in periodontal therapy

  4. Decision making in periodontal therapy

  5. Aesthetic gingival contouring

  6. Osseous respective surgery

  7. TFO

  8. Periodontal disease as a risk factor for systemic diseases.

  9. Drug indused gingival enlargemet.

  10. GCF as a marker of periodontal destruction.

  11. BMPs

  12. Complement activation- its role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.

  13. Discuss the formation, composition and attachment of dental plaque.

  14. Describe bacteriology of periodontal pocket.

  15. Describe the current concept on the pathogenesis of localised juvenile periodontitis.

  16. State the role of systemic conditions modifying the clinical appearance of periodontal tissue in detail.

  17. Discuss the role of IL-1 in periodontal health and disease

  18. Discuss the role of tobacco in periodontal disease.

  19. Periodontal surgery under magnification.

  20. Criteria for selection of mucogingival techniques.

  21. Treatment of chronic desquamative gingivitis

  22. Treatment od denuded roots

  23. Historical development of modified widmon’s flap surgery

  24. Root planning versus gingival curettage.


  1. Pathogenesis and management of furcation involvement in periodontal disease.

  2. Discuss interdisciplinary approaches and relationships in Periodontics.

  3. Discuss the management of periodontal problems in patients with high risk factors.

  4. Periodontal lesions are healing lesions. – in the light of above statement evaluate the management of early periodontitis.

  5. Rational of using local drug delivery system.

  6. How will you manage a case of disquamative gingivitis?

  7. Discuss the acute periodontal lesions

  8. Classify bony defects. How would you investigate and established prognosis of such defect?

  9. Describe attachment of dental calculus.

  10. Describe hormonal influences on periodontium during pregnancy.

  11. Discuss protective component of saliva.

  12. Discuss the current concept as regards the etiology of prepubertal periodontitis.

  13. Implant- bone interface

  14. Periodontal microsurgery

  15. Papilla preservation flap

  16. Alloplastic bone graft substitutes

  17. Coronoplasty in periodontal therapy

  18. Free soft tissue autograft


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