Anatomy tus questions of the last 20 years for the III. Committee axilla



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ANATOMY TUS QUESTIONS OF THE LAST 20 YEARS FOR THE III.COMMITTEE


AXILLA

1. Which one of the following structures is not located in the axilla?

a) Axillary artery

b) Brachial plexus

c) Axillary lymph nodes

d) Brachial artery

e) Axillary vein



SEPTEMBER 1999
2. Which structure forms the medial border of the axilla?

a) Latissimus dorsi muscle



b) Serratus anterior muscle

c) Subscapularis muscle

d) Pectoralis major muscle

e) Intertubercular sulcus



SEPTEMBER 1996
BRACHIAL PLEXUS

3. A restriction in the abduction of the arm beyond 900 is detected in a patient who went through a radical mastectomy and axillary operation due to breast cancer. Which one of the following nerves would you think would be injured ?

A) Radial nerve 
B) Axillary nerve
C) Thoracodorsal nerve
D) Long thoracic nerve
APRIL 2008
4. In which cervical triangle are the branches of the plexus brachialis located?

A) Carotid triangle

B) Submandibular triangle

C) Occipital triangle (Upper part of the posterior triangle of the neck)

D) Muscular triangle

E) Suboccipital triangle

SEPTEMBER 2006

See the second sentence of the Clinical Notes-Brachial Plexus section in the Axilla & Brachial Plexus notes on Page 9.
5. Which nerve is commonly injured following surgical neck fractures of the humerus?
A) Axillary nerve
B) Radial nerve
C) Median nerve
D) Ulnar nerve
DECEMBER 2010

See Page 2 of the Axilla & Brachial Plexus notes for the borders and contents of the quadrangular space
6. Which nerve would be injured in a person who can not extend his or her forearm?

a) Axillary nerve



b) Radial nerve

c) Median nerve

d) Ulnar nerve

e) Musculocutaneous nerve



APRIL 1996
7. A patient can not hold a piece of paper between his or her third and fourth fingers, which nerve is injured?

a) Median nerve



b) Ulnar nerve

c) Radial nerve

d) Musculocutaneous nerve

e) Axillary nerve



APRIL 2001
8. It is impossible to pronate the forearm in addition to restricted flexion. In the case that there is also atrophy in thenar muscles, which nerve is injured?

a) Superficial branch of the radial nerve

b) Deep branch of the radial nerve

c) Ulnar nerve



d) Median nerve

e) Musculocutaneous nerve



APRIL 1993
9. Anterior branches of which cervical spinal nerves form the cervical plexus?

a) C1,2,3

b) C2,3,4

c) C3,4,5



d) C1,2,3,4

e) C1,2,3,4,5



SEPTEMBER 1997
10. Which nerve supplies the area designated in the figure below?
http://www.tussorulari.com/nisan2007/t2.gif
A) Posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm
B) Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm
C) Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm
D) Median nerve
E) Ulnar nerve

APRIL 2008

11. Which finding would you observe in a patient with an injured median nerve at the wrist?



A) Wristdrop

B) Clawhand

C) Loss of opposition in the thumb

D) Loss of adduction in the thumb

E) Atrophy in the hypothenar muscles  

APRIL 2007


12. Which nerve supplies the area designated in the figure below?
http://www.tussorulari.com/nisan2005/5.jpg
A)
Median nerve
B) Ulnar nerve
C) Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm
D) Radial nerve
E) Posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm

APRIL 2005
13. Which nerve does the flexion of the forearm in a patient with injury to the musculocutaneous nerve?

a) Biceps brachii muscle

b) Brachialis muscle

c) Deltoid muscle

d) Coracobrachialis muscle

e) Brachioradialis muscle

SEPTEMBER 2000
14. In a patient whose caput humeri fixation is incomplete, and there is atrophy in the muscles at the upper posterior part of the scapula, and additionally there is restriction of abduction particularly in the first 15 degrees, which nerve do you think that would be injured?

a) Suprascapular nerve

b) Supscapular nerve

c) Dorsal scapular nerve

d) Axillary nerve

e) Musculocutaneous nerve

APRIL 2000
15. Which structure would be in danger in relation with humerus collum chirurgicum fractures?

a) Axillary nerve

b) Ulnar nerve

c) Median nerve

d) Radial nerve

e) Thoracodorsal nerve

SEPTEMBER 1998
16. Which nerve supplies the area designated in the figure (In the figure given; the posterolateral part of the forearm is designated)?

a) Median nerve



b) Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

c) Posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm

d) Radial nerve

e) Axillary nerve



SEPTEMBER 1998
17. Which one of the following nerves innervates the deltoid and teres minor muscles?

a) Accessory nerve



b) Axillary nerve

c) Median nerve

d) Radial nerve

e) Musculocutaneous nerve



APRIL 1997
18. Which nerve is injured in wristdrop?

a) Musculocutaneous nerve

b) Ulnar nerve

c) Median nerve



d) Radial nerve

e) Axillary nerve



APRIL 1992
19. In the case that there is loss of supination and flexion of the forearm, as well as loss of abcution and lateral rotation in the arm, where is the lesion located?

a) Superior trunk of brachial plexus

b) Middle trunk of brachial plexus

c) Inferior trunk of brachial plexus

d) Radial nerve

e) Median nerve

SEPTEMBER 1996
ARM

20. In a patient who can not flex his or her forearm, which one of the following muscles does not function?


A) Coracobrachialis muscle
B) Deltoid muscle
C) Brachialis muscle
D) Triceps brachii muscle
E) Pectoralis minor muscle

SEPTEMBER 2008

21. Which one of the following muscles does adduction, extension and medial rotation of the arm?


A)
Posterior part of the deltoid muscle
B) Brachioradialis muscle
C) Supraspinatus muscle
D) Latissimus dorsi muscle
E) Middle part of the deltoid muscle

SEPTEMBER 2008


22. Which nerve innervates the biceps brachii muscle?

a) Radial nerve

b) Median nerve

c) Ulnar nerve

d) Axillary nerve

e) Musculocutaneous nerve

SEPTEMBER 2002
23. In the case of a radial nerve injury, which muscle does the supination of the forearm?

a) Brachialis muscle



b) Biceps brachii muscle

c) Brachioradialis muscle

d) Pronator teres muscle

e) Teres majör muscle



APRIL 2002

24. Which one of the following muscles’ tendon passes through the fibrous capsule of the shoulder joint?


A) Biceps brachii, long head
B) Biceps brachii, short head
C) Triceps brachii, long head
D) Triceps brachii, medial head
E) Triceps brachii, lateral head
APRIL 2004

25. Which one of the following muscles is not related to its corresponding function?

a) Gluteus maximus-Extension of the thigh

b) Quadriceps femoris-Extension of the leg



c) Pectoralis major–Abduction of the arm

d) Triceps surrae-Flexion of the foot (plantarflexion)

e) Brachioradialis-Flexion of the forearm

APRIL 1996

FOREARM

26. Which one of the following muscles is not one of the extensor muscles of the forearm?

a) Brachio radialis

b) Extensor digiti minimi

c) Supinator

d) Coracobrachialis

e) Abductor pollicis longus



APRIL 1998

27. Which one of the following muscles’ insertion is not a bone?

A) Flexor carpi radialis

B) Flexor carpi ulnaris

C) Flexor pollicis longus

D) Palmaris longus

E) Extensor carpi ulnaris



SEPTEMBER 2005

28. Where is the pulse palpated in the forearm?

a) Flexor palmaris longus-Flexor digitorum profundus

b) Pronator teres -Brachioradialis



c) Brachioradialis - Flexor carpi radialis

d) Flexor karpi radialis - Palmaris longus

e) Palmaris longus - Flexor carpi ulnaris

APRIL 2001
29. Which muscle neighbours flexor carpi radialis muscle for the palpation of the pulse?

a) Flexor pollicis longus

b) Flexor dijitorum superficialis

c) Brachioradialis

d) Supinator

e) Flexor carpi ulnaris

APRIL 1993
30. Which artery is common interosseous artery a branch of?

a) Anterior tibial artery

b) Posterior tibial artery

c) Ulnar artery

d) Radial artery

e) Brachial artery

SEPTEMBER 1996
31. The tendon of which one of the following muscles does not pass from the distal part of the wrist?
A)
Extensor carpi ulnaris
B) Extensor carpi radialis longus
C) Extensor carpi radialis brevis
D) Brachioradialis
E) Abductor pollicus longus

SEPTEMBER 2004
32. Which one of the following muscles doest not insert on a bone?

A) Flexor carpi radialis

B) Flexor carpi ulnaris

C) Flexor pollicis longus

D) Palmaris longus

E) Extensor carpi ulnaris

SEPTEMBER 2005
HAND

33. Which one of the following choices is true for the nerves supplying the skin of the palmar surface of the hand?

a) Radial nerve- Median nerve

b) Radial nerve- Ulnar nerve

c) Radial nerve- Musculocutaneous nerve

d) Ulnar nerve- Median nerve

e) Ulnar nerve- Musculocutaneous nerve



SEPTEMBER 2 2000
34. Which muscle does abduction (opening) of the fingers?

a) Interossei dorsales

b) Interossei palmeras

c) Opponens pollicis

d) (Flexor) Digitorum superficialis

e) (Flexor) Digitorum profundus

APRIL 1999

SHOULDER

35. Which one of the following muscles produces movements in the shoulder joint without attaching to scapula?


A)
Triceps brachii
B) Teres minor
C) Brachialis
D) Latissimus dorsi
E) Serratus anterior

MAY 2011
36. Which muscle does internal rotation of the arm?

a) Teres minor

b) .


c) .

d) .


e) .

APRIL 1997

37. Which one of the following muscles does not belong to the rotator cuff?

a) Supraspinatus

b) Infraspinatus

c) Teres minor

d) Teres major

e) Suprascapular



SEPTEMBER 1995

38. Which one of the following arteries below does not contribute to the arterial anastomosis around the shoulder joint?

A) Subscapular artery

B) Anterior humeral circumflex artery

C) Posterior humeral circumflex artery

D) Deep artery of the arm (A. profunda brachii)

E) Suprascapular artery



SEPTEMBER 2005

39. Which muscle does abduction of the arm around the sagittal axis of the shoulder joint?

a) Latissimus dorsi

b) Pectoralis major

c) Teres major

d) Teres minor



e) Middle part of the deltoid

SEPTEMBER 2001
GLUTEAL REGION
40. Which muscle is the most powerful antagonist of the iliopsoas muscle?

A) Tensor fasciae latae



B) Gluteus maximus

C) Gluteus medius

D) Piriformis

E) Obturator internus



DECEMBER 2010
41. Which one of the following structures does not pass through foramen ishiadicum majorden?

a) Superior gluteal artery

b) Inferior gluteal artery

c) Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh



d) Obturator internus

e) Piriformis



APRIL 1997
LUMBOSACRAL PLEXUS
42. Which nerve is injured in a patient with loss of sensation on the plantar surface of the foot?

A) Femoral enrve

B) Superficial peroneal nerve

C) Deep peroneal nerve

D) Tibial nerve

E) Obturator nerve

APRIL 2006
43. Which nerve carries the pain sensation of the skin overlying the medial malleous?

a) Superficial peroneal nerve

b) Deep peroneal nerve

c) Sural nerve



d) Saphenous nerve

e) Tibial nerve



APRIL 2001
44. Which one of the following muscles will be paralyzed when the superior gluteal nerve is damaged at the suprapiriform foramen-above the piriformis?(which muscle will have loss of function when the superior gluteal nerve is damaged over the suprapiriform foramen?)

a) Gluteus maximus

b) Iliacus

c) Iliopsoas



d) Gluteus medius

e) Obturator internus



SEPTEMBER 1998
45. Which muscle will be paralyzed when the inferior gluteal nerve is damaged at the infrapiriform foramen-below the piriformis?

a) Gluteus medius

b) Gluteus minimus

c) Gluteus maximus

d) Tensor fasciae latae

e) Piriformis

APRIL 2002
46. Which one of the following nerves is damaged in a person who can not extend his or her leg ?

a) Sciatic nerve

b) Tibial nerve

c) Common peroneal nerve



d) Femoral nerve

e) Superior gluteal nerve



SEPTEMBER 2001
47. Which nerve is damaged in a patient with a loss of sensation over the scrotum, suprapubic and inguinal regions following an inguinal hernia operation?

a) Ilioinguinal nerve

b) Genitofemoral nerve

c) Obturator nerve

d) Pudental nerve

e) Femoral nerve

SEPTEMBER 1994
48. Which one of the following nerves is not a branch of the lumbar plexus?
a) Iliohypogastric nerve
b) Ilioinguinal nerve
c) Obturator nerve
d) Femoral nerve
e) Sciatic nerve

SEPTEMBER 1995
http://www.tussorulari.com/eylul2006/eylul01.jpg
49. Which nerve supplies the area designated in the figure below?
A)
Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
B) Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh
C) Saphenous nerve
D) Sural nerve
E) Superficial peroneal nerve

APRIL 2008

50. In the case that superficial peroneal nerve is damaged, which muscle will have a loss of function?



a) Peroneus longus

b) Peroneus tertius

c) Tibialis anterior

d) Sartorius

e) Tibialis posterior

SEPTEMBER 1994

51. Which nerve supplies the area of the plantar surface of the foot designated in the figure below?

a) Deep peroneal nerve

b) Superficial peroneal nerve



c) Medial plantar nerve

d) Lateral plantar nerve

e) Common peroneal nerve

APRIL 2003
THIGH & POPLITEAL FOSSA
http://www.tussorulari.com/aralik2010/image3.gif

52. In the figure above where the structures passing under the inguinal ligament are designated, which structure has been demonstrated by the letter “ X”?

A) Femoral artery

B) Femoral vein



C) Femoral vein

D) Great saphenous vein

E) Genitofemoral nerve

MAY 2011
53. Which one of the following structures is not located in the popliteal fossa?
A)
Tibial enrve
B) Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh
C) Common peroneal nerve
D) Distal part of small saphenous vein
E) Great saphenous vein

SEPTEMBER 2009
54. In the femoral hernia, in which part of the pubic tubercle is the neck of the hernial sac palpated?

A) Superomedially

B) Inferolaterally

C) Superolaterally

D) Inferomedially

E) Posteromedially

APRIL 2010 & APRIL 2006
55. Which of the thigh muscles has an effect on both the knee and hip joints?

A) Adductor longus

B) Adductor brevis

C) Pectineus

D) Adductor magnus

E) Gracilis

APRIL 2006
56. Which one of the muscles below ends by inserting on the head of the fibula?

a) Adductor Iongus



b) Biceps femoris

c) Semiten dinosus

d) Quadriceps femoris

e) Gastrocnemius



APRIL 2003
57. Of the structures below, through which structure the femoral artery does not pass through?

a) Vascular lacuna

b) Femoral triangle

c) Adductor canal

d) Adductor hiatus

e) Popliteal fossa

APRIL 2003
58. In which muscle is the adductor canal (Hunter’s canal) located?

a) Adductor longus



b) Adductor magnus

c) Sartorius

d) Semimembranosus

e) Adductor brevis



SEPTEMBER 2002
59. Which one of the following structures contains the Cloquet (Rosenmüller) lymph node, one of the deep inguinal lymph nodes?

a) Femoral ring

b) Adductor canal

c) Muscular lacuna

d) Superficial inguinal ring

e) Deep inguinal ring

APRIL 1998

Kaan’s note: See page 13 of the Thigh & Popliteal fossa notes for “lacunar node”.


60. Which one of the following structures form the borders of the femoral triangle?

I- Inguinal ligament

II- Pectineus muscle

III-Sartorius muscle

IV-Adductor longus muscle

V- Gracilis muscle

a) I,II,III

b) I,II,V



c) I,III,IV

d) II,III,V

e) III,IV,V

SEPTEMBER 1997
61. Which structure forms the anterior part of the adductor canal?

a) Sartorius

b) Adductor magnus

c) Obturator internus



d) Vastus medialis

e) Adductor longus



SEPTEMBER 1996
62. Where is the lacunar ligament located?

a) Medial side of the femoral ring

b) In the adductor canal

c) In the middle and posterior surface of the rectus abdominis muscle

d) In the orbit

e) In the diaphragm

APRIL 1995
63. Which one of the following structures is not one of the borders of the adductor canal?

a) Vastus medialis muscle

b) Femoral vein

c) Femoral nerve

d) Adductor magnus muscle

e) Adductor longus muscle

SEPTEMBER 1994
64. Which one of the following structures passes through the adductor canal?
A)
External iliac artery
B) Internal iliac artery
C) Femoral artery
D) Sural nerve
E) Common peroneal nerve

APRIL 2005
65. Which one of the following muscles does not end by blending within the patellar ligament located distal to the patella and by attaching on tibial tuberosity?

a) Vastus lateralis

b) Vastus medialis

c) Vastus intermedialis

d) Rectus femoris

e) Sartorius

SEPTEMBER 2000
66. Which one of the following muscles does not flex the leg?

a) Semitendinosus

b) Sartorius

c) Rectus femoris

d) Semimembranosus

e) Biceps femoris

APRIL 1994
67. Which muscle does medial rotation of the leg while the leg is fully flexed?

A) Biceps femoris
B) Tensor fasciae latae
C) Quadriceps femoris
D) Sartorius
E) Soleus

APRIL 2005

LEG
68. Which one of the following muscles extends the leg?

A) Quadratus lumborum
B) Erector spinae
C) Tibialis anterior
D) Quadriceps femoris
E) Tibialis posterior

APRIL 2004
69. Where does the great saphenous vein drain into?

a) Femoral vein

b) Internal iliac vein

c) External iliac vein

d) Popliteal vein

e) Renal vein

SEPTEMBER 1992
70. Which one of the following muscles’ tendon lies posterior to medial malleolus?

A) Semitendinosus

B) Tibialis anterior

C) Flexor digitorum longus

D) Peroneus longus



E) Biceps femoris

DECEMBER 2010







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