Anatomy and Physiology Review: Integumentary System

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Anatomy and Physiology Review: Integumentary System

state the function of each of the following:

Vitamin D Melanin

Carotene Keratin Hemoglobin

What causes the differences in skin color among human races?

Where is each of the following glands located? What does each produce?

Ceruminous glands Sebaceous Sudoriferous glands

Where is each of the following located? What is the function of each?

Langerhans cells Keratinocytes Merkel cells Arrector pili Dermal papillae Pacinian corpuscles

Keratinocytes are the predominant cells in what layer of the skin?

What are the “ABCD” signs used to assess?

Distinguish between the different kinds of burns.

Which layer of the skin involved in fat storage?

What is the most common form of skin cancer?

Hair and nails are modifications of which layer of the skin.

State the functions of the skin.

From which layer of the epidermis are new epidermal cells are derived?

Name the gland that produce sweat.

Describe the structural characteristics of the epidermis that relate to its protection function.

What kind of tissue comprises the epidermis?

Where do sebaceous glands usually secrete their products?

List the layers of the epidermis from the outermost to the inner most.

Distinguish between a blister and a callus.

Which epidermal layer is only present in thick skin?

Describe the physiology of goose bumps.

What process supplies nourishment to cells in the epidermis

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