Anatomy and Physiology 2015-2016 Exam 4



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Anatomy and Physiology 2015-2016

Exam 4: Chapter 12 Special Senses


  1. Which cells proliferate to replace lost olfactory cells

    1. Mitral cells

    2. Basal cells

    3. Olfactory hairs

    4. Tufted cells

  2. The transparent anterior portion of the outer eye coat which allows light rays to enter the interior of the eye is the

    1. Conjunctiva

    2. Cornea

    3. Iris

    4. Sclera

  3. Which auditory ossicle is attached to the tympanic membrane?

    1. Anvil

    2. Incus

    3. Malleus

    4. Stapes

  4. Which of the following cranial nerves does not transmit taste sensation?

    1. Trigeminal nerve(V)

    2. Facial nerve(VII)

    3. Glossopharyngeal nerve (IX)

    4. Vagus nerve (X)

  5. Identify the three layers of the eye in from the outer most layer to the inner most layer.

    1. fibrous tunic, nervous tunic, vascular tunic

    2. fibrous tunic, vascular tunic, nervous tunic

    3. nervous tunic, fibrous tunic, vascular tunic

    4. vascular tunic, fibrous tunic, nervous tunic

  6. Which of the following describe the relationship between olfaction and gustation?

    1. Gustatory hairs can also detect odorants.

    2. Olfactory hairs can also detect tastants

    3. Olfactory sensations provide information about a substance that may be thought of as taste

    4. There is no relationship between the olfactory and gustatory senses.

  1. The receptor cells for hearing are located within the

    1. Macula

    2. Organ of Corti

    3. Uticle

    4. Vestibule

  2. Most olfactory receptors are located on the ____ surface of the nasal cavity

    1. Superior

    2. Inferior

    3. Lateral

    4. Medial

  3. From superficial to deep, the three main cell layers of the sensory retina are

    1. photoreceptors - bipolar cells - ganglion cells

    2. ganglion cells - bipolar cells - photoreceptors.

    3. bipolar cells - ganglion cells - photoreceptors

    4. photoreceptors - ganglion cells - bipolar cells

  4. Short tube that conveys sound waves to the tympanic membrane

    1. External auditory canal

    2. Auditory tube

    3. Canal of Schlemm

    4. Eustachian tube

  5. How many primary taste have been identified

    1. 4

    2. 5

    3. 7

    4. 500

  6. Watery fluid we call “tears” is secreted by

    1. Ceruminous glands

    2. Eccrine glands

    3. Lacrimal glands

    4. Tarsal glands

  7. The actual receptors for hearing and balance are the _____.

    1. mechanoreceptors

    2. otoliths

    3. cochlear cells

    4. hair cells



  1. Why do odors sometimes alter our moods?

    1. Because sensory input from olfaction is routed through the limbic system.

    2. Because odors act as neurotransmitters and alter brain chemistry

    3. Because odors are satisfying to our sense of hunger

    4. Odors do not alter mood

  2. Papillae which have no taste receptors associated with them

    1. Circumvallate

    2. Fungiform

    3. Vallate

    4. Filiform

  3. The auditory canal is part of the

    1. Inner ear

    2. Middle ear

    3. Outer ear

    4. Pinna

  4. Location in the retina at which the sharpest images are produced

    1. Fovea centralis

    2. Optic chiasm

    3. Optic disc

    4. Choroid

  5. Chemicals in food which olfactory hairs respond to

    1. Odorants

    2. Tastants

    3. Deodorants

    4. Chemicals

  6. Area which gives rise to the conscious perception of taste

    1. Primary visual area

    2. Primary auditory area

    3. Primary gustatory area

    4. Primary olfactory area

  7. Identify the correct order in which vibrations travel through the auditory ossicles.

    1. incus, malleus, stapes

    2. stapes, malleus, incus

    3. malleus, incus, stapes

    4. stapes, incus, malleus

  8. All of the following are part of the middle "vascular" tunic of the eye EXCEPT

    1. choroid

    2. ciliary body

    3. iris

    4. cornea

  1. When stimulated by a tastent these cells release a neurotransmitter

    1. Olfactory receptor cells

    2. Gustatory receptor cells

    3. Taste receptor cells

    4. Hair cells

  2. Receptors which detect chemicals in the mouth and nose

    1. Mechanoreceptors

    2. Thermoreceptors

    3. Nociceptors

    4. Chemoreceptors

  3. System responsible for invoking memories or emotions when you eat or smell something

    1. Endocrine system

    2. Limbic system

    3. Thalamus

    4. Medulla

  4. Auditory ossicle which causes the oval window to move in and out, setting fluid in the inner ear in motion

    1. Incus

    2. Malleus

    3. Stapes

    4. Anvil

  5. Colored portion of the eye as seen in an anterior view

    1. Choroid

    2. Ciliary body

    3. Cornea

    4. Iris

  6. Damage to the vestibulocochlear nerve would result in some loss of

    1. Hearing and balance

    2. Hearing and taste

    3. Smell

    4. Taste

  7. The organs of static equilibrium are located within the ______________ and employ shifting ___________ to set up nerve impulses.

    1. vestibule; gelatinous material

    2. saccule and utricle; otolithic membrane

    3. cochlea; fluid

    4. saccule and utricle; crista ampullaris



  1. Aqueous humor

  2. Taste buds

  3. Fungiform

  4. Outer Ear

  5. Middle Ear

  6. Inner Ear

  7. Olfactory nerve

  8. Sclera

  9. Cerumen

  10. Accommodation

  11. Optic nerve

  12. Myopia

  13. Hyperopia
Matching

  1. The white of the eye: _________

  2. Cochlea, vestibule, semicircular canal make up the: _______

  3. Chamber that houses the hearing receptors: _______

  4. Eustachian tube, Ossicles, Oval window make up the: ________

  5. Nerve which is responsible for sending impulses from

the nose to the brain: _______

  1. Nerve which is responsible for sending impulses from

the eye to the brain: _______

  1. Mushroom shaped papillae scattered over the tongue: ______

  2. Earwax: ______

  3. Contains the receptors for taste: ______

  4. Decrease in strength of sensation during a prolonged stimulus: ________

  5. Inability to focus well on close objects: ______

  6. Inability to focus well on far objects: _______

  7. External auditory canal, Pinna, Tympanic membrane make up the: _______

  8. Fluid that provides nutrients to the lens and cornea: ________


Labeling


  1. ___________________________________

  2. ___________________________________

  3. ___________________________________

  4. ___________________________________

  5. ___________________________________

  6. ___________________________________

  7. ____________________________________





  1. _________________________________

  2. _________________________________

  3. _________________________________

  4. _________________________________

  5. _________________________________

  6. _________________________________

Look on the back side

Short Answer:



  1. What is the pathway of light through the retina:________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

  2. Explain the physiology of hearing (how does hearing work): ______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  3. List the steps of the visual pathway: ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. What 4 conditions must occur for a stimulation to occur and provide an example: _____________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  5. If you were to cut the optic nerve on the right side of the eye what would happen? (explain why you think this would happen) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  6. If you were to cut the optic tract on the right side of the eye what would happen? (explain why you think this would happen) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



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